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LITURGY for my sentiments; and parison of dates: and from this it that if your sermons had been pub- will most evidently appear, that lished, they would have been brought Mr. Simeon was just in time, and to' that test. Does this look like in- the Margaret Professor just too late. difference to the Liturgy on the We dare not trust ourselves to part of those whom you call the enter upon the contents of these exCalvinistic clergy?” p. 32.
cellent sermons : nor, indeed, to But a still stronger Fact remains state more than the very felicitous in the history of the very sermons text on which they are erected, from now before us, attached to this pre- Deut. v. 28, 29. “They have well sent “ Auswer.” Of these sermons, said all that they have spoken: 0 which we despair of being able to that there were such an heart in enter upon at all adequately to their them!” Any analysis, bowever short, merits, our readers must be content we feel would carry us not only bewith the following brief account. yond the limits we must propose to In the month of November last, Mr. ourselves in the present already exSimeon, being called upon to preach tended article, but also into that a course of sermons before the Uni- very guilt of irrelevancy from versity, chose for his subject The which we have just stated a wish EXCELLENCY OF THE LITURGY. These to preserve on topics, in the present Mr. Simeon had then no present in- consideration of the matter of fact. tention of publishing, as on other Mr. Simeon, to relieve himself accounts, so principally, because he from any ill-grounded charge of had written them as a preface to a presumption in offering himself as work not yet appearing*. And it the representative of a party, prois to be particularly observed, that, ceeds to refer Dr. Marsh to oiher having been preached in November, persons, invidiously distinguished these sermons could have had no as the Calvinistic clergy. connection even with Dr. Marsh's among the clergy," be well asks, first address, published on the 25th “ are they that are continually of Noveniber: whilst, on the other making their appeal to the Articles, liand, that address, intimating a the Homilies, and the Liturgy of neglect of the Liturgy in the mem- the Church of England? Who are bers of the Bible Society, must have they that write and preach exposicome forth during, or subsequent, to tions of the Liturgy? Who are they the delivery of these very sermons
that read the Homilies to their conby Mr. Simeon. The point here at gregations ? ” &c. “ This zeal for issue, it is to be observed, is nice. what you so often call the Tests of Either Mr. Simeon was a little too a CHURCHMAN, is, above all things, late to be able to say with fairness, characteristic of those very clergy.' that his sermons were not delivered p. 36. in consequence of the above-men- He then instances the well-known riooed charge, or Dr. Marsh was a names of Mr. Walker, of Truro; of little too late to vindicate his own Mr. Biddulph; of Mr. Rogers; of fairness in such a charge, pending Mr. Basil Woodd, as expositors and the delivery of such sermons by advocates of the English Liturgy; such a person, before the university. of whom the three latter live to anWe appeal not to Mr. Simeon's own swer any charge of unsound churchassertion, that on his part " no such manship which
Dr. Marsh may accusation could possibly be foreseen.” have to bring against them or their But we simply appeal to a com- writings. And he appeals to the
great body of the clergy called Cal*" It will consist of eight or ten volumes, vinistic, and even to their enemies, if similar to those already published, and treat these writings do not speak the sening of all the finest passages of Scripture timents of the body. “I do not say through the whole Bible."
you may not find an insulated in
stance to the contrary; for there is Mr. Simeon proceeds, we must add, no body of men in the world, with no sparing hand, to administer amongst whom you cannot select that medicine to the Professor, which some few who have scarcely any is sometimes, with great effect, apresemblance to the rest ;" " but if plied at school to boys found rethis,” he adds, “ be subversive of peatedly out of bounds : and in my position, then a Mr. Stone, answer to a possible suggestion in among the clergy, proves the clergy return, that this increased sale of at large to be Socinians." p. 39. Prayer-books may not have arisen
Mr. Simeon, in his second head, from the increased exertions of the examines the Professor's assertion in Bible-society-members of Bartlett's respect to the Bible Society. “We Buildings, he challenges the fullest know by experience it produces the inquiry, with a view to ascertain the effect of bringing the Liturgy into point. To this challenge is subneglect." "On your proof of this joined the following note, which we assertion” (replies Mr. Simeon), “I gladly take up into the text, with a am content to rest the whole ques- view to explain a circumstance we tion." Dr. Marsh would rejoin by alluded to in our number of last referring to the scanty experience month. afforded him in the speeches at the As it is possible that a circunstance reCambridge meeting. Mr. Simeon lating to myself may give you uccasion to rechallenges him to a broader ground present me as no friend to the Society for and fairer test : “ Has the sale of promoting Christian Knowledge, I will here Prayer-books then diminished since mention it, though it has no connection the establishment of this Society?” whatever with the subject. I once had the Mr. Simeon properly identifies the honour of being a member of that society neglect of the Liturgy with the myself: but afterwards, for reasons which neglect of its distribution. And
appeared to me satisfactory at the time, I then with a call, which Dr. Marsh opinion some time after, above twenty years
withdrew my name. Altering, however, my before has learnt the prudence of ago, I wisled 10 renew my subscription; and not answering, he continues --"! the late Dean of Ely, Dr. Cooke, then Procall upon you, Sir, to establish this
vost of King's College, had undertaken to fact. The public has a right to de propose me. But on mentioning it to the mand it at your hands .... I dare Rev. Secretary of that Society, he found a you to the production of the proof: doubt suggested whether my name would be or rather, to save you the trouble, I re-admitted. Of course, I did not choose to will furnish you with absolute proof be proposed, if there was the smallest chance to the contrary.”
a repulpe; and have been deterred from On an average offering myself by that consideration ever of five years before, and five years since. But though I have not offered myafter the establishment of the Bible self, I, nearly two years ago, recommended Society, it appears, in the former
my brother to become a member; and if period, 66,798 Prayer-books had you, Sir, will do me the honour to propose been sold from Bartlett's Buildings; me (for with your recommendation I can be in the latter period, 90,169, exclu- in no danger of a repulse), I shall be happy sive of 11,000 additional Psalters. in being aguin united to that Society, and in And in the two last years of the lat. co-operating in all their benevolent designs." ter period, compared with the two pp. 51, 52. first of the former, the increase of Alluding, then, to the zeal for Prayer-books sold has been 15,542. the Liturgy, which Mr. Simeon “ So accurate is your KNOWLEDGE, strongly maintains to exist in the and so unquestionable your expe- breast even of the most zealous RIENCE, of the alarming DECREASE Biblists, he thus proceeds. in the sale of Prayer-books, occa
“ One argument may arise to you out of sioned by this new Society,” rp. 40, my own statemeuts, incontrovertible, and 41, 42.
which, in your promised Appendix, may be Upon the ground of these facts stated thus: The Society for promoting Christian Knowledge furnishes Prayer-books dered as entitled almost by the right to its members at a very low rate; and bas of prescription. And should such been enabled to do so for a hundred years an invidious construction be put without exhausting or diminishing its funds:
upon the meditated exertions in this bot, since the institution of the British and
new channel, we think that nothing and Foreign Bible Society, the demand for
more need be added to the statePrayer-books lias increased to such an exteni, that the funds of the Society for pros only this further consideration, that
ment above, to confute it, save them: and, unless those members of the such an institution may be fairly British and Foreign Bible Society who be said to have grown out of the volun. Jong to the Established Church, leave that tary attacks made by some members Society, the Society for promoting Christian of Bartlett's Buildings, upon all the Knowledge will be utterly ruined."" pp. 54, members of the British and Foreiga 55.
Bible Society. The only practical We have quoted this simply, in answer they are able to afford to order to mention to our readers, the imputations and aspersions cast that, in addition to the hopes ex- without reserve upon their churchpressed by Mr. Simeon, that such manship, is to join hands and hearts an advertisement may stimulate us with the institution now proposed. to exertion for the augmenting of It will be an answer in kind; and the revenues of the old society; we what is better still, it will be an anhave to state a proposal upon simi- swer in kindness. And to the loudest Jar grounds, for the actual formation and most angry exclamations of of a new Church-of-England So- their opponents, it will enable them ciety, which shall have for its sole to reply, in the true spirit of the object ihe assistance of that in Barl- Church of England, “ To your relet's Buildings, in the department proaches we answer nothing; but to of distributing the Liturgy and Ho- your arguments we reply, by pointmilies of our Church. The pro- ing to our efforts in the establishspectus is now before the public: nient of a new Liturgy and Homily and we conceive it to be warrant Society.” In short, we conceive enough for the claims which such the proposal to arise from a pure spian institution advances, not only on rit of Christian conciliation. And we the patronage of the public, but on consider it as not among the least fathat of the Society for promoting vourable symptoms of such a spirit, Christian Knowledge itself, that it we had almost said universally, proposes to distribute those books spreading amongst Christians of the at a cheaper rate than it is possible present day. Had such a proposal to expect, or even wish, from the as this conie immediately from Dr. already overcharged funds of that Marsh bimself, or from those avowimportant Society. It appears to ed and exclusive advocates of the be the farthest possible from the ancient society, who, we conceive, wish of those, who meditate this would rejoice in every honest means new institution, to decoy away the of augmenting, even by saving, its members of the old "Bible' and exertions, we have already expressed Prayer-book Society, by holding out our confident opinion that every to them a plan, simpler in its opera- church friend of the Bible Society tion, and disjoined from the con- would have wished it God speed, fessedly important departments of and been ready according to his tracts and missions. The experience ability to support it. Let us hope, of seven years now forbids the fear, that though the former names are that increased zeal and exertions, not now found arnongst its first proin one particular department, will moters, they will not be long want. draw off the sources of emolument ing in the fulfilment of their part of and support, to which older and more the prophecy. Let us hope they general societies are to be consi- will avoid tbe only line of conduct
by which any one, or all of these, no Goliath, when they see you, with your naturally congenial societies, can be sling and stone, ready to defend them : or converted into enemies, or even into rather, it will be like the accession of Paul rivals. The time is coming (God to the church; who, after having verily himself is pledged to it) when “ Eph
thought that he ought to do many things raim shall not envy' Judah, and contrary to the name of Jesus, did them Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
with all his might: but, un a conviction of Why
his error, • became a preacher of the failla may not the Church of England, at
which once be destroyed.'” p. 59. this critical juncture, give the signal for such a glorious consummation? We must be excused," at this late Why may not even Dr. Marsh him. hour,” from offering a lengthened self hasten its approach? Why may (which it deserves), or, indeed, any not the various colours of these new commendation, of this powerful and and still multiplying exertions in “single-handed" reply to Dr. Marsh. the cause of Christ, harmoniously We wish to spend our few remainblend in the production of the great ing moments in promoting our readresult- why not form (let us be ex- ers' attention to this long article, by cused the thought) a “ bow in the bringing into their sighi, at the end cloud,” giving happy presage of the of it, what may not undeservedly final conclusion of the storm? Glad obtain the name of poetry. Placed shall we be to admit into this union, in this situation, we hope it may not confusion, of colours, even the serve to decoy them through the remoter line which marks the place “waste and howling" pages of conof our dissenting brethren. We troversy, as the traveller is beguiled hail, with sincere pleasure, the can- onward in the desert, by the distant dour of Dr. Marsh, in all his allu- prospect of some flowery mead or sions to that body. And we do not verdant bower, to recruit his jaded despair, that, as on the ground of spirits. Nor are we afraid our trathe Liturgy with his fellow-church- veller will be disappointed when he men, so on that of the Bible with his actually arrives at such couplets as fellow-Christians, he may still be the following description of " Trees, found willing to unite his exertions the planting of the Lord,” which for the purpose of giving "Glory to shall hereafter flourish in the most God in the highest," promoting (not distant lands, by the instrumentality toleration only, but) "peace on of the Bible Society. earth,” and extending (not to the - The plants inserted by my hands, injury but to the honour of his own
In other soils, in distant lands country) the substantial fruits of Shall root themselves, and soon, like me, "good-will towards all mankind." Produce their sacred progeny ;
Having given, in substance, the Trees, like the druid oaks of yore, arguments of Mr. Simeon's pamph- Phe saints and guardians of our shore, let, we need only fortify our humble Trees, at whose feet, submissive cast, wishes in regard to Dr. Marsh, by Sin, schism, and discord breathe their last ; a similar invitation held out to bim, On whose tall bead the dove descends; in conclusion, by this able writer. On whose broad arms kind heaven suspends “Having seen this union, &c. has not The banners of the Cross unfurtd; produced an indifference to the Li- Trees, for the healing' of the world
Trees, whose fair fruit
by God is given, iurgy, &c., we may now expect that Trees, water'd by the dews of heaven." p. 7. you will yourself become a subscriber to the New Society... ..This Our readers will perceive the style will be to act agreeable to the advice to be that of Hudibrastics, which, which you yourself have given. we have to inform them, are levelled
“ And I can ventare to assure you, that satyrically at the opposers of the the accession of such a champion to that Bible Society, and are, in some otber society will be hailed like that of another parts of the piece, more characleta David to the armies of Israel; they will fear istically maintained. We have given hints of a sort of inkling we had, above-mentioned, who is made to that our worthy Professor, as all ex- “scold” the new Society, we are tremes meet, gave symptoms of a sorry to say, in terms but too appropuritan smack about him. It is not priaie to the language of some of a little entertaining to ourselves, her exclusive friends, for uniting with therefore, to catch the Professor, on persons a sudden, fairly buckled up for ware
• Who bold such notions 'bout the church, fare, in the triunmings of another They poison every book they touch. Sir Hudibras, and not sent forth, in- Don't tell me that a Broadbrim's Bible deed, but remaining stoutly at home, Isn't on the other quite a libel; to conduct the backward and de- That Baptists don't blot out the verses, fensive conibat, which has been as- And turn the blessings into curses. signed him in this civil war. We Only that Bible's good, I say, are only sorry, that, by some un- Which food sound churchnen give away. worthy metamorphose, this redoubt. Tell what you will to foolish people, ed champion should be converted, Your plans to batter down the steeple, by our fable (which it is), into a
To pull down all our gothic abbeys;
Perhaps to unbaptize our babies.” p. 5. dog in the manger. We should most gladly have opened the door to our To which the younger lady replies, readers upon a more attractive sight: after asserting her right to do what and this more particulariy, as we do good she can in the world, not think the Professor himself, for
« I roll the honour of the Society in Bart. My golden car from pole to pole ; lett's Buildings, would allow us to Where'er a suppliant hand is found say, that it is not limself which is Scatter my sacred volumes round: intended in the parallel, but only Bid every land forget its ills, that venerable Society. As it is, we Change shivering rocks to rerdant hills; Piave only to discharge our task, as
Bid softer suns in Lapland rise, reviewers, with the utmost delicacy Light wintry months with summer skies;
Afric forgets her many woes, possible; and to disclaim, both on
Her desert blushes with the rose; our own part, and, we may venture The faint East drinks the cooling wind, to say, on the part of the author, all Unchangéd the place,--but chang'd the mind." intention of imputing, either to that Society or to its most injudicious ad. vocates, more of the canine disposi- conclude with wishing the Margaret
We should have been happy to tion than shall be strictly in unison witb the idea maintained in this fear that he will not fail to redeem
Professor heartily farewell; but we noted fable, The fable has a double applica- of an unpleasant task.
his pledge of calling us to a renewal
Indeed, tion; first, to those who when they
while we are closing our review, the “ See others work where they refuse, publication of his much-expected, And save the souls their follies lose;
and long-delayed, Appendix, is anThey shew their teeth-display their fists,
nounced. But we dare not venture, Dub the hard workers Methodists," &c., &c.
at present, to bestow even a glance and then to the “Old Institution” upon it.