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He loves thee, and thou dost neglect him, Thomas ;
if he be observ'd ;] i. e. if he has respectful attention shown to him.
humorous as winter,] That is, changeable as the weather of a winter's day.
congealed in the spring of day.) Alluding to the opinion of some philosophers, that the vapours being congealed in the air by cold, (which is most intense towards the morning, and being afterwards rarified and let loose by the warmth of the sun, occasion those sudden and impetuous gusts of wind which are called flaws. WARBURTON.
4 Mingled with venom of suggestion,] Though their blood be inflamed by the temptations to which youth is peculiarly subject.
(As, force perforce, the age
pour it in) Shall never leak, though it do work as strong As aconitum, or rash gunpowder.
Cla. I shall observe him with all care and love. K. Hen. Why art thou not at Windsor with him,
Thomas? Cla. He is not there to-day; he dines in London. K. Hen. And how accompanied ? can'st thou tell
that? Cla. With Poins, and other his continual fol
lowers. K. Hen. Most subject is the fattest soil to weeds; And he, the noble image of my youth, Is overspread with them: Therefore my grief Stretches itself beyond the hour of death; The blood weeps from my heart, when I do shape, In forms imaginary, the unguided days, And rotten times, that you shall look upon When I am sleeping with my ancestors. For when his headstrong riot hath no curb, When rage and hot blood are his counsellors, When means and lavish manners meet together, 0, with what wings shall his affectionsø fly Towards fronting peril and oppos’d decay! War. My gracious lord, you look beyond him
quite: The prince but studies his companions, Like a strange tongue: wherein, to gain the lan
guage, 'Tis needful, that the most immodest word Be look'd upon, and learn'd: which once attain'd, Your highness knows, comes to no further use, But to be known, and hated. So, like gross terms,
5-rash gunpowder,] Rash is quick, violent, sudden. This representation of the prince is a natural picture of a young man, whose passions are yet too strong for his virtues. Johnson. - his affections -] His passions; his inordinate desires.
The prince will, in the perfectness of time,
her comb In the dead carrion. --Who's here? Westmoreland?
Enter WESTMORELAND. West. Health to my sovereign ! and new happiness Added to that that I am to deliver ! Prince John, your son, doth kiss your grace's hand : Mowbray, the bishop Scroop, Hastings, and all, Are brought to the correction of your law; There is not now a rebel's sword unsheathed, But peace puts forth her olive every where. The manner how this action hath been borne, Here at more leisure may your highness read; With every course, in his particular.S K. Hen. 0 Westmoreland, thou art a summer
bird, Which ever in the haunch of winter sings The lifting up of day. Look! here's more news.
Enter HARCOURT. Har. From enemies heaven keep your majesty ; And, when they stand against you, may they fall As those that I am come to tell
of! The earl Northumberland, and the lord Bardolph,
5 'Tis seldom, when the bee, &c.] As the bee having once placed her comb in a carcase, stays by her honey, so he that has once taken pleasure in bad company, will continue to associate with those that have the art of pleasing him. JOHNSON.
8 — in his particular.) His is used for its, very frequently in the old plays.
With a great power of English, and of Scots,
make me sick ?
[Swoons. P. Humph. Comfort, your majesty! Cla.
O my royal father! West. My sovereign lord, cheer up yourself, look
War. Be patient, princes; you do know, these fits Are with his highness very ordinary. Stand from him, give him air; he'll straight be well. Cla. No, no; he cannot long hold out these
pangs ; The incessant care and labour of his mind Hath wrought the mure, that should confine it in, So thin, that life looks through, and will break out. P. Humph. The people fear me;' for they do
observe Unfather'd heirs,' and loathly birds of nature: The seasons change their manners, as the years
9 Hath wrought the mure, &c.] i.e. the wall. * The people fear me ;] i. e. make me afraid.
· Unfather'd heirs,] That is, equivocal births; animals that had no animal progenitors; productions not brought forth according to the stated laws of generation. Johnson.
as the year -] i.e. as if the year, &c.
Had found some months asleep, and leap'd then over. Cla. The river hath thrice flow'd," no ebb be
tween : And the old folk, time's doting chronicles, Say, it did so, a little time before That our great grandsire, Edward, sick'd and died.
War. Speak lower, princes, for the king recovers. P. Humph. This apoplex will, certain, be his end. K. Hen. I pray you, take me up, and bear me
hence Into some other chamber : softly, 'pray.
[They convey the King into an inner part of
the room, and place him on a Bed.
War. Call for the musick in the other room.
Enter Prince HENRY. P. Hen. Who saw the duke of Clarence? Cla. I am here, brother, full of heaviness. P. Hen. How now! rain within doors, and none
abroad! How doth the king?
P. Humph. Exceeding ill.
Heard he the good news yet? Tell it him.
* The river hath thrice flow'd,] This is historically true. It happened on the 12th of October, 1411.
s Unless some dull-] Dull signifies melancholy, gentle, soothing, or, producing dullness or heaviness; and consequently sleep.
• Set me the crown upon my pillow here,] It is still the custom in France to place the crown on the King's pillow, when he is dying.