« EdellinenJatka »
The Jews Society. This society was formed at London in 1809. It bas for its object the propagation of Christianity among the Jews.
By one of the rules of the society, they limit themselves to the simple object of convincing their Jewish brethren, that Jesus is the Messiah, the Saviour of the world ; leaving them when thus in-, structed, to search the Scriptures and judge for themselves, respectAng all inferior points.
The means adopted by the society to effect their object, has been, 1st. To translate the Scriptures into Hebrew, or such portions of them as are pot contained in the Jewish bible, and particularly those portions relating to the divinity of our Saviour's mission, and to publish arguments in refutation of the Jewish doctrines. 2d. To establish schools for the Christian education of Jewish youth, both at home and abroad.
In 1815 there had been educated, or were then under instruction in the schools of the institution at London, 83 boys and 59 girls--all borli and educated in Jewish families.
A seminary has been established in London for the education of missionaries to the Jews. In 1822, this seminary had received seven young converted Jews, who were preparing to carry the light of Christianity among their brethren.
At the last report the society had distributed about 250,000 tracts in the Hebrew, German-Hebrew, German, and English languages; 3780 of the New Testament, have been circulated in the GermanHebrew, and 3180 copies in Biblical Hebrew languages.
The reports from foreign countries, where the society have sent missionaries, agents, or books, are greatly encouraging to the hopes of the members. "In many places, large numbers of Jews are anyious to obtain books on Christianity. °At Amsterdam, in the course of a few days, 400 Jews, men, women, and children, called at the agents to obtain books.
At the present time, the operations of the society are going on, in several parts of Poland, in Prussia, in several parts of Germany, at Dresden, at Frankfort, Holstein, in Denmark, in the south of Europe, and in Africa.
The society propose to disseminate the scriptures among the Jew's, who inhabit almost all parts of Asia. A school has been already opened in Cochin, where there is now about seventy Jewish children in a course of Christian education.
The amount of expenditures for the year 1822, for printing, education, salaries, &c. was about 44,500 dollars.
It is estimated that there are 500 Missionaries in heathen countries at more than 200 different stations. Domestic missionary societies have been established in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, New-York, and in Charleston, S. C. all which are now in operation.
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Formed in 1810-incorporated in 1812.
Object--To propagate the Gospel in heathen lands, by supporting missionaries and diffusing a knowledge of the Holy Scriptures.
From the 13th report of the Board, compiled from documents laid before them, in May, 1822, the following summary has been extracted. The society have established the following Missions, viz. the Bombay, Ceylon, Palestine, and Sandwich Island Missions. Also
among the Cherokees, among the Choctaws, and among the Cherokees of the Arkansas. At Bombay, the number of missionaries are 3; schools in a flourishing state. Ceylon, missioparies 7, native preachers 2, schools 23, children 1149, besides 87 educating in the families of the missionaries. Cherokee, missionaries 5, scholars 147, whole number of Cherokee children who have entered the school at Brainerd 218. Choctaw, missionaries 4, teachers 4, scholars 104. Among the Cherokees, on the Arkansaw, at Dwight, missionaries 2, teachers 2, scholars 50. Sandwich Island, missionaries 6, teachers 2, native teachers 2. The wives of the missionaries al. so teach native children at their houses. Prospects of the mission by the last accounts, highly gratifying. Palestine, missionaries 3; these inissionaries act as evangelists, and, says the report, much evangelical truth has been communicated to numerous individuals dispersed in different regions, by means of conversation, tracts, and especially by copies of the Bible.
Foreign Mission School.—This school, established at Cornwall, Conn., and supported by the American Board, contains 35 pupils, 31 of which are youth of heathen parentage. The total income for the year, chiefly by donations, was 61,237 dolls. 87 cts.--the expenditure, 60,473 dolls. 80 cts.
American Baptist Missionary Society. Formed at Philadelphia in 1814, by delegates from eleven of the States.
Objects. To send the glad tidings of salvation to the heathen, and to nations destitute of pure Gospel light, and to educate pious young men called to the ministry.
The following summary of the Society's operations is extracted from their ninth report, April, 1823.
The society have instituted the following Missions, viz. the Burman, the Creek Indian, the Cherokee (at Valley Town, the Arracan and the African Missions.
The Burman and Arracan Missions commenced in 1815--missionaries 2. The African in 1821--missionaries 2. At the other missionary stations the society employs 5 or 6 missionaries, and clothe and educate about 120 children.
At the last anniversary it was proposed to send an additional number of missionaries to Africa, and to establish a new mission to South America.
This society have established a College in the District of Columbia, called the Columbian College. The design of this College is to educate pious young men called to the work of the ministry. The number of professors and tutors are 10. The number of pupils in April 1823, were 59. The expense of the College edifice, including the ground, and out-buildings, is 70,000 dollars. The expenditure for the last three years, independent of the College, was 66,596 dolls. and 15 cts. The receipts for the last year were 22,000 dollars.
German, Evangelical, or Basle Missionary Society. In 1815 a Missionary Seminary was instituted at Basle, for the preparation of missionaries for the service of different societies. This institution has given birth to the German, or what is now called the Evangelical Missionary Society. This society receives con
tributions from Germany, Switzerland and France, and has sent out missionaries to varicus parts of Continental Asia.
The course of study at this seminary continues four years, and is such as to fit the student in every respect for evangelical and missionary labours. Besides Theology, they study the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, English, and Arabic languages, and are instructed in geography, universal history, physic, drawing, and sacred music.
(American) United Foreign Missionary Society. This society was instituted in 1817, under the patronage of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church and the General Synods of the Reformed Dutch and Associate Reformed Churches, with a proviso, that all others who may choose to join them may do so.
The object of the society is to spread the Gospel among the Indians of North America, and inhabitants of Mexico and South America, and in other portions of the heathen and anti-christian world.
From the sixth report of the society made in May, 1823, at the annual meeting in New-York, the following summary is extracted:
The society have instituted and now support five missions, viz: The Union Mission commenced in 1820, situated on the bank of Grand River--missionaries 2. Great Osage Mission, 1821, situated on the north bank of the river Marias de Čein--missionaries 3, assistants 5. Tuscarora Mission, 1821, situated at Tuscarora Village --missionaries 1. ' Seneca mission, 1821, near Buffalo--missionaries 1, assistants 1. Cataraugus, 1822, near the shore of Lake Erieassistants 1. The number of Labourers at these several stations are, 7 missionaries, 13 assistant missionaries, and 2 physicians. The number of schools are 5, and the number of scholars 57. The number of auxiliary societies recognized by this, are 165.
The income for 1823, was 12,409 dolls. and 93 cts. The expenditure 15,372 dolls. and 88 cts.
Methodist Episcopal Missionary Society. · Formed in 1819. Object- To assist the several annual conferences, to extend their missionary labours throughout the United States, and elsewhere. This society employs 13 missionaries—some of them are stationary for a set tirne, at particular places; others are appointed to travel, and others are fixed as teachers, performing missionary duties at the same time. Fifty-two auxiliary societies are attached to this institution. This society in May, 1823, supported missionaries in Alabama, Missouri, Arkansaw territory, among the Cherokees, among the Wayandott Indians, among the Creek Indians, Upper Canada, and on Grand River. The income for the last year, including the balance on hand at the previous anniversary, was 8,851 dolls. 29 cts.—the expenditures 3,740 dolls. 22.
• United Domestic Missionary Society Formed at the City of New York in 1822.
Objects—To supply vacant churches in the United States, with temporary preachers, and to aid congregations in the settlement and support of permanent ministers.
The society have employed during the last year, near 40 clergy. men, to labour in almost all parts of the Union where destitute churches were known to exist. A great proportion of them were employed for a year; some for only a few months. The income for the rear, 3,962 dolls. 51 cts.-..the expenditure 3,004 dolls. 11 cts.
English Christian Knowledge Society. Formed in 1698. The objects of this society are, Ist. The super-intendance and support of charity scholars in and about London. 2d. The dispersion of bibles, prayer books, and other religious publica. tions. 3d. The establishment and support of missions and schools in different parts of the East Indies.
It will be observed that this society has been in existence more than a century. From small beginnings, it has, by the unwearied exertions and patronage of many of the most distinguisbed, and wealthy men in England, extended its usefulness to almost every part of the globe. Some idea may be formed of the extent of its doings, and the pains its members have exerted to distribute knowledge in the world, when it is known, that about the year 1913, an abstract of the annual reports and correspondence of this society from 1709 to the present time, (1813) was published, and that it composed an octavo of more than 700 pages. Our plan however, confines us only to a statement of the success and result of these exertions.
In the report of the society for 1821, the following is an abstract of the home proceedings. The members of the society were then 14,530. The committee at home and abroad amounted to 225. The total number of children who appeared by the returns to receive as. sistance in their education from the society, was 181,946, of whom 16,320 were in London. This number, says the report, falls stort of the whole number of children to whom the aid of the society is estended, the returns not being fully received.
The number of books stated by the secretary to have been distributed by the society that year, were as follows: Bibles, 32,199; New. Testaments and Psalters, 45,682 ; Common Prayer books, 85,601 ; other bound books. 75,550. These were distributed gratuitously, on the terms of the society. The committee had also distributed during the year, 827,044 small tracts; and other books and papers to the number of 176,315-making the total number of books distributed in that year, one million two hundred and forty two thousand and ninety one.
of the society's Family Bible four impressions have been printed, and about 20,000 copies sold.
The society has a special committee, appointed for the purpose of counteracting blasphemous and infidel publications. This commit. tee during the year, issued nine hundred thousand books and traots calculated to counteract the influence of these works of darkness.
The receipts of the society from April 1820, to April 1821, amounted to 245,533 dollars, and the payments to 235,150 dollars.
The Cbristian Knowledge Society have Diocesan committees, either sent out, or appointed to watch over, and facilitate its objects in various parts of the world. These committees make annual reports to the society, on the progress of education, the number of children under care, the number of books distributed, the prospects of the society &c.
The committee at Bombay in India, report in 1821, That the have distributed during the year, 170 bibles, 360 testaments and Psalters, 1391 prayer books, and 5536 other books and tracts. Also 22 copies of the Family Bible, and 22 copies of the Arabic Bible. The committee at this place had been appointed only three years
when this report was made. Considerable progress had also been made in the translation and printing of books for the use of schools, and for general distribution among the natives.
At Calcutta the exertions of the district committees had been greatly increased. The number of books received from the society at that place during the year, was 10,822 ; of which 5,885 had been sold or gratuitously distributed. Lending libraries have been established there, and it is stated have given much satisfaction to those who take an interest in the moral and religious improvement of the country.
The Bengal committee state, that the schools at that place are in a highly encouraging condition. The children make greater proficiency than formerly, and the value of education is more duly estimated.
The committee at Madras have made this year a highly interesting report, from which it appears that the society possesses there considerable property, left it by a Missionary who died in its service at that place. The property consists of money, the church, the mission house, and houses occupied by the school teachers ; printing press, and materials for printing and binding books.
The number of scholars at this station are considerable and in creasing, and the prospect of the society encouraging.
British Foreign School Society. This society was formed in 1803. It has for its object the general diffusion of such useful elementary knowledge, as may fit the poor for the discharge of the common duties of life ; especially to enable them to read the bible, and to induce them to observe the sabbath.
For the furtherapce of this object on correct principles, the soci. ety have established at London central schools, where those are educated, who intend to teach in the service of the society, either at home or abroad.
At the annual examination of these schools on the 17th anniversary (1822) the committee were gratified with the progress and good order of the scholars. At these schools instruction is afforded to 500 boys and 300 girls. The number of children received into these schools since their establishment is 21,397-viz. 14,188 boys and 7,209 girls.
'In Ireland the British and Foreign School Society have in connection 513 schools, containing upwards of 40,000 pupils, all of which have been established since 1814.
By the assistance of this institution, schools have been established on the same system, or are now in progress in France, Germany, Russia, Italy, Geneva, Asia, Africa, and America.
This socidty originated in the Lancastrian Institution, and has adopted, in general, its system of teaching.
The expenditure in 1822, of the home society, was nearly ten thousand dollars.
(English) African Institution, established 1807. Object.--Not only to promote the civilization of much injured Africa, but also to watch most carefully over the conduct of those who might attempt to evade the laws for the abolition of slavery.
The means which the society have used to accomplish their objects are to ensorce the laws passed by Parliament for the Abolition of Slavery, and to educate the native Africans in their own country. Through this society remonstrances have been made to all sub na