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Ainidst thy arms and trophies thou
And as the earth, our land produc'd Wert valiant and gentle too;
Iron and steel, which should to tear ourselves be us'd: Woundedst thyself, when thou didst kill thy foe. Our strength within itself did break, Like steel, when it much work has past,
Like thundering cannons crack, That which was rough does shine at last,
And kill'd those that were near, Thyarms by being oftenerus’ddid smoother grow. While th' enemies secure and untouch'd were. Nor did thy battles make thee proud or high, But now our trumpets thou hast made to sound Thy conquest rais'd the state, not thee:
Against their enemies walls in foreign ground; Thou overcam'st thyself in every victory. And yet no echo back to us returning found, As when the Sun in a directer line
England is now the happy peaceful isle, Upon a polish'd golden shield doth shine,
And all the world the while The shield reflects unto the Sun again his light: Is exercising arms and wars So when the Heavens smil'd on thee in fight; With foreign or intestine jars. When thy propitious God hath lent
The torch extinguish'd here, we lent to others oil. Success and victory to thy tent;
We give to all, yet know ourselves no fear; To Heaven again the victory was sent,
We reach the flame of ruin and of death,
Where'er we please our swords t' unsheath, England, till thou didst come,
Whilst we in calm and temperate regions breathe:, Contin'd her valour home;
Like to the Sun, whose heat is hurl'd Then our own rocks did stand
Through every corner of the world; Bounds to our fame as well as land,
Whose flame through all the air doth go, And were to us as well
And yet the Sun himself the while no fire does know, As to our enemies unpassable: We were asham'd at what we read,
Besides, the glories of thy peace And blush'd at what our fathers did,
Are not in number nor in value less. Because we came so far behind the dead.
Thy hand did cure, and close the scars The British lion hung his mane, and droop'd,
Of our bloody civil wars; To slavery and burthen stoop'd,
Not only lanc'd but heal'd the wound, With a degenerate sleep and fear
Made us again as healthy and as sound: Lay in his den and languish'd there;
When now the ship was well nigh lost, At whose least voice before,
After the storm upon the coast, A trembling echo ran through every shore,
By its mariners endanger'd most; And shook the world at every roar:
When they their ropes and helms had left, Thou his subdued courage didst restore,
When the planks asunder cleft, Sharpen'd his claws, and from his eyes
And floods came roaring in with mighty sound, Mad'st the same dreadful lightning rise;
Thou a safe landand harbour for us found, (drown'd; Mad'sthim again affright the neighbouring floods. And savedst those that would themselves have His inighty thunder sounds through all the woods: A work which none but Heaven and thou could do, Thou hast our military fame redeem'd,
T'hou mad'st us happy whether we would or no: Which was lost, or clouded seem'd:
Thy judgment, mercy, temperance so great, Nay, more, Heaven did by thee bestow
As if those virtues only in thy mind had seat: On us, at once an iron age and happy too.
Thy piety not only in the field, but peace,
When Heaven seem'd to be wanted least; Till thou command'st, that azure chain of waves, Thy temples not like Janus only were Which Nature round about us sent,
Open in time of war, Made us to every pirate slaves,
When thou badst greater cause to fear:
Religion and the awe of Heaven possest
Nor didst thou only for thy age provide,
But for the years to come beside; As it is to the Sun,
Our after-times and late posterity Only a bed to sleep on was:
Shall pay unto thy fame as much as we; And not as now a powerful throne,
They too are made by thee.
When Fate did call thee to a higher throne, To shake and sway the world thereon. Our princes in their hand a globe did show,
And when thy mortal work was done, But not a perfect one,
When Heaven did say it, and thou must be gone, Compos'd of earth and water too.
Thou him to bear thy burthen chose, But thy commands the floods obey'd,
Who inight (if any could) make us forget thy loss; Thou all the wilderness of water sway'd :
Nor hadst thou him design'd, Thou didst not only wed the sea,
Had he not been Not make her equal, but a slave to thee.
Not only to thy blood, but virtue kin, Neptune himself did bear thy yoke,
Not only heir unto thy throne, but mind: Stoop'd, and trembled at thy stroke:
'Tis he shall perfect all thy cares, He that ruled all the main,
And with a finer thread weave out thy loom: Acknowledg'd thee his sovereign:
So one did bring the chosen people from And now the conquer'd sea doth pay
Their slavery and fears, More tribute to thy Thames than that unto the sea.
Led them through their pathless road;
Guided himself by God, Till now our valonr did ourselves more burt; Has brought them to the borders; but a second hand
Our wounds to other nations were a sport; Did settle and secure them in the promis'd land.
PERSON OF HONOUR
PLAGUE OF ATHENS,
WHICH HAPPENED IN THE SECOND YEAR OF (MR. EDWARD HOWARD),
THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR: UPON uts INCOMPARABLE, INCOMPREHENSIBLE First described in Greek by Thucydides; then in Latin POEM, ENTITULED,
THE BRITISH PRINCES.
To my worthy and learned friend Dr. Walter Pope, Your book our old knight-errants' fame revives,
late proctor of the University of Oxford. Writ in a stile agreeing with their lives.
SIR, 'All rumours' strength their prowess did out-go, I All rumours' skill your verses far out-do :
KNOW not what pleasure you could take in beTo praise the Welsh the world must now com
stowing your commands so unprofitably, unless it
be that for which nature sometimes cherishes and bine, Since to their leeks you do your laurel join:
allows monsters, the love of variety. This only Such lofty strains your country's story fit,
delight you will receive by turning over this rude Whose mountain nothing equals but your wit.
and unpolished copy, and comparing it with my Bonduca, were she such as here we see
excellent patterns, the Greek and Latin. By this (In British paint), none could more dreadful be:
you will see how much a noble subject is changi With naked armies she encounter'd Rome,
and disfigured by an ill hand, and what reasca Whose strength with naked Nature you o’er- but by some celebrated pencil
. In Greek, The;
Alexander had to forbid his picture to be drawn Nor let small critics blame this mighty queen,
cydides so well and so lively expresses it, that I That in king Arthur's time she here is seen:
know not which is more a poem, bis description You that can make immortal by your song,
or that of Lucretius. Though it must be said, May well one life four hundred years prolong.
that the historian had a vast advantage over the Thus Virgil bravely dar'd for Dido's love,
poet; he, having been present on the place, aud The settled course of time and years to move,
assaulted by the disease himself, had the horror Though him you imitate in this alone,
familiar to his eyes, and all the shapes of the In all things else you borrow help from none:
misery still remaining on his mind, which most No antique tale of Greece or Rome you take,
needs make a great impression on his pen and Their fables and examples you forsake,
fancy; whereas the poet was forced to follow his With true beroic glory you display
footsteps, and only work on that matter he allowed A subject new, writ in the newest way.
hiin. This I speak, because it may in some meaGo forth, great anthor, for the world's delight;
sure too excuse my own defects: for being so far Teach it, for none e'er taught you, how to
removed from the place whereon the disease acid write;
his tragedy, and time having denied us many of They talk strange things that ancient poets did,
the circumstances, customs of the coumtry, and How streets and stones they into buildings lead:
other small things which would be of great use to For poems to raise cities, now, 'tis hard,
any one who did intend to be perfect on the subject; But yours, at least, will build half Paul's church- besides only writing by an idea of that which i yard.
never yet saw, nor care to feel (being not of the humour of the painter in sir Philip Sidney, who thrust himself into the midst of a fight, that he might the better delineate it). Haying, I say, a
these disadvantages, and many more for which I ON HIS MISTRESS DROWND. must only blame myself, it cannot be expected that
I should come near equalling him, in whom nore SWEET stream, that dost with equal pace
of the contrary advantages were wanting. Thus Both thyself fly and thyself chase,
then, sir, by emboldening me to this rash attempt, Forbear awhile to flow,
you have given opportunity to the Greek and And listen to my woe.
Latin to triumph over our mother tongue. Yet i
would not have the honour of the countries or lanThen go and tell the sea that all its brine guages engaged in the comparison, but that the Is fresh, compar'd to mine:
inequality should reach no farther than the authors. Inform it that the gentler dame,
But I have much reason to fear the just indignation Who was the life of all my flame,
of that excellent person (the present orvament l'th' glory of her bud
and honour of our mation) whose way of writing Has pass'd the fatal food,
I imitate: for he may think himself as much inDeath by this only stroke triumphs above jured by my following him, as were the Heaveus The greatest power of love:
by that bold man's counterfeiting the sacred and Alas, alas! I must give o'er,
unimitable noise of thunder, by the sound of brass My sighs will let me add no more.
and horses hoofs. I shall only say for myself, that Go on, sweet stream, and henceforth rest I took Cicero's advice, who bids us, io imitation, No more than does my troubled breast;
propose the noblest pattern to our thoughts; for And if my sad complaints have made thee stay, so we may be sure to be raised above the common
These tears, these tears, shall mend thy way. level, though we come infinitely short of what we
aim at. Yet I hope that renowned poet will have and their breath noisome and unsavoury. Upon pone of my crimes any way reflect on himself; this followed a sneezing and hoarseness, and not for it was not any fault in the excellent musician, long after, the pain, together with a mighty that the weak bird, endeavouring by straining its cough, came down into the breast. And when throat to follow his notes, destroyed itself in the once it was settled in the stomach, it caused voattempt. Well, sir, by this, that I have chosen mit, and with great torment came up all manner rather to expose myself than to be disobedient, of bilious purgation that physicians ever named. you may guess with what zeal and hazard I strive Most of them had also the hickyexe, which brought to approve myself,
with it a strong convulsion, and in some ceased Sir, your most humble and
quickly, but in others was long before it gave affectionate servant,
Their bodies outwardly to the touch were THO. SPRAT. neither very hot nor pale, but reddish, livid, and
beflowered with little pimples and whelks; but so burned inwardly, as not to endure any the lightest clothes or linen garment to be upon them, nor
any thing but mere nakedness, but rather most THUCYDIDES, Lib. II.
willingly to have cast themselves into the cold
water. And many of them that were not looked AS IT IS EXCELLENTLY TRANSLATED BY to, possessed with insatiate thirst, ran unto the
wells; and to drink much or little was indifferent,
being still from ease and power to sleep as far as In the very beginning of summer, the Pelopon- ever. nesians, and their confederates, with two-thirds As long as the discase was at the height, their of their forces, as before, invaded Attica, under bodies wasted not, but resisted the torment bethe conduct of Archidamus, the son of Zeuxida yond all expectation, insomuch as the most of mas, king of Lacedemon: and after they had en them either died of their inward burning in nine camped themselves, wasted the country about or seven days, whilst they had yet strength; or them.
if they escaped that, then, the disease falling They had not been many days in Attica, when down in their bellies, and causing there great exthe plague first began amongst the Athenians, said ulcerations and immoderate looseness, they died also to have seized formerly on divers other parts, many of them afterwards through weakness : for as about Lemnos, and elsewhere; but so great a the disease (which first took the head) began plague, and mortality of men, was never remem- above, and came down, and passed through the bered to bave happened in any place before. For whole body: and he that overcame the worst of at first neither were the physicians able to cure it, it was yet marked with the loss of his extreme through ignorance of what it was, but died fastest parts; for, breaking out both at their privy memthemselves, as being the men that most ap- bers, and at their fingers and toes, many with the proached the sick, nor any other art of man avail- loss of these escaped. There were also some that ed whatsoever. All supplications to the gods, lost their eyes, and many that presently upon and inquiries of oracles, and whatsoever other their recovery were taken with such an oblivion means they used of that kind, proved all unpro- of all things whatsoever, as they neither knew fitable, insomuch as, subdued with the greatness themselves nor their acquaintance. For this was of the evil, they gave them all over. It began a kind of sickness which far surmounted all ex(by report) first in that part of Æthiopia that lieth pression of words, and both excecded human naupon Ægypt, and thence fell down into Ægypt ture in the cruelty wherewith it handled, each and Afric, and into the greatest part of the ter one, and appeared also otherwise to be none of ritories of the king. It invaded Athens on a sud- those diseases that are bred among us, and that den, and touched first upon those that dwelt in especially by this : for all, both birds and beasts, Pyræus, insomuch as they reported that the Pe- that used to feed on human flesh, though many loponnesians had cast poison into their wells; for men lay abroad unburied, either came not at springs there were not any in that place. But them, or tasting, perished. An argument whereof, afterwards it came up into the high city, and as touching the birds, was the manifest defect of then they died a great deal faster. Now let every such fowl, which were not then seen, either about man, physician or other, concerning the ground the carcases, or any where else; but by the dogs, of this sickness, whence it sprung, and what causes because they are familiar with men, this effect he thinks able to produce so great an alteration, was seen much clearer. So that this disease (to speak according to his own knowledge; for my pass over many strange particulars of the acciown part, I will deliver but the manner of it, and dents that some had differently from others) was lay open only such things as one may take his in general such as I have shown; and for other mark by to discover the same if it come again, usual sicknesses at that time, no man was troubled having been both sick of it myself, and seen with any. Now they died, some for want of atothers sick of the game. This year, by confes-tendance, and some again with all the care and sion of all men, was of all other, for other dis- physic that could be used. Nor was there any, eases, most free and healthful. If any man were to say, certain medicine, that applied must have sick before, his disease turned to this; if not, yet helped them; for if it did good to on.', it did suddenly, without any apparent cause preceding, harm to another; nor any difference of body for and being in perfect health, they were taken first strength or weakness that was able to resist it; with an extreine ache in their heads, redness and but carried all away, what physic soever was adinflammation in the eyes; and then inwardly ministered. But the greatest misery of all was, their throats and topgues grew presently bloody, the defection of mind, in such as found themselves
beginning to be sick (for they grew presently crimes by judgment. But they thought there desperate, and gave themselves over without mak was now over their heads some far greater judg. ing any resistance); as also their dying thus like ment decreed against them; before which fell, sheep, infected by mutual visitation : for if men they thought to enjoy some little part of their forbore to visit them for fear, then they died for-' lives. lorn, whereby many families became empty, for want of such as should take care of them. If they forbore not, then they died themselves, and THE PLAGUE OF ATHENS. principally the honestest men: for out of shame Unhappy man! by Nature made to sway, they would not spare themselves, but went in
And yet is every creature's prey, unto their friends, especially after it was come to that pass, that even their domestics, wearied Destroy'd by those that should his power obey.
Of the whole world we call mankind the lords, with the lamentations of them that died, and overcome with the greatness of the calamity,
Flattering ourselves with mighty words;
Of all things we the monarchs are, were no longer moved therewith. But those that
And so we rule, and so we domineer; were recovered, had much compassion both op
All creatures else about us stand them that died, and on them that lay sick, as having both known the misery themselves, and
Like some pretorian band, now no more subject to the like danger; for this
To guard, to help, and to defend;
Yet they sometimes prove enemies, disease never took a man a second time so as to be mortal. And these men were both by others Our very guards rebel, and tyrannize.
Sometimes against us rise; counted happy; and they also themselves, through
Thousand diseases sent by Fate excess of present joy, conceived a kind of light hope never to die of any other sickness hereafter.
(Unhappy servants !) on us wait;
A thousand treacheries within Besides the present affliction, the reception of
Are laid, weak life to win; the country people and of their substance into the city, oppressed both them, and much more
Huge troops of maladies without the people themselves that so came in: for, hava (A grim, a meagre, and a dreadful rout!) ing no houses, but dwelling at that time of the And with sure slowness do our bodies take;
Some formal sieges make, year in stifling booths, the mortality was now without all form; and dying men lay tumbling Some with quick violence storm the town,
And throw all in a moment down: oné upon another in the streets, and men half dead about every conduit through desire of water.
Some one peculiar fort assail, The temples also where they dwelt in tents were
Some by general attempts prevail. all full of the dead that died within them; for, And sınall is the assistance they can give:
Small herbs, alas, can only us relieve, oppressed with the violence of the calamity, and not knowing what to do, men grew careless, both
How can the fading offspring of the field of holy and profane things alike. And the laws
Sure health and succour yield? which they formerly used touching funerals were
What strong and certain remedy, all now broken, every one burying where he Wheu that which makes us live doth every winter
What firm and lasting life can ours be, (die? could find room. And many for want of things necessary, after so many deaths before, were Nor is this all: we do not only breed forced to become impudent in the funerals of Within ourselves the fatal seed their friends. For when one had made a funeral Of change, and of decrease in every part, pile, another getting before him would throw on Head, belly, stomach, and root of life, the heart; his dead, and give it fire. And when one was in Not only have our autumn, when we must burning, another would come, and, having cast Of our own nature turn to dust, thereon him whom he carried, go his way again. When leaves and fruit must fall; And the great licentiousness, which also in other But are expos'd to mighty tempests too, kinds was used in the city, began at first from Which do at once what they would slowly do, this disease. For that which a man before would Which throw down fruit and tree of life witha!. disscmble, and not acknowledge to be done for From ruin we in vain voluptuousness, he durst now do freely, seeing Our bodies by repair maintain, before his eyes such quick revolution; of the rich Bodies compos'd of stuff dying and men worth nothing inheriting their Mouldering and frail enough; estates; insomuch as they justified a speedy Yet from without as well we fear fruition of their goods, even for their pleasure, as A dangerous and destructive war. men that thought they held their lives but by the From heaven, from earth, from sea, from air, day. As for pains, no man was forward in any We like the Roman empire shall decay, action of honour, to take any, because they
And our own force would melt away thought it uncertain whether they should die or By the intestine jar pot before they achieved it. But what any man
Of elements, which on each other prey, knew to be delightful, and to be profitable to The Cæsars and the Pompeys within which we bear: pleasure, that was made both profitable and ho Yet are (like that) in danger too nourable. Neither the fear of the gods, nor laws Of foreign armies, and external foe. of men, awed any man. Not the former, because Sometimes the Gothish and the barbarous rage they concluded it was alike to worship or not Of plague or pestilence attends man's age, worship, from seeing that alike they all perished:
Which neither force nor arts asswage; nor the latter, because no man expected that his Which cannot be avoided or withstood, life would last till he received punishment of his But drowns, and over-runs with unexpected flood.
On Ethiopia, and the southern sands,
In every limb a dreadful pain they felt, The unfrequented coasts, and parched lands, Tortur'd with secret coals they melt;
Whither the Sun too kind a heat doth send, The Persians call’d their Sun in vain, (The Sun, which the worst neighbour is, and the Their god increas'd the pain. best friend)
They look'd up to their god no more, Hither a mortal influence came,
But curse the beams they worshipped before, A fatal and unhappy flame,
And hate the very fire which once they did adore. Kindled by Heaven's angry beam. With dreadful frowns, the Heavens scatter'd here Glutted with ruin of the east, Cruel infectious heats into the air:
She took her wings, and down to Athens pass'd; Now all the stores of poison sent,
Just Plague! which dost no parties take, Threatening at once a general doom,
Bat Greece as well as Persia sack, Lavish'd out all their hate, and meant
While in unnatural quarrels they In future ages to be innocent,
(Like frogs and mice) each other slay; Not to disturb the world for many years to come.
Thou in thy ravenous claws took'st both away. Hold, Heavens! hold; why should your sacred Thither it came, and did destroy the town, fire
Whilst all its ships and soldiers looked on; Which doth to all things life inspire,
And now the Asian plague did more By whose kind beams you bring
Than all the Asian force could do before. Forth yearly every thing,
Without the wall the Spartan army sate,
The Spartan army came too late:
They saw the city open lay,
An easy and a bootless prey; The earth, the air, the fields, the cities to an They saw the rampires empty stand, noy?
The fleets, the walls, the forts unmann'd. That which before reviv'd, why should it now de No need of cruelty or slaughters now, stroy?
The plague had finish'd what they came to do;
They might now unresisted enter there, Those Afric deserts straight were double deserts Did they not the very air grown,
More than the Athenians fear, The ravenous beasts were left alone,
The air itself to them was wall and bulwarks too. The ravenous beasts then first began To pity their old enemy, man,
Unhappy Athens! it is true thou wert And blam’d the Plague for what they would them The proudest work of Nature and of Art: selves have done.
Learning and strength did thee composé, Nor staid the cruel evil there,
As soul and body us: Nor could be long confin'd unto one air;
But yet thou only thence art made Plagues presently forsake
A nobler prey for Fates t’invade; The wilderness which they themselves do make. Those mighty numbers that within thee Away the deadly breaths their journey take,
breathe, Driven by a mighty wind,
Do only serve to make a fatter feast for Death. They a new booty and fresh forage find:
Death in the most frequenti d places lives; The loaded wind went swiftiy on,
Most tribute from the crowd receives; And as it pass'd, was heard to sigh and groan. And though it bears a scythe, and seems to own On Egypt next it seiz'd,
A rustic life alone, Nor could but by a general ruin be appeas'd,
It loves no wilderness, Egypt, in rage, back on the south did look,
No scatter'd villages, And wonder'd thence should come th' unhappy But mighty populous palaces, stroke,
The throng, the tumult, and the town. From whence before her fruitfulness she took. What strange unheard-of conqueror is this, Egypt did now curse and revile
Which by the forces that resist it doth increase! Those very lands from whence she has her Nile; When other conquerors are Egypt now fear'd another Hebrew god,
Obligd to make a slower war, Another angel's hand, a second Aaron's rod.
Nay sometimes for themselves may fear,
And must proceed with watchful care, Then on it goes, and through the sacred land When thicker troops of enemies appear; Its angry forces did command;
This stronger still, and more successful grows, But God did place an angel there
Down sooner all before it throws,
If gruater multitudes of mon do it oppose,
Nor staid, as the great conqueror did, Themselves by wooden walls did save,
And therefore first to them th' infection gave, Which did it from the shore divide,
Lest they new succour thence receive.
The honour thou before hadst won;
Not all thy merchandize, And all that sacrifice unto the Sup:
Thy wcalth, thy treasuries, VOL. IX.