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aad generous, it was the act of one, the Directors of the Asylum selected
It is unnecessary to say, that the tors had confirmed his appointment
He was now placed in situations
his appointment to the superinten-
Under these circumstances,” 10
felt that there was no object of
“ After various attempts to ascer-
a purpose, I found that none could
be so lucrative, none so extensively
Finding, however, that I could which the government-press was not easily convince others of the established at the Asylum, and practicability of such a plan, I was whence have flowed effects reciproobliged to make the experiment at cally advantageous to the commumy own cost; and having purchased nity, to the Asylum, and to the East a press and types, and employed a India Company. few of the orphans in working ihem, In this arrangement was involved I had the pleasure of soon giving a the publication of a weekly governsolid proof of the excellence of my ment- newspaper, in which all the scheme; and, having presented a advertisements and public notificaJarge sum of money to the school tions of the Government were in from the work, the directors of the future to be printed. The profits institu1100 resolved to give their arising from this paper, in conjuncsanction and support to the under- tion with those produced by the sale taking*.!
of various books, &c. &c. ihe prints The merit of introducing the art ing of which is undertaken for the of printing at the Asylum, is ex- benefit of the charity, have consti. closively due to the active and per- tuted the chief resource of the insevering efforts of Mr. Kerr. "To- stitution on its present extended tally unacquainted with the practice scale. Besides the execution of all of the art, and unable to procure the English printed work required any person duly qualified to instruct by the Government, at no other exhis young pupils, he had, at the pense than that of paper, printing is commencement of the undertaking, gratuitously performed to a great to contend against obstacles which extent in the several native lanappeared almost insurmountable. guages; in the Persian, Telinga, He not only derived no assistance and Malabar characters; and the from others, but be had to encoun- saving in printing charges which ter opposition instigated by those has been produced to Government, who, in the success of Mr. Kerr's through the exertions of Mr. Kerr, plan, contemplated the diminution may be estimated at upwards of of their own emoluments. These 10,000 pagodas (40001.) annnally*. difficulties, sufficient to have appal- Nor did the extensive benefits reled an ordinary mind, so far from sulling to the Asylum from ihe press, discouraging, served rather to stimu- constitute the sole claim which he late him to more strenuous exertion. possessed 10 the gratitude of that inThe success of his experiment hav, stitution. His merit was scarcely ing at length induced the Directors
$ This calculation is made with reference to patronize the press for the benefit to the expenses of government-printing at a of the Asylum, it yielded progressive period antecedent to the establishment of ly increasing revenues to the insti- the experimental press, at the Male Asylum, tution, so as to admit of the number by Mr. Kerr. By a minute of Lord Clive's of children being augmented to 300, (his lordslip being then governor of Madras) beyond which it has been deemed in- it appears that, by means of the Asylum expedient to extend the establish. press, before it obtained the patronage of ment. In the year 1799, the Govern. Governtent, the Committee of Reform were
enabled to check the expenses of printing ment having resolved to establish a
at the other othces, and reduced them, as printing office at Madras, Mr. Kerr
expressed in the report of the Committee, lo was interrogated with respect to the
one ball. The actual saving to Government ability of the press at Egmore to per- without attention to this circunstance, of form the printing of the Government. course, will not much exceed half the sum The result of this communication stated in the foregoing paragraph. was a permanent arrangement, by Letter from Mr. Kerr to the Court of Di
rectors, dated January 19, 1803, and * Letter to the Court of Directors, Janu. Appendix. Also Minutes of the Male ay 19, 1803.
Asylum, September 20, 1806.
less conspicuously evinced in the against this union. It is not my jo diligent and able manner in which tention to support the arguments o the education of the children and a former correspondent in favour o the general concerns of the charity the practice, but merely to state th were conducted under bis fostering reasons whicb, under the genera protection. The improved regula- circumstances of the case, induce tions he established, the attention he me to think it justifiable. invariably shewed to the health and I. I do not conceive these office comfort of the boys, and the mecha- to be incompatible, unless peculia nical arts in which he caused them circumstances render them so. to be instructed*, at once to render 1. Because the canons of our them more useful members of so- church permit, in certain cases, this ciety, and to afford them more am- union. If it be said that this perple means of afterwards maintaining mission refers to the children of a themselves, are circumstances which clergyman's parish, it will still be ought to be mentioned with merited granted that it was not considered encomium.
inconsistent with a minister's ordi(To be continued.)
nation-engagements, to employ a considerable portion of his time in
imparting knowledge, which is not To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. strictly professional.
2. Nor is there any thing in I am one of those who unite the Scripture wbich militates against offices of minister and tutor ; and
this union. On the contrary, the have read with attention the remarks example of the Apostle, whose in the Christian Observer for and
hands ministered to his necessi* Encouraged by the success which at. ties,” affords a direct countenance tended his experiment of the press at the to those, whose peculiar circumAsylum, Mr. Kerr was led to extend bis stances render an honourable, or views for the mutual benefit of the charity even an honest subsistence impracand of the objects to whom it afforded sup- ticable, from an exclusive attention port, by proposing that the boys should be to the spiritual concerns of his painstructed in various handicraft employ- rishioners. The writer of this paper ments, and taught the business of cabinet did not think it inconsistent with his makers, bookbinders, smiths, engravers, &c.; character or profession, when leaving occupations which would always afford support to the industrious, and contribute great. jaboured with some
a people, among whom he had ly to the convenience and advantage of the community. This plan was patronized by several years, to appeal 10 bis conthe Directors of the Asylum and partially gregation that he had “coveted no adopted; but owing to the difficulty of pro- man's silver or gold," but that his curing proper masters to instruct ihe boys. talents, such as they were, had and to other unexpected impediments, it ministered to the support of himself was never carried to the extent Mr. Kerr and his family. designed. Bookbinding and some other 3. It may be added, that the two arts continue to be performed by the boys offices in question concur in one of the charity.
common object — the communica. Experience hitherto has shewn the appre- tion of knowledge, and the forming hensions to be void of foundation, which of moral and religious habits : 50 were entertained, that employment could that the office of tuior does not unfit, not be found for the new •and increasing but rather qualifies him for a more class of subjects brought up at the Asylum. successful discharge of his duty as a The boys have scarcely time to attain the rudimevts of education, before applications minister, and collaterally promotes are made for them from various quarters, to
the good of his parish. be indentured as clerks, accountants, farriers, 4. The greater part of private tutors and assistants in the suedical department of reside in villages, wbere the parishes the army, artizans, &c. &c.
are generally small, and where, of
course, the number of professional will have less temptation to frequent visits is restricted within narrow watering-places, or to make excurlimits.
sions of pleasure; and, in short, 5. The intervals of teaching, and will be more likely to be found at occasional holidays, afford many, their post than many others. and, in most cases, probably suffi- II. If these offices are not, in cient opportunities of private visit- theinselves, incompatible, so, in ing
some cases, their union is neces0. It is not difficult to devise ex- sary. pedients to supersede the necessity 1. Many private tutors will be of constant, individual visits : such, found among curates, who have no for instance, as taking a cup of tea other respectable means of obtainonce or twice a week with a pa- ing a bare subsistence. risbioner, who is gratified by the 2. Others possess livings which attention; and, after the hours of are unequal to the support of a labour, collecting at his house eight family; and it is presumed, that or ten of the neighbours for the pur- very few will be found in this class pose of religious conversation, ex- of tutors whose circumstances raise pounding the Scripture, and prayer. them above the necessity of this I have adopted this plan for some arduous undertaking. years, and have found the best 3. It may, however, be added, as a effects result from it.
justification, probably, of all those 7. It does not appear, nor do I who are engaged in this office, think it can be shewn, that clergy. whose circumstances may seem to men who unite these offices are less be easy, that the children of clergyuseful and successful in their pa- men labour under peculiar disadrishes than others. The time which vantages.
They are necessarily others spend in literary ease (and brought up with different views few scholars possess the self-denial from the children of most of their to renounce all the pursuits which parishioners. They see nothing in bave engrossed their attention for a the occupation of their parents, succession of years, in which their which, by association, may grababits have been formed, from dually train them to business: they which they have derived much re- are generally looked up to by their fined pleasure, and which have qua. neighbours, and, in spite of all that lified ihem for usefulness on an ex. can be said to the contrary, they tensive scale); I say, the time which will imagine themselves destined these spend in literary ease may be to move in higher circles than the devoted with advantage to the edu- children of the farmer and mechanic. cation of youth. I may add, too, Now, what is to be done for them that time will, in general, be better under these circumstances? Must husbanded by tntors. They will rise the parent, by declining the only earlier; spend less time at the table; means by which he can procure hare the best excuse for declining them a decent entrance on the javitations; have fewer intrusions course of life in which they can be from triflers; attain to greater re- expected to appear with advantage, gularity in domestic concerns; and render it morally certain that his turn almost every fragment of time children will be either a blank or a to some useful account. Nor let it blot in the world? Other children seem invidious (for we are put on are imperceptibly led to enter into our defence) if it be added, that the profession and plans of their they will be less likely to have their parents : must those of clergymen houses crowded with a succession of be precluded from the literary purvisitors; that they will pay fewer suits of theirs, and, by an unnatural and shorter visits to their friends; counteraction to their prejudices and feelings, be thrown upon a mode of confined means, without a school, gaining a livelihood, which, to say he could have been. Jf his visits to the least of it, would be a continual the sick are less frequent (and, unes burden?
less his parish be large, this need It deserves consideration, whether not be the case), they are the more some of the unhappy instances of welcome and profilable, from the the children of excellent ministers relief which is administered to the turning out idle and vicious,-a body as well as the mind. Sunday source of misery to their parents, and day-schools may be established and a pest to society,-may not be and supported. Clothes and food, accounted for by the circumstance Bibles and religious tracts, are disof their parents having no means of tributed to an extent proportioned early introducing them to business, to a minister's increased means. or of putting them in the way of Besides this, the parents of his pupils forming those associations between are never backward to assist in any industry and success, exertion and work of benevolence which may be respectability, which repel idleness going on in his parish: even his at its first approach, and connect pupils themselves will often feel a sensual indulgences with wretched- pleasure in doing good among the ness and disgrace.
poor. I have seen the sons of 4. It may be added, that not members of parliament and of nomany livings will enable the parent blemen-nay, a nobleman himself of a tolerably large family to put constantly and unsolicited, attend a out his children to schools where a Sunday-school, take peculiar interest sound education may be obtained. in the progress of the poor children, Necessity, therefore, makes bim the and liberally reward their improvetutor of his own children: but he ment. I may be permitted to add, finds that, without much additional that much more has been done in expense of time, he can, with great my own parish for the good of the advantage, educare a few others with whole, than could have been done, bis own children. Company and had my labours been confined solely superior attainments afford a salu- to the ministry. tary stimulus, and greatly lessen the 2. Let us nest consider what infatigue of instruction, and smooth fluence this union of offices has on the path to knowledge.
the propagation and extension of One or other of these reasons, it sound learning. Without detractis presumed, will justify most of ing from the literary attainments of those ministers who are enıbarked many laymen, it will be admitted in educating the rising generation. that, of those who have drank deeply But,
into science, not many are in such III. I will advance a step further, dependent circumstances as to renand co
magnify my office.” I do der any arduous employment necesnot think ihat the increasing num- sary; and those who are, have ber of private schools, conducted opportunities of turning their knowby clergymen, is a subject of lamen- ledge to a better account than by tation, but rather of congratula- applying it to the education of von.
youth. It will, therefore, be con1. Much collateral advantage is ceded, I suppose, that were the often derived to a parish from this clergy to decline this post, it would union of offices. Not to mention not be very easy to find a substitute that little tradesmen are much as for their · lack of service;' and sisted by the money wbich is neces- the interests of literature must
, of sarily put in circulation ; a clergy- course, inaterially suffer. On the man is enabled to be much more other hand, what can so effectually liberal in his parish, than, with his secure the extension of knowledge,