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a direct line from David and Abra- that Jacob the son of Mathan, was ham. The objection bere is, that the father of Joseph; and, conse. this list does not apply to the re- quently, that Joseph, as mentioned quired proof, on account of the ac- by Luke, ver. 23, was the son of knowledged miraculous conception Heli in no other sense than his legal of Mary (ver. 18. 25.), and hence son by marriage, or his son-in-law; that the whole argument of Matthew and as by this alliance Joseph is callamounts to no more than the legal, ed the son of Heli, so, in the same and not the proper and natural son- sense, Mary may be called the ship of Jesus, as the son of Joseph, daughter of Jacob, being his daughof David, and of Abraham. This ter-in-law, and hence conclusively it supposed omission of Mary's ances- is demonstrated, that Jesus, who was try in the family of David, has been conceived and born of the Virgin subject to much objection. But to Mary, was the son of David by the this it may be answered, (1.) That law of the Jewish nation, and by the pedigree of Mary must have the law of nature in bis buman perbeen sufficiently known and attested son, or, in the language of St. Paul, by the public and private registers “according to the flesh.”.
And as in those times, and therefore not ab. to our English text in Luke, ch. iii. solutely necessary to be inserted by ver. 23, I cannot admire its structure the Evangelist; and (2.) Probably nor correctness : " And Jesus himit might have been a common prac- self began to be about thirty years tice at that time, that in genealogical of age, being (as was supposed) the registers, where the husband and son of Joseph, which was the son of wife, of the same tribe, and descend- Heli, which was the son of Marthat," ed from the same chief families, as &c. The Syriac reading is preferable, of David and Zorubabel, it was suf. " And Jesus, he was about thirty ficient to record the pedigree of the years of age, being reputed the son husband only; and if so, Mary was of Joseph, the son of Heli, the son of as much acknowledged a daughter of Matthat,” &c.; or, as the word may David, as Joseph is proved to be a be rendered, being reported, from the son of David; and the words of the verb, 720 sabar prædicavit, evaninspired Evangelist will stand con- gelizavit. If we adopt this sense, a firmed in both accounts (ver. 1.), parenthesis will remove every oh.“ Jesus Christ the son of David, the scurity, and the text will clearly son of Abraham."
discover itself in direct reference to I observe that the series of gene- the genealogy of Heli. “And Jesus, rations from the captivity, recorded he was about thirty years of age by Matthew, is much exceeded in (being reputed the son of Joseph), the series recorded by Luke, ch. iii. the son of Heli,” &c., signifying which the reason of the subject will that he was the son of Joseph only not admit; the common and average by alliance, and not by actual denumber of years for each generation scent, but rather the son of Heli, the being supposed at 40, the interval of father of Mary, as the celebrated time from the captivity to Christ, bishop Kidder hath ably proved. will extend to more than two cen- Demstr. of the Messiah, partii. p. 426. turies beyond the true time ; which I should not have been so prolix on objection is removed by my hypo- this subject, but having scen, that thesis inserted in your respectable even among some Christian writers miscellany for December last, and it has been imperfectly understood that statement stands well confirmed and explained, and by others altohereby.
gether perverted, and rendered doubtFrom a comparative view of both ful and uncertain *; and also having lists, it is clearly demonstrable, that, • See Dr. Midddleton's Reflections on the according to Luke, Heli was the fa- Variations among the Evangelists, vol. ii. ther of Mary; and from Matthew, p. 308. 8vo.
had to do with Jews on these points, applicable to the Son of God, who, in who, of all others, are the most apl to the language of St. Paul, was the stumble and fall at this threshold of “brightness of his glory." It is imthe Evangelical history, I thought possible to believe that the names it useful to offer my remarks, for of the patriarchs were given by which, if they seem worthy, I hope, chance; and if the preceding translaSir, you will find a corner in your tion of their names is correct, it will Magazine.
be impossible not to believe, that they were given with a prophetical
view. If the translation is incorrect, To the Editor of the Christian Observer. I hope some of your learned correIt is a remarkable peculiarity in spondents will point out the error ; the Hebrew language, that the names and possibly many of them may of things are frequently descriptive discover similar instances of propheof their properties. The names of cy, recorded in a succession of scrippersons also, in that language, are tural names.
L. S. I. frequently, either memorials of the circumstances that attended their birth, or prophetical of their charac. To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. ter, and of the events which befel The learned Dr. Isaac Barrow, has them or their posterity. This is evio always been reckoned one of the dent, from the names of the Jewish brightest ornaments of the Church patriarchs; of David, the beloved; of of England. In the Christian ObserSolomon, whose reign was typical of ver, his name has been associated the peace that will attend the church with those of Hooker, Taylor, and triumphant; and of Samuel, who was South. The orthodox clergy of the asked of God in earnest prayer. The present day profess to look up to name of the first man, Adam, implies him with great respect, though the that he was formed of the ground; general soundness of his opinions and the 25th verse of the 4th chap- does not well accord with the laxity ter of Genesis, and the 29th verse of of modern theology. Most sincere. the 5th chapter, assign the reasons ly do I wish that the works of this for giving the names of Seth and Noah. respectable divine were more fre. The name of Enoch, who walked with guently, and more attentively, stuGod, signifies dedicated, or instruct. died by those who pride themselves ed; that is, as Parkhurst observes, on their orthodoxy. They would instructed in the religion and wor- find, if I mistake not, that he held ship of the true God. But in the and preached some of those grand 5th chapter of Genesis, a still more and fundamental truths of “our comextraordinary circumstance is ob- mon Christianity," which are servable. For the names of the ten ignorantly branded with the imputaantediluvian patriarchs, taken in suc- tion of Calvinism. In the following cession, express the two grand truths extract from his 34th Sermon in the contained in Scripture; the natural 2d vol. on the Divinity of the Holy misery of man, and his restoration Ghost, his opinions on the extent of by the death of Jesus Christ. The
the corruption of man, by the fall of names, when literally translated, form Adam, and the necessity of preventibe following sentence: "Man made ing, illuminating, and regeneratiog subject to death lamented, the grace, are clearly and explicitly statglorious God descending instructed: ed. On the important subject of ReHis death sent, to the afflicted, Con- generation, we shall likewise find solation.” The first part of the naine that he widely differs from those Mahalaleel, which I translate “the theologicians who maintain that glorious God,” is derived from a word that great change in the spiritual that in one sense signifies to shine, state of fallen man is inseparably or irradiate; and it seems peculiarly connected with external baptism, CHRIST. Obsery. No, 126,
and contemporaneous with that sacra- it, begetteth divine knowledge, wis. mental rite. The great and orthodox dom, and faith in our minds, which Dr. Barrow, who is universally ac. is the work of illumination and in, knowledged to have been a writer of struction, the first part of his office the profoundest learning, and free respecting our salvation. from the least imputation of enthu- Then, by continual impressions, siasm, represents Regeneration to be he bendeth our inclinations, and mola spiritual change, effected by the lifeth our hearts, and tempereth our influence of the Holy Spirit on the affections to a willing compliance mind, the will, and the affections of with God's will, and a hearty coman adult sinner. The testimony of placence in that which is good and such an author upon these controvert- pleasing to God; so breeding all ed points, I thought, would at this pious and virtuous inclinations in us, time be bighly important; and not reverence towards God, charity to unworthy of admittance into your men, sobriety and purity as to onre' respectable and useful miscellany. selves, with the rest of those amiable
W. H. Ç. and heavenly virtues of soul, which
is the work of sanctification, another EXTRACT FROM DR. ISAAC BARROW's
great part of his office, SERMON ON THE HOLY GHOST.
Both these operations together, “God manages that great work, (enlightening our minds, sanctifying so earnestly designed by him, of our our will and affections) do constitute salvation; working in us all good and accomplish that work, which is dispositions ; capacifying us for sal- styled the regeneration, renovation, vivation; directing and assisting us in vification, nero-creation, resurrection of all our actions tending thereto. a man; the faculties of our souls
“We naturally are void of those being so improved, that we become, good dispositions in understanding, as it were, other men thereby; able will, and affection, which are neede and apt to do that, for which before ful to render us acceptable 10 God, we were altogether indisposed and fit to serve and please him, capable unfit. of any farour froin him, of any true “ He also directeth and governeth happiness in ourselves: our minds our actions, continually leading and naturally are blind, ignorant, stupid, moving in the ways of obedience to giddy, and prone to error, especial- God's holy will and law. As we ly in things supernatural, spiritual, live by him (having a new spiritual and abstracted from ordinary sense. life planted in us), so we walk by Our wills are froward and stubborn, him, are continually led and acted light and unstable, inclining to evil, by his conduct and help. He reand averse from what is truly good; claimeth us from error and sin; he our affections are very irregular, dis supporteth and strengtheneth us in orderly, and unsettled. To remove temptation; he adviseth and admowhich bad dispositions (inconsistent disheth, exciteth and encourageth with God's friendship and favour) us to all works of piety and virtue. driving us into sin aud misery, and " Particularly he guideth and to beget those contrary to them, the quickeneth us in devotion, sbewing knowledge and belief of divine truth, us what we should ask, raising in us a love of goodness, and delight there. holy desires and comfortable hopes, in, a well-composed, orderly, and disposing us to approach unto God steady frame of spirit; God in mercy with fit dispositions of mind, love and doth grant to us the virtue of his reverence, and humble confidence. Holy Spirit; who first opening our “ It is also a notable part of the heart
, so as to let in and apprehend Holy Spirit's office to comfort and the light of divine truth, then by sustain us, as in all our religious pracrepresentation of proper arguments tice, so particularly in our doubts, persuading our reason to embrace difficulties, distresses, and amictions;
to beget joy, peace, and satisfaction life, though it is perfected only in in us, in all our performances and the other world, is begun in this: all our sufferings, whence the title When a man is truly regenerated, or of Comforter Belongeth to him. born again of God, and made his
" It is also anotħer párt thereof child by adoption and grace, then to assuré us of God's gracious love does God bestow on bim his Holy and favour, and that we are his chil. Spirit, to become the principle of dren, confirming in us the hopes of eternal life in bis soul. Thus does he our everlasting inheritance. We pass " from death unto life,” and has feeling ourselves to live spiritually "eternal life abiding in him:” the by him, to love God and goodness, seeds of it are 'sown in his heart, where to thirst after righteousness, and to they will grow up insensibly, until delight in pleasing God, are thereby they bring forth fruit unto perfecraised to hope God loves and favours tion; until the soul is raised to the us; and that he having, by so au- highest degree of purity and perfecibentic a seal, ratified his word and tion of which it is capable, in the promise; having already bestowed so world above. There, all who share gure a pledge, so precious an earoest, this blessing live in perpetual rest so plentiful first-fruits, will not fail to and felicity, all the powers and fa. inake good the remainder, designed culties of their souls being restored and promised us, of everlasting joy to that excellent state, that image of and bliss."
God, in which man was first created. There they behold the infinite
wisdom, power, and goodness of FAMILY SERMONS. No. XLII. God, manifested in all their glory. John v. 40.—And ye will not come to
There they behold God himself, me that ye might have life.
“face to face;" the light of his coun
tenance beaming on them continualTriese words were spoken at first by ly, and filling their souls with a fulJesus Christ himself to the Jews, and ness of joy and satisfaction. There they must of course have been true as they shall "shine forth as the sun in applied to them. But it is to be feared the kingdom of their Father;" they that they are no less true of the great shall live in perfect ease and quiet bulk of those who are called Christi- of mind, enjoying the blessed comans in the present day. To ourselves, pany of saints and angels, the spe. then, may we consider the words as cial" love and favour of their God addressed : “ Ye will not come to me and Saviour, and all the bliss, honour, that ye might have life.” And sure. and glory, which he who made them ly such an address ought to fill us can confer upon them; and that, not with serious apprehension, lest we only for some ages, but for ever. should be found among those to whom This is that life which our Lord speaks it may be truly applied. The sub- of in the lext ; and it is there impliject at least deserves our most seri. ed, that all may have it if they will, ous inquiry; and to this inquiry I although they are so perverse that now propose to direct your atten- they will not come to him for it. tion.
“ Ye will not come to me that ye 1. By life, in this place, is plainly might have life.” meant the happiness which God hath 2. It is clear from the words of the prepared for bis people in the world text, no less than from the general to come, as well as that new and di- tenor of Scripture, that the life here vine life, that life of faith and righte- spoken of is to be had in Christ Jesus, ousness, which leads to it. For as the and in him only. “For this is the reword death in Scripture is put for all cord, that God hath given us eternal evil, so is life for all that is good. life, and this life is in his Son." Man "See, I have set before thee this day, was at first created in the image of life and good, death and evil.” This God; but by sinning against God he became estranged from him, and ed; and they themselves are, in bim, from every thing that is good. “By accounted righteous, and numbered one man, sin entered into the world, among those saints whom he will and death by sin: and so death bath place at the last day on his right passed upon all men, for that all have band, and to whom he will say, sinned." • But as in Adam all die, “Come, ye blessed of my Father, in even so in Christ shall all be made herit the kingdom prepared for you alive." Those who are dead in tres from the foundation of the world.” passes and sins, as all men are by na. Thus, they who come to Christ have ture, shall by him be restored toeter life and salvation by bim; neither is nal life and happiness, if they will there salvation in any other. go to him for it. He will raise them 3. A third point implied in the to newness of life, and make them text is, that none can be partaker's meet to be partakers of the inheri. of this eternal life, who do not come tance of the saints in light. This is to Christ for it. By the espression a work, however, which could only coming to Christ, is meant, believing have been effected by the same power in him. For it is by faith we go to which at first gave us our being. him, as the great Prophet of the world, Happy, therefore, is it for us, that he whose doctrines we are to receive; who was our Maker, is now our Sa- as our Lord and Master, whose comviour ; and that being exalted to the mands we are to obey; as our High right hand of God for this very pur. Priest, on whose mediation we must pose, he is continually exerting his rely. We must go to him in these infinite power, and applying his alle characters, for grace to repent and sufficient merits, for the salvation of turn to God; for power to withstand ali who come to him. He gives them the temptations of the world, the repentance anto life. By his Holy flesh, and the devil; for his Holy Spirit, he opens their eyes that they Spirit to lead us into all truth, to may see their sins; and not only be- strengthen our faith, and to enable wail, but abhor and loathe them. By us to do what he requires of us, and his power he enables them to resist to suffer whatever he lays upon us. templation. He affords them all the We must go, relying on him alone means of salvation, and inclines them to absolve us from our sins, to justito use them aright. He enlightens fy us before God, to make our peace their minds, directs their intentions, with bim, and thus to bring us at purifies their hearts, regulates and last to happiness and heaven. But governs their passions, keeps their that we may do this effectually, we consciences watchful, and sanctifies must be careful to walk in all those them wholly, in body, soul, and spic ways that lead to Christ. We must rit. His grace is always sufficient keep our bodies under, that we may for themy, his strength is made per
run with patience the race that is fect in their weakness, and his power set before us: we must pray to him rests continually upon them. He daily, and to the Father in his name, applies to them the merits of his for all things necessary both for life death, for the pardon of their former and godliness: we must be constant sins, as well as present infirmities, in our attendance on his public wore and for their justification before God. ship: we must hearken diligently to By the virtue of his sacrifice on the his holy word: we must enibrace cross, he is always making atone- every opportunity of meeting witb ment for them in heaven. He is our Lord at his own table, to partheir Mediator and Advocate with the take of his body and blood, for the Father, and ever liveth to make in- strengthening and refreshing of our tercession for them. Thus are they souls. It is by constantly exercise always kept in the favour of God; ing ourselves, not in some, but in all their faults are covered; their good of these holy duties, that our minds works, though imperfect, are accept- are inclined towards God, and our