The Comedies of William Congreve: The Old Batchelour, Love for Love, The Double Dealer, The Way of the World

Cambridge University Press, 28.10.1982 - 407 sivua
The career of William Congreve as comic dramatist was brief but highly successful. From the beginning he showed a useful knack for cultivating influential literary friends and for giving audiences what they were sure to like. Early in 1693, his first comedy, The Old Batchelour, pleased the public at Drury Lane, and critics hailed the appearance of a new talent in the theatre who gave a sharp edge to the theatrical conventions at the time. Much was expected of Congreve's second offering, The Double Dealer, mounted later the same year. Its surprisingly bitter tone disconcerted many listeners, however, and the play drew only moderate praise. But this setback proved temporary, and Congreve found his reputation regained with Love for Love, and in 1700 his finest comedy of manners The Way of the World. After this he wrote no more comedies. Aware of changing tastes in his audience, and annoyed by critical squabbles over the question of morality in his plays, he retired at the age of thirty to the life of a gentleman of leisure.

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William Congreve was born in Bardsey Grange, England on January 24, 1670. He attended Trinity College, Dublin, and was admitted to the Middle Temple to study law. He completed his first play, The Old Bachelor, in 1690. He became associated with John Dryden, collaborating with him on translations of the satires of Juvenal and Persius in 1693. His other plays include Love for Love, The Way of the World, and The Mourning Bride. He died on January 19, 1729.

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