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tions, as still tolerate this dreadful traffic; and though much has been accomplished by the unwearied exertions of the institution. more remains to be done before this trade, so disgraceful to our spe. cies, shall be universally abolished. Spain, Portugal and France, still authorize or permit, their subjects to deal in human blood, and though France and Spain have enacted laws of abolition, still the traffic is carried on by the subjects of both nations, to a vast extent. Portegal legalizes this trade. This society then bas still much to do, and in addition to remonstrances and enforcement of the laws, the education and civilization of the native Africans, as the only means of preventing their selling each other to Ecropeans, is the only sure method of accomplishing the great object.
As an example of what may be done to meliorate the condition of this oppressed race of men, the present state of Sierra Leone, a colony of natives on the western coast of Africa, may be taken.
The establishment of a colony of patives at this place, was undertaken in 1806. At that time the few inbabitants who resided there were of course in the lowest state of African ignorance and barbarity. The population of the colony is now 13,000, a considerable proportion of which, have been liberated from slavery, being taken from on board slave-ships, in execution of the abolition laws. The colony is divided into 14 parishes. Many of these parishes consist of handsome villages, regularly laid out into streets, and containing good or comfortable dwellings. Upwards of 2000 adults and children are under the instruction at the schools. Many of them read and write well, and some have considerable knowledge of arithmetic and grammar. The people regularly attend public worship. Many of them are communicants, and are exemplary in their conduct. Some of the natives are school teachers. " Agriculture and some of the arts have been introduced, and are cultivated, and in general, regularity and decorum prevail throughout the colony.
The expenditures of the society for the year 1821 were about 5000 dollarse
Hibernian Society. This society was formed in 1807. Its object is to diffuse religious instruction among the poor in Ireland, and in order to do this it is required, that instruction in the common branches of education, be premised. The society have therefore established schools where the poor Irish can be taught to read and write, and where they re. ceive moral instruction at the same time. Elementary books for children have been published in the Irish language, and have been generally diffused among the poor who attend the schools.
In the report of this society for 1021, it is stated, that the number of schools founded by the society was 575--that 41 new schools had been formed that year, aud that the number of scholars under instruction, in all, were 53,233.
The schools, it is stated, are under the superintendance of the following visitors: 176 ministers of the established church; 123 Doblemen; 7 dissenting ministers; 35 Roman catholic priests; and 25 ladies.
The number of bibles distributed by the society since its com. mencement, is 80,000.
The expenditures for the year 1821, for salaries of schoolmasters and agents, purchase of books, printing and stationary, and sundries, amounted to 27,791 dollars.
English National Education Society. Founded in 1811. The objects of this society are to educate in the common and useful branches of learning, such poor children of both sexes, as are denied this blessing from other sources ; and thus to make them capable of obtaining honest livings, and of being useful members of society.
At the elevepth examination of the central school at Ely Place, London, the society found that the average attendance during the year at that school had been 493 boys, and 232 girls-making 725, and that the attendance had improved in regularity.
The committee found that during the year, (1822) 82 new schools had been formed on the national plan, and had been received into union. The society having had, already under its protection 1708 schools, this makes the number 1890.
The total number under education in schools united to the society, besides those who are training in, those formed on its principles though not received into union, amount to about 250,000.
In the schools at Bombay, there were when last reported, 1023; and in those of New Brunswick about 1800 scholars.--The annual income of this society exceeds 10,000 dollars.
(English) Prayer Book and Homily Society. This society was formed in 1812. '
Objects—To offer religious instruction, not only to the poor, who are unable to purchase books, but to the thoughtless, who neglect such instruction. Also to translate the formularies of the church into the different languages of the heathen world.
In the report for 1822, it is stated that the number of prayer books and psalters circulated during the year, was 9433, making the total number of prayer books issued by the society since it was formed 83,730, and the total number of psalters 10,044. The number of Homilies, Articles, and Ordination Services, as tracts, disposed of during the year, were 59,648. Besides this number, the society had printed at Amsterdam 5000 Homilies, 5000 do. at Bremen, 2000 at Malacca, and 8000 at Toulouse, Montpelier, and Monaco. The society have procured translations of Homilies into Spanish, Dutch, German, French, Greek, Arabic, Chinese, and Italian languages. The expenditures of the society for 1822, were 8,222 dollars.
American Colonization Society. This society was formed at Washington in 1817. The second article of the constitution will show the objects of this society.
“ ART. II. The object to which its attention is to be exclusively directed is to promote and execute a plan for colonizing, (with their consent,) the Free People of Colour residing in our country in Africa, or such other place as Congress shall deem most expedient ; and the society shall act to effect tbis object, in co-operation with the General Government, and such of the States, as may adopt reg ulations upon the subject.
In accordance to the plan of the society to send a colony of coloured people to Africa, measures were taken to obtain liberty of the natives, and a grant of land for this purpose; both were accordingly obtained without difficulty. The location first fixed upon was Sherbro Island, situated in Western Africa, and in extent about 22 miles by 12.
A place for the colony being thus prepared, and the American
Government co-operating with the Society, in 1819 the United States sloop-of-war Cyane, accompanied by another vessel chartered by the society, to carry out colonists, sailed for the African coast. The Cyane was commissioned to guard the coast for one year, for the purpose of seizing all such American vessels, as attempted to bring away slaves. The chartered vessel carried out about 80 col. oured people as colonists, and a settlement was established under favorable circumstances. The spot was, however, found to be unhealthy, and the society received the melancholy tidings that most of the whites had died within a few months after their arrival at Sherbro.
This settlement was therefore abandoned and another tract of land in the country of Grand Bassa was obtained of the natives as a place of settlement.
This lies a considerable distance from the former place. This tract of country is from 30 to 40 miles square ; for which the head. men of the country agreed to receive an annual tribute, amounting to about 300 dollars. Circumstances, however, changed the opinions of the agents in respect to settling at this place, it being found that Cape Mesurado, if the land could be obtained, presented superior advantages, as a location for the colony, to any other portion of the coast. On application to the head-men, the agents concluded a purchase of the whole Cape. To this place, therefore, the colony, consisting of about 100 people of colour, have been removed, together with the agents, missionaries, &c.
By the most recent intelligence from this colony, there is every prospect, that the objects of the society will finally be in a good measure accomplished. The natives are friendly to the whites, and to the undertaking; the place of settlement, after so many difficul. ties, is formed to answer the expectations of the colony-and the people of colour in this country are not unwilling, but many hundreds are known to be anxious to join the colony.
Calcutta School Book Society. Formed in 1818, for the purpose of facilitating and assisting the operations of all other undertakings, engaged in Native Education. One of the regulations states, the object of the society shall be the preparation, publication, and cheap, or gratuitous supply of works useful in schools and seminaries of learning.
The society is proceeding with much vigour in the preparation of elementary tables and books in the Bengalee, Hindoostanee, Persian, Arabic, Sapscrit, and English languages.
Calcutta School Society. Formed in 1818, with the design to assist and improve existing schools, and to establish and support any further schools and seminaries which may be requisite. It is also an object of this society to select pupils of distinguished talents and merit, from elementary and other schools, and provide for their instruction in seminaries of a higher degree, with a view of forming a body of qualified teachers and translators.
This society has a considerable annual income by subscription, and it is believed that the undertaking will be finally crowned with success. This society has under instruction upwards of 4000 children.
British India Company.
Object--The promotion of the Intellectual and Moral Improvement of the native inhabitants of British India.
The intention of the society is to promote the translation of books into the Hindoo language on an extensive scale ; to assist in forming a body of native translators, some of whom may be encouraged to visit England, and be instructed in the English language, sciences and literature; to send out European professors and teachers to India ; and generally to adopt all other practicable means of introducing into the schools and seminaries of India, and parts adjacent, the most approved systems of literary and moral instruction.
(Paris) Society for Elementary Instruction. From a report of this society in 1822, it appears that 157 new schools had been formed during the year 1821, making in the whole number, 1400 schools. The French government, it is stated, uniformly support these schools. The society are making efforts to multiply Sunday schools. In several prisons schools have been established with the best effects on the morals of the prisoners. A great nuniber of testaments bad been distributed among the scholars. Near 200,000 children receive instruction from this institution.
American Education Society. This Society was formed August 29th 1815. The object in view is the Education of pious young men for the ministry. The principle hitherto maintained by the board with regard to expenditure is, that no more aid can be granted for the assistance of any young man than is necessary to preserve him from discouragement, and insure success to his personal exertions; hitherto each Beneficiary has been required to give a promissory note for one half the amount al. lowed to him. Many of the Beneficiaries teach a part of the year, and by their personal exertions do much for their support. The total amount of receipts in cash by this society during the seven years of its existence is $76,000. The society has now a permanent fund of $21,800 and has afforded assistance to three hundred and fifty-four young men. Thirty-five Beneficiaries have already completed their collegiate education. This Society has greatly increased in its resources, and in its usefulness since its establishment.
(London) Religious Tract Society. Instituted in 1799. Its object is the diffusion of religious knowledge and moral instruction, by the gratuitous dispersion or cheap sale of varied and appropriate tracts. These tracts are all composed on the principles common to christians; and the society is conducted by persons of various denominations. For the first fourteen years after the establishment of the society, the number of tracts distributed, averaged about one million per year.
The report of the committee at the 23d anniversary (1823) states, that the tracts issued during the year was 5,222,470 ; and that the whole number issued since the institution of the society, amounted to forty-five millions. The expenditure for the year, for printing and paper, rent, taxes, travelling expenses, salaries, and incident. als, amounted to 41,065 dollars.
Church of England Tract Society. This society was formed in 1811, at Bristol. * Its object is to circulate, in a cheap form, among the poor members of the Church of England, her homilies, the lives of her reformers and martyrsextracts from their writings, and from the publications of her bishops; with short pieces illustrative of the primitive history, constitution, and discipline of the Church."
The yearly reports of this society tend to show that much good has been effected by its exertions. The number of tracts distributed by the society in 1822, was 123,504. The whole number of tracts printed, exceeds 1,500,000. The expenses of the society during the year 1822, were $2,175.
New York Religious Tract Society. Instituted in 1812. The object of this society is to awaken the attention of the thoughtless and irreligious, to the subject of religion. "To bring the reader to the bouse of public worship to awaken bis conscience, even in his bed chamber, to draw him as with the cords of a man until he is placed within the sound of the Gospel."
Since the last report the society have published 20 new tracts. During the year, 162,057 English, 6,300 French, and 6,100 Spanish tracts bave been sold and delivered. Of these, 15,305 have been drawn out by subscribers, and 30,871 have been delivered to the Female Branch Society. The whole number of tracts printed by the society since its formation, is 1,307,244.
The income of the society for the year, was 2,219 dolls. 84 cts. --the expenditure, 2,143 dolls. 66 cts.
New England (or American) Tract Society. Formed at Boston in 1814. Object to promote the interest of vital godliness and good morals, by the distribution of such tracts, as shall be calculated to receive the approbation of serious christians of all denominations.
The report of this society for 1822, stated, that from the general depository at Andover, there have been issued during the eight years since the society was formed, between two and three millions of tracts. The whole number printed was at that time 2,924,000. The number of pages sent the past year to the depositories, (of which the society bave near 100 in dfferent parts of the country) is 3,527,000. Of the Christian Almanac, a source of revenue to the society, 40,000 were sold during the year.
Religious Tract and Book Society for Ireland. This society was formed in Ireland in 1914, and in 1820 an auxiliary was formed in London, called the London Auxiliary Society, in aid of the Religious Tract and Book Society for Ireland.
The object of this society is to furnish the poor Irish with books and tracts of a moral, instructive and religious kind, either gratuitously, or at a cheap rate, so as to make such books take the place of immoral books now in use, as well as to supply those who do not read at all.
In the report for 1822, it is stated, that 8,244 books and 103,427 tracts have been sold during the year. The expenditure for the year had been 11,831 dollars.
Hartford (Ct.) Evangelical Tract Society. Formed in 1816. The number of tracts distributed by the society during the year 1823, were 8,203; the whole number distributed