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year from and after the day on which the last pay. ment, on account of such purchase, should, according to former laws, have become due. And in case of On failure of failure in paying either the arrears of interest, or each the condiof the two instalments of principal, with the accruing tions, the interest, at the time and times abovementioned, the land to be of

. tract of land shall be forthwith advertised and offered for sale, in the manner and on the terms and condi. tions now prescribed for the sale of lands, purchased from the United States, and not paid for within the limited time; and shall revert, in like manner, to the United States, if the sum due, with interest, be not at such sale bidden and paid.

1810.

of part

Every person, who, prior to the first day of Janua- XI. 53. ry, one thousand eig it hundred and six, had purchas- 30 April, ed any tract or tracts of land of the United States, not exceeding, in the whole, six hundred and forty acres,

Purchasers at any of the land offices, established for the disposal

prior to Ist of said lands, whether such purchase was made at (except of

Jan. 1806, public or private sale, (sales by virtue of a pre-emp- pre-emp: tion right only excepted), and whose lands have not tions) allowalready been actually sold or reverted to the United term of two States for non-payment of the purchase mo- years to make ney, and who shall for the term of at least one year payment, if previous to the expiration of five years from the date actual setof the purchase of the ļand, have actually inhabited and cultivated any one tract of land, thus purchased, and the time for making the last payment, on account of such purchase, according to former laws, may have expired or shall expire on or before the first day of January next, shall be allowed a further term of two years, for the payment of the residue of the principal due on account of such purchase; which further term of two years, shall be calculated to commence from the expiration of one year from and after the day on which the last payment, on account of such purchase, should, according to former laws, have become due, and shall be allowed only on the following conditions, on certain

conditions. that is to say: First, That all the arrears of interest on the land purchased to the end of one year, from Arrears of inand after the day on which the last payment, on ac- terest to be count of such purchase, should, according to former paid.

ments.

laws, have become due, shall have been paid at or

before the end of such year: Second, That the resi. Balance to be

due of the sum, due on account of the principal of paid in two such purchase, shall be paid with interest thereon, in annual instal- two equal annual payments, viz: One half of the said

residue, with the interest which may then be due therean, within one year; and the other half of the said residue, with the interest which may then be due thereon, within two years after the expiration of one year, from and after the day on which the last payment, on account of such purchase, should, according to former laws, have become due. And in

case of failure in paying either the arrears of interest, In case of failure, lands

or each of the two instalments of principal, with the to be offered accruing interest, at the time and times abovemenfor sale. tioned, the tract of land shall be forthwith advertised

and offered for sale, in the manner and on the terms and conditions now prescribed for the sale of lands, purchased from the United States, and not paid for within the limited time; and shall revert, in like manner, to the United States, if the sum due; with inte. rest, be not at such sale bidden and paid.

And in cases where any tract or tracts of land, not Original pur- in the whole exceeding six hundred and forty acres, chaser may which have, since the first day of January last, reenter again verted to the United States, for default of payment, verted for the original purchaser may again enter the same tract non-pay- or tracts. And all monies, which such original purpieni, and be chaser may have paid, shall be replaced to his credit

, monies paid by the receiver of public monies of the respective land before. offices, and such repurchasers shall be allowed the

same benefits of the extension of the time of payment, created by this act, as though no such reversion had

occurred Provided, Such original purchaser shall Proviso.

make to the proper land officer such application for such re-entry, as is required by law for the entry of lands, on or before first day of June next, and the land so reverted shall not have then been previously re-sold.

a tract re

X. 40.
31 March,
1808.

Sec. 1. Whenever the President of the United States, has been or may be authorised to cause the public lands, in any land district, to be offered for sale, it shall be

lawful, whenever he shall think it convenient, to offer President for sale at first, only a part of the lands contained in may offer for such district, and at any subsequent time or times, to only part offer for sale, in the same manner, any other part, or of the the remainder of the lands contained in the same.

lands in any land district.

Sec. 1. From and after the first day of June next, eve- XI. 28. ry person, making application, at any of the land offices 24 Feb: of the United States, for the purchase, at private sale, 1810. of a tract of land, shall produce to the register a me- Purchasers of morandum in writing, describing the tract, which he public lands shall enter by the proper number of the section, half to leave me. section, or quarter (as the case may be), and of the morandum in township and range, subscribing his name thereto ; their entry. which memorandum the register shall file and preserve in his office. *

(5) Provisions, respecting the surveying of pub

lic lands, enacted subsequent to 1800. Sec. 7. In all cases where any section or fractional VII. 44. section of land, lying within the seven ranges of town- ? May, 1802. ships, has been sold prior to the tenth day of May, tions sold in one thousand eight hundred, under the authority of the 7 ranges the United States, the lines of such section or frac- prior to May,

10th 1800, to tional section, shall be run under the direction of the

be run under secretary of the treasury, in the manner most consis- the direction tent with the supposed boundaries of the same, at of the sec. of

the treasury. the time of the sale, any thing in the act of the tenth of May, one thousand eight hundred, to the contra- laid off. ry notwithstanding. And it shall be lawful for the secretary of the treasury, whenever lines thus run

How to be

The second section of this act is private, and in the following words:

Sec. 2. Joab Garret shall be permitted to withdraw his entry, made on the second day of September, one thousand eight hundred and seven, at the land office at Vincennes, from the north-west quarter section, number two, township number seven, south range nuniber seven west ; and the money paid by him, on the said entry, shall be placed to his credit, on any purchase he shall or may have made of public land in the same district.

shall interfere with the claim of a purchaser of public lands under the last mentioned act, to permit such purchaser, if he shall desire it, at any time within six months, after such lines, thus interfering with his claim, shall have been run, to withdraw his former application, and to apply in lieu thereof for any other vacant section.

ants.

VIII. 35.

Sec. 1 The powers vested by law in the surveyor 26 March, 1804.

general, shall extend over all the public lands of the U. Powers of the nited States to which the Indian title has been or shall · surveyor ge, hereafter be extinguished, north of the river Ohio,

neral extend- and east of the river Mississippi ; and it shall be the ed over all the lands of the duty of the said surveyor general, to cause the said U.S. north lands to be surveyed into townships, six miles square, of the Ohio, and divided in the same manner and under the same and east of the Mississip- regulations, and to do and perform all such other pi; and he acts in relation to the said lands, as is provided by shall cause law in relation to the lands of the United States, situ. them to be laid off into ate north-west of the river Ohio, and above the townships.

mouth of Kentucky river: Provided, That the whole Private expense of surveying and marking the lines shall not claims to be exceed three dollars for every mile that shall be actusurveyed at ally run, surveyed and marked : 'That such tracts of of the claim. land as are lawfully claimed by individuals within the

said boundaries, and the title whereto has been or shall be recognized by the United States, shall be

laid out and surveyed at the expense of the parties Indian boun- respectively, in conformity with the true boundaries dary lines to of such tracts. And it shall also, be the duty of the be run and position of

said surveyor general to cause to be run, surveyed important

and marked, such of the Indian boundary lines of the points ascer. said lands, as have not yet been surveyed; and with tained.

the approbation of the President of the United States to ascertain by astronomical observations, the positions of such places, north of the river Ohio and east of the river Mississippi, as may be deemed necessary for the correctness of the surveys, and to be the most

important points of the geography of the country, Public lands, Sec. 13. Whenever any of the public lands shall after having have been surveyed in the manner directed by law, ed, to bed they shall be divided by the secretary of the treasury vided by the into convenient surveying districts, and a deputy sursecretary of veyor shall, with the approbation of the said secreta

ry, be appointed by the surveyor general for each the treasury, district, who shall take an oath or affirmation, truly into survey and faithfully to perform the duties of his office; and for each of whose duty it shall be to run and mark such lines as which a demay be necessary for sub-dividing the lands surveyed puty survey as aforesaid, into sections, half sections* or quarter

or, with the

approbation sections, as the case may be; to ascertain the true of the secrecontents of such sub-divisions; and to record in a tary of the book to be kept for that purpose, the surveys thus treasury, made. The surveyor general shall furnish each de shall be ap

pointed. puty surveyor with a copy of the plat of the townships His duties. and fractional parts of townships contained in his dis.

The surveyor trict, describing the sub-divisions thereof, and the general to furmarks of the corners. Each deputy surveyor shall nish the depube entitled to receive from the purchaser of any tract ties wiih coof land, of which a line or lines shall have been run plats and and marked by him, at the rate of three dollars for fractional every mile thus surveyed and marked, before he parts of shall deliver to him a copy of the plat of such tract, their districis: stating its contents. The fees payable by virtue of Fees of the former laws for surveying expenses shall, after the deputies. first day of July next, be no longer demandable from, Former surand paid by the purchasers. And no final certificate veying fees shall thereafter be given by the register of any land not demand. office to the purchaser of any tract of land, all the lines of which shall not have been run, and the con. tents ascertainedt by the surveyor general or his asşistants, unless such purchaser shall lodge with the said register a plat of such tract, certified by the dis

trict surveyor.

VIII. 4. Sec. 1. The sarveyor general shall cause all those 11 Feb. 1805. lands north of the river Ohio, which, by virtue of the Certain towr.act, entitled " An act providing for the sale of the ships in Olio lands of the United States, in the territory north- vided into

to be sub-diwest of the river Ohio, and above the mouth of sections. the Kentucky river,” were sub-divided, by running through the townships, parallel lines each way, at the end of every two miles, and by marking a corner on

* The boundary lines of sections to be run at public expense, by the surveyor general, by act of 11th February, 1805.

† This last provision repealed by act of 11th February, 1805. | Passed 18th May, 1796.

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