Democracy and Technology

Etukansi
Guilford Press, 28.7.1995 - 338 sivua
This eye-opening book describes how modern technologies--such as computers, automobiles, machine tools, hybrid crops, nuclear reactors, and others--contribute to vexing social problems ranging from the continued subordination of women and workers to widespread political disengagement. Engineers, manufacturers, and policy makers rarely take these consequences into account. Contending that reinvigorated democratic politics can and should supersede conventional economic reasoning as a basis for decisions about technology, Richard Sclove clearly outlines how the general public can become actively involved in all phases of technology decision making, from assessment and policy making to research and development. For half a century, the Cold War provided the rationale for U.S. science and technology policies. The demise of the Cold War, Sclove argues, provides an ideal opportunity to reformulate technology decision making and design, making them more responsive to social needs. Synthesizing recent research into the social dimensions of technology with democratic theory, the author develops an innovative, practical framework for distinguishing technologies that are compatible with true democratic ideals from those that are not. The text abounds in well-researched examples from all over the world and throughout history of societies that have used technology to enhance their way of life without sacrificing their ideals or traditions, as well as those where technology has completely disrupted prior patterns of community life. Drawing valuable lessons from these studies, Sclove offers concrete suggestions for implementing political and institutional strategies that will create a more sustainable, socially responsive, and humane technology.
 

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Sisältö

SPANISH WATERS AMISH FARMING Two Parables of Modernity?
3
ID HAMMER OUT FREEDOM Technology as Politics and Culture
10
EVERY SENSE THE EXPERTS Strong Democracy and Technology
25
Design Criteria for Democratic Technologies
59
ACTIVELY RELATED TO THE WHOLE WORLD Technology and Democratic Community
61
NO MAN IS SACRIFICED TO THE WANTS OF ANOTHER Democratic Work
83
MACHINERIES OF POWER
100
WE WOULD CALL IT TREASON Technology and SelfGovernance
119
CHEESEBURGERS DEODORANT AND THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF SOCIETY Democracy versus EconomicsasUsual
161
EVERYONE CONTRIBUTES Participation in Research Development and Design
180
TECHNOLOGICAL POLITICS AS IF DEMOCRACY MATTERED
197
A NEW AND BETTER VISION
239
NOTES
245
BIBLIOGRAPHY
285
INDEX
319
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

LIFE LIBERTY AND THE PURSUIT OF SUSTAINABILITY
139
Toward a Democratic Politics of Technology
153
THINGS LIKE THAT IS PRICELESS Contestability and Dignity
155
ABOUT THE LOKA INSTITUTE
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Tietoja kirjoittajasta (1995)

Richard E. Sclove is Executive Director of The Loka Institute in Amherst, MA, and the founder of FASTnet (the Federation of Activists on Science & Technology Network). A recipient of a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, he is also a research fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies.

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