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any intention of sanctioning such an inter- to afford tiine for the return of such of their ference as would lead to dissension and dis- merchantmeit as art abroad. union among the subjects of a friendly Since the appearance of our Declaration restate. As for Henry, his conduct is of the specting the Orders in Council, Bonaparte has most base description : and whether we con- promulgated a Decree, which he has thought sider the motives by which he was actuated, proper to date in April, 1831, pronouncing or the mischievous consequences which his the Decrees of Berlin and Milan to be retreachery may produce (on the supposition pealed as they relate to America. This is that war between this country and America most manilestly a mere trick. For where is the result of the disclosure), we must rank has the decree lain for the last twelve him among the worst enemies of his kind, months? or where was it when he recently In the mean time, the American Government declared, that bis Berlin and Milan Decrees has imposed an embargo on all American were in full force? slupping, lo continue for three inouts, so as
We trust they will be enabled to reduce to The assassination of Mr. Perceral within practice those lessons of resignation to the the walls of Parliament, which happened Divine will which they used to receive from on the 11th instant, as he was entering the his lips; and that the value of a well-founded lobby of the House of Commons, produced hope in the Divine mercy, which it was one a sensation throughout the land beyond of the cares of his life to impress on the any thing which we remember to have minds of his offspring, will be impressed witnessed on any former occasion. The there with double conviction by the stroke horror which the foul deed itself could pot which has tom from them the guide and but inspire, the space which Mr. Perceval instructor of their youth, their friend and from his high situation naturally filled in father. the public eye, his distinguished talents, The effects of this melancholy event on his private worth, his large family, the the political state of the einpire, it seems critical state of public affairs, our foreign hardly possible to anticipate. The great dangers, our domestic discontents, our fi- variety of large and important questions pancial difficulties, our uncertainties as to which are at issue before the supreme the future; all combined to give a deeply council of the nation will naturally be inpainful interest to this event. And when fluenced in their decision by the views of to these considerations was added the re- the government which inay now be forined collection that Mr. Perceval was a man by the Prince Regent. The dispate with who feared God, who loved his worship America, the Orders in Council, the Catholic and his word, who was zealous for the ho- question, the conduct of the continental nour of religion, and was ready to pro- war, the various questions of financial remote every good work, the Christian ob. form, the future government of our Indian server, in deploring the sudden extinction Empire, &c. &c. are points which may be of such a light, could only turn in subinis considered as undetermined, or at least as sion to Him by whom the hairs of our head in some degree upsettled, by the death of are numbered, and without whom not even Mr. Perceval. At the moment we are writa sparrow falleth to the ground. What ing (May 26), we cannot learn that any purposes this affecting dispensation of Pro
ASSASSINATION OF MR. PERCEVAL.
government has yet been formed. We unvidence may be intended to answer, it derstand, however, that to the Marquis were perhaps vain to inquire. As far as it re- Wellesley has been entrusted the task of spects Mr. Perceval himself, it cannot be forming one. viewed by those who knew the piety of his We have purposely abstained from demind without the most consolatory persua, tailing the particulars of Mr. Perceval's sion that he has exchanged “the miseries assassination, because they must by this of this sinful world," this scene of anxiety. tine be well known to every individual in debate, anu contention, for a state of rest the country. Of the murderer, it may be and peace, of joy and felicity. His widow- proper to say a few words. His name was ed partner, and his twelve orphan children John Bellingham. He was a native of brave indeed been called to drink of the cup Huntingdonshire, and was engaged in merof sorrow. But we trust they will find it cantile pursuits at Liverpool. He was led mingled with those consolations from above some years ago to visit Russia, and having which can alone mitigate its bitterness. a dispute with a Russian house on the subfore, remark, that if there be Englishmen Lord L. Gower and tbe British Consul iu capable of exulting in blond, capable of vindicating his rights. Such a claim, how- almost canonizing the deliberate assassin, ever, was, in the liighest degree, absurd, who aims the unprovoked blow at the heart Our government have no right to interfere of his victim, provided only that victim even with our own courts of civil or criminal stand high in the councils of his sovereign;. judicatare, much less with those of Russia. we must attribute such a perversion of right Would this country for one moment have to- feeling to this cause chiefly, that the writings lerated the interler ence of a Russian ambas
ject of their accounts, the matter was re- which Bellingham appears to have found an ferred to the examination and decision of universal concurrence on the part of all to tvo British merchants chosen by Belling- whom he applied, among whiom were the kam, and two Russian merchants named two members for Liverpool; and to the proby the other party. The award of the ar- priety of which it is impossible not to give biters made Bellingham a debtor to the an unqualified assent, even at this moment, amount of two thousand roubles; but he with all the fatal conseqnences of the rerefused, notwithstanding the award, to dis- fusal before our eyes :-this refusal so exasebarge this debt. He had also be in arrested perated Bellingham, that he resolved, as he on a criminal charge, of which he was ac- lermed it, to do himself justice, by taking quitted; but previous to the termination of away the life of Mr. Perceval. And under the suit he had attempted to quit Russia, this impression, he at length found means to and having rezisted the police which inter- perpetrate bis criminal design.-The murder posed to prevent him, he was committed was committed on the 11th; Bellingham to prison, from which he was soon aiter was tried on the 1.51h; and his guilt beiug liberated on the application of the British clearly proved, he was condemned to suffer Consul. He was again, however, taken the awful sentence of the law, which was into custody with the view of enforcing the executed on the 18th. He conducted himaward of the abitrators, which, on an ap
self with great caliness and composure durpeal from Bellingham, had been confirmed ing his trial, and at the place of execution ; by a decree of the senate ; but was per and to the last maintained the perfect pronitted to be at large under the care of a priety of the act for which he suffered : furpolice officer, and was frequently supplied nishing a most striking exemplification of with money by Lord L. Gower, then our the degree in which self-interest, and pasambassador in Russia. Though his lord- sion, are capable of perverting the reason, ship could not interfere officially with the
and hardening the heart, of the man who proceedings of the Russian courts, he ne- yields himself to their guidance. vertheless expressed a wish to the Russian
We are the more anxious to express a disgovernment for his liberation, as there tinct opinion on this part of the extraordinary seemed to be no prospect of obtaining from
case which we have been considering, as him the money which he owed; and sub- an insidious attempt has been made by sequently to the departure of Lord L. some popular journalists, to exalt this Gower, he appears on this ground to have wretched assassin into a hero; and for no been discharged from confinement.
other reason that we can discover, but beBellingham, conceiving himseli to have
cause the man whom he murdered was a been onjustly treated in Russia, had re
minister of state, and because (for this, also, peatedly applied to our Ambassador and seems to raise Bellingham in their estimaConsul for redress, which they uniforinly tion), he murdered this minister without decla.ed their inability to afford. On his feeling one sensation of reinorse for his return to England, he presented memo
crime. We cannot regard the representations rials to government, claiming a peca
to which we allude, in any other liglit than niary compensation for the hardships he as giving encouragement to similar atrocities. had endured and the losses he had sus.
But our limits will not permit us to pursue tained, through the injustice of the Rus- this subject at present. We will only, theresian government, and the supineness of
lo which we have referred, are familiar to sador, in a case of the legal arrest for debt of our population* a Russian subject, in this metropolis ; or in a case of the apprehension of such a person
* We understand that the Rev. Mr. Wilfor a breach of the peace? Lord L. Gower, son, minister of St. Johu's Chapel, Bedford and afterwards our government, refused, Row, will publish, in a few days, the subwith the most perfect propriety. to take cog. slance of a conversation which he had with nízance of such a transaction, or to adinit a John Bellinghain, the assassin, on the day claim to pecuniary compensation on account previous to his execution : to which will be of it. This resusal, in the propriety of added, some general remarks.
Parliament have voted an annuity of ceed, if it could have been effected without 20001 a year to the widow of Mr. Perceval; any undue compromise of principle. On its 1000l. a year to liis eldest son; and 50,0001. failure, the Earl of Liverpool was appointed 10 be applied to the use of the large family first Lord of the Treasury, and Mr. Vansithe has left behind him."
fast Chancellor of the Exchequer; the former
being to be succeeded in the Colonial Office DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. by Earl Bathurst. When this arrangement On the death of Mr. Perceval, an effort came to be known, a member of the House of was made to form an administration, with the Commons moved an Address to the Prince aid of the Marquis Wellesley and Mr. Can- Regent (this was on the 21st instant), prayning, which should embrace all, or nearly ing that his Royal Highness would be pleasall, the persons who had been associated ed to form a strong and efficient admini. with Mr. Perceval. Written communications stration. The Address was carried by a passed between those iwo slatesmen and majority of 174 to 170. The answer of the Lord Liverpool on the subject, which had Prince Regent was favourable 10 the prayer scarcely been made, before they appeared of the Address; and it is understood that he in the newspapers. Considering the deli- requested the Alarquis Wellesley to take cate and confidential nature of the discus. measures før forming an administration. sions involved in such a correspondence, The Marquis appears to have experienced we find it difficult to frame to ourselves a more difficulty in effecting this object ihan sufficient justification of such a proceeding. was at first auticipated, for to the present It was probably done without much consie hour (May 29), it is not known that any deration; but it certainly looks son much definitive arıangement has yet been made. like a trap to catch an adversary; especially We do most sincerely wish that a strong and as it must be admitted, that the party pub- efficient administration may be formed, lishing make a more advantageous appear which, uniting a competency of talent with ance on paper than the minister does. This, tricu public virtue, may afford us a rational however, was naturally to be expected in hope of union and conciliation at home, and compositions intended for the press.
vigour and success abroad. The points of difference chiefly respected the Catholic question, the conduct of the
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. war on the Peninsula, and the precedency of A French 74 gun ship has heen captured power in the government. On the first point in the Mediterranean, by one of our ships of one party was for modified concession to equal force, after a severe action. Two of the Catholics, and the other against any, our gun-brigs had got on shore on the coast concession. On the second, the Marquis and of France. One was burnt by the crew, who Mr. Canning were of opinion, that the war made their escape in boats. The other, the in Spain should be prosecuted with increased Apelles, was taken with the captain and a vigour; while Lord Liverpool thouglit that few men on board; and was afterwards got our efforts in that quarter were already off by the French. But 10 sooner had she pushed to the utmost extent of our means. been launched than she was attacked by a With respect to the third, it appeared to be party of our men in boats, and carried off in the wish of those in power that Lord Liver- triumph, notwithstanding an incessant fire pool should be Premier, and should lead from the batteries on shore, — A small in the Hiuse of Lords, and Lord Castlereagh French squadron sent out, as it would apin the House of Coinmous. Lord Wellesley pear, merely for the purpose of cruizing, has and Mr. Canning did not seem willing to ac- captured and burnt upwards of thirty vessels, cede lo such an arrangement.
of which about half are English, and the rest We should have rejoiced to have seen this Americans, Swedes, &c. attempt to strengthen the Government suc.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. J. M. W., we are of opinion, requires too much from us, in requiring us to state reasons for
declining to insert a particular paper. AFFABILITATIS AMATOR; T. D. ; R. H.; F. T.; C. B.; TaeTA; CAROLINE; CLER.
Evor.; S. S.; and Lydia; have been received, and shall be considered. We assure a SuorKEETER, that if we had received any communication on the subject to
which he refers, worthy of insertion, we should have been anxious to have brought it forward. But we have not received any, either good or bad.
ACCOUNT OF THE REY. HENRY ing, the great aim of Mr. Scougal SCOUGAL.
was to approve himself unto God, (Continued from p. 279.)
as a workman that needeth, not to be
ashamed, rightly dividing the word R.
less, was anxious to have his pulpit, as became an ambassador of parishioners punctual and constant Jesus Christ, the only ends he had in their attendance upon public in view were the glory of God, and worship ; and lamented that many; the salvation of souls; he adapted who professed and called themselves his sermons not to the humours of Christians, lightly regarded the so. his hearers, but to their necessities. lemn services of the church, and He laboured 10 render his style evidently shewed by their conduct plain and intelligible to the meanest that they considered the worship of capacity, without giving disgust to their Maker of little importance, the well educated. He was careful compared with the sermon ; an to avoid foolish questions and strifes error which unhappily 100 much of words, and only to speak the things prevails in our own days. Our becoming sound doctrine ; in other Liturgy is a truly Christian service; words, to inculcate those great truths and we cannot be sufficiently thank- of the Gospel, whosc direct tenful for the great blessing of having dency is to promote the divine life a ritual so truly evangelical esta- in the soul. His reverend eulogist, blished
amongst us. It is much to who has been already so often be lamented, however, that by too quoted, thus describes bim as many professing Christians, the desk preacher :-" The matter of his disis less valued than the pulpit; and courses was always so useful and it is matter of serious concern to seasonable; his words and expresevery pious clergyman, as it was tosions so plain and proper, and well good Scougal, that "the invocation chosen; his deportment so grave of Almighty God; the reading some and unaffected; his manner of utportions of the Holy Scriptures; terance so affectionate, and expresmaking a confession of our Christian sive of the passionate love and con. faith, and rehearsing the Ten Com- cern he had for men's souls, accommandments, should be looked upon panied with such an act of sweetonly as a præludium for ushering in ness and mildness as charmed men's the people to the church, and the spirits; and all was so full of light minister to the pulpit *." In preach- and heat, that I think I may say, in
the words of the disciples concerning Gairden's Sermon. The above extract our blessed Saviour, Did not our may serve to give us an idea of the mode of hearts barn within us, while he opened conducting public worship at that period in the episcopal church, at least in the diocese it may be inferred, 'that in those days there of Aberdeen. Dr. Gairden remarks, that were clergymen, as well as laymen, who Scougal always joined with liis congregation looked upon the worship of God only as a at the beginning of the service; from whence præludium to their public exhibition. Christ. OBSERY. No. 126,
unto us the Scriptures?". Scougal of their brows, without the toil and revived the expository mode of distraction of their spirits." preaching, which had produced Scougal was not satisfied with such happy effects at the auspicious performing the public duties of his ora of the Reformation, and which functions, but, in imitation of St. experience hath evinced to be most Paul, he went from house to house, conducive to general edification. “testifying repentance towards God, This useful practice, which in Scots and faith towards our Lord Jesus land is called lecturing *, forms a Christ.” He availed himself of stated portion of the morning ser- those domiciliary visits to study the vice in the established church of various tempers and dispositions of that part of the United Kingdom ; his people; to warn the unruly; to and I have often wished that the comfort the feeble minded; to consame practice had been enjoined by vince the guinsayers; to heal the authority in the Church of England. blacksliders; and to confirm the
Scougal was no less assiduous in faith and animate the hopes of those catechising than in preaching. He who had received Christ Jesus the discharged that important branch Lord. of the clerical office not in the com. “ He was deeply sensible” (I mon cursory way, which is little bet- borrow the words of Dr. Gairden) ter than an exercise of the memory, “ of the little sense of religion that bat by instructing the young and the generally appeared; and when he ignorant in the plain, impressive me. saw any spark of goodness, how ihod of familiar and affectionate con- strangely was he cheered with it! versation. Catechising,” to use He more valued the humble inno.' Mr.Scougal's own words, in a sermon cence, the cheerful contentment preached before the synod of Aber- and resignation of one poor woman deen, “is a necessary but painful in that place, than all the more duty. It is no small toil, to tell the goodly appearances of others, having same things a thousand times 10 some oft in his mouth indocti cælum rae dull and ignorantpeople, whoperhaps piunt." shall know but little when we bave His situation at Auchterless, as to done. It is this laborious exercise external comforts, was very disthat does sometimes tempi a nini- couraging and trying; but he subster to envy the condition of those mitted with equanimity and pawho gain their living by the sweat tience to the inconveniencies of
coarse fare, of a mean lodging, and * I am informed, that the Scots clergy, a local seclusion from the enjoyin lecturing on Sundays, generally confine themselves to the New Testament, but with learned the divine art of content
ments of literary society. He had out uniformity in the nethod; some giving ment with his lot under every disharmonical expositions of the Evangelists, others regularly expounding the Epistles, agreeable circumstance; he mainand many commenting on detached por
tained an uniform serenity and tions or chapters, without any attention to cheerfulness of mind; and he used order or method. The late Bishop of Lon. to say, “ that as he blessed God don, in his lectures on the Gospel of St. he was not naturally melancholy, Matthew, gave a good specimen of this go he thought an acquired melanmode of communicating religious instruction, choly was scandalous in a clergswhich it is to be wished were generally man." adopted by the parochial clergy, especially where two sermons are usual. I have heard this excellent man's life, a period of
We now come to the last stage of that the clergy of the Lutheran Church ge- not more than four years, during nerally expound, one part of the Sunday, the Gospel or the Epistle for the day. Arch which he filled a conspicuous and bishop Leighton's Coinmentary on the first important station. The chair of diEpistle of St. Peter, is an admirable model vinity in King's College, Aberdeen, fus an exposilor of the Epistles.
bad been vacant since the year