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The general boundary line between the lands of Boundaries the United States and of the said Indian tribes shall be as follows, to wit: Beginning at a point on the Missouri river opposite to the mouth of the Gasconade river; thence in a direct course so as to strike the river Jeffreon at the distance of thirty miles from its mouth and down the said Jeffreon to the Missis. sippi, thence up the Mississippi to the mouth of the Ouisconsing river and up the same to a point which shall be thirty.six miles in a direct line from the mouth of the said river, thence by a direct line to the point where the Fox river (a branch of the Illi. nois) leaves the small lake called Sakaegan, thence down the Fox river to the Illinois river, and down the same to the Mississippi. And the said tribes, for and in consideration of the friendship and pro. tection of the United States which is now extended to them, of the goods (to the value of two thousand two hundred and thirty-four dollars and fifty cents) which are now delivered, and of the annuity herein. ' after stipulated to be paid, do hereby cede and relinquish forever to the United States, all the lands in. cluded within the above described boundary,
. In consideration of the cession and relinquish- Goods to be ment of land made in the preceding article, the delivered to
the Indian United States will deliver to the said tribes at the in town of St. Louis, or some other convenient place Louis every on the Mississippi yearly, and every year, goods sui- year. ted to the circumstances of the Indians, of the value of one thousand dollars (six hundred of which are intended for the Sacs, and four hundred for the Foxes) reckoning that value at the first cost of the goods in the city or place in the United States where they shall be procured. And if the said tribes shall hereafter, at an annual delivery of the goods afore. said, desire that a part of their annuity should be furnished in domestic animals, implements of hus. bandry and other utensils convenient for them, or in compensation to useful artificers who may reside
with or near them, and be employed for their bene. fit, the same shall at the subsequent annual delivery be furnished accordingly.
Indians to be The United States will never interrupt the said secured in tribes in the possession of the lands which they their posses. sions, &c.
rightfully claim, but will, on the contrary, protect them in the quiet enjoyment of the same against their own citizens and against all other white persons who may intrude upon them. And the said tribes do hereby engage that they will never sell their lands or any part thereof to any sovereign power, nor to the citizens of the United States.
Peace to be In order to evince the sincerity of their friendship
bere and affection for the United States, and a respectful tween the Sacs and deference for their advice by an act which will not Foxes and only be acceptable to them but to the common Father the Great and of all the nations of the earth-the said tribes do thro' the me- hercoy sosemhry promis
e hereby solemnly, promise and agree that they will put diation and an end to the bloody war which has heretofore raged under the di- between their tribes and those of the Great and Lit.
le tle Osages. And for the purpose of burying the U. S.
tomahawk and renewing the friendly intercourse between themselves and the Osages, a meeting of their respective chiefs shall take place, at which, under the direction of the above named commissioner or the agent of Indians residing at St. Louis, an adjustment of all their differences shall be made and peace established upon a firm and lasting basis,
rection of t
Cession of As it is probable that the government of the Uni. land for the ted States will establish a military post at or near the establishment
military mouth of the Ouisconsing river and as the land on post at or the lower side of the river may not be suitable for near the that purpose, the said tribes hereby agree that a fort mouth of the may be built either on the upper side of the Ouis: Ouisconsing river. coosing or on the right bank of the Mississippi, as
the one or the other may be found most convenient, Traders or oand a tract of land not exceeding two miles square thers travelshall be given for that purpose. And the said tribes
vee ling thro' In
es dian country do further agree, that they will at all times allow to to co unmoltraders and other persons travelling through their ested in their country, under the authority of the United States, a persons, and
free from any free and safe passage for themselves and their pro- to perty of every description. And that for such pas- tion. sage they shall at no time and on no account whatever be subject to any toll or exaction.
toll or exac
TREATIES WITH THE CHEROKEES. Articles of a Treaty agreed upon between the
United States of America, by their commissioners Return J. Meigs and Daniel Smith, Tell
", Oct, 1805. appointed to hold conferences with the Cherokee Indians, for the purpose of arranging certain interesting matters with the said Cherokees, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and heal men of the said nation, of the other part.
The Cherokees quit-claim and cede to the Unite ed States, all the land which they have heretofore Cession from claimed, lying to the north of the following boundae the Cherory line : beginning at the mouth of Duck river, runde ning theoce up the main stream of the same to the junction of the fork, at the head of which fort Nash Boundaries. stood, with the main south fork; thence a direct course to a point on the Tennessee river bank, oppo. site the mouth of Hiwassee river. If the line from Hiwassee should leave out Field's Settlement, it is to be marked round his improvement, and then continued the straight course; thence up the middle of the Tennessee river, (but leaving all the islands to the Cherokees,) to the mouth of Clinch rive
er; thence up the Clinch river to the former bounda-
Sum of mo. In consideration of the above cession and relin. ney to be
quishment, the United States agree to pay immediately in mer. ately, three thousand dollars in valuable merchandise, chandise and and eleven thousand dollars within ninety days after an annuity the ratification of this treaty ; and also an annuity of afterwards.
, three thousand dollars, the commencement of which Part thereof
is this day. But so much of the said eleven thoumachines for sand dollars, as the said Cherokees may agree to acagriculture cept in useful articles of, and machines for, agricul. and manufac- turer
ture and manufactures, shall be paid in those articles, at their option.
The citizens of the United States shall have the the citizens free and unmolested use and enjoyment of the two of the U.S. following described roads, in addition to those to have the which are at present established through their coun, use of certain
" roads. try; one to proceed from some convenient place near the head of Stone's river; and fall into the Georgia road at a suitable place towards the south- scribed." ern frontier of the Cherokees. The other to proceed from the neighborhood of Franklin, or Big Harpath, and, crossing the Tennessee at or near the Muscle Shoals, to pursue the nearest and best way to the settlements on the Tombigbee. These roads shall be viewed and marked out by men appointed on each side for that purpose, in order that they may be directed the nearest and best ways, and the time of doing the business, the Cherokees shall be duly notified.
Articles of a Treaty between the United States
of America, by their commissioners, Return pell Í. Meigs and Daniel Smith, who are ap- Oct. 1895 pointed to hold conferences with the Cherokees, for the purpose of arranging certain interesting matters with the said Indians, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs, and head men of the Cherokees, of the other part.
And whereas the mail of the United States, is or
Cherokees dered to be carried from Knoxville to New Orleans, che through the Cherokee, Creek and Choctaw coun- use of a road tries; the Cherokees agree that the citizens of the thro' their United States, shall have, so far as it goes, through content their country, the free and unmolested use, of a of the mail. road leading from Tellico to Tonbigbee, to be laid out by viewers, appointed on both sides, who shall