Sivut kuvina

do so.

life, property, or reputation safe, if all matters which are obtained by such meetings. Some because he opposed immorality and political affecting them, instead of being tried by a plan the undertaking, and mark out the field corruption. Every distinguished naval and jury of twelve honest men, were to be deter- of operation ; some contribute their time and military commander, who contributed to the mined by the show of hands, and clamour of labour, others their money and influence ; and greatness of the republic, almost without a a mixed multitude ? How much less safe thus our roads, canals, bridges, public build- single exception, was either banished or put to would they be, if instead of being allowed a ings, and other extensive works, which benefi- death. All trials were decided by a jury fair trial, the passions of the multitude, who cially employ the wealth of the rich, and afford chosen from the people, at one time consisting were to be his judges, were first to be excited profitable occupation to the labouring classes, of five hundred ; and consequently, as a learned against him by an artful inflammatory plead- are designed and executed. Our numerous and judicious historian remarks, the security of ing.

valuable institutions for relieving the poor, the property at Athens was less than under the So little do numbers weigh against intelli- blind, the deaf, the dumb, the maimed ; pro- most despotic of the eastern governments. gence and character in the estimation of any viding for the fatherless and destitute; educating But let us look into our Bibles, that we may right thinking man, that not one of us would the young and the ignorant; and for circulating see the fatal errors of public opinion, in the commit the decision of any important question the word of God, and making known its saving history of the Jews; a people set forth as exin which we were personally interested to such truths at home and abroad, are begon and amples to us, upon whom the ends of the world a tribunal. Why therefore commit to it, in carried on by the same means, under the are come, as shewing what the rest of mankind the hope of a sound or a safe decision, quesa divine blessing.

would have done under similar circumstances. tions of the greatest difficolty and delicacy, in- There are other meetings, also, less free What stubborn resistance to the will of their volving the peace, prosperity, and happiness from the prejudices and errors of party, having merciful and long-suffering God-their divine of the community at large. But in truth it is reference to our national welfare, and for advo- Deliverer, Preserver, and Guide, does the history the demagogue and agitator who decides on cating such principles and measures, as tend to of that people exhibit, from the time of their these occasions. The multitude only appear to promote peace, good ofdes, submission to law- departure out of Egypt, till they crucified the

You shall see an agitator, after due ful authority, and for preserving all that is Lord of glory. In that last impious act, preparation by means of the press, and placards, most dear and venerable, to the sincere Christ- buman crime and the iniquity of public making a journey through a whole district, ian, the good citizen, and loyal subject, from opinion reached its height. It was the puba holding meetings at all the principal towns, the unhallowed combinations and lawless attacks lic opinion of the Jews and their rulers, and getting the same set of resolutions passed of turbulent and wicked men. The object of that decreed the crucifixion of the Saviour of by acclamation by a part of the inhabitants. such meetings, every good man must approve. the world. And while his precious blood has

The grand delusion practised by the agitators Let us endeavour to conduct them with order, been for the salvation of the gentile nations, is to make the people believe that their own forbearance, and moderation, that the cause hitherto it has been upon the Jews and their wild and extravagant schemes are essential to may not suffer injury from the indiscretion of children, only for their rejection and punish. the general welfare, that they may obtain no- its friends.

ment as rebels and outcasts ; until they shall toriety, and procure a reputation for philan- It has been the object of the remarks offered look on Him whom they have pierced, and mourn thropy and patriotism at a cheap rate. "Many in this and a former paper, to show the dan- for Him, and repent them of their individual days' wages have you lost in listening to their ger of taking what is called public opinion, as and national sins. profitless harangues. Much discontent and a rule of conduct ; because it is both influ- Need I add one word more to shew the folly, vexation and ill-will bave they caused among enced, and grossly misrepresented, by the wickedness, and danger, of blindly following you. But what have they done to relieve the corrupt and licentious part of the press, and public opinion, without bringing all its decidistress of which they are perpetually remind- by public meetings, where the most extravagant sions to be tried by an enlightened conscience, ing you? They content themselves with mak- and dangerous doctrines are promulgated, and and the word of God. Some allege public ing fine speeches about it. If I were to hear a sanctioned under this game. But even were opinion as an excuse for resisting the laws, man talk very big of his benerolence, and his it possible to ascertain public opinion as it and those in authority. But the word of God plans for promoting the general welfare of the exists in this country, with much greater accu- declares, “Whosoever resisteth the power, country, and to find that in his own immediate racy than is practioable, it would be an un- resisteth the ordinance of God; and they that neighbourhood he never visited or relieved the certain and dangerous guide. Nothing is more resist shall receive to themselves damnation. sick and the poor ; that he never held out a fickle, and by this characteristic of variableness, For rulers are not a terror to good works, but helping hand to succour the fatherless, the 'we might alone distinguish it from truth, to the evil.”—"Render therefore to all their widow, and the oppressed; I should turn which is always the same.

dues ; tribute to whom tribute is due ; custom away with disgust from such mawkish and It might be shewn from history, into what er- to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to general philanthropy to the more refreshing rors, what acts of gross injustice, what crimes, whom honour," Let us beware, then, of folspectacle of that practical benevolence which what impolitic and ruinous measures, nations and lowing the “multitude to do evil ;" but rather aims to do general good, by taking every op- their rulers have been led, by following this ignis let us resolve that, whatever others may think portunity of relieving the wants, and promoting fatuus* of public opinion, instead of truth. The or do, as for us and for our house, we will the happiness of individuals. The speculative history of our own country is not without such serve the Lord.

N. schemes of the itinerant orators who go about instances, if we were capable of giving them a promising to redress general grievances, are calm and unprejudiced consideration. But to LABORATORY OF HEALTH.-No, 4. like the universal medicines of mountebank go back to more distant periods : there never quack doctors, the sale of which depends on was a country where public opinion had greater

Cleanliness the credulity of the public; and which, when sway, than in the small republic of Athens ; in Is so essential to onr health, that it ought to ex. swallowed, create as many diseases as they which haman philosophy, learning, and the arts, tend its influence to every thing connected with our pretend to cure. were brought to the highest degree of perfec- ture. From inattention to this doty, how many

food, our drink, our dress, our houses, and furni. There are many public meetings on the con- tion, they ever reached in the ancient world, poor men are compelled to drag on a wearisome trary of a highly useful and beneficial tendency; At Athens every citizen was a politician and life of misery and distress. There are some trades for no good work requiring the united exertions a legislator ; but its history is a series of ex- that require a great degree of attention in the of a number of individuals, can be begun and amples of the errors of public opinion. Their the trades of a painter, plamber, coppersmith, and carried forward without conference and publi- Socrates, the best of heathens, was poisoned dipper of the ware at the potteries. It is a com. city, and the mutual support and encouragement

. Anglice-Will o' the wisp.

mon practice for men who work at these trades, to

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sit down to their meals without taking any precan- / showy cotton goods* too unfortunately found their out of its place, the free expansion of the langs tion to preserve their health, even that of washing way into the heart of those remote mountains ; and prevented, excluding a portion of that free air taken their hands. Lead and copper are metals so in the people foolishly chose to be starved, so that in at every breath, which is necessary to act upon jurious to the health, that no workmap can be too they could but be fine.

the blood. Hence shortness of breath, cramp in cautious to avoid the introduction of the least par- Old people in some parts of Scotland affirm, that the stomach, imperfect digestion, and len tbousand ticle into the system : the smallest quantity cannot in their forefathers' days, consumption was ex- other complaints. be easily removed, and never fails to produce the tremely rare ; and that it did not become common,

Your's trnly, most deplorable effects; such as palsy, contraction till the thick, warm, Scottish plaiding was laid

S. HEALALL, M. D. and convulsion of the limbs or total lameness, accom. aside, for fine cold Englislı cloth. panied by the most excruciating colic.

In Corsefairn, which is a hilly and wet parish, Bat cleanliness is as necessary at the poor man's the rheumatism might be expected to prevail; par.

THE SHIP-WORM. home, as it is in his person. Physicians - many of ticularly when it is considered, that the shepherds the first experience, have declared that where a after being greatly beated in climbing the steep house is kept clean and airy, there a fever, though mountains, must often be exposed to the piercing The ship-worm, which grows to the thickever so infectious, never spreads to a second per- air on their summits; and that they often continue ness of the little finger, and from four to six son. It is in a dirty damp house that the matter wet for whole days and nights together. But it is inches in length, and is sheathed in a strong which produces fever is formed; and in such, for not so. want of cleanliness and free air, it goes from one be attributed, in good measure, to the discreet use cylindrical shell, protected by which it bores inhabitant to another. of warm woollen clothes.

into the hardest wood, has been mentioned in It bas been found on inquiry, that some of the poor In the East Indies light dresses of fine muslin are a former paper as having suggested to Mr. people in London do not put clean sheets in their worn by the native inhabitants of condition. Some- Brunel, the engineer, the ingenions iron shield, beds three times in the year; and where no sheets times they wear it single; and though bad effects are used, they never wash or sconr their blankets. seem occasionally, to arise there from so Aimsy a

by which he was enabled to excavate the Thames Now you' may judge how dreadfully unwholesome dress, the material is infinitely better suited to that Tunnel. this degree of filth, or any thing approaching it, sultry climate than to ours. It is a great business The Abbé de la Pluche indulges a curious must be ; and hence infer the pernicious tendency among the natives to weave these fine muslins, speculation, which appears to be borne out by of a want of cleanliness generally,

When imported hither, they attracted the notice of facts, and from which it would seem that all Some years ago, a very infectious fever broke our ladies; and a deniánd once arising, it was an. out at the Royal Hospital at Woolwich. The horse swered by continual improvements in the home the mischief caused by these destructive little artillery being a corps in constant readiness for cotton manufactory. The lower orders imitated the animals, is overruled for good, and counterservice, and whose appointments

were always com: higher as well as they could in the use of these cob- balanced by the advantages ultimately resulting plete, had for convenience of carriage hammock web articles ; though it is not denied among the from their operations. Ship-worms are occaevery morning the moment the men rose ; and they yond number are the consequence of dressing too sionally brought into our harbours by ships rewere never unloosed for the perpose of 'airing, till lightly. No folly quite ro mischievous has taken turning from India, but they do not propagate the mea went into them at night. The consequence place among the meu ; but the flowered cottons in this country. They are found in great was, that a bad fever arose from the confinement have allored from them too much of that money numbers in Holland, and render it necessary of the effluvia, or vapours, or exhalations from a which should have gone to purchase cheaper, more for the Dutch to be continually tarring and mad's own person; and had not immediate steps lasting, and warmer materials. been taken by the commanding officer, who ordered Whilst I am upon the article of clothing, allow repairing their dikes and Indian vessels, to dethe bedding to be changed, the most serious effects me to say a few words to your female readers upon fend them from the attacks of the ship-worm. might have followed to the rest of the barracks. the dangerous practice of

The oak, fir, and pitch which this requires, Clothing,

Tight Lacing.

must be procured from Sweden or Archangel ; One grand nse in covering the body, is to protect If you were to see a human skeleton, you would so if the ship-worm injures the Dutch in the it against cold. There are countries in the world perceive that before and on all sides, for a consider-first instance, it eventually benefits the Swedes where very little dress is wanted, at least not above able space below the ribs, there is no bone

whatever. and Russians. But these nations, in return for four months out of the twelve. It is the reverse in All is open. At the back there is a single bony pila the produce of their forests, import large this country. We generally want very warm cloth. lar of but a small size, when compared with the quantities of salt, spices, and groceries from ing nine months out of the twelve. The warmth whole circumference of the body. In this large Holland; so that the Dutch are also gainers of covering depends upon the stuff or materials of space are lodged the stomach, bowels, and many which it is made. We have woollen—the warmest, other organs, extremely delicate in their structure, by the active commercial intercourse between then cotton, then linen ;-for I hardly think it and therefore very easily injured. Above all these countries, originating in a great neasure worth while to say any thing about silk in this place. things, they must have free play. They rise and with the ship-worm.

N. There can be no doubt in my mind, which sort fall, increase and diminish, and can by no means bear of stuff is the best upon the whole, and at all sea-confinement. But mankind, not being content with sons, for those who cannot afford much change, and the bones with which Providence has supplied them;

DRAM DRINKING. bare too good sense to trouble themselves about and not comprehending that there ght to be none appearance. This is woollen. Our ancestors wore where he has put none, set about to tamper with it; and they appear, from all I can learn, to have their own persons, and fell upon the most pernicious The following is an extract from a letter of been a race more hardy and free from complaints, of all inventions in dress-whalebone and steel stays: that celebrated surgeon, Sir Astley Cooper, on than we of the present day are. Theirs too was These destroyed the figure of the wearers, and did of a far warmer texture, than most of the woollens irreparable damage to the tender organs within.

the subject of dram drinking :: we see now-a-days. Woollen flannel, or homespun, Some sayage nations have a custom of squeezing the No person has greater hostility to dram drinkis worn in some countries, not very distant from head taper, into the form of a sugar-loat, by fixing ing than myself; insomuch that I never suffer any Bristol ; and I beliere from my own inquiries, much bard substances about it in childhood. But this ardent spirits in my house thinking them Evil Spirits: to the advantage of the wearers.

latter frightful fashion is perhaps less mischievous and if the poor could winess the white livers, the In the northern parts of Glamorganshire, the than that of tight lacing, by which the body is full dropsies, and the shattered nervous systems, which people are particularly healthy. They wear a fan. as much disfigured or forced out of its natural shape, I have seen, as the consequence of drinking, they nel shirt, with drawers, waistcoat, and jacket of as the head is by being turned into a sugar-loaf. would be aware that spirits and poisons are synothick woollen cloth, and woollen stockings. They If females will persist in the use of these strait nimous terms.” are exposed to all the severity of the weather. jackets, they will bring upon themselves the most They pass continually from the warm valleys to the serious consequences. How can it be otherwise, mountains, where the snow lies late ; and this they when the ribs become compressed, the spine bent Bristol : Printed and Published by J. & W. RICHARDdo very universally without detriment. They know

SON, No. 6, Clare-Street, to whose care all commuvery little what it is to be afflicted with rheuma- • J. N. is sure that bis friend Dr. Healall would not speak in nications may be addressed, post paid; also sold risau, or to die of consumptiou. disparagement of an article, in the manufacture of which so

by J. NORTON, Corn Street, BARRY, High Street, In the mountainous parts of Scotland, the people promyothousand hands are employed, if he did not feel that to

and J. CAILCOTT, Wine Street ; Mrs. Binns, Bath; till within the memory of persons now living, wore besides, the tendency of his suggestions is to increase the con- Mr. WHITE, Cheltenham ; Mr. BEMROSE, Derby; the same sort of stuff, that I have described to be sumption of woollen, which is not only a British manufacture, Mr. H&WETT, Leamington ; HAMILTON, Adams, pow worn by the country people of Glamorgan- of woollen clothes, would benefit both the agricultural and the

and Co. Paternoster Row; and SEELEY and Sox, shire, and formerly all over England. But the manufacturing interests.

Fleet Street, London.

Bristol Job Nott;




No. L.]


[Price ltd.


Such an occasion I take to be presented to, effectual way of commanding respect to earthly

us in the extreine mitigation, if not the entire powers, by engaging the blessing of the Most Some writer has defined gratitude to be removal, of the cholera. Who that recollects High, for he hath declared for the encourage" the erpectation of further benefits," meaning the consternation which was produced, first byment of all those who thus range themselves to intimate that there is very little gratitude the announcement of the approach of this on his side, “ them that honour me I will properly so called in the world ; and that deadly malady to our city, and subsequently honour." when any thing like the feeling is discovered by its actual appearance amongst us; who And when the elders and chiefs of a city when there is any apparent manifestation of that recollects the time, not far remote, when show the example of offering their thanksgiving a sense of past favours, and of a desire to make it was scarcely possible to walk the length of|to Almighty. God for mercies received, shali suitable acknowledgments for them, it may a street without meeting a basket, bearing private individuals be backward ? God forbid. generally be traced to a latent, lurking desire some wretched sufferer to the common re- Let all concur in one great tribute of devout to ingratiate oneself with oar benefactor, with ceptacle of disease, or a bier conveying those acknowledgment. Let party spirit and mutual a view to still further benefits.

who had ceased to suffer to the cominon re- jealousies be sacrificed on the atlar of a city's Whatever ground there may be for the ceptacle of the dead; who that has witnessed, gratitude. It was found that joint sufferings imputation, and it must be owned that selfish or even heard of the fearful grasp with which constrained us to cast away our jealousies, and ness is a most predominant principle in the this formidable emissary of divine wrath seizes to unite in one general act of humiliation, and buman breast, yet we trust that there are its victim, and the rapidity with which it lays simultaneous effort for our common benefit ;many happy exceptions, and that genuine gra- lim prostrate, and hurries him through rapid and will not common mercies have at least an titude is not quite banished from the earth. stages of varied suffering, till the stroke of equally uniting power? Where are the kindly

The stigma of gross ingratitude is, indeed, death is welcomed as a coup de grace, re- -where the generous sympathies of our naso foul à blot upon a man's character, that leasing the sufferer from his exquisite misery; ture, if we do not agree to bury our resentpeople in general cannot endure to have it im- who that, on hearing of one and another of his ments and feuds in the grave of the cholera, puted to them, and are disposed highly to neighbours being hurried into eternity, has and to offer and present ourselves A UNITED resent such a charge. But if, by common con- surveyed his family, those dearer to him than people, as a thank-offering to that God who sent, it be so base a thing to be nnmindful of life, and has felt the inward anguish of the is Love? favours bestowed upon us by our fellow crea- thought, “and must we part ? or shall we all Thus may we hope for his continued mera tures, how much more odious to be forgetful of be swept into the promiscuous receptacle of cies to be extended to ns. Yes, so full, so free the benefits conferred upon us by the Great the victims of this direful pestilence ?". Who, 1 is God's goodness, that he permits us in the AUTHOR of all our mercies ! And yet, alas, say, that has witnessed such scenes, or parti- grateful reception of present mcrcies, to acmultitudes who would blush to be thought un- cipated in such sensibilities, but must feel his count them as pledges of still further bestowmindful of kindnesses received from a fellow bosom expand with gratitude to the great ments. In this instance, then, we are not worm, can go on from day to day and from giver and Almighty preserver of our being, forbidden,-yea, rather we are encouraged to year to year, receiving unnu bered favours for the merciful abatement, not to say removal, blend hopes for the future, with our acknowfrom their heavenly Benefactor, without mani- of this awful scourge? Yes, we trust, that in ledgments of the past; and to repose our con, festing the slightest indications of a sense of the answer to the cry of his people, a merciful fidence in our Almighty Friend, who hath blessings bestowed


them; thus evidencing God bath said to the destroying angel, “it is delivered us from so great a death, and doth themselves to be even more insensible than enough, stay now thine hand." And shall we deliver ; in whom we trust that he will yet de-. the brute animals, for the 0.3 knoweth his not acknowledge the gracious interposition ? liver." --2 Cor. i 10. owns, and the ass his master's crib; "the brute Shall we not offer up united thanksgivings for

WAR. animals will manifest a sense of kindness shewn common mercies ? Let us rush with one them and will acknowledge it after their manner, accord into our sanctuaries, and let our joint but ungrateful man

tash not know," or at praises ascend to the throne of grace. It is It is surprising with how little emotion the least doth not consider" from whose hands delightful to see the civil magistrates uniting prospect of a war is generally regarded by us. his mercies and bis blessings flow.

with the ministers of religion in an appeal to If a poor fellow falls from a roof, or is killed Prevalent, however, as is this insensibility to the whole population of a great city, calling in the street by a waggon, if a house is on fire, the mercy and goodness of God, in reference upon them to send up their united thanks- a thief is carried off to prison, or a murder has to the ordinary distributions of bis providence, givings to the author and giver of all good. been committed; crowds of spectators gather there are occasions in which his gracious in- This is the course by which the honour of the round with excited feelings, to hear, see, and terference is so eminently manifested, and so civic chair may best be upheld. Never does talk of what has happened. But we are accussevsibly felt, that nothing but downright in- earthly authority appear so truly ennobled as tomed to hear and converse with more or less infidelity can disown the interposition, and when standing forward in the cause of religion, difference of war, which often strews one bloody nothing short of the judicial hardness of a and laying the truncheon and the mace at the held with thirty or forty thousand slain, hurries reprobate mind can withhold the tribute of footstool of Him who is the source of all au- off thousands to prison who have committed no thankfulness.

thority and of all true dignity. This is the 'crime; lays waste gardens, vineyards, and

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corn fields ; burus cities, and consumes millions desire peace, whenever it can be obtained with were published ; and among a variety of curious of treasure. I shall not here stop to enquire, honour and safety. It is a soldier's duty to documents which give no enviable idea of the why it is that the particulars of a single case serve his king, and fight the battles of his state of the Parisians ander the military goof distress affect us more, than a general view country; but the most glorious object of his vernment of their idol Buonaparte, we have of this wide-spreading scene of destruction profession, the desirable end of all bis victories, also some private letters to the officers and and misery. One obvious reason of our indif- is to obtain peace, and preserve his country soldiers, from wbich I extract a few passages. ference to the iniseries of war is, that we do in that happy condition, in which alone it can These letters let one behind the scenes, and not trouble ourselves to realize distinctly the continue to prosper.

show how much real suffering was caused in instances of suffering it produces; while other, During the wars in which this country has Paris, by the wars of Napoleon the Great. and sometimes selfish considerations are allow- been engaged of late years, we have met the The French are a light and frivolous people. ed to distract our feelings, and dry up our enemy at sea, or in a foreign land. The great The domestic ties are not so faithfully kept, nor sympathies. The politician considers war, as mass of the population have therefore known so strongly felt, as among the families of Engit will affect the balance of power, and with war only, in the form of heavy taxation, from land; and yet even a few passages from part respect to the changes it will produce at home the exhausting effects of which we still suffer ; of the letters, contained in this single Parisian and abroad. Soldiers and sailors look at it or in sad domestic bereavements. Our peace- despatch, will sufficiently illustrate the above professionally. Many, who are engaged in ful fields, and towns, and villages, have never remark. trade, chiefly view it as creating demand for been laid waste and pillaged. A year has " I live here always in suspense, but the news iron, hemp, tar, timber, cordage, and gunpowder; not sufficed to remove the traces of the ever- gives me no hopes of seeing you this winter. I but others, who look farther and judge more memorable burnings and plunder effected by a imagine that, althiongh better informed than myself, wisely, see in it embargos, and interruptions to few of our own wicked fellow-citizens. What you are not on that account more happy. This is

the demand stopped for much would it be, to have our towns besieged, bom- are you at present? I know not. commerce ;

not living, my poor friend, this is dying. Where

We are all here labour, that would have obtained a profitable barded, and burned; thousands of lawless fo- in a state of painful suspense. Do not be disreturn from friendly nations ; while artificers, reign soldiers quartering themselves in the heartened, however, for that does more mischief thrown out of their peaceable employment, are deserted houses, while our uative thieves and than all the rest. led to seek that occupation, which puts nations liberated felons would follow like vultures in who is quite unhappy. They want to take his se

“ I have received a letter from your uncle, to a ruinous expence, for no better object than to the train of the enemy, to destroy what they cond son from him, to send him to Bayonne ; he is injure each other as much as possible. Surely, had spared. Or let us fix our thoughts on one in despair." if we considered what war is in its nature and among many thousand soldiers, stretched on

To another : effects, we should never think of it but with the battle-field, after the tide of war has rolled

“I am tired of this life : one does not live, horror ; we should never desire to engage in it, over him, and the passions and feelings which but when justice and necessity left us no other it roused in his own breast, have given way Oh! if you could be only for a week in my place,

it may be called dying a thousand deaths daily, alternative.

to weakness, weariness, and pain ;-his wounds you would feel what it was to have these fears, of An old writer traces the origin of all war to smarting and throbbing in the bitter night knowing the object that attaches us to life, exposed ambition, avarice, revenge, prevention, and self- wind ;—the cold damp ground his bed ;-his every day to new dangers. Oh! be thorouglily im. defence. If for ambition be substituted the more tongue parched with thirst ;-not a sound to pressed with this idea, and you will know how to

estimate what you think best for your unfortunate comprehensive term pride, then we have in these be heard, but the wailing cries of the wounded, honours or peace. They tell me from Paris, three evil passions, pride, covetousness, and re- and the groans of the dying ;-his home, his that a report of peace is circnlating there. Ah, if venge, all the foul ingredients, that are mingled wife and children far away. How long must tliat should prove true, what happiness !" in different proportions in war's accursed caul- he lie hungry, and thirsty, and faint, and cold, To anothier : dron :-the causes of the “double, double, toil with no tender hand to bind his aching head, “ You give me a shocking commission, which and trouble ; " the robbery and slaughter of na- to give him drink, to stop the life-blood which have not yet had the conrage tions.

is oozing away? When the Divine wrath was How shall I announce to that ophappy woman lier The two last causes of war, prevention and kindled for the transgression of Israel, King myself sad ; I have been quite sad enough for six

most dreadful misfortune? I have no need to make self defence, may be resolved into one, for a David had therefore good reason to implore that months past. However, I shall try to take courage, preventive war is a war of self defence. It God would afflict the sinful nation with pesti- and communicate, as gently as possible, to Madame takes timely measures against our declared lence, instead of war, knowing that the terrible C. the death of her son. For my part, I regret liim enemies abroad, for self preservation at home. scourge, whose ravages we have lately wit- sincerely ; his place will not be easily supplied: It is clear therefore, that of two hostile nations, nessed among us, is even less terrible than the Besides, I have been the cause of misfortune to twa one must be guilty of the robbery, bloodshed, scourge of war, which God' permits sinful man ral. There is a talk to-day of peace. I dare not and other deeds of violence, which war produ- to inflict upon his guilty brother.

yield to so sweet a hope, but I trust at least that I ces on a large scale : or, if both have been too

But the bodily sufferings of those engaged shall see my poor husband again in winter quarters. proud, too ambitious, too covétous and revenge in the murderous conflict, are perhaps not months without him, and nobody knows but myself ful to yield, they must share the guilt, as well greater on the whole, than the mental suffer- what I have snffered. I beseech you, my dear, to as the misery, between them. This agrees ings which elude general observation ; the give me some intelligence of General Faviel; I fear with what the Bible declares, of the cause of painful separations ;—the harassing fears, anx-ihat some misfortune has happened to him. He no that scourge of nations. “From whence come ieties, and suspense of near relations; the longer sends me any letters for his wife, who is wars and fightings among you? Come they thousand pangs of the heart, and blighted pros- me, and I cannot calm her. Tell me immediately if pot hence, even of your lusts, that war in your pects of many happy families, when the sad he is well and alive." members : Ye lust and have not; ye kill and returns of the killed and wounded'accompany the

To another : desire to liave, and cannot obtain." news of victory or defeat.

“ The son of Monsr. de Beaumetz, aide-de-camp A war then can only be justifiable, as res- While the French army under Napoleon, at: to Marshal, Mortier, is killed. If this lasts much pects one of the combatants; and that only war with the allies,, was in the north of Ger- longer, every one will have his turn. Those who when the people contend for the preservation many, the despatches from Paris were frequent- escape one campaign, perish in anotlier. I make of their homes, and their most valued rights ly intercepted by the light troops of the allies. melancholy reflections on this subject, for yonr good and institutions. And while every good and the principal part of the contents of a single put an end to it.

fortune cannot always last. A single instant may

What a cruel situation is mine!" brave citizen will be willing to lay down his express, sent from Paris to the head qnarters life in defence of these, he will nevertheless of the French army at Dresden thus, captured, Taking into account the destruction and care

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nage in the immediate scene of war,—the suf- bad enough, bnt when both have got their year 1800, will be read with interest, and, it
ferings of the soldiers,- the anxiety and grief claws into the poor wretch, then it is all over is hoped, with profit. The first topic intro-
of their relations at home ; what good citizen witli him, and there is nothing but a gaol. or a duces a class of persons, whose case has hither-
would not desire the continuance of peace, if workhouse hefore him. If, then, the operative to been too much overlooked ;-I mean those
war could be avoided ; and who would wish to would steer clear of these calamities, let him females who get their bread by labour. Old
obtain any incidental or temporary advantage bring home all his wages to his wife that she Job had a word of friendly counsel for all
to himself, at the cost of so much misery to may go with the chink in her pocket and buy sorts of people; and amongst the rest, he add
others, in which all must sooner or later share, the flour, and the potatoes, and the cheese at dresses workwomen thus :-
from the decline of general prosperity. the best hand and for ready money, and then it.

N. will be eaten with a double relish for it will be

“I must now talk a little to yoa, for the happiness their own.

Ah, that is a striking exhortation of this town depends more upon you that many are ESSAYS TO DO GOOD, No. 4. of the Apostle, that with quietness they labour, aware of-the children put to bed—a good fire--a

and eat their own bread; now it is not our clean hearth- a tidy wife and pleasant looks-fixes own till we have paid for it. But when it is of the evening being spent with a brother drunkard

a man snug in his two-armed chair :-and instead paid for and thus made our own, then we can and a tankard, it is spent with a kind wife and' a It is an approved maxim that “bis dat qui cito eat it with quietness ; and if it be eaten with book. If more of this took place, we shonld not see dat,” he gives or pays twice who gives or pays God's blessing and with thankfulness, that is the misery, we do. If the husband will take the promptly. Many wealthy persons have no idea the best sauce.

money to the alehouse, the wife must carry bier of the benefit they would confer upon their

aud So much with regard to the benefits of pay

empty pockets to the huckster's shop;

As soon as you are well in debt, tradesmen and on the labouring classes, simply ing ready money as respects the consumer;

Then your sun begins to set.' by paying their bills as soon as due, instead of on the other hand the benefits to the trades- If, my sister artificers, you would buy, every letting them lie month after month undis- man and manufacturer are incalculable. If the thing at the best land, full weight, and full measure, charged. The habit of paying ready money is tradesman gets his money paid betimes, he in your husband's money would go half as far again; of vast importance to all classes of the commu- turn obtains the advantages of a ready, money know a man who never got above ten shillings a nity; to masters, employers, and consumers, customer in his purchases of the materials for week, who reared eight children, and saved a hund. as well as to tradesmen and operatives. The his craft, or in bis dealings with the wholesale red pounds. But his wife was a good manager; she habit is most important to employers and trader ; whereas if he is kept out of his money made a little bit of coarse beef, with some garden consumers, because it is an effectual guard le is obliged to give a higher price for his stuff into an excellent dinner of broth; and herself against a running beyond one's income. The goods and is continually harassed by his cre- stitch in time saves nine, was her motto. But the man who rigidly adheres to the plan of paying ditors, and driven to the dangerous system of great misfortune is, that mauy women who marry in ready money is sure not to run in debt, and keeping up his credit by accominodation bills one great town; know nothing about honsehold thus escapes all the multiplied anxieties, which to raise the wind. Meanwhile his rich customers, affairs. Cooking and sewing they know no more of attend those who cannot walk the streets perhaps, have got the money lying idle in their loug I hope to see more of them, to teach the

than clock-making. There is an institution, andere without meeting the eye of some creditor, escratoirs or at their bankers, and keep it back young women who are growing np, how to become whose significant glance at least rebukes their through mere thoughtlessness. But some will useful wives. Hitherto it has been the unfortunate tardiness. How many have brought their say why don't the tradesmen jog their me practice in this town to make the fergale' part of noble to nine pence, and their nine pence to mories then by sending in their bills?' In every poor family shop girls. They go in young and nothing, simply by a reckless habit of getting many cases they dare not. So impressed are impudent boys, become depraved and debauched into their tradesmen's books, without giving tradesmen in general with the risk they run of characters. All that they can do is to burnish and theinselves the trouble to calculate whether losing customers by early application for pay- file, &c., and all that they get is spent io fine clothes they can afford such and such expences or not. ment, that they will have recourse, to any dance at two-peony hops ; and walk about

the streets The consequence is that life" is rendered expedients and make any shifts, rather than to shew themselves. To such, 1 fear, it is in vain to miserable by the constant importunities of run the risk of giving offence. Nay, they will preach; but to the rising generation of females I duns, and in some extreme cases by the con- even sometimes waive the subject of payment would say a word. If it be possible, fix upon that stant apprehension of arrest. There is a story with "Ob, never mind it, Sir; or Ma'am, or sort of work which you can do at home. If you can. told of a man who was so accustomed to be my Lady, it is of no consequence;" when they with your own sex, out of the hearing of the vultapped on the shoulder, and lived in such a are at the same time in an agony of distress garity which your ears are too often obliged to bear. continual dread of the bum bailiff

, that being for money to make up a bill that is coming in What you get spend in useful things rather than caoght one day by the sleeve of bis coat which for payment; and all this because monied people ornamental,

fill up your time by learning that which got hitched in a projecting hook of a shop window, do not understand, or do not consider the im. all wives ought to know.”. he instinctively turned round and exclaimed, portance of prompt payment.

“I wish that several good women would set up

schools to teach these nseful arts, for to learn those " at whose suit, Sir ?"" This was an extreme Let me, then, entreat ry readers to bear things, my sister artificers, would answer your end case, but a far less embarrassed state than this this:subject in mind at the approaching season in every point of view; you would be more inde. will serve to render a man miserable. And all of the year, when many persons get their re-pendent of others, and you would marry sooner and this misery may be avoided by the simple habit mittances. Let: not the money lie nseless in better. For when a sober young inan of common of paying ready money:

yonr desks, and drawers, nor at your bankers, not look for a bold, dressy creature, that can barnish, it is highly desirable that labouring persons whilst there is a single tradesman's bill un- and file, and sing, and dance, and dress, and strat whose earnings are small, should make a point discharged.

about the streets with drop earrings; but one that of paying ready money at the bakers, butchers,

can read, and spin, and sew, and knit, and mend, grocers, and in short for all they buy. The ADVICE TO BOTH SEXES. and make, and boil his mutton, and brew a peck of

malt, and wash, and iron, and mop, and scrub, and practice of running in debt at the hucksters

By Old Job Nott.

keep bis house clean, and make shifts and shirts, shops is most ruinous. I intend to touch upon

and frocks, and petticoats ; that so his children may this subject another time. For the present let It is a long time since Job Nott treated his be taught, and clothed, and reared in the world, a this hint soffice; those who know by experi- customers with a page out of his honoured comfort to themselves, and usefal to society." ence what it is to go upon tick at a buckster's Father's publications. The following extracts Having given this advice to females, Old shop, can testify that it is worse than even the from a tract, entitled;" Further humble Advice Job adds in conclusion the following hints to pawnbrokers. Either of these two harpies is from Job Nott," printed in Birmingham in the labouring men :

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