Sivut kuvina


Hureem and its management, i., 318.
IIeaddress of women, ii., 34.
Heaven worshipped by emperor, ii., 234.
Hemp cultivated for cloth, three kinds, ii.,
Herbal, a medical work, i., 288, 560.
Hia dynasty, character of its princes, ii., 206.
Himalaya mountains, i., 12.
Hingan mountains, Outer, i., 8; Inner Hing-
an, i., 12.
Historical writings of the Chinese, i., 543;
their character, ii., 194.
History of China, ii., 193.
H'lassa, capital of Tibet, i., 194, 200.
Ho, duke, his character, i., 67; rise and
power, i., 357.
Hog, his appearance and usefulness, i., 254.
Hollanders, Chinese account of, ii., 432.
Homicides at Canton, ii., 454.
Honain, a suburb of Canton, i., 139.
Honan province, its size and capital, i., 79.
Hong monopoly established, ii., 450; its po-
sition and responsibility, ii., 486.
Hongkong, its position, i., 141; mission at,
ii., 361.
Hongs at Canton, i., 137.
Honorary portals, ii., 27; their design, ii.,

Hornbooks used in schools, i., 428; their
character, i., 429; number, i., 531.
Horse, medical uses of, i., 292.
Hospitals in China, ii., 344; their position
in missions, ii., 352; preaching at, ii., 361.
Hot springs in Sz'chuen, i., 246.
Hunan, its position and rivers, i., 122.
Hupeh, its rivers and fertility, i. 120.
Hwangti's reign and acts, ii., 201


Ibn Batuta, a traveller, ii., 430.
Idolatry, when commenced, ii., 209: cha-
racter of Chinese, ii., 242; cost of it, ii.,
Idols, treatment of, ii., 241; account of a
Rationalist, ii., 245.
sli, its area and divisions, i., 173; its capi-
tal, i., 175; other cities, i., 178; its go-
vernment, i., 184.
slipu, governor of Chehkiang, ii., 530; his
kindness to prisoners, ii., 551; signs the
treaty of Nanking, ii., 572; dies at Can-
ton, ii., 577.
Imperial City at Peking, i., 60; palace, i.,
309; clan, and its government, i., 316;
family, i. 318; academy, i.,340; commis-
sioners, i., 351.
Imports into China, ii., 403; table of, ii., 411.
Industry of the Chinese, ii., 143
Infanticide in China, ii., 261.
Ink, materials of Indian, i., 476.
Inner Council or Cabinet, its duties, i., 325.
Inner Mongolia, its inhabitants, i., 166.
Insects in China, i., 272; used as food, ii., 51.
Intercourse with China, ii., 417; difficulties
in the way of, ii., 595.
Iron, cast and wrought, ii., 114; mode of
mending iron pans, ii, 140,
Irrigation, extent and means of, ii., 103.
Ivory, carving in, ii., 141; painting on, ii.,

Jade or juh of the Chinesc, i., 243.
WOL. II. 27.

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Laws of China, i., 300; divisions of the
statutes, i., 302; their administration, i.,
334, 353; mode of publishing, i., 371 ;
their execution, i., 375.
Learned, sect of the Ju kiau, or, ii., 236.
Leather not much used, ii., 125.
Legislation, general features of, i., 306.
Leh, the capital of Ladak, i., 204.
Leprosy and elephantiasis, ii., 188.
Li Fan Yuen or Colonial Office, i., 335.
Li Taipeh, a Chinese poet, i., 564.
Licentiousness not sanctified in China, ii.,
Lime, mode of burning, ii., 138.
Lin's work on geography, i., 44, ii., 153; his
character and otlicial life, i., 361 : letter to
Queen Victoria, i., 374; appointed com-
missioner to Canton, ii., 509; his proceed-
ings, ii., 515; ordered to return to Peking,
ii., 531.
Linear measures in use, ii., 154.
Literary officers in the provinces, i., 348.
Literature of the Chinese, i., 502; polite
literature, i., 542; its character, i., 585.
Lu, governor of Canton, ii., 470.
Luhchau's remarks on Female Education,
i., 454; instance of reproving a mother-in
law, ii., 63.
Lute of the Chinese, ii., 168.


Ma Twanlin’s Antiquarian Researches, i.,
Macao, its climate, i., 48; its population, i.,
140; its settlement, ii., 433; occupied by
the English, ii., 461 ; skirmish at, ii., 531.
Magistrates over departments and districts,
i., 347.
Malacca, mission at, ii., 332.
Mammon worshipped in shops, ii., 11.
Manchu race, its physical traits, i., 37; in
Fuhchau, i., 112; education and habits,
i., 167; troops, ii., 163; found a dynasty,
ii., 223; bravery of troops at Chapu, }.
551 ; defence of Chinkiang fu, ii., 561.
Manchuria, its divisions, i., 153; its pro-
ducts, i., 156; its climate, i., 158; govern-
ment, i., 163.
Mandarin duck, instance of its fidelity, i.,
Mandarin, signification of the word, i., 326.
Manifesto issued at Canton against the Eng-
lish, i., 389.
Manure, sources and application of, ii., 104.
Map of Peking, i., 56.
Marco Polo's notice of Hangchau, i., 97;
opinion of the Chinese, ii., 221; his travels
to China, ii., 4:28,
Marriage ceremonies, , ii., 54; procession
when bringing the bride home, ii., 56; its
style, ii., 58; honored among the Chinese,
ii. 61; ceremonies among the Tibetans, i.,
Matchmakers employed in marriages, ii., 56.
Mathematics, attainments made in, ii., 146.
Matting, grass cultivated for, i. 276; manu-
facture of, ii., 142; exportation, ii., 402.
More of capacity, weight, and length, ii.,
Meats seen on Chinese tables, ii., 47.
Mechanics, attainments in, ii., 178.

Medhurst's labors in Java, ii., 335; his visit
to Shanghai, ii., 365.
Medical Missionary Society established. ii,
348; its hospitals and labors, ii., 331;
principles of its operations. ii., 352.
Medicine, its present condition. ii., 180;
practice of, ii., 183; remedies used in, ii.,
Mencius, his writings. i., 521 : his youth and
character, i., 522; influence of his books,
i., 525; conversation with the king of
Wei, i., 523.
Mendacity of the Chinese, ii., 96.
Mender of Cracked Chinaware, i., 582.
Metallurgy, manipulations in, ii., 113.
Metals found in China, i., 244; import of ii-
Merit, scale of official, i., 354; religious scale
of, ii., 253.
Miautsz', aborigines of China. i., 37; their
locality and habits, i., 147.
Military officers, their insignia, i. 322; posi-
tion in the provinces, i., 345; stations, i.
350; examinations, i., 446.
Milk little used, ii., 46.
Min, river, its course, i., 108.
Minerals of China, i., 243; used in medi-
cine, ii., 185.
Ming dynasty founded by Hungwu, ii., 222;
its princes, ii., 223, 2:9. -
Mint, how managed, i., 335; regulations of
ii., 156.
Missionaries at Peking, ii., 304; list of Pro-
testant, ii., 375. -
Missions indebted to commerce, ii. 421 ; in
Formosa by Dutch, ii., 438: commenced
by Nestorians, ii. 290; by Romanists. ii.
269, by Protestants, ii., 325 in the Indian
Archipelago, ii. 331; at Ganton, ii., 350;
Amoy, ii., 362; Shanghai, ii., 364.
Mohammedans in Turkestan, i. 179; in
China, ii., 285.
Monetary system and coins, ii. 156.
Money, paper, at Fuhchau, i., 1.12; in Marco
Polo's time, ii., 157.
Monkeys in China, i., 247.
Mongoi or Mogul race, its characteristics, i.
38; education, i., 167; tribes in Tibeto-
202; the regulation of their tribes, i. 335;
dynasty called the Yuen, ii. 222; receive
a mission from the pope, ii., 4:4. -
Mongolia, its area, i. 151; divisions, i. 165.
Morals of the Chinese, ii., 96. -
Morrison, Dr., upon the census, i. 227; his
arrival in China, ii., 325; his labors, ii., 4:9.
Morrison, J. R., death of, ii. 579.
Morrison Education Society, ii., 355; its
school and results, ii., 357.
Mosque at Ningpo, ii., 285.
Moukden, capital of Manchuria, i., 157.
Mountains in and around China, i. 8; in
shantungi, 75; in Manchuria, i, 153; of
Mongolia, i. 164; of Koko-nor, i, 173; of
Tibet, i., 190.
Mourning, how observed, ii., 266,
Mulberry grown for silk, ii., 106.
Music at emperor's birthday. i., 314; Board
of, i. 332; theory of, ii., 164; instruments
of, ii., 167.
Musk deer, its habits, i., 252; its product
exported, ii., 402.
Mythological history, eras of, ii., 198.


Names given to China, i., 3; to the enpe-
ror, i., 308; how marked in books, i., 497;
given to things, ii., 1; several taken du-
ring life, ii., 65; not directly spoken, ii., 71.
Nankeen cloth much used, ii., 124; small
exportation, ii., 402.
Nanking, its climate, i., 45; its position, i.,
81 ; besieged by English, ii., 564; treaty
of, ii., 567.
Napier appointed superintendent, ii., 469 ;
disputes with governor Lu, ii., 470; his
conduct, ii., 476; retirement and death,
ii., 481.
National College, or Kwohtsz' Kien, i., 342,
Natural history of China, i., 240; attain-
ments in, i., 289; studied for medical pur-
poses, ii., 192.
Nestorian missionaries enter China, ii.,
290; tablet commemorating their labors,
ii., 291; their success, ii., 289.
Nets and fishing tackle, ii.,110.”
Newyear, great festival, ii., 77; customs at-
tending it, ii., 78; usages at Amoy, ii., 80.
Nganhwui, its position and capital, i., 89.
Ningpo, its climate, i., 46; its position, i.,
98 : bondinen at, i., 321; mosque at, ii.,
285; insurrection near, i., 309; foundling
hospital at, ii., 283; Portuguese at, ii., 433;
early trade at, ii., 449; mission at, ii., 364;
captured by the English, ii., 544.
Nobility of the Chinese empire, i., 316.
Notation, arithmetical, ii., 146; musical, ii.,
Novels of the Chinese, their general cha-
racter, i., 563.
Numerals in Chinese, i., 495; Inode of nota-
tion, ii., 146.
Nunneries in China, ii., 255; manner of
maintaining them, ii., 256.
Nuts largely consuined, ii., 45.

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Obeisance, various degrees of, ii., 68.
Office, sale of, i., 449.
Officers in China, their extortions, i., 223:
nine ranks, i., 322; their presentation at
court, i., 329; grades of provincial officers,
i., 344; their triennial gradation, i., 354;
biographical notices of them, i., 360; their
great age, i., 363; Inode of approaching,
i., 403; inferiority of military, i., 446;
ceremonies observed in their intercourse,
ii., 69; discussion respecting opium among
them, ii., 491.
Official insignia, i., 322; merit graduated, i.,
354; character for intrigue, 356; tyranny,
i., 395; retinue, i., 404; worship, ii., 238.
Oksu, a town in Turkestan, i., 180.
Ophthalinic hospital at Canton, ii., 346.
Opium, progress of the trade in, ii., 382; cul-
tivation of, ii., 383; mode of smoking, ii.,
388; effects of, ii., 393; remarks on by Sir
G. B. Robinson, ii., 480; discussion re-
specting legalization, ii., 491; surrendered
to Captain Elliot, ii., 515; destroyed at
Bogue, ii., 518; trade discussed at Nan-
king, ii., 569; nothing done to stop it after
the war, ii., 581.
6)ranges, several kinds, ii., 44.
Ornaments upon houses, ii., 6; personal, ii.,
33, 37; made of porcelain, ii., 117

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Pagoda at Nanking, i., 82; at Ningpo, i.,
101 i." Canton, i., 132; object of pagodas,
ii., 17.
Painting, attainments in, ii.,
and pith paper, ii., 175.
Palaces at Peking, i., 59.
Palms of various sorts, i., 278.
Paper, materials and manufacture, i., 476;
paper made of pith, ii., 173.
Patriarchal feature of government, i., 296.
Pawnbroker's establishments, ii., 158.
Pearls found in China, i., 272.
Pei ho, its appearance, i., 71.
Peking, its climate, i., 45; description, i., 55;
Gazette, i., 328; local courts, i., 343; its
crowded streets, ii., 16.
Penal Code translated by Staunton, i., 300;
its excellences, i., 306.
Penang, mission at, ii., 333.
People of China, their clans, i., 334; feuds
between them, 387: their social evils, i.
395: ignorance, i., 433. -
Pescadore Island, near Formosa, i., 119;
seized by the Dutch, ii., 437.
Pheasants in China, i., 262.
Philosophy of Chu Hi on the origin of
things, i., 530.
Phoenix of the Chinese, i., 266.
Physicians' practice, ii., 184; their standing
in society, ii., 53; mode of getting prac-
tice, ii., 186.
Pirates, numerous about Canton, ii., 227.
Pith paper for painting, ii., 175.
Plain, Great, its extent, i., 24; climate, i., 45.
Planets, their nuines and influences, ii., 150.
Plough, simplicity of its construction, ii., 101.
Ploughing, annual ceremony of, ii., 108.
Playactors to be hired, ii., 85; description
of their performances, ii., 87.
Poetical extracts : Chu's address, i., 365;
stanzas from Book of Odes, i., 506; Mil-
lenary Classic, i., 533; Odes for children,
i., 534; Sacred Coinin unds, i., 558; sonnet
by Ma, on recovery from blindness, i., 574;
ballad on picking tea, i., 577 : ode by Su
Hwui, i., 576; a burletta, i., 582; thanks
for a cure, ii., 346.
Poetry, character of Chinese, i., 572.
Poets of China, i., 564.
Police, character of the, i., 381.
Politeness taught children, ii., 72.
Polyandry in Tibet, i., 197; in Ladak, i.,205.
Polygamy, its extent and effects, ii., 60.
Pope Innocent's letter to the Mongols, ii.,
424; pope's legates in China, ii., 311.
Population of China, i., 206; rate of in-
crease, i., 214; encouragements to in-
crease, i., 222.
Porcelain tower at Nanking, i., 82.
Porcelain, where manufactured, i., 92; its
composition, ii., 116; bottles found in
Egyptian tombs, ii., 118.
Pork largely consumed, ii., 47.
Porters, or coolies, ii., 20.
Portuguese in Macao, i., 140; forbidden to
#". in opium, ii., 386; arrival in China,
ii., 432.
Post for letters, i., 304.
Pottery extensively used, ii., 120.

73; on leaves
Pottinger arrives at Macao, ii., 541; procla-
mation respecting the war, ii., 556; dis-
cusses the opium trade, ii., 569.
Preserves of various kinds, ii., 46.
Priests in state religion, ii., 233; efforts of
a Budhist, ii., 240.
Printing, manner of i, 478.
Prisons, their number and condition, i., 415.
Procession very common and elegant, ii. 84;
at marriages, ii., 57; of lanterns, ii., 83.
Professions in Chinese society, ii., 53.
Protestant missions to China, ii., 325; list
of missionaries, ii., 375.
Proverbs of the Chinese, i., 587.
Provinces, their numbers and divisions, i.,
52; government of, i., 345.
Provincial governments, their system, i.,
344; powers and grades of the officers, i.,
346; observance of ploughing, ii., 109.
Prussian blue made by Chinese, ii., 142.
Punishments, legal, i., 410.
Puto, island of, near Chusan, i., 105
Pwauku, the first man, ii., 196.

Races inhabiting China, i., 35; compared
with other races, i., 41.
Radicals in Chinese language, i., 468.
Rain, its amount, i., 49; prayer for, i., 369;
efforts to bring, ii., 240.
Ranks, titular, of noblemen, i., 317; of the
people, i., 322; insignia of, i., 322.
Rationalists, ridicule of their tenets, i., 557;
their stories, i., 564; their ideas of the
creation, ii., 197; their founder, ii., 242;
birth of one of their gods, ii., 248; their
priesthood, ii., 246.
Readers among the Chinese, i., 432.
Red Book of official persons, i., 357.
Religion, negative features of Chinese, ii.,
230; of the state, ii., 233; general disre-
gard of, ii., 284.
Rémusat's remarks on natural history, i.,
294; on grainmar, i., 493; on Ma Twan-
lin's Researches, i., 549.
Rent of houses and lands, ii., 13.
Reptiles found in China, i., 268.
Responsibility, a main feature of govern-
ment, i., 298; its operation, i., 349; for na-
tural calamities, i., 368; ii., 239; remote
effects, i., 382.
Revenue of China, i., 234; its sources, i.,
238; management, i, 330; from sale of
offices, i., 450.
Ricci's entrance into China, ii., 301; his
character, ii., 303; compared with Morri-
son's, ii., 330.
Rice, mode of cooking, ii., 43; manner of
cultivating it, ii., 102; use of the straw,
ii., 105; rice or pith paper, ii., 175.
Rites, five kinds, i., 331; discoursed upon in
the Li Ki, i., 510.
Rivers of China, i., 15; the Kan, i., 92; the
Min, i., 108; of Mongolia, i., 164; of sli,
i., 174, 177; of Tibet, i., 189.
Roads, their character, i., 33.
Robinson's, Sir G. B., remarks on opium
trade, ii., 489. w
Roman Catholics enter China, ii., 209; their
mode of operations, ii., 314; their present

numbers, ii., 315; their tenets tolerated.

ii., 368.

Romanism and Budhism, similarity be-
tween, ii., 257.

Romans known to the Chinese, ii., 214;
send an embassy, ii., 420.
Roofs, and manner of supporting them, ii., 5.
Rubruquis sent to Mangou khan, ii., 426.
Russian intercourse with Chinese, ii., 444.

Sabbath unknown in China, ii., 76.
Sacred Commands of Kanghi, i., 553.
Sacrifices, human, not known in China, ii.,
231 : generally cooked, ii., 235.
Sacrificial Court at Peking, i. 341.
Sagalien river, its course and tributaries, i.,
154; island and its inhabitants, i., 161.
Salaries of officers, i., 238; of Mongol
princes, i., 337.
so how obtained, i., 243; a monopoly, i.
Schools, their number and location, i., 426;
higher grades, i., 432.
Science of the Chinese, ii., 145.
Seaweed, its uses as food, i., 275; an article
of import, ii., 404.
Sects known among the Chinese, ii., 236;
their mutual toleration, ii., 255.
Shamanism in Mongolia, ii., 258.
Shamoh, desert of, i., 13.
Shang dynasty, Chingtang founds, ii., 208;
Chausin ends it, ii., 2
Shanghai, its climate, i., 46; position, i.
87; temple at, ii. 239; foundling hospital
at, ii., 2-0; inission at, ii., 365; taken by
the English, ii., 554.
Shansi, its area and towns, i. 78.
Shantung, its boundaries, i., 173.
Shaving the head, how performed, ii., 30;
origin of the practice, ii., 224.
Shensi, its products and capital, i., 123,
Shingking, its cities and products, i., 156.
Shinnung, an ancient monarch, ii., 201.
Shops and warehouses, ii., 10; names ap-
plied to them, ii., 67.
Shu King, or Book of Records, author of, i.,
504; its character, ii., 205.
Signboards of shops, ii., 12.
Silk early known to the Chinese, ii., 121 ;
manufactures in it, ii., 123; exported, ii.,
Silver, where found, i., 244; filigree work
in, ii., 113.
Sinae and Seres, their position, ii., 419; the
trade with them, ii., 4:21.
Singapore, mission at, ii., 333.
Singing birds reared, i., 259.
Siu-tsai, a literary degree, i., 436; examina-
tion for it, i., 438; spirit manifested by
them, i., 452.
Smuggling trade in opium, ii., 386,
Snuff bottles found in Egypt, ii., 118.
Social life in China, ii., 52; sexes separated,
ii., 53; visiting in, ii., 70.
Societies existing among the Chinese, i.
394 ; their rules, ii., 284. -
Society, Medical Missionary, ii., 349; for
the 1)iffusion of Useful Knowledge, ii.,
353; Morrison Education, ii., 355.
Songaria, a part of Ili, i. 174; its history, i.,
186, -
Sounds of the Chinese language, i., 412;
number still unwritten, i., 484.
Soy, a condiment, i., 283; an export, ii., 403.
Spangles, how made, ii., 124. -
Spaniards come to China, ii., 435. -
Spectacles of the Chinese, ii., 116.

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INDEX. 613

Spices exported from China, ii., 399; a few
imported. ii., 407.
Spirits, ardent, how made, ii., 75; dread of
wandering, ii., 274.
State religion of China, ii., 233.
Statues at Nanking, i., 82; character of Chi-
nese statuary, ii., 173; subjects of statuary,
ii., 176.
Steamer, description of a, i., 573.
Stevens's visit to Shantung, i., 76; visit at
Shanghai, ii., 365; his character, ii., 377.
Story of Confucius and the boy Hiang Toh,
i., 535; of Lu Po and chancellor Wang
Yun, i., 545; of the priest and villager, i.,
561; of the man who stole ducks, 562, i.;
of Li Taipeh, the poet, i., 564.
Streets of cities, their appearance, ii., 11 ;
narrowness, ii., 12; placards, ii., 13; their
bustle, ii., 215.
Students, direction to, i., 4:25; time they
spend at school, i., 431; essay of one, i.
441; honors they receive, i., 452; luck of
unsuccessful, i., 453.
Su Hwui's ode on her husband's return, i.,
Succession to the throne, i., 315.
Suchaufu, situation and manufactures, i.,
Sugar largely grown, ii., 46; mode of ex-
pressing it, ii., 107; export of, ii., 403.
Sung, a censor, his boldness, i., 338; his
life and character, i., 359.
Sung dynasty, its founder, ii., 221.
Supremacy assumed by the Chinese, ii.,
473; grounds for it, ii., 482; extended
over the English, ii., 534.
Sz'chuen, its rivers and capital, i., 125.
Sz'ma Kwang, a Chinese historian, i., 544.


Tablet concerning the Nestorians, ii., 291.
Taitsung of the Tang dynasty, ii., 217 ; fa-
vors Christianity, ii., 293.
Taiwan in Formosa, i., 118.
Tallow tree and its products, ii., 107.
Tang jin, or Men of Tang, i., 4; dynasty of,
ii., 217; one of its empresses, ii., 219; fa-
vorable to Christianity, ii., 293.
Tankia boats at Canton, ii., 23.
Tarakai, or Sagalien I., i., 161.
Tarbagatai in sli, i., 176.
Tarim river in sli, i., 177.
Tartars, application of the name, i., 38;
origin, i., 165.
Tartary, an erroneous term, i., 151.
Taukwang, emperor of China, i., 309; prays
for rain, i., 369.
Taverns and wine shops, ii., 14.
Taxes paid in China, i., 235; exhortation to
pay them, i., 555.
Tea, how drunk in Tibet, i., 196; ballad on
icking it, i., 577; where grown, li., 126;
now prepared, ii., 129; difference between
green and black, ii., 133; names of, ii.,
135; substitutes, ii., 136; amount used, ii.,
416; called malabathrum, ii., 422.
Temple of Ancestors at Peking, i., 60; at
Ningpo, i., 100; on Puto, i., 105; at Ho-
nam, i., 132; general arrangement of tem-
les, ii., 13; municipal, ii., 238; one built
n Macao, ii., 275.
Terrace cultivation, extent of it, ii., 102.

Teshu-h"lumbu in Tibet, i., 195.
Theatres, how managed, ii., 85; scenery
and acting, ii., 86.
Themes given at the examinations, i., 440.
Thousand Character Classic, i., 532.
Tibet, its divisions and products, i., 188; its
history, i., 200.
Tibetans, their personal appearance, i., 39;
civilization and manners, i., 196.
Tien Kishih's congratulation of his coun-
try, ii., 2.
Tien-shan Nan Lu, or Southern Circuit, i.,
Tien Shan, or Celestial mountains, i., 9.
Tien-shan Peh Lu, or Northern Circuit, i.
Tientsin fu, its importance, i., 70.
Time, mode of computing, ii., 151; charac-
ters employed in denoting, ii, 148; how
measured, ii., 152.
Tinghai in Chusan, i., 103; taken by the
English, ii., 528; retaken, ii., 542.
Titles given the emperor's family, i., 310.
Tobacco used by all classes, ii., 46.
Tohtsin, premier of China, i., 358.
Tombs of the Chinese, ii., 265; worship at,
ii., 268.
Tones in Chinese language, i., 467, 486.
Topographical works of the Chinese, i., 44;
divisions of the empire, i., 50.
Torture practised upon criminals, i., 409.
Trade with China, tables of, ii., 412; how
conducted, ii., 410: early notices of, ii.,
417; stopped in 1834, ii., 480.
Transcendentalism of the Rationalists, ii.,
Transformations of animals, i., 294.
Travellers' statements respecting popula-
tion, i., 215.
Treaty of the Bogue, ii., 533; of Nanking,
ii., 568; supplementary, ii., 581 ; of Wang-
hia, ii., 587; of Whampoa, ii., 592.
Triad Society, its extent, 4., 394; its charac-
ter, ii., 284.
Trimetrical Classic used in schools, i., 428.
Triumphal arches, misnamed, ii., 27.
Tsin, first universal monarch of China, ii.,
212; name China derived from him, i., 2.
Tsing dynasty founded by Shunchi, ii.,
224; its princes, ii., 229.
Tsing hai, or Koko nor province, i., 170.
Tsinsz', the third literary degree, i., 444.
Tsitsihar, a province of Manchuria, i., 162.
Tsungming I., in the Yangtsz' kiang, i., 88.
Tsz’ki taken by the English, ii., 549.
Turmeric used as a spice, ii., 399.
Tyfoons, their periods and force, i., 49.
Types, movable, for printing Chinese, i.,

Uliasutai, a town in Mongolia, i., 169.
Unicorn of the Chinese, i., 266.
Useful Knowledge Society, ii., 353; its ob
jects and results, ii., 354.
Ushi, a city in Turkestan, i., 180
Utensils, agricultural, ii., 101.


Varnishes, where obtained, ii., 121.
Vegetables largely consumed, ii., 43.
Vehicles for travelling ii., 19.
Villages, or hiang, their number, i.,225.

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