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United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points
where the aforesaid bounda. ries between Nova Scotia on the one part, and EastFlorida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic ocean ; excepting such islands as now are, or heretofore have been within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia.
DONE at Paris, this third day of September,
in the year of our Lord one thousand seven
Treaty of Amity, Commerce
, and Navigation,
London, between his Britannic Majesty and the United 1794. States of America.
ARTICLE IV. Whereas it is uncertain whether the river Missis. Survey of the sippi extends so far to the northward, as to be inter- and adjacent sected by a line to be drawn due west from the Lake parts to be of the Woods, in the manner mentioned in the treaty made. of
peace between his Majesty and the United States; it is agreed, that measures shall be taken in concert between his Majesty's government in America and the government of the United States, for making a joint survey of the said river from one degree of lati. tude below the falls of St. Anthony, to the principal source or sources of the said river, and also of the parts adjacent thereto; and that if, on the result of such survey, it should appear that the said river, would not be intersected by such a line as is abovementioned, the two parties will thereupon proceed by amicable negociation to regulate the boundary line in that quarter, as well as all other points to be ad. justed between the said parties, according to justice and mutual convenience, and in conformity to the intent of the said treaty.
DONE at London, this nineteenth day of No.
vember, one thousand seven hundred and
San Lorenzo Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation, el Real, 27th Oct. 1795.
between the United States of America and the King of Spain.
ARTICLE II. Southern To prevent all disputes on the subject of the boundaboundary line ries which separate the territories of the two high established.
contracting parties, it is hereby declared and agreed as follows, to wit: The southern boundary of the United States, which divides their territory from the Spanish colonies of East and West Florida, shall be designated by a line beginning on the river Mississippi, at the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of latitude north of the equator, which from thence shall be drawn due east to the middle of the river Apalachicola, or Catahouche, thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint ; thence straight to the head of St. Mary's river, and thence down the middle thereof to the Atlantic ocean. And it is agreed, that if there should be any troops, garri. sons, or settlements of either party, in the territory of the other, according to the above-mentioned boundaries, they shall be withdrawn from the said terri. tory within the term of six months after the ratification of this treaty, or sooner if it be possible ; and that they shall be permitted to take with them all the goods and effects which they possess.
ARTICLE IV. Mississippi It is likewise agreed that the western boundary of to be the
the United States, which separates them from the western boundary,
Spanish colony of Louisiana, is in the middle of the and the navi- channel or bed of the river Mississippi, from the gation there. northern boundary of the said states to the compleof secured.
tion of the thirty-first degree of latitude north of the equator. And his Catholic Majesty has likewise agreed that the navigation of the said river, in its whole breadth from its source to the ocean, shall be free only to his subjects and the citizens of the United States, unless he should extend this privilege to the subjects of other powers by special convention.
DONE at San Lorenzo el Real, this seven
and twentieth day of October, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five.
Treaty between the United States of America Paris, 30th and the French Republic.
April, 1803. ARTICLE I. Whereas, by the article the third of the treaty con. Retrocession cluded at St. Ildelfonso, the 9th Vendemaire, an. 9 of Louisiana (1st October, 1800,) between the First Consul of the from Spain French Republic and his Catholic Majesty, it was to France
stated. agreed as follows: “His Catholic Majesty promises and engages on his part, to cede* to the French Republic, six months after the full and entire execution of the conditions and stipulations herein relative to his royal highness the duke of Parma, the colony or province of Louisiana, with the same extent that it now has in the hands of Spain, and that it had when France possessed it; and such as it should be after the treaties subsequently entered into between Spain and other states." And whereas, in pursuance
of the treaty, and particularly of the third article, the French Republic has an incontestible title to the domain and to the possession of the said territory: The First Cession from Consul of the French Republic, desiring to give to the France to United States a strong proof of his friendship, doth the United
States. hereby cede to the said United States, in the name of the French Republic, forever and in full sovereignty, the said territory with all its rights and appurtenances, as fully and in the same manner as they have been acquired by the French Republic in virtue of the abovementioned treaty, concluded with his Catholic Majesty.
ARTICLE II. In the cession made by the preceding article are Islands, pubincluded the adjacent islands belonging to Louisiana, lic property, all public lots and squares, vacant lands, and all pub- &c. included lic buildings, fortifications, barracks, and other edi- in the cession fices which are not private property. The archives, ceding artipapers and documents, relative to the domain and so cle. vereignty of Louisiana, and its dependencies, will be Archives to left in the possession of the commissaries of the United States, and copies will be afterwards given in due form to the magistrates and municipal officers, of such of the said papers and documents as may
be cessary to them.
DONE at Paris, the tenth day of Floreal, in
the eleventh year of the French Republic,
* In the French « retrocede."
EXTRACTS FROM CHARTERS AND OTHER ACTS,
XING THE BOUNDARIES OF THE STATES WHICH HAVE MADE CESSIONS OF TERRITORY TO THE UNITED STATES.
3d William &
Extract from the Charter of the Province of the
Massachusett's Bay in New England. 7th Oct.1691. William
and Mary, by the grace of God, king and
queen of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Mary.
defenders of the faith, &c. to all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting:
WE do by these presents for us, our heirs and successors, will and ordain, that the territories and colonies commonly called or known by the names of the colony of the Massachusett's Bay and colony of New Plymouth, the province of Main, the territory called Accada or Nova Scotia, and all that tract of land lying between the said territories of Nova Scotia and the said province of Main, be erected, united and incorporated; And we do by these presents unite, erect and incorporate the same into one real province by the name of our province of the Massachusett's Bay in New England: and of our especial grace, certain knowledge and mere motion, we have given and granted and by these presents for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant unto our guod subjects the inhabitants of our said province or territory of the Massachusett's Bay and their successors, all that part of New England in America, lying and extending from the Great River commonly called Monomack alias Merimack on the north part, and from three miles northward of the said river to the Atlantick, or Western sea or ocean on the south part, and all the lands and hereditainents whatsoever lying within the limits aforesaid and extending as far as the outermost points or promontories of land called Cape Cod and Cape Malabar north and south, and in latitude, breadth, and in length, and longitude, of and within all the breadth and compass aforesaid throughout the main land there from the said Atlantick or Western sea and ocean, on the east part, towards the South sea or westward, as far as our co. lonies of Rhode Island, Connecticutt and the Naragansett country; and also all that part and portion of main land beginning at the entrance of Piscataway harbour, and so to pass up the same into the river of Newichwannock, and through the same into the furthest head thereof, and from thence northwest. ward, till one hundred and twenty miles be finished, and from Piscataway harbour mouth aforesaid, northeastward along the sea-coast to Sagadekock;* and from the period of one hundred and twenty miles aforesaid to cross over land to the one hundred and twenty miles before reckoned up into the land from Piscataway harbour through Newichwannock river; and also the north half of the Isles of Shoals, together with the Isles of Capawock and Nantuckett, near Cape Cod aforesaid, and also the lands and hereditaments lying and being in the country or territory commonly called Accada, or Nova Scotia, and all those lands and hereditaments lying and extending between the said country or territory of Nova Scotia, and the said river of Sagadehock or any part thereof.
That it shall and may be lawful for the said governor and general assembly to make or pass any grant of lands lying within the bounds of the colonies formerly called the colonies of the Massachusett's Bay, and New Plymouth, and province of Main, in such manner as heretofore they might have done by virtue of any former charter or letters patent; which grants of lands, within the bounds aforesaid, we do hereby will and ordain to be and continue for ever of full force and effect, without our further approbation or consent. And so as nevertheless, and it is our royal will and pleasure, that no grant or grants of any
* The following words, viz. “ and up the river thereof to Knybecky river, and througb the same to the head ibereof, and unto the land northwestward, until one bundred and twenty miles be ended, being accounted from the mouth of Sagadeback," as inserted in Gorges's grant (from which the descriptive part of the boundaries of Maine in this charter is taken,) appear to have been inadvertently omitted, being necessary to render those boundaries intelligible ; and should follow the word Sagadebock to which the asterisk is affixed.