World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers

Etukansi
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1985
 

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Sivu 125 - Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. "The North Atlantic Treaty and the organization established under it are both alike essential to the security of our countries.
Sivu 125 - Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
Sivu 132 - Arms transfers (arms imports and exports) represent the international transfer (under terms of grant, credit, barter or cash) of military equipment, usually referred to as "conventional," including weapons of war, parts thereof, ammunition, support equipment, and other commodities designed for military use.
Sivu 132 - ... military expenditures is obtained at least in part independently of nominal budget or government expenditure data, and it is possible that all estimated military expenditures do not pass through the nominal central government budget. Arms Transfers: Arms transfers (arms imports and exports) represent international transfer (under terms of grant, credit, barter or cash) of military equipment, usually referred to as "conventional," including weapons of war, parts thereof, ammunition, support equipment,...
Sivu 129 - Close comparisons between the estimated values shown for arms transfers and for GNP and military expenditures are not warranted. Frequently, weapons prices do not reflect true production costs. Furthermore, much of the international arms trade involves offset or barter arrangements, multiyear loans, discounted prices, third-party payments, and partial debt forgiveness. Acquisition of armaments thus may not impose...
Sivu 129 - Also, the data represent arms transfers to governments and do not include the value of arms obtained by subnational groups. Figures for the US are for fiscal years and are obtained from official trade statistics on military transfers compiled by US Departments of Defense and State.
Sivu 120 - In millions ol current US dollars] Note: To avoid the appearance of excessive accuracy, all numbers in this table are independently rounded, with greater severity for larger numbers. Therefore, components may not add to totals. Source: US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1971-1980. Publication 115. March 1983. p. 117-220. TABLE 7.— SOVIET TRADE WITH NORTH AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST, 1972-82...
Sivu 124 - Type: 1987-91 [The suppliers included are the five largest single exporters of major weapons in terms of magnitude of deliveries as well as other countries of the two major alliances; excluded are Albania, Bulgaria. Greece, Malta, Spain, Turkey, and Yugoslavia] - Represents $2.5 million or less. ' Includes other countries not shown separately. 2 United States data are by fiscal years, while other suppliers
Sivu 131 - The dollar estimates were derived by calculating pay and allowance at the current full US average rates for officers and for lower ranks. After subtraction of pay and allowances, the remainder of the official defense budgets in national currencies was converted into dollars at overall rates based on comparisons of the various countries' GNPs expressed in dollars and in national currencies.
Sivu 131 - Studies, and the World Factbook, produced annually by the Central Intelligence Agency. Gross National Product (GNP): GNP represents the total output of goods and services produced by residents of a country and valued at market prices.

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