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be made by the superintendant appointed by the President for the affairs of the Six Nations, and their In. dian friends aforesaid.
TREATY OF GREENEVILLE WITH NORTHWEST
A Treaty of Peace, between the United States of
America, and the Tribes of Indians, called the
Greeneville, The general boundary line between the lands of the 3d August, United States, and the lands of the said Indian tribes, 1795. shall begin at the mouth of Cayahoga river, and run Boundary thence up the same to the portage between that and line establishthe Tuscarawas branch of the Muskingum; thence ed. down that branch to the crossing place above Fort Lawrence; thence westerly to a fork of that branch of the great Miami river running into the Ohio, at or near which fork stood Loromie's store, and where commences the portage between the Miami of the Ohio, and St. Mary's river, which is a branch of the Miami, which runs into lake Erie; thence a westerly course to Fort Recovery, which stands on a branch of the Wabash; then south-westerly in a direct line to the Ohio, so as to intersect that river opposite the mouth of Kentucke or Cuttawa river. And in consideration of the peace now established; of the goods formerly received from the United States; of those now to be delivered, and of the yearly delivery of goods now stipulated to be made hereafter, and to indemnify the United States for the injuries and expenses they have sustained during the war; the said Indian tribes do hereby cede and relinquish forever, all their claims to the lands lying eastwardly and southwardly of the general boundary line now descri
bed; and these lands, or any part of them, shall never
And for the same considerations, and as an evi. dence of the returning friendship of the said Indian tribes, of their confidence in the United States, and desire to provide for their accommodation, and for that convenient intercourse which will be beneficial to both parties, the said Indian tribes do also cede to the United States the following pieces of land; to wit:
(1.) One piece of land, six miles square, at or near Cession of
Loromie's store before mentioned. (2.) One piece, particular tracts of two miles square, at the head of the navigable water land by the or landing on the St. Mary's river, near Girty's town. Indians.
(3.) One piece, six miles square, at the head of the navigable water of the Au-Glaize river. (4.One piece, six miles square, at the confluence of the Au. Glaize and Miami rivers, where Fort Defiance now stands. (5.) One piece, six miles square, at or near the confluence of the rivers St. Mary's and St. Jo. seph's, where Fort Wayne now stands, or near it. (6.) One piece, two miles square on the Wabash river at the end of the portage from the Miami of the lake, and about eight miles westward from Fort Wayne. (7.) One piece, six miles square, at the Ouatanon or old Weea towns on the Wabash river. (8.) One piece, twelve miles square, at the British fort on the Miami of the lake at the foot of the rapids. (9.) One piece, six miles square, at the mouth of the said river where it empties into the lake.. (10.) One piece, six miles square, upon Sandusky lake, where a fort formerly stood. (11.) One piece, two miles square, at the lower rapids of Sandusky river. (12.) The post of Detroit and all the land to the north, the west and the south of it, of which the Indian title has been extinguished by gifts or grants to the French or English governments; and so much more land to be annexed to the district of Detroit as shall be com. prehended between the river Rosine on the south, lake St. Clair on the north, and a line, the general course whereof shall be six miles distant from the west end of lake Erie and Detroit river. (13.). The post of Michillimackinac, and all the land on the island, on which that post stands, and the main land adjacent, of which the Indian title has been extinguished by gifts or grants to the French or English governments; and a piece of land on the main to the north of the island, to measure six miles on lake Huron, or the strait between lakes Huron and Michigan, and to extend three miles back from the water of the lake or strait, and also the island De Bois Blanc, being an extra and voluntary gift of the Chipewa nation. (14.) One piece of land, six miles square, at the mouth of Chikago river, emptying into the south-west end of lake Michigan, where a fort formerly stood. (15.) One piece, twelve miles square, at or near the mouth of the Illinois river, emptying into the Mississippi. (16.) One piece, six miles square, at the old Piorias fort and village, near the south end of the Illinois lake on said Illinois river: And whenever the United States shall think proper to survey and mark the boundaries of the lands hereby ceded to them, they shall give timely notice thereof to the said tribes of Indians, that they may appoint some of their wise chiefs to attend and see that the lines are run according to the terms of this treaty.
And the said Indian tribes will allow to the people Cession of of the United States a free passage by land and by passages in water, as one and the other shall be found convenient, certain laces. through their country, along the chain of posts here by the Inin beforementioned; that is to say, from the commencement of the portage aforesaid at or near Loromie's store, thence along said portage to the St. Mary's, and down the same to Fort Wayne, and then down the Miami to lake Erie : again, from the commencement of the portage at or near Loromie's store along the portage from thence to the river Au. Glaize, and down the same to its junction with the Miami at Fort Defiance: again, from the commence. ment of the portage aforesaid, to Sandusky river, and down the same to Sandusky bay and lake Erie, and from Sandusky to the post which shall be taken at or near the foot of the rapids of the Miami of the lake: and from thence to Detroit. Again, from the mouth of Chikago to the commencement of the portage, between that river and the Illinois, and down the Illi. nois river to the Mississippi, also from Fort Wayne
along the portage aforesaid which leads to the Wa. bash, and then down the Wabash to the Ohio. And the said Indian tribes will also allow to the people of the United States the free use of the harbors and mouths of rivers along the lakes adjoining the Indian lands, for sheltering vessels and boats, and liberty to land their cargoes where necessary for their safety.
In consideration of the peace now established, and ment of cer- of the cessions and relinquishments of lands, made in tain lands by the preceding article, by the said tribes of Indians,
and to manifest the liberality of the United States, as the great means of rendering this peace strong and perpetual; the United States relinquish their claims to all other Indian lands northward of the river Ohio, eastward of the Mississippi and westward and southward of the Great Lakes and the waters uniting them, according to the boundary line agreed on by the United States and the king of Great Britain, in the treaty of peace made between them in the year 1783. But from this relinquishment by the United
States, the following tracts of land are explicitly exExceptions.
cepted : 1st. The tract of one hundred and fifty thousand acres near the rapids of the river Ohio, which has been assigned to general Clark, for the use of himself and his warriors. 2d. The post of St. Vincennes on the river Wabash, and the lands adjacent, of which the Indian title has been extinguished. 3d. The lands at all other places in possession of the French people and other white settlers among them, of which the Indian title has been extinguished as mentioned in the 3d article ; and 4th. The post of Fort Massac towards the mouth of the Ohio. To which several parcels of land so excepted, the said tribes relinquish all the title and claim which they or any of them may have.
And for the same considerations and with the same Annual allowance to be views as above mentioned, the United States now de. made to the liver to the said Indian tribes, a quantity of goods, to Indians. the value of twenty thousand dollars, the receipt
whereof they do hereby acknowledge ; and henceforward every year forever the United States will deliver at some convenient place northward of the river Ohio, like useful goods, suited to the circumstances of the Indians, of the value of nine thousand five hundred dollars; reckoning that value at the first cost of the goods in the city or place in the United States, where they shall be procured. The tribes to which those goods are to be annually delivered, and the proportions in which they are to be delivered, are the fol. lowing:
1st. To the Wyandots, the amount of one thou. sand dollars. 2d. To the Delawares, the amount of one thousand dollars. 3d. To the Shawanese, the amount of one thousand dollars. 4th. To the Mia. mis, the amount of one thousand dollars. 5th. To the Ottawas, the amount of one thousand dollars. 6th. To the Chipewas, the amount of one thousand dollars. 7th. To the Putawatimies, the amount of one thousand dollars. 8th. And to the Kickapoo, Weeá, Eel-river, Piankashaw and Kaskaskias tribes, the amount of five hundred dollars each.
Provided, That if either of the said tribes shall hereafter at an annual delivery of their share of the goods aforesaid, desire that a part of their annuity should be furnished in domestic animals, implements of husbandry and other utensils, convenient for them, and in compensation to useful artificers who may reside with or near them, and be employed for their benefit, the same shall, at the subsequent annual delive. ries, be furnished accordingly.
To prevent any misunderstanding about the Indian Indians have lands, relinquished by the United States, in the fourth right to hunt article, it is now explicitly declared, that the meaning
on lands re
linquished by of that relinquishment is this: The Indian tribes who u.'S. have a right to those lands, are quietly to enjoy them, hunting, planting and dwelling thereon, so long as they please, without any molestation from the Uni. ted States; but when those tribes, or any of them, shall be disposed to sell their lands, or any part of but may sell them, they are to be sold only to the United States ; and to be unand until such sale, the United States will protect all der their prothe said Indian tribes in the quiet enjoyment of their tection.