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with his brigade, remained at the bridge; end that in consequence of this separaion, the army lost the assistance of

1800 men.

In the latter part of the third charge, It appeared that the Plaza del Toros was taken by Sir Samuel Auchmuty by nine o'clock; that it contained a quantity of ammunition and provisions, and that Gen. Lumley, having no communi. cation to act by, was obliged to join Sir S. Auchmuty: that General Craufurd and Col. Pack, with their forces, were obliged to surrender for want of further -orders, and those officers who had displayed so much gallantry were left without support. He next adverted to the necessity of the Commander in Chief's personal exertions, which, though by no means necessary at all times, in some instances, were an indispensable part of his duty; in proof of which he instanced the personal exertions of the late Lord Lake, from which his country derived the greatest benefits, and himself unfad ing laurels. He then adverted to the occupation of the Corali by Sir Samuel Auchmuty, the reports made to the General of the success or failure of the other columns, and the want of necessary communications between the head quar. ters and these columns in order to sup port them. He then spoke of the situation of the fortress of Monte Video at the time of the treaty, and enforced the arguments of Sir S. Auchmuty against giving up the possession of that place, and condemned in strong terms the motives which had induced Gen. Whitelocke to sign the treaty, as subversive of all the principles hitherto acted upon in such circumstances.

In conclusion, he observed, that it was for the Court to determine whether so gallant an army were deserving of such a fate as to be obliged to purchase their safety by so disgraceful a sacrifice of their honour and character as British soldiers. The prisoner had endeavour ed to make it out, that in the event of a bombardment, the lives of the prisoners would be put in imminent peril, and that had made him refrain from ordering that measure, although he was amply supplied with the means of carrying it into effect. The learned Judge Advocate said, he had looked into the instructions, and could not find one single sentence that gave him such dis

July 1808.

cretionary power; it was therefore free for him to say, that this conduct was not that which ought to be pursued by a British officer. What ought to have been his conduct as the Commander in Chief of a British army, even under the pressure of the cessation of arms by a capitulation of his advanced corps? Not to have given up the distant post of Monte Video under circumstances that did not require it.-But, in answer to any application that might have been made to such a purport from the Spanish General, he should have said-I will do every thing in my power to compel you to submission, and as to your threats of ill-usage to the prisoners, if you dare, in defiance of the laws of nature and of nations, to take away an hair from their heads, I will retali ate with that degree of severity that such conduct will merit.

Lieut-Gen. Whitelocke then declared that he did not mean to impute any thing improper to the conduct of the Judge Advocate; and the proceedings on each side were then declared to be closed.

liberation on the evidence, and having The Court were several days in deat length agreed upon their sentence, it was communicated to and approved of by his Majesty, and published as follows in

GENERAL Orders.

Horse Guards, March 24, 1808. At a General Court Martial, &c. Lieut. General John Whitelocke was tried upon the following Charges, &c. SENTENCE.

"The Court Martial having duly considered the evidence given in support of the charges against the prisoner, Lieutenant-General Whitelocke, his defence, and the evidence he has adduced, are of opinion, That he is guilty of the whole of the charges, with the exception of that part of the second charge which relates to the order that the columns should be unloaded, and that no firing should be permitted on any account.

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The Court are anxious that it may be distinctly understood, that they attach no censure whatever to the precautions taken to prevent unnecessary firing during the advance of the troops

to

to the proposed points of attack, and do therefore acquit Lieut-Gen, Whitelocke of that part of the said charge.

"The Court do therefore adjudge, that the said Lieut-General Whitelocke be cashiered, and declared totally unfit and unworthy to serve his Majesty in any military capacity whatever.

The King has been pleased to con. firm the above sentence, and his Royal Highness the Commander in Chief has received his Majesty's command to direct, that it shall be read at the head of every regiment in his service, and inserted in all regimental orderly books, with a view of its becoming a lasting memorial of the fatal consequences to which officers expose themselves, who, in the discharge of the most important duties confided to them, are deficient in that zeal, judgement, and personal exertion, which their Sovereign and their country have a right to expect from of ficers intrusted with high commands.

To his Majesty, who has ever taken a most lively interest in the welfare, the honour, and reputation of his troops, the recent failure in South America has proved a subject of the most heart-felt regret; but it has been a great conso lation to him, and his Majesty has commanded it to be intimated to the army, that, after the most minute in vestigation, his Majesty finds ample cause for gratification in the intrepidity and good conduct displayed by his troops lately employed on that service, and particularly by those divisions of the army which were personally engaged with the enemy in the town of Buenos Ayres, on the 5th of July 1807; and his Majesty entertains no doubt, that had the exertions of his troops in South America been directed by the same skill and energy which have so eminently distinguished his commanders in other quarters of the world, the result of the campaign would have proved equally glorious to themselves, and beneficial to their country.

Sketch of the Life of GENERAL WHITELOCKE. Gen. Whitelocke is a native of Berk. shire, and was born about the year 1759, -He received a good grammar-school education at Marlborough, and was at terwards placed by the late Earl of Ay lesbury (whom his father served as stew ard) at Lochee's Military Academy, near Chelsea, where he remained untill the year 1777, when his Lordship procured him an ensigncy in the 14th regiment of foot. This regiment was then at Chatham barracks, and there be formed a friendly connexion with the present Quart.-Mast.-Gen. Brownrigg, then a Lieutenant, and afterwards Adjutant er that corps. Whitelocke accompanied his regiment to the West Indies in the ear. ly part of 1780, and returned with it ta England towards the end of the war.In 1787 he was still a Lieutenant, and was then quartered at Chatham, where he held some kind of garrison rank in the depot principally established for recruits for the regiments serving in la. dia. In the mean time, he and Ga Brownrigg (both then but Lieutenants) had married daughters of the late Mr Lewis, chief clerk of the War-oct Quick promotion was the natural resu of an union so fortunate. He soon be came a field-officer, and, on the com mencement of the war in 1793, he was promoted to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 13th foot, in which he served a considerable time in the West Indies.

In July 1794, Col. Whitelocke returned to England, with a very hand some testimonial of his military conduct from Gen. White. From his matrine nial connexions, he was soon appointed to the home Staff, and successively re to the ranks of Brigadier-Major-and Lieut.-General, and to the command of the 89th regiment of foot. In 1797, be was second in command at Portsmouth, where he had many opportunities of dis playing his parade talents, both in the garrison, and in the inspecting and r viewing of the different volunteer compa in the vicinity. In 1800 he was remo ved from this situation, and appointed to the depot at Carisbrooke, in the le of Wight. In 1807, he was appointed to the chief command of an expedition des tined for the re-capture of Buenos Ayres.

SCOT

By command of his Royal Highness
the Commander in Chief,

HARRY CALVERT,
Major-Gen, and Adj.-Gen, of the Forces.

Scottish Chronicle.

HIS MAJESTY'S BIRTH DAY.

SATURDAY, June 4. being the anniversary of his Majesty's Birth-day (who entered into his 71st year,) the same was celebrated at Edinburgh with every demonstration of loyalty and respect. The Court of Session did not meet, and the Banks and Public Of

fices were shut. The flag was displayed

from the Castle in the morning, and at noon all the guns were fired. The whole military force in the district paraded in the New Town; and after the brigades were drawn up, they passed his Excellency Lord Viscount Cathcart in the following order: -A detachment of the Royal Artillery Berwickshire, Lanarkshire, Aberdeenshire, Dumfrieshire, Edinburghshire, Invernessshire regiments of militia-Mid Lothian Cavalry 1st regiment Royal Edinburgh Volunteers-1st battalion 2d regiment Royal Edinburgh Volunteers--Loyal Edinburgh Artillery Royal Leith Volunteers-Trinity House Artillery-Loyal Edinburgh Volunteers-2d battalion 2d regiment Roy. al Edinburgh Volunteers-Royal Highland Volunteers Royal Edinburgh Artillery. They then marched to Hope Park, where they were drawn up in the walks, and fired a feu-de-joye. In the evening a grand collation was given by the Lord Provost and Magistrates, in the Parlia. ment House, which was elegantly decora ted with flowers and shrubs, to a number of noblemen and gentlemen, and many of the first characters in the country. The number of men under arms amounted, it is supposed, to between 9000 and 10,000.

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE.

On Friday, July 22. the 1st Regiment of Royal Edinburgh Volunteer Infantry concluded their permanent duty with a grand field-day, when they were brigaded with the 1st battalion of the 2d Regiment on Bruntsfield Links. It is but doing justice to the parent corps, and to its first shoot, to state that their performance on this occasion was most masterly, whether considered in the accuracy of position, correctness of manœuvre, steadiness of march, or closeness and regularity of firing. Lieut. Gen. Lord Viscount Cathcart, command. ing the forces in Scotland, with several other distinguished officers, honoured the field with their presence, and bis Lordship then bestowed a most Lattering testi

mony of approbation on the good conduct and discipline of these corps.

Next day the following general order was issued.

"The Commander of the Forces having been present yesterday at a field-day of the 1st Regiment of Royal Edinburgh Volunthe 2d Regiment of Royal Edinburgh Voteer Infantry, and of the 1st battalion of lunteers, when both battalions were exercised together on Bruntsfield Links by the Right Honourable Charles Hope, approves most highly of their appearanee and performance in all respects, and is satisfied that would enable them to act with advantage their discipline and instruction are such as in the line with any troops in the service."

The following regiments belonging to the city and county of Edinburgh, have volunteered into the Local Militia, viz. the 1st and 2d battalions of the 2d regiment of Royal Edinburgh Volunteers--Royal Highland Volunteers-Loyal Edinburgh Volunteers-Royal Leith Volunteers-Museelburgh and Dalkeith Volunteers, and Royal Mid Lothian Artillery.-Similar offers have been made by the Glasgow Highland regiment, the Loyal Greenock Volunteers, the Mearns-shire battalion, the Aberdeen Light Infantry regiment, the Fraserburgh corps, and the Culloden battalion.

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From America. Francis Hunter, John Grimke.

From the West Indies.-Robert Benstead Wright, of Jamaica, R. Hamden, of Barbadoes, J. T. Caines, of St. Christopher's, Richard H. Dyett, of Montserrat.

ECCLESIASTICAL APPOINTMENTS. Whitehall, July 16. 1808 The King has been pleased to order a Conge d'Elire to pass the Great Seal, empowering the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Hereford, to elect a Bishop of that See, the same being void by the translation of the Right Rev. Father in God, Folliott Herbert Walker Cornwall, late Bishop thereof, to the See of Worcester; and his Majesty has also been pleased to recom mend the Right Rev. Father in God John Luxmore, Bishop of Bristol, to be elected Bishop of the said See of Worcester.

The King has been pleased to appoint Dr Andrew Grant Minister of Kilmarnock, to be first Minister of Canongate church, Edinburgh, void by the death of the Rev. Robert Walker.

MARRIAGES.

At New York, James Arnott, Esq. merchant, Philadelphia, to Miss Stewart, daughter of the late Tho. Stewart, of Steel-end, Perthshire.

June 11. Mr William Johnston, Halltree, to Miss Margaret Fulton, daughter of the late Mr Mark Fulton, Bessborough

Mains.

19. At Clifton, Robert Andrew Riddel, Esq. London, to Miss Miles, daughter of the late William Miles, Esq. merchant in Bristol.

20. At London, Brigader Gen. the Hon. Robert Meade, to Miss Dalling, daughter of the late General Sir John Dalling, Bart.

21. At Edinburgh, Mr John Logan, Hassington Mains, to Miss Thomson, daughter of James Thomson, Esq. of Farnslaw.

28. Lord Arthur Somerset, brother to the Duke of Beaufort, to the Hon. Miss Boscawen, daughter of the late Viscount Falmouth.

23. At Inverary, Mr James Pollock, manufacturer in Glasgow, to Miss Ewart, eldest daughter of Mr John Ewart, Land. surveyor of the Customs at Greenock.

27. At Barr, Wigtonshire, John Hanmay, Esq. younger of Crochmore, to Susanna, daughter to John M'Gill, Esq. of Glencaird.

30 At Inverary, Mr Colin McKenzie, merchant, to Miss Agnes Campbell.

At London, James Moncrieff, Esq. Advocate, to Miss A. Robertson, youngest daughter of the late Capt. G. Robertson, of the Royal Navy. July 1. At Easter Elchies, Dr James Gor.

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6. At Dunkeld, Mr Thomas Wilsee, merchant, Monymusk, to Mary, daughter of the late Patrick Reid, Esq, St Dominga

7. Mr Nathaniel Harvie, writer, Cany belton, to Janet, second daughter of the his John Campbell, sen. merchant, Campbel

19. At Barskimming House, Ayrshire, William Macdonald, Esq. younger of t Martin's, Advocate, to Miss Miller, elde daughter of the Hon. Sir William Miler of Glenlee, Bart. one of the Senators of the College of Justice.

20. At Haddington, Capt. John Turner, of the 75th regiment, to Miss Nancy H milton, eldest daughter of Lieut. William Hamilton, Royal Lanark Militia.

- At Aberdeen, Mr Wm. Littleighs merchant, to Miss Ann Littlejohn, of La

caster.

At Berwick, Lieut. Allan Camera, 9th Veteran Battalion, to Mrs Scott, relia of Mr Scott, late teacher of the Academy, Musselburgh.

- At Edmonton, Capt. Charles Mal colm of the Royal Navy, to Miss Pasley, daughter of the late C. Pasley, Esq. Dr James Gordon, Physician, Old Aberdeen, to Miss Helen Ritchie, young est daughter of Mr James Ritchie, Potter

-.

town.

Mr James Spalding, advocate in A berdeen, to Frances, daughter of the late Mr Samuel Read.

BIRTHS.

April 28. At Paris, the Queen of Holland, a son. Respecting the baptism of this fant, the following pompous notice is an

DOUS

nounced in the Moniteur, of date Paris, June 3. "The Prince Arch Chancellor of the Empire having yesterday gone to the palace of her Majesty the Queen of Holland, there declared, that the will of his Majesty the Emperor and King was, that the Prince born to their Majesties the King and Queen of Holland, on the 28th of April last, should receive the name of Charles-Louis Napoleon; of which a formal deed was drawn up, in presence of the Emperor's mother, the Queen of Holland, the Grand Duchess of Berg, &c."

June 18. At Gunsgreen, Mrs Robertson of Prenderguest, a son.

19. At London, the Countess of Abingdon, a son.

20. At Redbourne, Lincolnshire, the Lady of Lord William Beauclerk, a son. 21. Mrs Graham Stirling, of Duchray and Auchyle, a daughter,

23. At Edinbur Mrs Nairne, a son. 26. At ditto, the Lady of the Hon. Archibald Macdonald, a son.

-. At Belmont Castle, the Lady of Sir George Prevost, Captain of his Majesty's ship Saracen, a daughter.

July 2. At Dunnichen House, Mrs Soper Dempster, of Skibo, a daughter.

3. Mrs Hamilton of Fairholm, a daugh

er.

3. At Glasgow, Lady Janet Buchanan, a Jaughter.

3. At Darnhall, the Hon. Mrs Oliphant Murray, a son.

3. At Gilston House, Fifeshire, the Lady of Major General Moncrieff, a daughter. 4. At Barrogill Castle, the Countess of Caithness, a son.

4. At London, the Lady of Major Geneal the Hon. Alexander Hope, a son.

At Edinburgh, Mrs Bryce, wife of Mr James Bryce, surgeon, a daughter.

13. At Lee, Mrs Lockhart, a son, who lied next day.

16. At Inveresk, the Lady of Lieut. Colonel Thomas Inglis, a still-born son. DEATHS.

Lately, in the East Indies, Mr Alexanler Walker, surgeon of his Majesty's ship leaflower, son of Mr Robert Walker, priner, Edinburgh.

Sept. 3. Mr George Simpson, First Lieuenant of the Fox frigate, and second son of the Rev. William Simpson, of Edinburgh. When gallantly leading a boarding party n a late enterprize at Batavia, he receired a musket ball in the neck, and instanty expired. He was a young officer, of the ighest promise.

Oct. 11. In the island of Linteen, in China, Dugald Campbell, Esq. fourth son of the late Dugald Campbell of Carradale, Esq.

22. In India, Mr David Fleming, surgeon on board his Majesty's ship Culloden.

March 24. At Demerary, Alexander Fraser, Esq. of Goodintent, late resident Commissary at St Kitt's.

28. At Savannah-la-Mar, Jamaica, Capt. Wardlaw.

April. At Grand Bacolet, Granada, Mr William-Christie M'Vey.

May. At Montrose, Mr James Caird, confectioner.

24. At Stirling, Mr George Wingate, merchant.

Lately, at Dublin, Mrs Ford, wife of

Ford, Esq. of the county of Down, and eldest daughter of the late Rt. Hon. William Brownlow. She went, in apparent good health, to the rout of Mrs Loftus Tottenham ;-while seated at the cardtable, she found herself suddenly indisposed, and being near her accouchement of her twenty-first child, considerable alarmı was excited; but finding herself much recovered, she yielded to the natural impulse of wishing to be in her own house on such an occasion, and was conveyed into her coach, accompanied by her sister the Coun tess of Powerscourt, and her son; but, before they arrived at her house, she was dead.

June 1. At Mauchline, Miss Jane Rouet, sister to the late Professor Rouet, Glasgow.

4. At Gluncullen, near Kilternan, in the county of Dublin, aged 109 years, three months, and seventeen days, Valentine Walsh, farmer. This venerable patriarch enjoyed a perfect state of health until a few days of his death, was a keen sportsman, and a constant companion of the famous Johnny Adair of Kilternan.

5. At Edin. Mr William Haig, baker, Potterrow.

6. At Edinburgh, Mr Edward Simpson, of the Hotel, Prince's Street, aged 47.

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