« EdellinenJatka »
Sandercock, his grammar school, which he quitted in their favour. This seminary had always been in high estimation, from the great character of the master; and the prices paid, considerable. They carried it on for some time with success, but from one cause and another it decreased, and Mr. S. quitted it to Mr. K., who held it for only half a year. Mr. K. now returned to his former patron, who reinstalled him in his former place. This gentleman venerated his virtues, and ad. mired his character; indeed, it seemed to be the constant study of that whole family to oblige him. As the business he was now engaged in demanded his constant attendance, and the natural decay of bis sight, be seldom appeared in the pulpit, except for his ardent friend, Mr. Burroughs.
In the year 1740 he wrote the “ History of the reign of George II.” It was added to " Howell's Medula Hist. Ang. ;” and soon atterwards an “ History of England,” in one Vol., 8vo, printed in 1745. It has been esteemed by competent judges the best abridged History of England extant. The literary performances that, during the last twenty years of his life, he either prepared for ihe press, or lent his assistance to, would be loo numerous to mention, as his judgment was consulted by all ranks of authors. It would be difficult to add any thing to the character given of him by the Rev. Joseph Burroughs, in his funeral sermon. A specimen of his preaching is preserved in a volume of his sermons, published after his death, (which bappened on January 28th, 1755, aged sixty-two) in 1756. They are twenty in number, and are chiefly practical. The eighteenth sermon in this volume, was preached at the funeral of Elizabeth, the third wife and relict of John Milton, author of Paradise Lost, on March 10th, 1726. She was a constant attendant, if not a member, of the General Baptist Church at Nantwich. Ipswich.
J. R. CORRESPONDENCE.
THOUGHTS ON HEB. X. 26, 27. stance;" “having a confidence which hath
great recompense of reward,” &c. After To the Editor of the General Baptist Repository. such a description of the character of the
My dear Sir,—The following observations persons spoken of in the verses under con. on the passage in Heb. x. 26, 27, an eluci. sideration, we are not prepared to say that dation of which an “Inquirer ” desires, are nominal professors merely are intended. at your service, to insert them in the Re. This cannot be argued from the apostle's pository, if in your estimation they suitably language, for the expressions he employs explain the author's meaning; if not, to are such as apply to Christians in general. suppress them.
Nor would he, if speaking of mere proThe passage in question reads as follows, fessors, use the term we, and so identify _“For if we sin wilfully after that we
himself with them. He is speaking of have received the knowledge of the truth,
Christians in general. there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,
Now, says the apostle, “If we sin wil. but a certain fearsul looking for of judg: fully,” &c. The sin against which he is ment and fiery indignation, which shall here guarding those to whom he wrote, is devour the adversaries.” The persons of not to be understood of every kind of sin whom the apostle is writing are Christians. a person may commit after he has “reHe describes them as persons that have ceived the knowledge of the truth;" but the “received the knowledge of the truth;" sin of deliberate apostacy, renouncing i. e., persons whose minds bave been en. Christianity, denying the truth of its reve. lightened by the Gospel, who have seen lations, representing and regarding it as a their lost and perishing condition, have vile imposture, the invention of ungodly embraced the offers of salvation, and con. and designing men, “a cunningly devised formed themselves to the requirements of fable.” The correctness of this represent. Christianity. In the context he speaks of ation appears, them as in “ their hearts sprinkled from an
First, From the meaning of the word evil conscience,” i.e., freed from the guilt used by the apostle, here rendered by our of sin; "and their bodies washed with translators "wilfully.” It is not the same pure water," which intends their holiness;
as knowingly, but of stronger import. The as "sanctified by the blood of the cove. original word is éxovolws the meaning of nant;" “ being illumipated ;" “having in which is voluntarily, deliberately, determin. heaven a better and an enduring sub- ately : sponte, ultro, in Latin, are equivalent to it. The weaning of the apostle, sin, nor is his case hopeless. Such cha. therefore, is not, if we sin by mere sudden racters are exhorted in Scripture to return, and violent impulse, or by inadvertency or and are encouraged to do so by the kind orersight; but if we sin deliberately, pre. assurance that God will receive them grasumptuously, with forethought, with settled ciously, and love them freely. See Jer. iii. intention and design.
22; Hosea xiv. 2--4; 1 John i. 8-10, Second, That the sin of deliberate apos- ii. 1, 2. The persons here intended are tacy is intended, is evident, further, from deliberate apostates, as is apparent from the context. He who has committed the what has been said above; and it might he sin in question, is represented, verse 29, as made more so, from a consideration of the haring “ trodden underfoot the Son of object of the author in writing the Epistle, God.". This is a strong figurative expres. which was to prevent Jewish Christians sion, denoting the most contemptuous treat- from defection from the christian religion. ment; regarding Christ as a vile malefactor, The consequence of this sin is most and wicked blasphemer and imposter, and awful. “For if we sin wilfully," &c., “there as having deservedly suffered the disgrace. remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but a ful and cruel death of the cross for his certain fearful looking for of judgment,” blasphemy and false pretensions; "counted &c. If you make defection from Chris. the blood of the covenant wherewith he tianity, renounce the Gospel, give up your was sanctified an unholy thing;" i. e., view. hope and trust in Jesus Christ, no other ing the blood of Christ by which the new atoning sacrifice is or can be provided for covenant is ratified not as possessing any you. No other makes real atonement for atoning, sanctifying, saving efficacy, but as sin: this being renounced, therefore, your a common thing, as the blood of a vile im. case is desperate. The sacrifices under the postor, and as worthless; "and hath done law are abolished, and no forgiveness can despite unto the Spirit of grace.” It is possibly be expected through them. The most probable that the Holy Spirit is here sacrifice under the new covenant is nerer, intended, and that the apostle is referring like the Jewish sacrifices, to be repeated. to the extraordinary effusions of the Holy Apostacy from your present religion, thereGhost in the first ages of Christianity, by fore, is final perdition. There is nothing which miracles were performed in confirma. remaining for you “but a certain fearful tion of its truth. By him, therefore, that looking for of judgment and fiery indigna. does despite to the Xoly Spirit, treats him tion, which shall devour the adversaries." with malignity or contempt, is meant, in “He that despised Moses' law died without this place, one who violently opposes his mercy under two or three witnesses: of influences, denies their reality, and con- how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, temptuously and wickedly ascribes the mi. shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodracles performed by his agency to satanic den underfoot the Son of God," &c. As influence or magical arts. It would ap- the Gospel is infinitely more excellent and pear, indeed it is generally considered, that important than the law, the sin of despising the apostle intends the same thing with our it is incomparably greater, and the punishLord, Matt. xii. 32, the sin against the mentinconceivably heavier. See cap. ii. 1-4. Holy Ghost, which Christ calls “ speaking Such are the thoughts, dear Sir, that against the Holy Ghost."
have occurred to me on this passage. I The apostle compares the sin under con- would say, conclusion, let us be on our sideration with that which the Jews com- guard against this evil, so aggravated in its mitted in “despising" the law of Moses. character, and so awful in its consequences; “ He that despised Moses' law," was one and not only against this, but against sin who set it at nought, denied its divine of every kind. The backslider need not authority, regarded it as a human inven. be fearful that he has committed this sin. tion, and who contemptuously transgressed Though his sin is great, it is not the sin of and derided it. If, therefore, there is any deliberate apostacy. Let him, therefore, as meaning in the comparison, the person de he is called and encouraged in scripture to do scribed by the apostle must have treated so, repent, and “take unto him words, and the Gospel in a similar manner.
return to the Lord, who will have mercy upon This, then, is a case pot of backsliding, him, and to our God, who will abundantly but of deliberate apostacy. A person may pardon him." Yours respectfully, be overtaken in a fault, may sin, and may
March 9th, 1841.
J. N. eren decline in religion, without renouncing the Gospel as a system, or committing the
ANSWER TO AN OBJECTION AGAINST sins bere enumerated. And though the sin of the backslider is great, and his state In many of the works by the advocates dangerous, yet it is not an unpardonable of baptizing by sprinkling or affusion, an
Vol. 3.- N. S.
BAPTISM BY IMMERSION.
objection is urged against dipping the sub- feet; and aduveiv, plunein, the clothes." – jects of this ordinance, by saying, that See Heb. Dict., art. Dad. On this I would though in the Old Testament there were
remark, numerous instances in their “divers bap.
1. Moses had to wash all over (according tisms" (Heb. ix. 10) of persons having to bathe and wash their whole bodies, yet there transalation generally renders the word)
to Parkhust, had to bathe, as the English is no instance of any one having to do this the bodies of Aaron and his sons. to the body of another, And then they
2. The septuagint says the same. launch away, with a temerity enough to make every one shudder at the possibility
shall bathe them, LOUDETAI; and that there of their being mistaken, into reproaches are too many passages in which this word against the indecency of our practice. Now, is used, to leave on the mind any doubt of Sir, I think that, in spite of their repeated
its meaning. assertion to the contrary, there is a very
3. The same word is used by Ananias to clear instance of one person applying water Saul, Acts xxii. 16, when urging him to be to the whole body of another; and what be immediately baptized, “ Wash away makes this the more certain is, that we have atrodovrai thy sins." the action described, both in the way of
I am, dear Sir, command, and in the recorded history of its
Yours faithfully, being obeyed. This matter is written in
A DISCIPLE OF TRUTR. Lev. viii. 6, “ And Moses brought Aaron, and his sons, and washed them with water.'
RENUNCIATION OF THE TITLE Now this word “washed," is the Hebrew
REVEREND. 7777, and is of a meaning sufficiently defi. (We insert this note at the request of Mr. nite. It occurs very often in this same book Matthews, though we are aware the course he of Leviticus: I need only mention the has adopted will be thought by some liable to
exception.--ED.) fifteenth chapter, where it occurs in verses 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13. In each of these
From a deep antipathy to all that is suverses the same word, porn, is translated, perstitious and untrue, I take the liberty of “bathe himself;" and a different word, 67); letter, or otherwise, with the title “ Rever
requesting my friends not to address me by is employed for the expression “wash his
I do not agree with Rome, or any other I cannot help thinking that the English system, whether Pagan or Christian, that translators were afraid of letting the people Teachers of Religion are a distinct caste, have the full advantage of comparing passage or have any more authority or respectabili. with passage, and word with word; and have, ty than those who follow any other lawful therefore, darkened the meaning of many occupation. words in the Scriptures, by rendering them I believe all sincere Christians are equally here one way, and there another. Here it respectable and reverend—that is, worthy of is passover, there easter; here atonement, being revered; that quality entitles to office, there reconciliation; here pardon, there re. but not office to quality; and that spiritual mission ; here bishop, there overseer; here qualifications should not be made the basis dip, there baptize; here wash, there bathe; of worldly honours. and I could mention more and more painful I object to a distinction without a mean. instances, in which the mere English reader ing, simply because it is not true; and beis robbed of a fair chance of forining his cause, by placing truly good men in the own opinion of the will of his Maker, by same class with their opposites, it serves, I this mischievous contrivance of needlessly fear, to obscure the real difference between translating the same phrase by different them. I would fain be reverend; but I words.
esteem it a poor compliment in these days Parkhurst has a valuable observation on to be called so. If my friends do not revere this washing. “In the Hebrew language me, they are not sincere in calling me are two words to express the different kinds reverend; if they do revere me, and will of washing; and they are always used with express their feelings, had they not better the strictest propriety. dad, cabas, that do so insiule their letters than outside ? Perkind of washing which pervades the sub. haps this disclaimer, on my part, will plead stance of the things washed; and yo7, ra. my apology, if at any time I omit the chatz, which only chases its surface. There phrase before the name of my friends in the is a similar distinction in the Greek, in
Thos. W. MATTHEWS. which noww, louo, is properly to wash the Boston, March 2, 1841. whole body; "ITTELY, niptein, the hands and
a beneficial or an evil tendency, both as it
regards the individuals themselves, and also Is it right to allow individuals of our upon others who may attend, and are still Cungregations the privilege of engaging in andecided in religion. A BAPTIST. prayer at public prayer.meetings; who, though seriously disposed, have not the in
MATTHEW XXIV. 29–42. clination to unite in Church fellowship, and Will any of the correspondents of the who hesitate not to express, it is not their Repository be so kind as to endeavour to intention ever to connect themselves with cast light upon the latter part of our Lord's any society of Christians? Or is it proper predictiou respecting the destruction of Jeruto encourage others in the same public salem, and the Jewish polity, in Matt. xxiv. manner, who though they have been mem. In verse thirty-four it is stated, “ This genebers of a Christian Church, have been sepa- ration shall not pass away till all these things rated by discipline, and appear, like the for. shall be fulfilled.” Does the whole paramer, most inclined to stand aloof from the graph relate to the Jewish affairs, or the fellowship of the Church? In each case second coming of Christ. supposed, is the practice most likely to have Lincolnshire.
REVIEW. A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE REN. tion, and that there is no one which is de
DERING OF THE WORD BAUTIZN in cidedly hostile to the interpretation.” And the ancient and many of the modern ver. he adds, “ In consistency, if that aid (i. e., sions of the New Testament, with espe.
of the British and Foreign Bible Society) cial reference to Dr. Henderson's animad- be withdrawn from the Serampore missionversions on Mr. Greenfield's statements aries because they have rendered baptizo to on the subject. By F. W. Gorch, A. B., immerse, then must it also be withdrawn Trinity College, Dublin. Ward and Co., from the Churches of Syria, of Arabia, of London.
Abyssinia, of Egypt, of Germany, of
Holland, of Denmark, &c.; and the vene. When will there be an end of controver. rable Peshito Syriac version, the Arabic sies on baptism? This is a question which versions of the propaganda, of Sabat, &c., cannot very readily be answered, and yet it the Ethiopian, the Coptic, and other vermight seem that the subject itself was one sions, must all be suppressed." not presenting a wide field of debatable Dr. Henderson immediately published a ground. The advocates of sprinkling, or reply to Mr. Greenfield in the Congrega
applying water in any way," are, it might tional Magazine, in which he animadverts seem," at their wits end" to find a divine strongly on the statements of Mr. Greensanction for their practice; and though the field on this subject. The present pam. language they use is often strong, positive, phlet is intended to give an examination of and learned, they appear to some candid the rendering of the word in question in all and intelligent observers as far from having the ancient versions, and in many of the attained their object as ever. Among modern ones, under the conviction, that other modes of settling the question of though the question of mode is a minor mode, an appeal has been made to the ren. affair, yet that we cannot regard it as an dering of the word baptizo in the more unimportant thing to ascertain the truth in ancient versions, and this most completely any matter connected with the standing establishes the authority of immersion. laws of Christ's kingdom." Mr. Gotch
It was objected to Dr. Carey and his comes to his task with every qualification colleagues, that they had “rendered to for its successful execution. Learned, baptize' by a phrase compounded contrary patient, candid, and without any purpose to to the idiom of the language, but which serve but to discover and display truth. can signify nothing else than to give a dip. The following are the results of his inping or immersion.” The late Mr. Green. vestigation. “We have now gone through field (not a Baptist) met this charge on the all the ancient versions which have been ground that the phrase was idiomatic; that it published; and noticed many modern ones was a correct translation of the word baptizo; in the course of our examination. and that to render it by a term signifying “ The conclusions to which the investi. immerse, was in accordance with established gation leads us, areusage. He observes, “it may safely be “1. With regard to the ancient versions, affirmed, that many of the most accurate in all of them, with three exceptions (viz. and valuable versions, both ancient and tho Latin from the third century, and the modern, are involved in the same accusa- Sahidic and Basmuric,) the word Bantífw is translated by words purely native; and facts like these? A resident in Pooree, an the three excepted versions adopted the idolater, states, that under our administraGreek word, not by way of transference, but tion Juggernaut had become popular, so in consequence of the term having become that the population of Pooree had increased current in the languages.
two-fold in his time. p. 12. “ Though the “Of native words employed, the Syriac, government have renounced the pilgrim Arabic, Ethiopic, Coptic, Armenian, Gothic, tax, they have agreed to give the temple and earliest Latin, all signify to immerse ; 47,000 rupees per annum; a sum,” Mr. the Anglo-Saxon, both to immerse and to Lacey remarks, “more than sufficient to cleanse; the Persic, to wash ; and the Sla. support the idol in all his glory, and to pervonic to cross. The meaning of the word petuate him for ever." In the Madras adopted from the Greek, in Sahidic, Bas- presidency, “it is now required of christian muric, and Lalin, being also to immerse. servants of the government, both civil and
“2. With regard to the modern versions military, to attend heathen and Mabomme. examined, the Eastern generally adhere to dan religious festivals, with a view of show. the ancient Eastern Versions, and translate ing them respect. In some instances they by words signifying to immerse. Most of are called upon to present offerings and do the Gothic dialects, viz. the German, Swe. homage to idols. The impure and degrad. dish, Dutch, Danish, &c., employ altered ing services of the pagoda are now carried forms of the Gothic word signifying to dip. on under the supervision and control of the The Icelandic uses a word meaning
cleanse. principal Europeans, and therefore chris The Slavic dialects follow the ancient Sla. tian officers of the government; and the vonic; and the languages formed from the management and regulation of the revenues Latin, including the English, adopt the and endowments, both at the pagodas and word baptizo; though, with respect to the mosques, are so vested ip them under the English, the words wash and christen were provisions of Regulation VII. of 1817, formerly used, as well as baptize."
that no important idolatrous ceremony can What reply Dr. Henderson can give to be performed, no attendant of the various this pamphlet we cannot conceive.
idols, not even the prostitutes of the temple, A LETTER TO THE Right HONOURABLE be entertained nor discharged, nor the least
LORD Viscount MELBOURNE, First expense incurred, without the official conLord of her Majesty's Treasury, on the currence, and orders of the christian funcPresent State of British Connexion with
tionary.” Idolutry in India at each of the four pro: “ I have just returned from witnessing the
An eye witness remarks, Dec. 11, 1839,vinces, and the Island of Ceylon. By the Rev. JAMES Peggs, late Missionary form the Honourable East India Company
annual ceremony of the presentation of gists at Cuttack, Orissa, author of "India's Cries," fc. Wightman, London.
to the Idol Yeggata, at Fort St. George,
“ I passed through the crowd of Natives Whether Lord Melbourne has read Mr. and bad a full view of the process. The Peggs's pamphlet or not, we trust it will be Honorable Company's presents, consisting read extensively by the British public, and of a scarf of crimson silk, a thirtee or ornathat British Christians will, ere long, ex. ment for the neck, apparently of gold and press their sentiments so strongly, that the attached to a yellow string, and another most luxurious and ease loving minister of scarf of scarlet woollen cloth, exactly resemthe crown, whoever he may be, will be in- bling that of which soldiers' jackets are duced to put an end to the abominations made, were borne several times round the which are here set before us. All that is Idol stage, with wreaths of Lowers, broken vile, obscene, and abominable in idolatry cocoa-nuts, &c. A peon, the white metal is supported by the authority of a profess. plate of whose belt bore the inscription edly christian government. But let us COLLECTOR OF MADRAS,' led on this probring forward a few facts. To all intents cession, clearing the way with his cane, and and purposes, there exists in Hindoostan a a number of men followed with long trumunion of Churchfand State; and the Church, pets, which they pointed towards the Idol instead of being episcopal, or popish, or and sounded. presbyterian, is the hateful system of Hin. “It might be interesting to trace to its doo idolatry. And it is also correct to add, origin, the strange and truly idolatrous that wbile the delicate and heavenly prin practice of this annual present made by the ciples of Christianity invariably wither and English to Yeggata. Did we listen to the die in the earthly embraces of the state, the Natives themselves, we should have many more carnal and corrupting elements of solutions; one of which I heard the other idolatry are amazingly fostered by this day from a respectable Native, as the opin. wnion. What will our readers think of ion of many of his countrymen, and which