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Q. What is the short Accent?

A. It Admonisheth us to pronounce the Syllable quick; as, Lot.

Q. What is the common Accent?

A. It hath no regard to the grammatical Quantity of a Syllable, but being placed over a Vowel, denotes the Tone or Stress of the Voice, to be upon that Syllable ; as Plenty. Note, Thefe Tones or Accents are seldom noted by English

Writers. but only for Difference-fake, as to distinguis
the Substantive Lead, from the Verb Lead or Lead ; or
else to fix the Accent of Words of more than one Syllable,
which though spelt alike, have different Significations,
and the Accent on different Syllables; as in the Substan-
tive Contract, and the Verb Contráct; or in the Substan-
tive Minute, and the Adjective Minúte. But the Long
and the Short are much used in Latin Dittionaries and
Grammars, as also that which is called common, and the
(^) are much in use amongst French Writers.

CHAP. III
Of A NALOG Y.
HAT is Analogy?

A. Analogy teaches us how to know distinctly all the several Parts of Speech in the English, Tongue. Q. How

many Parts of Speech are there? A. Eight: viz. Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Participle, Adverb, Conjunction, Preposition, Interjection.

Of a Noun.
Q. How many kinds of Nouns are there?
4. Two: A Substantive and an Adjective.

Of SUBSTANTIV E S.
Q. What is a Noun Substantive ?

A. It is the Name of any Being or Thing, perceivable either by the Senses, or the Understanding; as a Horse, a Book. Q. How

many kinds of Nouns Substantive are there?
A. Two : Proper and Common.
Q. What is a Substantive Proper?

A. It is the Name of some particular Person, Creature, Place, or Thing; as one Man is called Thoras, another John: One Horse is called Jolly, and another Writefoot : One Ship is called the Lion, and anoiher the Sea-Horje : One Place is called London, and anotlier Bristol. Q. What is a Subllantive Commons

A. lt

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Q. Hore

A. It is the Name of every Thing of the fame Kind and Denomination ; as, a Nian, ii Dog, True.

Q. How many things belong to a Noun ?

A. There belong to a Noun these feven Things: Number, Cafe, Gender, Perrin, Article. Delen! on, and Comparison.

Of NUMBER.
Q. What is Number?
Ā. It is the Diftinction of one from many.

many

Numbers are there? A. Two: the Singular and the Plural. Q. How is the Singular Number known? A. The Singular Number speaketh but of one; as, a Book. Q. Ho-vis :he Plural Number known? A. The Plural Number speakech of more than one; as, Books, Q. Have all Nouns two Numbers ?

A. No: Some Nouns, such as the Proper Names of Places, have no Plural; as London, York, &c. as also Lime, Slime, &c. others have no Singular ; as Ashes, Bellows, &c. and some: few'are used in both Numbers; as Sheep, Swine, Déer, &c.,

Of C A S-E. Q. How

many

Cases there in a Noun ? A. Six Cafes, Singularly and Plurally. Q. Which be they?

A. The Nominative, the Genitive, the Dative, the Accue ative, the Vocative, and the Ablative.

Of GENDER. Q. What is Gender ? À. Gender is the Difference of Nouns according to their Sex. Q. How many Genders are there? À Three; The Masculine, the Feminine, and the Neuter. Q: What Nouns are of the Masculine Gender

A. All Nouns of the Male Kind; as, a Farber, a Son, a Horse, a Lion.

Q. What Nouns are of the Feminine Gender ?

A. All Nouns of the Female Kind; as, a Mother, a. Daughter, a Mare, a Lionessa

Q. What Nouns are of the Neuter Gender ?

H. All Nouns that are neither of the Male or Female. Kind; as, a Stick,

or a Stone.
Have all Nous these Distinctions ?
''!ere are some Nouns, common to both Sexes,

which bicenes; as, a Sparrow, a Servant, a Cat, a Rabbit.

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Q. How is the Sex or Gender distinguished here?

A. By the Help of some other distinguishing Words; as, a Cock-Sparrow,aHen-Sparrow,aMan-Servant a Maid-Servant, a He-Cat, a She-Cat, a Male-Rabbit, a Female-Rabbit. Note, There are some Words, which tho they be of the

Neuter Gender, are often ( by Cuslom) ufod, as if they were of the Masculine or Feminine Gender. For, thus we say of the Sun : His going forth is from the End of the Heaven, and his Circuit unto the Ends of it. Pf.19.6. And of the Church we soły : She hath nourished her Children, but they have rebelled against her.

Of PERSON. Q. How many Persons belong to a Noun ? A. There are three Persons in both Numbers : the firs who is always he that speaketh; the second, who is alwayo the Person or Thing spoken to; the third, who is alway' the Person or Thing fpoken of.

Q. Give an Example. 4. Singular, 1. I. 2. Thou or You. 3. He, She, It, This, and that. Plural, 1. We. 2. Ye or You. 3. They, there, and those. Note, That all Nouns are of the third Person, except I and Thou or You: We and Ye or You.

Of the ARTICLE S.
Q. What is an Article?

A. It is a Word set before a Substantive, for the clearer and more particular expressing of its Case and Signification.

Q: How many Articles are there? A. Two: Acor An, and The. Q. When is A, or An used ? A. A or An is used in a general and unlimited Sense; as, A Man (that is, any Man) shall be commended according to kis, Wisdom. An Organ (that is, any Organ) is the best of all other musical Inftruments. Note, A is used before a Confonant; An before a Vowel. Q. When is the Article The used?

A. The is used to convey a certain Idea of that Thing or Person spoken of; as, The Man, (or this very Man) who teacbeth the Art of true Spelling, bas done me much good.

*Note, Substantives Proper, have naturally no Article fet

before them; except when some Word is understood; as, The Thames, that is, The River Thames; The Tyne, that is, the River Tyne; or else when it is used by way

of Eminence; as, The God of the Hebrews. Q. Do the Adjectives adonit of any Article before them?

A. They do ; but it is by Virtue of some Substantive expressed or understood; as, y good Servant, generaliy makes a good Master. They gathered the good (Fishes) into Vesels but caft the bad away. Matt. xiii. 48.

of the Declension of a Noun.
Q. What is meant by the Word Declension ?
A. Declension is the Variation of a Word by Cafes.
Q. How are Nouns declined or varied by Cales ?
Thus:
Singular

Plural.
Nom. A Book.

Nom. Books.
Gen. Of a Book. Gen. Of Books.
Dat. To a Book. Dat. To Books.,
Acc. The Book. Acc. The Books.
Voc... O Book. poc. O Books.
Abl. From a Book. Abl. From Books
Singular.

Plural,
Nom. Á Church. Nom. Churches.
Gen. Of a Church. Gen. Of Churches,
Dat. To,a Church. Dat. To Churches.
Acc. The Church. Acc. The Churches.
Voc. O Church. Voc. O Churches.

Abl. From a Church. Abl. From Churches.
Note, All Nouns, which make the Plure! Number by the

Addition of s, or es to the Singular, are regular ; the
res are irregular. Ai,
Singular.

Plural.
Nom. A Man.

Nom. Men.
Gen. Of a Man, Gen. Of Men.
Dat. To a Man. Dat. To Men.
Acc. The Man. Acc. The Men,
Voc. O Man.

Voc. O Men.
Abl. From a Man. Abl. From Men.
Note, 1. Penny, in the fingular Number, makes Pence in the

Plural. But from several particular Silver Coins, which speak their own Value, the Word Pence is made a singular

Number

Number, and its Plural becomes Pences. Thus, in the fine gular Number we say, one Six-pence, one Four-pence, one Three-pence, and one Two-fence; but in the Plural Number, two or more Six-pences,

Four-pences,

Three-pences, and Two-pences. 2. A Penny, when spoken of a Silver Penny, makes Pennies

in the Plural: Thus we say in the fingular Number, one Silver Penny, but in the Plural, two or more Silver Pennies.

Of ADJECTIVE S. Q. What is an Adjective? A. It is a Word that expresses the Quality or Manner of a Thing; as, good, bad, great, small.

Q. Where is the Adjective to be placed ? A. Before its Subftantive; as, A good Boy. Yet sometimes when there are more Adjectives than one joined together, or one Adjective with other Words depending on it; the Adjective may be set after the Substantive; as, a General, both wise and valiant: A Man skilful in Numbers.

Q. What do you observe of two Substantives put together in Composition ?

A. The First takes to itself the Nature of an Adjective, and is commonly joined to the following Substantive, by a Hyphen; as, a Sea-Fih.

Q. How are Subitantives and Adjectives declined togetber ?
A. Thus :
Singular.

Plural
Nom. A good Boy.

Nom. The good Boys
Gen. Of a good Boy. Gen. Of good Boys.
Dat. To a good Boy. Dat. To good Boys.
Acc. A good Boy. Acc. The good Boys.
Voc. O good Boy. Voc. O good Boys.
Abl. From a good Boy. Avl. From good Boys.

of the Comparison of Adjectives. Q. Wbut is meant by Comparison !

A. It is the Variation of a Word by Degrees, according to the Quantity of its Signification.

Q. What Adjectives admit of Comparison ?

Ă. All those whose Signification may increase, or be dimi. nished : None else.

Q. How many Degrees of Comparifon are there?

A. Three : The Positive, the Comparative, and the Superlative. Q. Wbat is the Positive Degree

A. TI

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