Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

Brigadier-General Fane's riflemen at a badly-sth Foot, Maj. Eames, slightly; distance on the left, and they were af- Lieut. Doyle, 2 serjeants, 39 privatesterwards supported by the 5th regiment, 9th, Lieut. Col. Stuart, (since dead); and by the light companies of Major• Major Molle, Capt. Sankey, Ensign General Hill's brigade, which had come Nicolls, 3 serjeauts, 49 privates-38th, up on their right; and by the other 4 privates-29th, Majors G. Way and troops ordered to ascend the mountains, Tho. Egerton; C ptains P. Hodge and who came up by degrees. The enemy A. Patison; Lieuts. R. Birmingham, H. here made three most gailant attacks u. John W. Lucas, and Robert Stannus; pon the 29th and oth regiments, sup- 6 serjeants ; 105 privates—82d, Lieut. ported, as I have above stated, with a R. Read, dangerously, 1 serjeant, 17 priview to cover the retreat of his defeat. vates—45th, Ensign Davison, 9 privates ed army; in all of which he was, how. -50th, i private-oth Capt. John Cur. ever, repulsed; bui he succeeded in ef- rey, slightly, 2 privates-32d, 3 privates lecting his retreat in good order, owing -4oth, a privatesấyist, i private-2d principally to my want of cavalry, and, batt. 95th, 3 serjeants, 25 privates— 5th econdly, to the difficulty of bringing batt. 6oth, Lieut. Kiety, Ensign Dawes, up the passes of the mountains, with ce. Adjutant de Gilso, all slightly, 5 sererity, a sufficient number of troops and jeants, 34 privates-20th Light Dra. of cannon to support those which had goons, 3 privates, 2 horses. Missing--9th irst ascended. The loss of the enemy Foot, 12 privates--29th, Capt. Georg. las, however, been very great, and he Tod. Lieutenants W. Birmingham, A, eft three pieces of cannon in our hands. Newbold, and J. Langton, 1 serjeant, I

" I cannot sufficiently applaud the drummer, and 32 privates—6th, 1 prionduct of the troops throughout this vate--ad batt. 95th, 7 privates-5th ction. The enemy's positions were for- batt. 60th, 16 privates, oidable, and he took ihem up with his Abstract of the Return--4 officers kil.. sual ability and celerity, and defended led, 20 wounded, 4 missing--3 non-combem most gallantly. But I must ob- missioned officers and drummers killed, :rve, that although we had such a su- 20 wounded, and 2 missing-63 rank. eriority of numbers employed in the and file killed, 295 wounded, 74 missing perations of this day, the troops actu. “I horse killed, and 2 wounded-Tolly engaged in the heat of the action tal of men and horses killed, wounded, ere, from unavoidable circumstances, and missing, 488. nly the 5th, 9th, 29th, the riflemen of The next letter is from Gen. Welles. ne 95th and 6th, and the Alark com- ley, dated head-quarters at Lourinha, anies of Major-General Hill's brigade, August 18th, and states that he had eing a number by no means equal to heard from Gen. Anstruther of his te at of the enemy; their conduct, there- ing on the coast of Peniche, with the facce re, deserves the highest commenda- of victuallers and store ships, and parc on,"

of the force detached from England unGeneral Wellesley, after a warm ex. der Brig. Gen. Ackland; that he had session of his obligations to the Gene. ordered Gen. Anstruther to land immed and Staff Officers, gives the follow. diately, and had moved to Lourinha, in g return of killed, wounded, and mis- order to protect his landing, and facili. ng:--Killed-General Staff, Capt. K.). tate his junction. “ Gen. Loison," he radford, 3d Foot Guards, Deputy As: adds,"joined Gen. Laborde in the course staat Adjutant General-Royal Artil- of last night at Torres Vedras, and I unry, Captain H. Geary-5th Foot, 3 derstand that both began their march ivates--gth,

, 4 privates-29th, Lieut,- towards Lisbon this morning ; I hear ol. the Hon. G. A. Lake, 2 serjeants, also that Gen. Junot has arrived this day

privates—52d, 6 privates-451h, En- at Torres Vedras, with a small corps gn Dawson-goth, a privates-32d, I from Lisbon; and I conclude that the ivate — 400h, i private-71st, i pri. whole of the French army will be asite-20 battalion 95th, i serjeant, 6 sembled between Torres Vedras and the ivates--5th batt. 6th, s privates capital in the course of a few days." yth Light Dragoons, i horse. Wound- The next is a letter from Lieut.-Gen.

Royal Artillery, i private--Royal Sir H. Burrard, enclosing the subjoined nginters, Capt. Howard Elphinstone, report of Sir Arthur Wellesley. '“ On

[ocr errors]

“ SIR,

[ocr errors]

“ Besides this opposition given to the

my landing this morning," says Sir Har. ing, in large bodies of cavaloy, co war ry, " I found that the enemy's attack left upon the heights on the road to had already commenced, and I was for. Lourinha; and it was soon obvious there tunate enough to reach the field of ac the attack would be made upon our ac · tion in time to witness and approve of vanced guard, and the left of our pa every disposition that had been, and was tion; and Major.Gen. Ferguson's brie afterwards made by Sir Arthur Welles. gade' was immediately moved across the ley, his comprehensive mind furnishing ravine to the heighis, on the road to a ready resource in every emergency, Lourinha, with three pieces of cante; and rendering it quite unnecessary to

he was followed successively by Brię. direct any alteration."

Gen. Nightingale, with his brigade

, and Vimiera, August 21. 1808. land, with his brigade, and Brig. Gen three pieces of cannon, Brig-Gen

. Ad.

Bowes, with his brigade.- These troupe “ I have the honour to report to you,

were formed (Majo:-Gen. Ferguszi that the enemy attacked us in our posi. brigade in the first line, Brig. Geserai tion at Vimiera this morning. The vil. Nightingale's in the second, and Brg. lage of Vimiera stands in a valley, thro' Gen. Bowes's and Ackland's ia columu which runs the river Maceira ; at the in the rear) on those beights

, with the back, and to the westward and north right upon the valley, which leads cra ward of this village, is a mountain, the Vimiera, and their left upon the otier western point of which touches the sea, ravine, which separates these height and the eastern is separated by a deep from the range which terminates at the ravine from the heights, over which landing place at Maceira. On that: passes the road which leads from Lou. last-mentioned heights, the Portuguez: rinha and the northward to Vimiera. troops, which had been in the botua The greater part of the infantry, the 1st, near Vimiera, were posted in the fire 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 8th brigades, were instance, and they were supported by posted on this mountain, with eight Brig.-Gen. Craufurd's brigade. pieces of artillery ; Major-General Hill's " The troops of the advanced grai brigade being on the right, Major-Gen. on the height to the southward and eee Ferguson's on the left, having one bat: ward of the town were deemed sefcer

: talion on the heights, separated from the for its defence, and Major General E. mountain. On the eastern and north- was moved to the centre of the mous. ern side of the town is a hill, which is tain on which the great body of the entirely commanded, particularly on its fantry had been posted, as a support to right, by the mountain to the westward these troops, and as a reserve to the of the town, and commanding all the whole army.' In addition to this spa ground in the neigbourhood to the south- port, these troops had that of the carar? ward and eastward, on which Brig.-Gen. in the rear of tbeir right. The enemy

! Fane was posted with his riflemen and attack began in several column spa the soth regiment, and Brig. Gen. An. the whole of the troops on this hergeht ; struiher with his brigade, with half a on the left they advanced, not withstanium brigade of six-pounders and half a bri- ing the fire of the ritlemen, close to the gade of nine-pounders, which had been soth regiment, and were checked test ordered to the position in the course of driven back only by the bayone's ei last night.—The ground over which that corps. The 2d battalion 4zd regn passes the road from Lourinha command. ment was likewise closely engaged oth ed the left of this height, and it had not them on the road which leads into Wi. been occupied, excepting by a piquet, miera; a part of that corps having des as the camp had been taken up only for ordered into the church-yard to fires one night, and there was no water in the vent them from penet sating into the neighbourhood of this height.

town. On the right of the position they “The cavalry and the reserve of ar were repulsed by the bayone's at the tillery were in the valley, between the 97th regiment, which corps was success hills, on which the infantry stood ; both fully supported by the ad battekor ja Aanking and supporting Brig.-General regiment, which, by an advance in a Fane's advanced guard. The enemy first lumn, took the enemy in flauk. appeared at eight o'clock in the morn.

attack of the enemy on our advanced empioyed, under the command of the guard by their own exertions, they were

Duke D'Abrantes in person, in which aitacked in fank by Brigadier-General the enemy was certainly superior in Ackland's brigade in its advance to its cavalry and artillery, and in which position of the heights on the left, and not more than half of the British army a cannonade was kept up on the flasik was actually engaged, he has sustained of the enemy's columns by the artillery a signal defeat, and has lost 13 pieces on those heights.

of cannon, 23 ammunition waggons, with At length, after a desperate contest, powder, shells, stores of all descriptions, the enemy was driven back in confu- and 20,000 rounds of musket ammuni. sion from this atiаck with the loss of tion. One general officer (Bernier) has seven pieces of cannon, many prisoners, been wounded and taken prisoner, and a and a great number of officers and sols great many officers and soldiers have diers killed and wounded. He was been killed, wounded and taken. pursued by the detachment of the 20th “ The valour and discipline of his light dragoons, but the enemy's caval. Majt sty's troups have been conspicuous ry were so much superior in numbers, upon this occasion, as you who witnesthat this detachment has suffered much, sed the greatest part of the acrion and Lieut. Col. Taylor was unfortu. must have observed; but it is a justice nately killed.

to the following corps to draw your no. " Nearly at the same time the ene. tice to them in a particular manner." my's attack commenced upon the heights Here the General particularly mentions on the road to Lourinha. This attack the soth, 2d batt. 95th, 5th batt. Ooth, was supported by a large body of caval. 2d batt. 43d, 2d batt. 52d, 97th, 36th, ry, and was made with the usual impe. 40th, 71st, and 82d; and after warmly tuosity of the French troops. It was praising the conduct of Gen. Spencer, received with steadiness by Major.-Gen. and the other General and staff officers, Ferguson's brigade, consisting of the and stating that a French General Offi36th, 4oth, and 71st regiments; and cer (supposed to be Thiebault, chief of these corps charged as soon as the ene. the staff) had been found dead on the my approached them, who gave way, field of battle, gives the following reand they continued to advance upon turn of the killed, wounded, and mishim, supported by the 32d, one of the sing: Killed, Royal artillery, a privates corps of Brigadier Gen. Nightingale's -20th Light Dragoons, Lieut. Col. brigade, which, as the ground extended, Taylor, 19 privates, 30 horses-39th afterwards formed a part of the first Foot, 7 privates--- 4oth, 6 privates-line, by the 29th regiment, and by Bri. 71st, 12 privates-29th, 2 privates-gadier Gen. Bowes's and Ackland's bri. 820, Lieut. R. Donkin, and 7 privates gades, while Gen. Crawford's brigade, ~50th, Capt. G. A. Cooke, i serjeant, and the Portugueze troops, in two lines 18 privates-5th batt. 6oth, 14 privates advanced along the height on the left. --2d batt. 95th, i serjeant, 5 privates In the advance of Maj. Gen. Ferguson's --2d.batt. 43d, i serjeant, 26 privates brigade, six pieces of cannon were taken -2d batt. 52d, 3 privates—97th, 4 pri. from the enemy, with many prisoners, vates----20th, Lieut. Brooke. Wounded. and vast numbers were killed and General Staff, Capt. Hardinge. 57th wounded.

Foot, Deputy Assistant Quarter-Mas“ The enemy afterwards made an at ter General --Royal Artillery, ? pritempt to recover part of his artillery, by vates, and two horses--200h light dra. attacking the 71st and 82d regiments, goons, 2 serjcants, 22 privates, 10 horwhich were halted in a valley in which ses—36th, Capt. Hobart, Lieuts. Hart, it had been taken. These regiments Lought, and Edwards, and Ensign Boretired from the low grounds in the sell, all slightly, Lieut. and Adjutant valley to the heights, where they halted, Povah, severely, I serjeant, i drum. faced about, fired, and advanced upon mer, and 34 privates---40th, Capt. the enemy, who had by that time arriv. Smith and Lieut. Frankly, slightly, 2 ed in the low ground, and they thus 0. serjeants, and 28 privates-71st, Capt. bliged him again to retire with greatloss. A. Jones, Major M.Kenzie, Lieuts. W.

“ In this action, in which the whole Hartly, R, Dudgeon, and A. S. M'In. of the French force in Portugal was tyre, and Ensign W. Campbell, all

slightly;

slightly; Lieut. Pratt, and acting Ad. are the English, and behind them is the jutant R. MacAlpin, severely, 6 ser- sea—be cool and steady, you have cały jeants, and 86 privates—29th, Brigade. to drive them into it." The order s. Major A. Creagh, 1 serjeant, io privates sued by Sir Arthur Weilesicy was brizi

. -82d, 2 serjeants, and si privates— ly and simply this :-"My brave cris goth, Major Charles Hill, Lieuts. John trymen! drive the French out of the Kent, John Wilson, and Robert Way, passes on the road to Lisbon." i serjeant, i drummer, and or privates When the French General Bemiere! --5th batt.6th, Lieuts. G. Kirk, Lewis by his wound, the soldiers of the 718 Raith, i serjeant, 21 privates--2d. batt. regiment, who were immediately ban 95th, Lieut. Pratt, Ensign W. Cox, 13 him, in the heat of their fury, were abeut privates—2d batt. gth, serjeant, 14 to bayonet him, when corporal Reas in privates--2d batt. 434, Major Hearne, terfered to restrain his comrades, and to Capis. Ferguson, Brock, and Haverfield, save the failen General. Bernier inak. Lieut. Madden, Ensign Wilson, s ser- diately offered his purse to bis protects, jeants, 2 dremmers, 68 privates--20 batt. who nobiy refused it, saying, that we 52d, Capt. Ewart, Lieut. Bell, 2 ser- save a fallen enemy was a prisciple of jeants, 31 privates--97th, Major J. Wils feeling, as well as of duty in a British son, Lieut. Kertlewell, 2 serjeants, 14 soldier. When Bernier was correrer privates—ad or Queen's, i serjeant, o to Col. Pack, the commander of Roses privates--20:h, Lieut, Hog, 5 privates. regiment, he expressed his admira Missing. Royal Engineers, first Lieut. and gratitude for this generous cordest Wells--20th. Light Dragons, Capt. Eu in the strongest terms, and at the same stace, i drummer, 9 privates, 1 horse - time evinced considerable surprise that 36th Foot, i serjeant, i private-40th, a French General, having on his fullo privates--56th, 2 privates---5th batt. form and epaulets, should not have beet ooth, 10 privates—20 batt. 96th, 3 pri- plundered or maltreated, Col. Pack evates-2d batt. 43d, i drummer, 12 formed him, that if such was the preprivates--2d batt. 52d, 2 privates-20th, tice the French soldiers were accusta i private.

ed to, he hoped that many of their of Abstract of the Return—4 officers kil- cers would, like him, have the opportu led, 37 wounded, 2 missing--3 non- nity of teaching them a better systee commissioned officers and drummers from the experience of the more bande killed, 31 wounded, 3 missing, 128 rank able habits of Britons. and file killed, 446 wounded, 46 mis- When Gen. Ferguson led his mea ta sing---43 horses killed, wounded and the attack, he advanced some diataset missing. Total officers, non-commis in front, touk off bis hat, and waked sioned officers and drummers, rank and that his person might be distinguists file, and horses, killed, wounded and by the whole brigade. Col. Like it missing, 783.

most nobly, as he led his grenadiers Ordinance and Ammunition taken-six i through one of the passes, the disco pounder, 4 four pounders, 2 three ties of which defy all description. The pounders, 6 five and half-inch howitzers, 36th, commanded by Col. Burie, po 2 ammunition waggons, 21 Portugueze formed prodigies. He had enjoined be ammunition cars, 40 horses, 4 mules. mer, it seems, to withhold ibeir bis This only the artillery received in the but as the enemy continued bring a park; s more were taken. The am. great effect, one or two young socks munition waggons and cars contained discharged their muskets-Col. Buy a portion of powder, shells, and stores immediately called out, “ If I keeps of all descriptions, and about 20,000 fellow who has just fired, I would sack pounds of musket ammunition,

him down." This remark, at a moms

when so many were knocked dogs Thus far the Gazette.--The following the enemy's bullets, excited no se particulars are communicated in letters degree of merriment among bis teo, pa from officers who were engaged in the withstanding the awfulness of the site battle of the 21st :

The charge of the zoth dragoods ** Junot harangued his troops in the most masterly; had there been a iste morning, and immediately before the force of cavalry, the whole of the c*** battle, said to then—"Comrades, there my's force must have been antibiotik

At the conclusion of the battle, such children ; the restoration of your lawwas the enthusiasm excited by the result ful Prince ; the independence, nay, the among our Generals, that they all to a very existence of your kingdom, and man went up to Sir A. Wellesley, con for the preservation of your holy reli. gratulating him on his success, and ex gion ; objects like these can only be at. claiming, “ This, General, is all your tained by distinguished examples of forwork!"— The men sympathised with titude and constancy. their leaders, and loudly expressed their The noble struggle against the tyran. jatisiaction that their old General, as ny and usurpation of France, will be they called him, had won the battle. jointly maintained by Portugal, Spain,

It is but justice to say, that in both and England; and in contributing to the battles the French fought with great success of a cause so just and glorious, bravery, particularly the grenadiers of the views of his Britannic Majesty are (unor's guard, nearly 300 of whom were the saine as those by which you are ound lying dead on the very spot on yourselves animated. vhich they were drawn up.

(Signed) CHARLES COTTON. By the official dispatches, (tho' not

ARTHUR WELLESLEY. nentioned in the Gazette) we learn), Laves, Aug. 4th, 1808. hat Gen. Kellerman came to the British amp on the morning of the 22d of Au.

The proclamation of Admiral Cotton

and Sir A. Wellesley was accompanied ust, with a flag of truce from Gen. Juot. in order to treat for a capitulation by the following address to the French The General remained till the 29th, army from the Portugueze General: hen he set out for the head-quarters of

PROCLAMATION, unot with the terms proposed by the Of the General commanding the Portufritish Commander. In the mean time gueze Army, to the Soldiers of the truce had been granted to the French

French army in Portugal. or six days from the 24th. The head " Soldiers of the French army! uarters of the British army were at The moment is now arrived to speak orres Vedras on the 26th, the Portu. openly to those who have hitherto reuese were posted at Maceira, and the fused to listen to the language of rearench at Mafra.

son. Open your eyes, Soldiers, to the

deep abyss of evils which is formed un. The following proclamation was is. der your feet, through the foolish ambikd by Admiral Cotton and Sir Ar. tion of your EMPEROR, the impolicy, jur Wellesley, previous to military o. the avarice, the sanguinary barbarity, erations ;

of your Generals. Listen to the voice, PROCLAMATION,

the cry of an army, which has proved, y the Commander in Chief of his that a man may be a soldier, and yet Britannic Majesty's forces employed humane; that in the same heart may to assist the Loyal inhabitants of the be united the most intrepid bravery Kingdom of Portugal.

with religion and morality. What do you People Of PORTUGAL!

hope for, from the Portugueze armies, The time is arrived to rescue your the brave English, or the high spirited juntry, and to restore the Government Spaniards, our dear allies, sworn ene.

your lawful Prince. His Britannic mies to your government, which, by Tajesty, our most gracious King and the greatest atrocity, has outraged the laster, has, in compliance with the one and persecuted the other ; to forge ishes and ardent supplications for suc- chains for your country, or to perish in jur from all parts of Portugal, sent to the field of battle? What a frightful alsur aid a British army, directed to co ternative! It is nevertheless your fate. perate with his fleet, already on your But an allied and betrayed Prince! But

an hospitable and pillaged people! But The British soldiers who land upon a pacific and assassinated nation! These Our shore do so with equal sentiments demand our vengeance. There remains friendship, faith, and honour. but one way of avciding su cruel a ca. The glorious struggle in which you lamity. Abandon your colours; come ceni ed is for all that is dear to and join our army; if you do so, in the an-the protection of your wives and name of the Prince, in the name of the

People,

yast.

« EdellinenJatka »