Medieval Cathedrals

Etukansi
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006 - 272 sivua

An introduction to the medieval cathedral, those churches that are regarded as the greatest achievements of medieval architecture. Details their social history, who built them, how they were built, and why. Forty photos and maps help to guide the reader through a narrated tour of these awe-inspiring churches.

When we think of cathedrals, we usually envision the great Gothic Buildings of 12th- and 13th-century Europe. But other than being a large church, a cathedral is neither a specific building type nor specifically medieval. What a makes a large church a cathedral is the presence of a single item of furniture: the chair (in Latin: cathedra) or throne that is the symbol of the ecclesiastical and spiritual authority of a bishop. This book is an introduction to the medieval cathedral, those churches that are usually regarded as among the greatest achievements of medieval architecture.

While cathedrals were often the most prominent urban structure in many European cities, their construction was never a civic responsibility, but remained the responsibility of the clergy in charge of the day to day activities and services. Beginning with an overview of the social history of cathedrals, Clark examines such topics as patrons, builders and artists, and planning and construction; and provides an in-depth examination of the French Cathedral at Reims--a seminal building with significant technological advances, important sculptural programs, a surviving bishop's palace, and other structures. The volume concludes with a series of illustrations, a selection of original texts, and a selected bibliography for further study. A full index is also provided.

 

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Sisältö

Illustrations
xiii
ILLUSTRATIONS
xvi
Chronology
xxvii
Rome Old St Peters eastwest axis reversed and Durham
l
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Four Cross Sections and Elevations
li
Excavations Showing Earlier Churches Fourth to Eleventh Centuries under and around the Cathedrals of Geneva and Rouen
lii
The History of Cathedrals
1
Patrons Builders and Artists
17
Toledo Cathedral of Nuestra Senora
141
Cologne Cathedral of St Peter and NotreDame
142
Strasbourg Cathedral of NotreDame
143
Exeter Cathedral of St Peter
144
Prague Cathedral of Sts Vitus Wenceslas and Adalbert
145
Girona Cathedral of Nuestra Senora
146
Palma de Majorca Cathedral of Sta Maria
147
Antwerp Cathedral of Onze Lieve Vrouw
148

Planning and Construction Early Medieval
41
Planning and Construction in the Gothic Era
61
The Cathedral of France
85
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Exterior of East End
95
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Interior of Choir
97
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame Interior of Nave
101
Reims Cathedral of NotreDame West Facade
110
Epilogue
115
Pisa Cathedral of Santa Maria
120
Modena Cathedral of St Geminianus
121
Angouleme Cathedral of St Pierre
122
Ely Cathedral of Sts Etheldreda and Peter
123
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
124
Speyer Cathedral of Sts Mary and Stephan
125
Durham Cathedral of St Cuthbert
126
Autun Cathedral of St Lazare
127
Autun Cathedral of St Lazare
128
Chartres Cathedral of NotreDame
129
Senlis Cathedral of NotreDame
131
Paris Cathedral of NotreDame
133
Laon Cathedral of NotreDame
134
Monreale Cathedral of Sta Maria Nuova
135
Canterbury Christchurch Cathedral
136
Bourges Cathedral of St Etienne
137
Naumburg Cathedral of Sts Peter and Paul
138
Amiens Cathedral of NotreDame
139
Salisbury Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary
140
Milan Cathedral of Sta Maria Maggiore
149
Salamanca New Cathedral
150
Primary Documents
151
The Baptism of Clovis 591
158
Benedict Biscops Imports from Rome
166
The Coronation of Pepin and His Sons 75154
172
Hincmar Refuses to Swear Loyalty to Louis the German 858
175
On the Election of Bishops 9th c
176
Pope Leo VIII Grants the Emperor the Right to Choose the Pope and to Invest Bishops 963
178
Otto I Grants a Market to the Archbishop of Hamburg 965
179
Two Accounts of the Revolt against and the Expulsion of the Archbishop of Cologne 1074
184
Mutual Assistance of the Bishop of Liege and the Count of Hainaut 1076
186
Five Documents about the Investiture Conflict 1076
187
Trial of William of SaintCalais Bishop of Durham before William II 1088
192
The Bishop of Hamburg Gives a Charter to His Dutch Merchants 1106
193
Guibert de Nogent Recounts the Misdeeds of the Bishops of Laon 1115
194
The End of the Investiture Conflict 1122
205
The Call for the Election of an Emperor I 125
207
Henry I of England and the Bishops Peace 1135
208
Hugh dAmiens Archbishop of Rouen on
217
Gervase on the Rebuilding of Canterbury
223
The Bishop of the Artois and the Count
230
The Annals of St Nicaise on the Civic Uprisings
236
Glossary
251
Index
267
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William W. Clark is Professor of Art History at Queens College. He is the author of Medieval Architecture, Medieval Learning: Builders and Masters in the Age of Romanesque and Gothic, among other titles.

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