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Rood, fourth Part of an Acre Sink, to go down
Rude, impudent

Cinque, five
Rome, 'a City

Sloe, Fruit Room, Part of an House

Slow, taray Rbeum, Spittle

So, thus Rote, by Heart

Sow, the Seed Wrote, did write

Sew, with à Needle Rough, not smooth

Soal, of the Shoe Ruff, a Neckcloth

Sole, a Fish Sail, of a Ship

Some, a Part Sale, Selling

Sum, the Whole Salary, Wages

Son, a Man-child Selery, an Herb

Sun, the Heavenly Light Scilly, an Island

Sore, an Ulcer Silly, Foolish

Soar, to mount upwards Saver, that saveth

Stare, to look earnestly Savor, Taste or Smell

Stair, a Step Saviour, Jesus Christ

Stains, Spots Scene, of a Stage

Stanes, the Name ofa Place Seen, beheld

Starling, a Bird Seas, great Waters

Sterling, English Mony Sees, seeth

Steal, to rob Seize, to lay hold of Steel, Metal Sea, a great Water

Stear, a young Bullock See, behold

Steer, to guide a Ship Sear, to burn

Stile, for a Passage Seer, a Prophet

Style, for Writing Sent, order'd away

Straight, not crooked Scent, Smell

Strait, narrow Seignior, Lord

Succour, Help Senior, elder

Sucker, a young Twig Shoar, a Prop

Subtil, cunning
Shore, the Sea Coast

Suttle, Weight
Sherwn, did thew
Sbone, did shine

Tacks, small Nails
Site, Situation

Tax, a Rate to fummon

Tail, the End Sight, seeing

Tale, a Story "Е

Cite,

Taras

Tare, Weight allow'd Wale, the Mark of a Whip
Tear, to rend in Pieces Whale, a Sea Fish
Team, of Horses

Ware, Merchandize
Teem, to go with Young Wear, to put on Cloaths
Threw, did throw

Were, was Through, quite through

Where, at what Place Their, of them

Waste, to spend There, in that Place

Waist, the Middle Throne, a Seat of State

Way, to walk in Thrown, cast

Weigh, to poize The, a Particle

Wey, Porty Bushels Thee, yourself

Whey, Milk and Rennet Time, when

Weal, Good Thyme, an Herb

Veal, Calf's Flesh To, unto

Wheale, a Pimple Too, likewise

Wheel, of a Cart Two, a Couple

Weak, not strong Toe, of the Foot

Week, Seven Days Toru, to draw along

Weather, Disposition ofthe Air Told, as a Tale

Whether, which of the Two Tollid, as a Bell

White, Colour
Tour, a Journey

Wight, an Inand
Tower, a fortified Place
Tray, a Butcher's Tray

Wither, to decay
Trey, the Number 3 Whither, to what Place
Vale, a Valley

Vile, base Veil, a Covering

Wile, a Trick Vain, useless

While, in the mean Time Vane, to shew the Wind

Wood, of Trees
Vein, of the Blood

Wou'd, was willing
Vice, ill Habit
Vice, a Screw

Wrath, Anger

Wroth, to be angry
Undo, to take to Pieces
Undue, not due

Ye, yourselves
Wade, to go in the Water
Weigb'd in the Balance

Ewe, a Sheep
Wait, to expect

Yew, a Tree Weight, for the Scales

rou, yourself

A New

rea, yes

A 1 New Guide to the English Tongue.

PART III.

A Practical English GRAMM A R.

CH A P.

I.

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Of GRAMMAR in general. WHAT is Grammar

HAT is Grammar ? .

A. Grammar is the Science of Letters, or the Art of Writing and Speaking properly and syntactically. Q. What do you mean by English Grammar ?

A. The Art of Writing and Speaking the English Tongue properly and fyntactically.

Q. How is Grammar divided ?

A. Grammar is divided into Four Parts; Ortbograpbz', Profody, Analogy, and Syntax.

Of ORTHOGRAPHY, Q. What is Orthography ? A. Orthography teacheth the true Characters and Powers of the Letters, and the proper Division of Syllables, Words, and Sentences.

Of LETTER S.
Q. What is a Letter?
A. A Letter is a significant Mark or Note, of which
Syllables are compounded,

Q. How many English Letters are there?
A. Six and Twenty.
Q. Which be they??

A. They are these following, with their Powers and Names.

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Letters, Their Names, ana Powers or Sounds.
A er a

A long (ā) as in Cape : fort (ă) as in Cap:
B b Bee

(broad (â) as in balt с с сее D d Dee E

e E long (7) as in mete : short (ě) as in mer* F f

g Jee Н

i lung (1) as in tine : Mhort (i) as in tin
J

May
K

Kay
L

Ell
M

Em
N

En
0 O long (o) as in note : short (ö) as in not

P

· Pee. a

Cu

Arr
fs
T

Tee
V

Vee
U Yu long (ū) as in tune : Mort (ū) as in Tun
W
х

Eks
Y

у Wi long (y) as in my : short (ů) as in Egypt Z

Zed * Note, Whene is not founded at the End of a Word, it is called e final: which, Yometimes, serves to lengthen the Sound of the fore. going Vowel; as in save: and sometimes is Redundant ; as in give.

Q. Do these Letters always kiep their own natural Sound ?
A. No.

Q. What Letters are those which do not always keep their own natural Sound?

A. They are b, c, e, f, g, i, l, o, s, t, u, x, y; and the double Letters, ch, gh, and ph.

Q. Give me an Example of each.
A. 1. B is founded like't, in Subtil.
2. C before a, 0, , l, and 4, is always founded like
as in Cai, Cord, Cup, Cloth, Cramp: but before e, i, andy,
py's founded like s; as in Cellar, Civil, Cypress : It is
led like sin Muscle; and in Words derived from the
aving k after it as in Macbine.

W

Double yu

X

Z

3. E

II.

3. E is founded like ā, in there, where; and like ŭ in ber. 4. F is founded like v, in of:

5. G before e and i in some Words, and almost always before y, is founded like j; as in Gentleman, Giant, Egyptian,

6. I in Words derived from the French, sounds like ee ; as in Machine : it also founds like i ; as in Bird, third, &c.

7. L is founded like min Salmon. 8. O is founded like a in Alloy ; like č in Women ; and like Xin Worm.

9. S is frequently founded like z; as in present, prefime,

10. T'is founded likesin Whifile, Tbifte. Ti betore a vowel, is founded like fior/h; as in Nation: except when / goes inmcdiately before it ; as Celeial: or at the beginning of a Word; as tied : or in Derivatives; as mightier, nightcl, empried.

U is founded like č in Bury; and like ï in Billiuefs. 12. X hath no found of its own ; but at the Beginning of a Word is alwas founded like z; as in Xenophon : and is the middle and en 1 of Words, like ks; as in Wax, Xerxes.

13. Y'at the end of Monofyllables, is founded like 7; as in by, my; but in the m ddle of Words of more than one Syllable, it is founded like ž;. as in Egypt: and at the end of Words of more than one Syllable, it usually sounds like e ; as in many.

14. Ch is founded like quh, as in Choir, Chorifter. ig. Che cometimes at the End of 2 Word; and always ph when they come together in the same Syllable, found like y; asin laugh, Elephant: except where ph sound like y, as in Stephen.

Q. Where are the Capital Leiters to be used, and where the Small Letters ?

A. The Capitals are to be used in the Front of Sentences, afd in the Beginning of Verles; of all proper Names of Perfors, Places, Rivers, &c. of Arts and Sciences ; of Dignities, Festivals and Games; and of all Words put for proper Names, or that have any great Enphasis in a Sentence: Also after a Full Stop, and at the Beginning of a Quotation, tho'it be not immediately after a Full Sop: Likewite whole Words, and sometimes Sentences are written in Capitals, and then something is expressed extraordinary great. They are sometimes used in the Titles of Books, for Omament-fake : And always the Pronoun I, and the Interjection 0, are written in Capitals ; and in all other Places the imall Letters must be used.

Q. When Capital Letters are placed single in a Sentence, what do they fand for?

A. Sometimes they hand for whole Words ;. as B. A. Bachelor of Arts.: B. D. Bachelor: in Divinity: D. D.

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