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all matters respecting such claims, to compel the attendance of witnesses, to administer oaths and examine witnesses, and such other testimony as may be adduced, and to determine thereon according to justice and equity. Minutes of the proceedings, decisions, meetings, and adjournments of the board, shall be regularly entered by the register, in a book to he kept for that purpose, together with the evidence on which such decisions are made, unless such evidence has already been entered according to law, in the book or books of minutes, kept by the commissioners appointed under former acts, to investigate the claims to land in the district of Detroit. And when it shall appear Lands to be to the said commissioners that the claimant is entitled surveyed, &c, to a tract of land by virtue of this act, they shall give a certificate thereof, stating the circumstances of the case, and that the claimant is entitled to receive a patent for such a tract of land, by virtue of this act; which tract shall be surveyed in conformity with the decision of the commissioners, at the expense of the party, and under the direction of the surveyor gene- By whom. ral, by such of his assistants residing in the territory of Michigan, as the said surveyor general shall appoint for that purpose : Provided, That the whole expense Proviso, of surveying and marking the lines, shall not exceed three dollars for every mile that shall be actually run, surveyed or marked. The surveyor general shall. General and transmit to the register of the land office at Detroit, particular general and particular plots of all the lands surveyed plots to be as aforesaid, and shall also forward copies of the said sent by the plots to the secretary of the treasury. "The commis- to the register sioners shall transmit to the secretary of the treasury of land office a transcript of their decisions in favor of claimants, and copies which shall contain a fair statement of the evidence also to secreon which each respective claim is founded, and shall tary of treabe signed by the said commissioners, and shall state Transcripts the names of the parties in whose favor the certificates of 20 have been granted, the number of acres granted and sioner's' decithe situation of the land. And the certificate and sions to be certificates granted as aforesaid, by the commission
warded to ers, being duly entered with the register of the land
secretary of office of Detroit, prior to the first day of January, treasury. one thousand eight hundred and nine, shall entile Certificates
of commis. the party or parties, as soon as the pict or plots
sioners to aforesaid, shall have been transmitted to the said give titles to
register, to receive from him a certificate or certi. land, &c. Fees to be
ficates, for each of which certificates the register paid for cer. shall receive one dollar, directed to the secreta. tificates.
ry of the treasury ; and if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the said secretary, that such certificates have been fairly obtained according to the true intent and meaning of this act, then and in that case, patents
shall issue, in like manner as is provided by law, for Powers of
the other lands of the United States. commission- Sec. 4. The powers vested by this act in the comers not ex- missioners abovementioned, shall not extend to lots tended to lots in the town of Detroit, the claims to which shall in town of Detroit.
be ascertained and decided upon, in the manner proHow claims vided by the act, entitled * " An act to provide for to such lots
the adjustment of titles of land in the town of Detroit are to be de. and territory of Michigan, and for other purposes." cided upon. Compensa- Sec. 5. The secretary of the territory of Michi, tion to secre- gan shall be entitled to receive five hundred dollars, tary of Michi. in full for all the services rendered by him under this gan, for services under act, to be paid out of the sums which have been, or may this act. be
appropriated for carrying into effect the several Out of what laws enacted for the disposal of public lands, and for fund to be paid.
the adjustment of claims in the Indiana or Michigan territories.
X. 67. Sec. 1. Every person claiming lands, within that 25th April, part of the Michigan territory to which the Indian 1808.
title hath been extinguished, by virtue of any legal Claimants to land in the grant made by the French government prior to the Michigan treaty of Paris, of the tenth of February, one thousand territory, seven hundred and sixty-three ; or of any legal grant where the Incian title has made by the British government subsequent to the been extin- said treaty, and prior to the treaty of peace between guished, al- the United States and Great Britain, of the third of lowed until the first of
September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty. Jan. next; to three, or of the second section of the act to which this state their act is a supplement, shall be allowed until the first claims, &c. day of January next, to deliver to the register of the
land office for the district of Detroit, a notice in writ. ing, stating the nature and extent of his claims, to
* l'iz: The preceding act of 21st April, 1806.
gether with a plat or plats of the tract or tracts claim.
Persons Every person whose claim has been shall be confirmed by the commissioners aforesaid, whose claims to a tract of land bordering on the river Detroit; and ed entitled to not exceeding in depth forty arpens, French measure, a preference shall be entitled to a preference in becoming the
in becoming pur
the purchachaser of any vacant tract of land adjacent to, and
sers of the back of his own tract, not exceeding forty arpens, contiguous French measure, in depth, nor in quantity of land vacant lands. that which is contained in his own tract, at the same price, and on the same terms and conditions, as are provided by law for the other public lands in the said district. And the surveyor general shall be, and he Regulations is hereby authorised, as soon as may be, to cause to respecting be surveyed, the tracts claimed by virtue of this sec. the purchase
and surveying tion; and in all cases where, by reason of bends in the
of such adja. said river, and of adjacent prior or pre-emption claims, cent lands. each claimant cannot obtain a tract equal in quantity to the adjacent tract already owned by him, to divide the vacant land, applicable to that object, between the several claimants, in such manner as to him will appear most equitable. And every person entitled to the benefit of this section, shall, on or before the first day of January next, deliver to the register of the land office, for the district of Detroit, a notice in writing, stating the situation and extent of the tract of land he wishes to purchase, and deposit at the same time, onetwentieth part of the purchase money; and shall also, within three months after the return of the survey to the office of the said register, produce to him a receipt from the receiver of public money for the said district, for one-fourth part of the purchase money. And if any such person shall fail to deliver such no.
lice, and make such deposit and payment, at the times abovementioned, his right of pre-emption shall cease and become void.
Sec. 3. Every person, who being the head of a
family, did, prior to the twenty-sixth of March, one Pre-emption thousand eight hundred and four, and doth, at the right secured time of the passage of this act, inhabit and cultivate to actual set- a tract of land in the territory of Michigan, not claim
ed by virtue of a legal French or British grant, or by the second section of the act* to which this act is a supplement, shall be entitled to a preference, in becoming the purchaser from the United States, of such tract of land not exceeding one section, at the price at which the other public lands in the said territory are directed to be sold; and payment may be made therefor in the same manner, and under the same conditions, as are provided by law for such other public lands. And every person entitled to the benefit of this section, shall, on or before the first day of Janu. ary next, deliver to the register of the land office, for the district aforesaid, a notice in writing, of the situation and extent of the tract of land he wishes to purchase. The commissioners aforesaid are hereby au. thorised to examine and decide the claims, of every person claiming the benefit of this section, and when. ever it shall appear to them that the claimant is entitled to a right of pre-emption they shall give a certificate thereof, directed to the register of the land office, which certificate, together with a receipt from the receiver of public money, of at least one-fourth part of the purchase money, shall, on or before the first day of January next, be produced by the claimant to the register of the land office for the said district. And if any person shall fail to deliver such notice in writing, or produce such certificate and receipt within the time above mentioned, his right of pre-emption shall cease
and become void. Real of Sec. 4. So much of the second section of the act
to which this act is a supplement, as provides that not foriner act.
more than one tract or parcel of land shall be granted 10 any cne person, shall be, and the same is hereby repealed.
part of a
• Viz: The act of third March, 1807.
Sec. 1. The registers and receivers of public mo- IX. 40. nies of the districts of Vincennes and Kaskaskias, re- 2806.
21st April, spectively, are hereby authorised and empowered, Tracts in under the direction of the secretary of the treasury, Vincennes to lay out one or more tracts of land, in their respec.
and Kaskas: tive districts, for the purpose of locating therein, laid out for
kias, to be tracts of land granted by virtue of any legal French locating or British grants, or of any resolution or act of Con- French and
British gress : Provided, That the tracts thus laid out, shall
grants, &c. be, whenever practicable, adjoining the tracts, which, Proviso. in conformity with former laws, had been laid out for similar purposes, by the governors of the northwest or Indiana territories ; and the tracts thus laid out shall not be otherwise disposed of, unless by order of Congress.
Sec. 2. Any person or persons entitled to grants Resolution of land by virtue of any former resolution or act of specific how Congress, which are not specifically designated in the to be located. patents issued by the governors aforesaid, or which have not yet been located, shall have a right to locate the same in the tract or tracts, to be laid out in each district, respectively, by virtue of the preceding section; the priority of such locations shall be determin. ed by lot, in presence of the register of the land office, with whom the location shall be entered : and the surveyor general shall cause the same to be surveyed at the expense of the parties : Provided, That all the Proviso. lands thus located, shall, in each tract laid out for that purpose, be laid out in a body, without leaving any intervals of vacant land, and shall each be surveyed in the form of a square or of a parallelogram, the length of which shall not exceed three times its breadth. Sec. 3. The registers and receivers aforesaid shall Registers and
receivers of complete and transmit their reports to the secretary public monies of the treasury before the first day of December next. to transınit Each of the said officers shall be allowed an addition, reports to the al compensation of five hundred dollars ; and each of secretary of the clerks of the respective boards shall be allowed an by what time. additional compensation of two hundred and fifty dol. Additional lars, in full for his services, as such, in relation to compensation such claims.
Sec. 1. All the decisions made by the commis. IX. 92.
3d March, sioners appointed for the purpose of examining the