« EdellinenJatka »
Rood, fourth Part of an Acre Sink, to go down
Sloe, Fruit Room, Part of an House
Slow, taray Rbeum, Spittle
So, thus Rote, by Heart
Sow, the Seed Wrote, did write
Sew, with à Needle Rough, not smooth
Soal, of the Shoe Ruff, a Neckcloth
Sole, a Fish Sail, of a Ship
Some, a Part Sale, Selling
Sum, the Whole Salary, Wages
Son, a Man-child Selery, an Herb
Sun, the Heavenly Light Scilly, an Island
Sore, an Ulcer Silly, Foolish
Soar, to mount upwards Saver, that saveth
Stare, to look earnestly Savor, Taste or Smell
Stair, a Step Saviour, Jesus Christ
Stains, Spots Scene, of a Stage
Stanes, the Name ofa Place Seen, beheld
Starling, a Bird Seas, great Waters
Sterling, English Mony Sees, seeth
Steal, to rob Seize, to lay hold of Steel, Metal Sea, a great Water
Stear, a young Bullock See, behold
Steer, to guide a Ship Sear, to burn
Stile, for a Passage Seer, a Prophet
Style, for Writing Sent, order'd away
Straight, not crooked Scent, Smell
Strait, narrow Seignior, Lord
Succour, Help Senior, elder
Sucker, a young Twig Shoar, a Prop
Tacks, small Nails
Tax, a Rate to fummon
Tail, the End Sight, seeing
Tale, a Story "Е
Tare, Weight allow'd Wale, the Mark of a Whip
Were, was Through, quite through
Where, at what Place Their, of them
Waste, to spend There, in that Place
Waist, the Middle Throne, a Seat of State
Way, to walk in Thrown, cast
Weigh, to poize The, a Particle
Wey, Porty Bushels Thee, yourself
Whey, Milk and Rennet Time, when
Weal, Good Thyme, an Herb
Veal, Calf's Flesh To, unto
Wheale, a Pimple Too, likewise
Wheel, of a Cart Two, a Couple
Weak, not strong Toe, of the Foot
Week, Seven Days Toru, to draw along
Weather, Disposition ofthe Air Told, as a Tale
Whether, which of the Two Tollid, as a Bell
Wight, an Inand
Wither, to decay
Vile, base Veil, a Covering
Wile, a Trick Vain, useless
While, in the mean Time Vane, to shew the Wind
Wood, of Trees
Wou'd, was willing
Wroth, to be angry
Ewe, a Sheep
Yew, a Tree Weight, for the Scales
A 1 New Guide to the English Tongue.
A Practical English GRAMM A R.
CH A P.
Of GRAMMAR in general. WHAT is Grammar
HAT is Grammar ? .
A. Grammar is the Science of Letters, or the Art of Writing and Speaking properly and syntactically. Q. What do you mean by English Grammar ?
A. The Art of Writing and Speaking the English Tongue properly and fyntactically.
Q. How is Grammar divided ?
A. Grammar is divided into Four Parts; Ortbograpbz', Profody, Analogy, and Syntax.
Of ORTHOGRAPHY, Q. What is Orthography ? A. Orthography teacheth the true Characters and Powers of the Letters, and the proper Division of Syllables, Words, and Sentences.
Of LETTER S.
Q. How many English Letters are there?
A. They are these following, with their Powers and Names.
Letters, Their Names, ana Powers or Sounds.
A long (ā) as in Cape : fort (ă) as in Cap:
(broad (â) as in balt с с сее D d Dee E
e E long (7) as in mete : short (ě) as in mer* F f
g Jee Н
i lung (1) as in tine : Mhort (i) as in tin
· Pee. a
у Wi long (y) as in my : short (ů) as in Egypt Z
Zed * Note, Whene is not founded at the End of a Word, it is called e final: which, Yometimes, serves to lengthen the Sound of the fore. going Vowel; as in save: and sometimes is Redundant ; as in give.
Q. Do these Letters always kiep their own natural Sound ?
Q. What Letters are those which do not always keep their own natural Sound?
A. They are b, c, e, f, g, i, l, o, s, t, u, x, y; and the double Letters, ch, gh, and ph.
Q. Give me an Example of each.
3. E is founded like ā, in there, where; and like ŭ in ber. 4. F is founded like v, in of:
5. G before e and i in some Words, and almost always before y, is founded like j; as in Gentleman, Giant, Egyptian,
6. I in Words derived from the French, sounds like ee ; as in Machine : it also founds like i ; as in Bird, third, &c.
7. L is founded like min Salmon. 8. O is founded like a in Alloy ; like č in Women ; and like Xin Worm.
9. S is frequently founded like z; as in present, prefime,
10. T'is founded likesin Whifile, Tbifte. Ti betore a vowel, is founded like fior/h; as in Nation: except when / goes inmcdiately before it ; as Celeial: or at the beginning of a Word; as tied : or in Derivatives; as mightier, nightcl, empried.
U is founded like č in Bury; and like ï in Billiuefs. 12. X hath no found of its own ; but at the Beginning of a Word is alwas founded like z; as in Xenophon : and is the middle and en 1 of Words, like ks; as in Wax, Xerxes.
13. Y'at the end of Monofyllables, is founded like 7; as in by, my; but in the m ddle of Words of more than one Syllable, it is founded like ž;. as in Egypt: and at the end of Words of more than one Syllable, it usually sounds like e ; as in many.
14. Ch is founded like quh, as in Choir, Chorifter. ig. Che cometimes at the End of 2 Word; and always ph when they come together in the same Syllable, found like y; asin laugh, Elephant: except where ph sound like y, as in Stephen.
Q. Where are the Capital Leiters to be used, and where the Small Letters ?
A. The Capitals are to be used in the Front of Sentences, afd in the Beginning of Verles; of all proper Names of Perfors, Places, Rivers, &c. of Arts and Sciences ; of Dignities, Festivals and Games; and of all Words put for proper Names, or that have any great Enphasis in a Sentence: Also after a Full Stop, and at the Beginning of a Quotation, tho'it be not immediately after a Full Sop: Likewite whole Words, and sometimes Sentences are written in Capitals, and then something is expressed extraordinary great. They are sometimes used in the Titles of Books, for Omament-fake : And always the Pronoun I, and the Interjection 0, are written in Capitals ; and in all other Places the imall Letters must be used.
Q. When Capital Letters are placed single in a Sentence, what do they fand for?
A. Sometimes they hand for whole Words ;. as B. A. Bachelor of Arts.: B. D. Bachelor: in Divinity: D. D.