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according action administration adverse possession allowed American applied association authority become Bishop body called Canon Canon law capacity Catholic Church CHAPTER character civil law Code collegium common conception congregation considered constitution contract corporation sole courts denomination distinct Ecclesia ecclesiastical corporation effect English entity erect establish exempt exercise existence express fact fiction foundation given held hence hold Holy incorporation indicate individual instance institution interests Italy juridical personality Juris juristic known land legal personality limited majority Mass matter moral persons nature necessary numerous organization original parish passed poration possession possible present principle privileges quae quod recognized reference regard relation religious respect result Roman Catholic Roman law rule simply sive society Sources statutes sunt theory tion trustees United Universal universitas various York Zollmann
Sivu 89 - In this class of cases we think the rule of action which should govern the civil courts, founded in a broad and sound view of the relations of Church and State under our system of laws, and supported by a preponderating weight of judicial authority, is that, whenever the questions of discipline or of faith or ecclesiastical rule, custom or law, have been decided by the highest of these church judicatories to which the matter has been carried, the legal tribunals must accept such decisions as final,...
Sivu 89 - The law knows no heresy, and is committed to the support of no dogma, the establishment of no sect.
Sivu 21 - Fellowship is no fiction, no symbol, no piece of the State's machinery, no collective name for individuals, but a living organism and a real person, with body and members and a will of its own.
Sivu 35 - Quibus autem permissum est corpus habere collegii societatis * sive cujusque alterius eorum nomine, proprium est ad exemplum reipublicae habere res communes, arcam communem et actorem sive syndicum, per quem tamquam in republica, quod communiter agi fierique oporteat, agalur fiât.
Sivu 89 - A corporation is an artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of law. Being the mere creature of law, it possesses only those properties which the charter of its creation confers upon it, either expressly or as incidental to its very existence.
Sivu 89 - But it is easy to see that if the civil courts are to inquire into all these matters, the whole subject of the doctrinal theology, the usages and customs, the written laws, and fundamental organization of every religious denomination may, and must, be examined into with minuteness and care, for they would become, in almost every case, the criteria by which the validity of the ecclesiastical decree would be determined in the civil court. This principle would deprive these bodies of the right of construing...
Sivu 34 - Sed religionis causa coire non prohibentur, dum tamen per hoc non fiat contra senatus consultum quo illicita collegia arcentur.
Sivu 33 - In decurionibus vel aliis universitatibus nihil refert, utrum omnes idem maneant an pars maneat vel omnes immutati sint. sed si universitas ad unum redit, magis admittitur posse eum convenire et conveniri, cum ius omnium in unum recciderit et stet nomen universitatis.
Sivu 35 - Cum senatus temporibus divi Marci permiserit collegiis legare, nulla dubitatio est quod, si corpori cui licet coire legatum sit, debeatur : cui autem non licet si legetur, non valebit nisi singulis legetur : hi enim non quasi collegium, sed quasi certi homines admittentur ad legatum.