« EdellinenJatka »
The following statement will give a more particular view of the stations and success of this society :
Western Africa Mission.
South Africa Mission. The principal missionary station is at Cape Town, the capital of the Colony--inhabitants in 1818, 18,173. At this place the society have a chapel and schools.
Cape Town, !921, 1 mig. Salem, 1820, I mis. Gammap, 1821, 1 mis. I na. as't. Lele Fontein, 1817, I mis. Rede Fontein, 1817, 1 mis.
India Mission. This mission is of comparatively recent date, and little is known of the number of scholars under instruction, or of the particular success of the missionaries. The society have a chapel at Madras, and have established schools there, and at the other stations.
Boinbay, 1816, 2 mis. Madras, 1817, 2 mis. Negapatum, 1821, 1 mis. Bangalore, 1821, I mis.
Ceylon Mission. The success of this mission bas been greater than could have been expected, considering the difficulties under which the missionaries laboured when they first landed in this country of ignorance and barbarity.
The members of the church exceed 300. There are 8 stations, 84 schools, 4878 scholars, and 160 teachers. Some of the missionaries have assisted in the translation of the Scripures, and a dictionary in the language of the country, and in English, has been published. At Colombo, the capital of the island, the society have a printing press and mission church. They have a church also at Caltura, and a chapel at Jaffna.
Colombo, 1814, 3 mis. 28 tea. 915 sc. Negombo, 1814,2 mis, 14 tea. Caltura, 1818, 1 mis, 28 tea. Galle, 1819, 2 mis. 20 tea. Matura, 1819, I mis. 1 na, as't. 21 tea. Batticaloe, -, 1 mis. Trincomalce, --, I mis. 4 tea. Jaffna, --, 3 mis. 15 tea.
Australasia Mission. The Wesleyan mission in this region was first undertaken for the European Settlers at New South Wales. Afterwards another station was taken on the Island of New Zealand, for the benefit of the natives. Little is known of the particulars of this mission. Parmratta, --, 1 mis. Kiddeekiddee, --, 1 mis.
West India Mission. This mission was projected for the benefit of the coloured popu. ation of these Islands, and has been attended with constant success. In the last report, the committee state, that the progress of the mission continues among the negro slaves of the West India colonies, with scarcely an exception. In the last year there had been added to the Wesleyan connection near 2000 persons, almost exclusively people of colour, making the total numbers in the colopies 23,090.
The negroes under the Society's instruction at the last return were 22,936. The children in the schools were 4227.
The number of missionaries employed on this mission are 47.
expense, at many, or most of the stations. On the island of St. Vincents they have six chapels, at Antigua five, and at St. Christophers eight.
Trinidad, 1788, 1 mis. 109 mem. 100 sc. Tobago, -, 2 mis. 44 mem. Grenada, 1788, 3 mis. 295 mem. 330 sc. St. Vincent, 1817, 4 mis. 3068 mem. 300 sc. Barbadoes, --, 1 mis. 47 mem. 400 sc. Dominica, 1788, 2 mis. 415 mem. 193 sc. Montserat, 1 mis. 20 mem. 160 sc. Antigua, 1786, 4 mis. 3912 mem. 1060 con. Nevis, 1788, 2 mis. 1010 mem. 135 SC. St. Christophers, 1744, 3 mis. 2368 mem. 170 sc. St. Eustis, --, I mis. 323 mem. 200 sc. St. Bartholomew, 1788, 1 mis. 324 mem. 200 sc. St. Martin, --, 1 mis. 100 mem. 50 sc. Anguilla, -, I mis. 320 mem. Tortola, 1789, 3 mis. 1993 mein. 500 sc. Jamaica, 1789, 8 mis. 7060 mem. Bahamas, 1788,5 mis. 1166, mem. 573 sc. . Bermuda, 1738, 1 mis. 97 mem. 50 sc.
English Baptist Missionary Society, formed in 1792. Object, to convert the beathen to Christianity. At the time of the formation, the conductors knew of no part of the heathen world more accessible, or eligible than another; bat a concurrence of circumstances shortly after directed their attention to the East Indies, and in the autumn of 1793 the first, Missionaries landed in India. The Mission was established at Serampore, a Danish settlement near Caloutta.
At this place the society have founded a College for the education of Native students. Besides the languages, they learn Astronomy, Medicine, Law, and Theology. A limited number of European youth are also admitted. A College Library has been founded, and is fast increasing. The number of Students at the College in 1822 was 45. The society at Serampore have translated the Scriptures, or parts of them, into about forty eastern languages or dialects. The expenditure in 1822, was 55,377 dollars. The Missions established by this society are those of India, West India, Ceylon, and Indian Archipelago.
The Native School Iustitution in India has under its care about ten thousand scholars. The receipts of this society for the last year were 58,666 dollars.
India Mission. The centre of the society's labours on the India Mission is at Serampore, about 15 miles from Calcutta. The following statement will show the success of their exertions at the several stations in this region.
Serampore, 1799, 3 mis, 3 tea. Calcutta, 1801, (pripting press) 6 mis, 2 tea. Dacca, 1816, 1 mis. 1 pa. as't. Sabebgunj, 1807, 1 mis. I na. as't. Chitiagong, 1812, 1 tea. 100 con. 74 sc. Dumdum, -, I pa. as't. Cutwa, 1804, 1 mis. 4 na. a's't. Moorshedabad, 1816, I mis. 4 na. as't. 160 con. 220 sc. Malada, 1818. I na. as't. Dinagepore, 1804, 1 mis. 100 con. Monghyr, 1816, 1 mis. 2 na. as't. 60 sc. Guyah, 1802, 1 na. as't. Dijah, 1809, 2 mis. 307 sc. Bepares, 1816, 1 pa. as't. I tea. Allahabad, 1814, 1 mis. I na. as't. Cawopore, 1817, 1 pa. as't. Agimeer, 1819, 1 na. as't. 30 sc. Delhi, 1817, 1 na. as't.
Ceylon Mission. The prospects of this mission have been discouraging. The poverty of many parents renders the work of their children necessary : the indifference of others to education, and the superstition of all, has rendered the exertions of the missionaries slow of success. They however have reason to expect that perseverance will grad. ually overcome all difficulties Two missionaries resided at Colonbo in 1812, the capital of the island, a city of 50,000 inhabitants.
Indian Archipelago Mession. One of the missionary stations is on the island of Sumatra, which contains 3,000,000 people. The others are on the island of Java. At Bencoolen, Sumatra, a mission press is established. Eight or teo schools, have also been set up in and about the place.
Bencoolen, 1819, 2 mis. Batavia, 1813, 1 mis. Samarang, 1816, 1 mis.
West-India Mission. The inissionary stations are on the island of Jamaica. At one of the stations 200 persons had been baptized, and a chapel had been built capable of holdigg 2000 persons. The missionaries labour cheerfully among the coloured people. Kingston, 1814, 1 mis. Spanish Town, 1814, (church) 1 mis. 400 sc.
Edinburgh Missionary Society. Formed in 1796. The first operations of this society commenced in connexion with the London and Glasgow societies, but this connexion being dissolved, the first mission sent out by the society was to the Sussoo country in Africa. This mission was finally relin. quished, the missionaries finding the climate such as to destroy the health or lives of Europeans; though since that time another mission has been sent to that country.
In 1802, the society sent a mission to Tartary. This mission now occupies three stations, viz. one at Karass, one at Astracban, and one at Orenburg, all in Asiatic Russia. At Orenburg the society has a printing press, where, in 1820, above 8000 books and traets in the Tartar language were printed. The number of missionaries on this mission in 1821, were 14. By the last report it appears that the mission is in a prosperous state.
The expenditure in 1821, was 28,058 dollars.
Connecticut Missionary Society. Formed in 1798. Object.--Tu send missionaries to the new settlements in the United States.
During the year 1822, this society sent missionaries to, or employ. ed them to preach in, eight of the states. Most of them laboured from 4 to six months--some only 2 or 3 months. The places and number of missionaries are as follow : New-York and Pennsylvania, 3; New Connecticut, 16; Ohio, 5; Indiana, 1; Illinois, 2; Missouri, 3. In general, the missionaries are employed by the week. The total number of weeks which all the missionaries employed during the year spent in the service of the society, was 800. This number of weeks is equal to 15 and a half years. The whole number of sermons preached was from 3 to 4 thousand during the year.
The expenditure of the society for the year, was 96703 79 cts.
Church (of England) Missionary Society. This society was formed in 1801. Object--to propagate Christianity among heathen nations.
This society has sent out pine principal missions, viz.--to West Africa, Mediterranean, Calcutta and North India, Madras and South India, Bombay and Western India, Ceylon, Australasia, West Indies and North West America. - Eacb of these Missions occupy such a pumber of distinct stations, in the vicinity of each other, as in connexion with the circumstances of the case, and the funds of the society is thought most expedieot.
The number of auxiliary, or associate societies recognized by this is upwards of a bundred.
The number of children actually under instruction in reading, writing, &c. is about 10,000
The income and expenditure in 1822 was about 130,000 dollars. The number of labourers employed by the society including missionaries, and school masters, catechists, &c. is 200.
· West Africa Mission. The sphere of the society's labours on the western coast, are chiefly at Sierra Leone and its vicinity.
The colony of Sierra Leone has made considerable advances in population and strength. Its cultivation and commerce are rapidly increasing. The town is regularly laid out, and contains near 13,000 inhabitants, who are generally orderly and industrious. The population are chiefly free negroes, or those who have been liberated from slave ships in the execution of the laws. The colony is divided into parishes, each of which has its missionary and schools, or an occasional missionary where the inhabitants are few
The following statement will shew the nuinber of Missionaries, Schoolmasters, Scholars, &c. under the auspices of the West Africa Mission, and the time when each station was established*
Free Town, - , 1 na. as't. 2 tea. 426 sc. Kissey, 1816, 1 mis. 1 tea. 400 con. 95 sc. Wellington, 1821. Waterloo, 1820, 1 mis. I tea. 138 sc Hastings, 1820, 1 na. as't. Kent, 1819, 2 tea 93 sc. Charlotte, 1819, 2 tea. 250 con. 233 sc. Leopold, 1818, 2 tea. 100 con. 115 sc. Bathurst,--, 1 na. as't. 142 sc. Regents Town, 1816, 1 mis. 1 pa. as't. 2 tea. 1000 con. 668 sc. Leicester, 1814. Gloucester, 1816, 1 mis. I tea. 448 sc. Wil. berforce, 1817, 1 mis. 90 sc. Plantains, --, 1 tea.
Mediterranean Mission. The sphere of the society's labors on this mission, are chiefly confined to the Island of Malta. This island contains near 100,000 inhabitants. The religion is Roman Catholic, but in so low a state that many of the inhabitants, are little better than idolaters. Ignorance and superstition prevails to a great degree; few of the inhabitants can read or write.
The primary object of this mission is the revival of the christian churches bordering on the Mediterranean, with a view to the extension of christianity throughout the continents of Africa and Asia. With this view the society stationed at Malta, a representative, Mr. Wm. Jowett, for the acquisition of information relative to the state
*In the following pages, mis. stands for Missionaries-na. as't. Natives Assistants-tea. Teachers-con. Congregation--sc. Scholars-b. Baptized-mem. Members of the Church-the date of the year, the time when such Mission was established.
of religion and society with the best means of. melioration. Mr. J. bas occasionally publisbed the result of his investigation. Dr. Naudi in the service of the society, has translated and published the Scriptures, and a great variety of Tracts in the Maltese language.
Calcutta and North India Mission. The centre of the society's labours on this mission have been at Calcutta. At this place they have established schools, a mission house, printing press, &c. The scriptures have been translated into the language of the country and circulated at the expense of the society.
The stations occupied by this mission are as follows.
Calcutta, 1816, I mis. 2 tea. Buxar, 1819, 1 na. as't. 40 sc. Benares, 1817, I mis. & pa. as't. 4 tea. Burdwan, 1815, 2 mis. I tea. 1050 sc. Chanar, (1 church) 1814, 1 mis. 1 na. as't. I tea. 100 con. 98 sc. Lucknow, 1817, i'tea. 25 SC. Bareilly, 1818, 1 pa. as't. Meerut, 1813, 1 na. as't. Kowabee,--, 2 na. as't. Agra, 1813, 1 inis. 2 tea. 88 sc.
Bombay and West India Mission. Bombay is the third of the British Presidencies in India, 1300 miles from Calcutta--inhabitants 200,000. The native population in this region are in an awful state of ignorance and debasement. Superstition, idolatry and cruelty, are the common characteristics.
Boinbay, 1820, I mis. Cannanore, 1818, 1 na. as't. 2 tea. Tillicherry, 1817, 2 tea. Cotym, 1317, 3 mis. 22 na, as't. 551 sc. Cochin, 1817, 96 sc. Allepie, 1817, 1 mis. 1 da, as't. 107 sc. Palamcottah, --, 2 mis. 497. sc.
Madras and South India Mission. . Madras is the second of the British Presidencies in India on the east coast of the Peninsula--inbabitants 300,000. Religion, gross idolatry. At this place a church has been erected. Schools have been established ; a Bible Society formed, and tracts printed and circulated, &c.
Madras, (1 church) 1815,2 mis. 1 na, as't. 14 tea. 297 sc. Tranquebar, 1816, 24 na. as't. 19 tea. 1627 sc. Tippevelly, --;471 sc.
Ceylon Mission. In the means which are now employed for evangelizing this im. mense Island, schools occupy a place more than usually prominent.
The missionary stations are within 100 miles of Colombo, the capi. tal of the Island.
Kandy, 1818, 2 mis. 12 sc. Baddagamme (I church) 1819,2 mis. 160 sc. Nellore, 1818, 2 mis. 409 sc.
Austrialasia, or New South Wales Mission. This missionary establishment is fixed at two stations in New Zealand The urgent cares of the settlers have prevented that altention to schools which is the main hope of the mission. Rangheehoo, 1815, and Kiddeekiddee, 1819, 2 mis. 6 tea.
West India Mission. This mission has just commenced. Barbadoes, 1821, 1 tea. 160 sc. Antigua, 1821, 4 tea. 1500 sc.
North-West American Mission. This mission has only one station, first occupied in 1821. It is within the British territories in the region of Hudson's Bay. Nothing is known of the success of this mission.