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A. No: Sometimes the Infinitive Mood stands for the Nominative Word; as, To lie is shameful. And sometimes a whole Clause aforegoing; as, to rise betimes in the Morning, is the most wholjom Thing in the World.
Q. If two, or more Substantives Singular come together, bow must be Verb be put ?
's. In the Plural Number; as, Peter and John Fight.
Q. What Number is the Verb put in, when it follows Noun of Multitude ?
A. It may be put in the Plural, whea Circumstances absolutely determin the Case to be more than one; but it is most commonly of the fingular Number ; as, the Multitude is very noisy. The Heap is removed.
Q. Of what Cafe muft those Nouns be, which follow Verbs, and are governed by them?
A. Sometimes the Genitive; as, Take Pity of me: Sometimes the Lative; as, I gave a Book to the Master : And fometimes the Accusative ; as, I love my
Mafter. Q. What is the Construction of the Vocative ?
A. The Vocative is no Part of the Sentence, but only the Person to whom the Sentence is address’d; and is always of the Second Person Singular or Plural; as, John! where bave you been, that you have staid fo long? Ladies ! Why do ye not mind your Writing?
Q. Of what is the Ablative Case govern'd?
A The Ablative is always governed of some Preposition, expresfed or underitood ; such as, in, with, through, for, from, by, and than; as, He took it from me. He went
HAT is Transposition ? WH
A. It is the placing of Words out of their natural Order, to render the Sound of them more agreeable the Ear.
Ex À M P L E. be avoided, but that Scandals will arise, arid 21 grow
in the Church' of God, so long us ress on Earth, or Malice in Hell.
T R A N S POS e D. It cannot be avoided, so long as there is Wickedness on Earth, or Malice in Hell, but that Scandals will arise, and Differences will grow in the Church of God. N'te, Where the natural order of the Words is smooth and
grateful to the Ear, they ought not to be transposed, unlefs in Poetry, and there only, when the Neceflity of the Verse requires it.
A. The leaving out of Words in a Sentence.
A. 1. When a Word has been mentioned just before, and may be supposed to be kept in Mind. Therefore in a Relative Sentence, the Antecedent, or foregoing
Word, is feldom repeated ; as, I bought the Books, which Books I read.
2. When any Word is to be immediately mentioned, if it can be well understood, it ought to be left out in the former Part; as, Drink ye Red Wine) or White Wine.
3. When the Thought is expressed by some other Means; as pointing to a Man, you need not say, Who is that Man? but, Who is that?
4. Those Words, which, upon the mentioning of others, must needs be supposed to be meant, may be left out; as; When you come to St. Paul's [Church] then turn to the left [Hand).
5. Thing and Ad, are frequently left out when they may be understood; as, It is hard, [i.é a hard Thing] to travel through the Snow. It is easy, [i. e, an easy Thing or A&t] to do so.
6. The Conjunction that, is often left out in a Compound Sentence; as, I desire [that] you would write for me.
7. The Relatives, that, which, who, whom, may be left out; as, There goes the Man. [that or whom] I beat Yifter. day. Is this the Man ye Spoke of? i. e. of whom ve spoke
8. Sometimes a whole Sentence is left out; as, It is our Duty to pay a Respect and Deference, as to all those that are Virtuous and Couragious ; fo [it is our Duty to pay a Respect and Deference] to those also, who bear any Office or Command in the State.
A: A. B: Artium Bacca
Corn. Cornelius Acct. Account
C.P.S. Cuitos Privati Sigilli, A. D. Anno Domini, in the tise Keefer of the Privy-Seal Year of our Lord
C.S. Cuitos Sigilli, Keeper of Adml. Admiral
the Seal Adnirs. Administrators Cr. Creditor A. M. Artium Magiiter, Cur. Curate Master of Arts: Ante Meri D. in Number, fo'o diem, beforeNoon: and Anno Dr. Dofter, Debtor Mundi, in the Year of the Dan. Daniel World
D.D. Doctor Divinitatis, Dora Amit. Amsterdam
tor of Divinity Anab. Anabaptift
d. denarius, a Penny Anth. Anthony
dd. delivered Ap. Apoftle
Dec. or rober. December Apr. April
Dep. Deputy Alt. Alligns
Devon. Devon biri Alt. P. G. C. Astronomy-Pre- Deut. Deuteronoir*
felor of Grelham College Do Ditto, the famo Atto. Attorney
Dukm. Dukedom B. A. Bachelor of Arts Earld. Earldom Bart. Baronet
Edm. Edmund Barth. Bartholomew
Edw. Edward B.D. Baccalaureus Divinitatis E. g. Exempli gratia, as for Bachelor of Divinity
Example Benj. Benjamin
Eliz. Elizabeth Bp. Bijhop
Eng. English, England
Exo. Exchange Cat. Catechism
Ex?. Executor Chap. Chapter
Exon. Exeter Chron. Chronicles
Feb. February Cit. Citizen, City, Citadel Fr. France, French, Francis, Cler. Clericus, Clergyman and Frances F.R.S.
of the Seal
", R. S. Fellow of the Royal | L. D. Lady-day Society
Lev. Leviticus Gal. Galatians
Lieu, Lieutenant Gen. Gentfis
L.L.D.LegumDoctor, Doctor Genl. General Genmo. Generalifim L. S. Locus Sigilli, The Place Gent. Gentleman Jeo, George
Lond. London Gosp. Gospel
Ldp. Lordship G. R. Georgius Rex, George Morn. Morning. the King
m. manipulus, a Handful Greg. Gregory
M, A. Magifter Artium, Hants. Hampshiro
Master of Arts Heb Hebrews
Ma. Madam Hen. Hinry'
M.B. Medicinz Baccalaureus Hier. Hieronymus, Jerom Bachelor of Pbyfic Honble: Honourable
Mty. Mizjesty Hond Honoured
Mar. March Hon's. Honours
Marm. Marmaduke Holl!. Holland
Mart. Martin, Martyr ibid. ibidem, in the fame Place Mat. Mattheru Hum. Humphrey
Math. Mathematics Hund. Hundred
Meff'rs. Gentlemen I. in Number, I.
Middx, Middlesex Id. Idem, the same
M. D. Medicinæ Doctor, i. e. id est, that is
Doctor of Physic
Salvator, Fefus Saviour of Min. Minister
M. S. Memoriæ Sacram,
Sacred to the Memory Ja. James
Mr. Maffer Jac. Jacob
Mrs. Mistress J.D. Jurium Doctor, Doktor MS. Manuscript of Laws
MSS. Mamefcripts Jer. Jeremy, Jeram
N. Note jno. John
Nat. Nathanie, Nativity Jof. Joseph
N. B. Note bene, Mark well Joh. Tojibua
Nic. Nicodemus, Nicholas Km. Kingdom
n. l. non liquet, it appears not Kt. Knight
Nov. or gber. November L. in Number, 50
N. S. Neru Stile Ld. Lord
Num. Number I. liber, Book, ani'libræ, Pounds Ob: Objection Lam. Lamentations
O&t. or 8ber. Odober Rev. Revelation, Reverent O.S. Old Siile
Rt. Wpful. Right IVorshipful Oxon. Oxford
Rt.Honble. Right Honourable Par. Parish
Szlop. Shropshire Parl. Parliament
S. South; and Solidus, e SbilPent. Pentecoft
ling Per Cent. per Centum, by Sr. Šir the Hundred
St. Saint. Pet. Peter
Sept. or 7 ber. September Phil. Philip
Serj. Serjeant Philom. Philomathes, a Lo-Servt. Servant
ver of Learning ; or, Phi- Sol. Solution lomathematicus, a Lover S.T.P. Sacro-sanctæ Theoof the Mathematics
logiæ Professor, Profeffor P. M. Poft Meridiem, After of Divinity
at Gresham College Theff. Thesalonians Prof. Th. Gr. Profesor of Di- V. vide. jee, Verse, Five
vinity at Gresham College Viz. videlicet, that is to say P.S. Poffcript
Will. or Wm. William Pl. Pfalm.
Wilts, Wiltfrire Q. Question, Queen
Wp. Worship q. d. quasi dicat, as if he Wpful. Worshipful pould say
Xn. Christian qe hel. quantum libet, as much Xpher. Christopher as you please
&. et. and Rel. Religion, Relation &c. et cætera, and so forth
Note, These Contractions ought to be avoided as much as
possible, unless it be for one's own private Uje, and where it would be ridiculous to write them at length; as, Mr. for Mafter, and Mrs. for Mistress, &c. It argues likewise a Difrespect and Slighting to use Contractions to ox Betters, and is often puzzling to others.