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will be in a rapture by reading their ress, what is the spirit which could own words. In the sublime; God dictate volumes written upon the gives them a text, directs them to a model of this passage? Is it to be method on the palpit stairs; the borne, that a grave divine, a bishop Lanıb of God opens their mouth, of the gravest and purest establishand looseth their tongue; and sister ment in the world, should


hunt. Williams, who is near the Lord, ing through the Journal of a Whitopens her mouth to confirm it ; so field or a Wesley, or through the that all opposers are strack dumb, Hymns of a Count Zinzendortf, for and confounded. Jesus rides from ludicrous introductions of Scripture congregation to congregation, breath- scattered here and there, and which, ing courage and strength into his when standing in their proper place, lambs, and carrying all before him. are accounted for at least, if not in He rides in the chariot of his Go- some degree palliated, by the sur. spel most triumphantly indeed: and rounding tone of fervent and unthe preacher sits in the chariot of feigned devotion? Is it to be borne, his Lord's dear arms, leaning every that, after having raked out from day on his bosom, and sucking the what he means to represent the sink breasts of his consolation, while his and kennel of enthusiasm, these unbanner of love is spread over him. seemly passages, he should string The arrows of the Lord Ny through them together

in absurd and profane the congregation, and Mr. Whitfield connection, and hold them up, and gives them a home stroke. Heavily, Scripture with them (the conseindeed, do they drive, when God quence is inevitable), to universal takes off their chariot wheels. But mockery and derision? What must when God is anointing the wheels of be the feelings of such a man, when their souls, 'ris sweet to be at full he comes to meditate, if he ever does stretch for God; to come to a saving meditate, upon these very passages closure with Christ; to lay all their of holy writ which he has taken care concerns on his shoulders; or leap inseparably to connect in his own, into a burning fiery furnace without as well as his reader's mind, with fear, which would serve as a fiery every thing irrational, ludicrous, and chariot to carry their souls to hea- flagitious ? What, on the contrary, seu; while they see poor sinners, would be the conduct and the exhanging as it were by a single hair, pressions of a man deeply and proinsensible of their dauger, over the perly respeciful towards the Sacred flames of hell.”—How pretty is it, Volume, should he be ever under the when the infants, babes, and weak painful necessity of examining and lings of grace, require daily to be ceasuring the ill-judged, or even borne on the sides of Christ, and be fanatical use, made of it by well. dandled upon his knees, till they meaning but irregular men The come to walk continually under the answer is most obvious; and the endroppings of his blood! They see lightened moderation of One greater the sweet Jesus sbewing his lovely than Lavington, has, perhaps, laid face; and his favours and precious down a principle in some measure promises drop down his lily lips, applicable to the question, when he like sweet-smelling myrrh. They represents a master as replying to know that his arms are round them, an angry proposal of his servants, for his arms are like the rainbow.' “ Nay; lest, while ye gather up the - Comparison, 2d Part, pp. 5, 6, 7. tares, ye root up also the wheat with

We need not here be reminded of them.' that character in the Proverbs, who, But let this be sufficient to shew upon doing some great mischief, ex- the self-deception, at least the inclaimed, “ Am I not in sport?" But consistency, 'of those who themsurely it may be asked, in all serious- selves thus violate indirectly the sanclity of the Sacred Record in pretend- greatly hazard the cause of genuine 'ng to redeem it from the profana- scriptural religion. Such, it has tion of others. And let it be a warn- been observed, was the case after the ing, also, how we in any degree short-lived, but, doubtless, portentous, adopt or favour such a style as may reign of ancient Puritanism : such insensibly lead to these deplorable is the case with many persons, and results. The ironical use of a single in many circles, at the present day. sentence from Scripture, the per. Religion, as it ought 10 appear, verted application of a single sacred clothed in the garb of scriptural lanword for purposes of censure, may guage, is almost shamed out of 'solead, in its ulterior stages, to the un- ciely. The preacher, scarcely venholy rashness of a Warburton, or turing to exhort his fock to be the sacrilegious mimicry of a La• righteous, holy, and godly, or to aspire vington.

after the high honours due to the I hope, Mr. Editor, the import, saints, is driven to speak of the ance of the subject which I have moral fitnesses of things, of the virthus imperfectly handled, will be tues and the sanctions of Christianity. some apology for the length of the And the hearer is but too much in foregoing observations. Whoever danger of adapting his practice 'to seriously reflects upon the little the terms of the preacher: or, rather, good, even in appearance, resulting has the same reason to avoid every from the practice here condemned, thing like scriptural precision in the together with the infinite mischief, world, which the preacher has in the both in theory and in experience, pulpit. In short, Scripture must connected with its adoption, cannot sneak in or out of the world; and but heartily approve of the humblest this for no other reason than beendeavour to diminish its prevalence. cause Whitfield may have misapIf the greater eccentricities of what plied it, and Lavington has ridiculed is properly denominated Methodism ihat misapplication. No wonder have been in any measure curtailed succeeding reformers act a still pro

gross exposure of them in gressively consistent part. The book time past, let any one reflect how which has been thus open to mis. much more effectually this might apprehension on every side, must have been done by the sober exer- appear to have something wrong in cise of those commanding powers; its original construction; the volume nay, even of that wit, chastised by a of inspiration must have been imrespectful regard to the Sacred Vo- perfectly inspired; every thing that Jume; which have been both in fact has been perverted, or is capable of so unworthily employed. As it is, perversion, should be judiciously exthe cause of Whitfield, and that of punged; and the limbs of the sacred Wesley, have long substantially out. body, retaining no longer, through lived the efforts of their once trium- successive manglings and mutilaphant antagonists. It is well known tions, their ancient strength, beauty, that the blasphemies of Foole sent or vse, must be amputated by comaway multitudes to laugh at his Dr. mon consent. But, leaving this last Squintum, who" remained to pray,” scheme of our last reformer to the and lo swell the train of his zealous far abler hand, which, as you inform followers. Every expression of le- your readers, has undertaken its vity, every approach 10 indecorum consideration, I hasten to resign my and outrage towards what is really humbler rod, whether of rule or sacred, on the part of the enemies chastisement, in the Christian church; of Methodism, affords an argument and, in the sincere love of things as loud and valid 10' its friends. The they are, to subscribe myself your success with which it can at any most faithful, though unworthy, time be attended, must at least


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Letters to a friend, on the Evidences, world, and with so many illustrious

Doctrines, unil Duties of the Chris- predecessors in the same course, he tiun 'Religion. By Olinthus should deem it necessary at all to GREGORY, LL. D. of the Royal publish on the evidences of reliMilitary Academy, Woolwich. gion?” Now to this question we shall 2 vols. 8vo. London: Baldwin, take the liberty of replying; and in 1812. Price 14s.

the course of the reply, shall neces

sarily present our readers with someIf there is any work more difficult thing of a sketch of the work before to produce, than a book on " the us, which may assist our general deEvidences, Doctrines, and Duties” sign. To the question, then, “ Why of Christianity, it is a critique on such it is necessary to be continually a book : for as the main difficulty adding to the works on the evidences of a treatise embracing these topics of religion ?" we would answer, consists not in the toil of disco- . First, That every day produces vering but of selecting materials; fresh evidences of truth. -- Various not in collecting arguments, but in ages and multiplied researches procondensing them into a given com- duce new varieties of proof, which pass; the Reviewer, who has to should be added to the mass. The abridge the very abridgment, and evidence of religion is of this cumuto concentrate the very essences of lative kind. One of its most marked the original work, has a still severer features is the concurrence of so Jabour ihan his author. We believe many modes of proof to one end. it may be in part owing to this, that And, by adding to long-established the work of Dr. Gregory has lain so evidence the fruits of the day, we Jong unnoticed, though not unread, not only increase the mass, but, perupon our table. Another reason, haps, supply a connecting link to the indeed, is to be aduled to this first, whole. It is surprising, for instance, that, as the modern trade and duty what large contributions of this kind of Reviewers is exclusively to find are made by modern travellers. fault, Dr. Gregory very unhand. Harmer has once collected them; somely denies us a suitable field for but a much larger collection might this charitable operation, by really now be made ; and what may be leaving us scarcely any thing to called the Museum of Religion be condemn. There is scarcely even greatly extended. All ages and a vulnerable heel, or a convenient countries, then, pay tribute to the joint in the armour, at which the truth; and time and space lay their shafts of criticism may be aimed: spoils at the foot of the Cross. and who, especially in this sporting A second motive for producing month, likes to fire where nothing is new works upon the evidences of to be hit? We doubt not that the religion is, that every man, espeingenious malignity of critics will cially in works that udmit of imsoon find a method of assaulting provement, or of accommodation to even this species of prey; but the the times, writes most successfully for stratagem of Dr. Gregory is too new his own age. — If antiquity is and rare not to succeed in this parti- recommendation to statues and piccular instance.

tures, it is not in general to books. This work, however, is even now Or if books survive the times of not without its assailants ; and one their production, and continue to method of attack is by the inquiry, interest successive ages, it is chiefly " Why, at this late period of the when their sentiments are enshrined



in the language of some memorable to break up new ground, and propeople; when they are the only duce new fruits to the honour of models to us of that language; or the Gospel. Now this argument perhaps supply the best pictures strictly applies to the work before and stalues, as it were, of that par- The writer of it is not a little ticular nation. The classics cannot signalised by his scientific attainbecome obsolete; but Chaucer and ments: and though he cannot be Spenser do. Greece and Rome can. considered as the first in the train of not arise from the dust, and display philosophical allies to religion, who new glories by which to eclipse the is preceded by Newton and Pascal; splendor and interest of the Augus- yet, considering in how limited a tau age ; but every day presents degree these fathers in philosophy our own country in aspects and cir- found leisure to enlist their science cumstances which chain the mind in the aid of Christianity, Dr. Greto the present, and lessen its interest gory may be considered, if not among for the past. And this reasoning the most renowned, yet among applies with increased force to works the most earnest and industrious of on evidence. Our fathers, there- its mathematical friends. If, in his fore, may have toiled in the mine of bands, philosophy has not done betevidence, and have procured speci- ter for religion, she bas, perhaps, mens curious and interesting to their done more. This peculiarity will tines; but they are no longer new at once be noticed in his work; nor to us, nor do we like the conveyance is it a feature of small importance, by which they are transınitted to us. Analogy is a powerful weapon in the The modern labourer, on the contra- band of the theologian, and with ry, who toils for us and with us; who the analogies discoverable in the presents us with new specimens, and face of nature, or rather in the works specimens suited to supply the defi- of God, the philosopher (using the ciency of our own collection; who word in its extended sense) is above works, as it were, for our own use, all men conversant. Nature, as it is most likely to engage our atten- were, stands confessed before him; tion, and influence our faith. and be, at his pleasure, seizes upon A third reason for coveting new the features by which he may

illusworks upon this subject is, that al trate or vindicate religion. To him most every individual of talents has she opens up her innost stores; and a particular sphere, in which he moves he, bringing them together, like the and ucts with greuter effect than monarch of Israel, lays them up in others-has a department in which his treasure-house as consecrated he has laboured with more success materials for the temple of his God. has a corner of science, or taste, or We hope to be able to give our morals, which he has searched more readers some striking illustrations of curiously or dexterously than others; these observations from the work beand is thus qualified to bring his fore us. own specific attainments to bear But, fially, there is this addimore powerfully upon the topic of tional motive for the publication of religion. Thus the classical and a work such as this, that most of the philosophical knowledge of Cudo considerable writers upon the same worth, the historical precision of topics labour either under a deficiency Lardner, the generalising habits or a fault.To take some of those of Grotius, the logical exactness of which have been mentioned: The Paley, the profundity of Pascal, the work of Cudworth is fit only for simplicity of Porteus, the piety of the learned; those of Newton and Doldridge, have each qualified them Pascal touch only a corner of the to bring a new and peculiar force to subject; Lardner is heterodox ; Pathe aid of religion; to carry a fresh ley cold; Porteus and Doddridge torch into some recess of the temple; intentionally superficial. In some instances, the evidence is diffused doubtless, had the great work been through an endless series of prolix' completed, of which his " Pensées". and costly pages. In others, it is are but the raw materials, the associated with the maintenance of rude sketch, or indeed a few scatsome beterodox sentiment. In one tered memoranda, he would have case, the manner is dry; and in an- left little to do in this province of other, the mind enthusiastic. In theology. His work, indeed, as it some instances, the topics of “evi- is, is a mine of profound thought dence, doctrine, and duty” are so and evangelical divinity. No lidissociated, that the student is taught brary is complete which does not the creed without the commande contain it, and no tutor discharges ments, or the commandments with his duty to his pupil who does not out the creed. But there is one de- initiate him in it; who does not fect prevalent in works on the evi- warn him of the mischievous arts by, dence of religion, which is so general which Voltaire in his edition labours and vital that it deserves to be more to impair it; who does not stimulate extensively considered. Although him to think out the train which the many of them enter at large into great author has suggested, and fill the internal evidence of religion, nost up the chasms which he has left, of them neglect those very peculi. But still the work of Pascal is conarities which constitute the most fessedly incomplete. We have only important features of this evidence; a few figures in the vast series; the we mean, the doctrines of the fall of outline, instead of the picture; the man by the sin of Adam, and his re- skeleton, instead of the man. In covery by the death of Christ. Two the same train, has followed an aucircumstances are to be considered thor by no means sufficiently known; with regard to these doctrines; that we mean Mr. Scott; who, in a prize without them no solution can be essay at Cambridge, of unusual mediscovered for certain existing facts, rit, on the subject of the Internal and that no such solusion could have Evidence of Christianity," adopted originated in human invention. It the principle and trod in the steps would be to insult the memories of of Pascal." His work is a successe our readers, to point out to them the ful attempt to establish the divine theories suggested by ingenious hea- pretensions of the Gospel on the thens to explain both the actual ground of what may be called its condition of the world and to re- evangelical doctrines; of the doc, move their guilt in the sight of God. trines which relate to the fall and It is enough to say, that scarcely the redemption of man. Still, howa two were agreed either as to the ever, the almost necessary brevity one or the other; that no one pro- of such a composition, and perbaps vides either a satisfactory account the limited object of his essay, of our condition, or a substantial of themselves exclude it from the ground for hope; that the Bible, and higher place likely to be occupied the Bible alone, supplies both. Now by such a work as Dr. Gregory's. this is the feature of the Gospel And this brings us to speak more which in our eyes constitutes its particularly of the book now before strongest internal evidence. In this us. It is also founded mainly upon consists that peculiar suitableness to the scheme of Pascal. Although man which surely creates its strongest it calls in other aids to Christianity, claim upon man. This being the and indeed ranges far and wide in case, is it not remarkable that this quest of auxiliary evidence, still it strong point of evidence should founds ihe main pretensions of our often be wholly neglected, and very religion upon its evangelical docrarely stated and urged with the trines. It not only, in defending force it deserves ? Pascal, perhaps, the religion, explains the doctrines; Arst assigned it its proper rank; and but, by teaching the doctrines, vin

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