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children of Avarua, and the children of the Island, gave an address which was Arorangi, united in love! Be diligent, be listened to with great interest. He said, attentive, be followers of God as dear chil. “Blessed are our eyes that we see these dren!" The old man then sat down, but rays of light. Our fathers were born in the impressing his speech produced was darkness, and in darkness their years fell not soon forgotten.
behind them. The various generations of How true, my dear friend, is prophetic chiefs have died without seeing those days; testimony concerning the heathen, “ Their but we are now rejoicing continually in the habitation is full of cruelty, and their feet light from heaven." Addressing the young, are swift to shed innocent blood.” Oh he said, “ You ought indeed to exalt your cease not to pray for the heathen !- there voices high in praise to Jehovah. He has are yet hundreds of islands in this vast sared you from the pit of heathenism. We, ocean,
whose wretched inhabitants are still your fathers, know the character of that living, as these once were, unblest by the pit. Some of you were born there; but light of divine truth; but who, through the now you resemble stones dug out of darkincreased efforts and prayers of the churches ness and filth, and built up, by the love of at home, soon might, like these, enjoy all Jesus, into a house of light and glory. the blessings of our common salvation. You do not know what we know. The
reign of satan is a dark reign-& reign of MISSIONARY LIBERALITY IN THE death. We, your fathers, have lived under HERVEY ISLANDS.
his dominion. The place in which we are The letter from the Directors to our now met was once a fearful place-a place churches, inviting them to assist by all pos- of murder. We lived in the mountains, sible means, in the great work of making and hid ourselves in the holes & the rocks known the gospel to the heathen beyond and in the caves of the earth. Our spear them, was fully appreciated both by our. was our compapion-our stones of murder selves and the people of our charge. It is, our choicest property. Ane! Ane! Ane ! however, but little that the poor natives of (Alas! alas ! alas!) we ate Aesh-human Rarotonga can do towards filling the trea. flesh-and drank blood : but now we are sury. A goodly number of those who have saved. Great is the love of God. Let tasted that the Lord is gracious, are not our hearts be glad—let our voices be ex. only willing, but anxiously desirous, to give alted—and let us do what we can to send themselves to you and to the work of the the word of God to those who are as we Lord. These and many others assist you were. The Churches of Britain are doing by their constant supplications to the throne much now; and they call on us to help of Him who values obedience more than them : we have no real property ; but we sacrifice, and whose ear is erer open to the all have land, and we all know how to cry of his people; but of this world's good plant. Let us plant-continue to plantthey have not much. Those of the natives, arrow root, to assist in this great work; and united in classes for instruction, have been what we do with our hands, let us see that diligent during the past year in planting our hearts be there also: that will be well and weeding their patches of arrow.root for pleasing to God.” the benefit of the society.
After the meeting, the arrow.root prepar. On the 15th of June last, we held the ed by the classes was weighed—it amounted Annual Auxiliary Missionary Meeting, at to 1,400 lbs. (two years' subscription.) The Ararua--the station of Mr. Buzacott. At people of this station, “ Avarua,” were prean early hour of the morning most of the rented from preparing their arrow-root last people at this station assembled in the year, owing to their building a new school. chapel. After singing and prayer, Matthea house; their old cne, together with their Davida was re-appointed as Treasurer. chapel, being blown down by a fearful hur. Sereral speeches were delivered by natives, ricane, in March, 1841. testifying their gratitude to the churches at A few days after the abore meeting, one home, and their love to the Saviour for the of a similar kind was held at our station, blessing of grace so richly enjoyed by them. “ Arorangi,” at the close of which, 900 lbs. The captains of two American whaling of arrow-root were subscribed, together with vessels lying off the island attended the three dollars, and twenty-four bundles of meeting, and gave some account of the re. dried banana. The people of the station, vivals in America, together with the grow. with the children of our school, have plant. ing interest in missions there; exhorting ed for the ensuing year, and by their cheer. the people by every practicable means to fulness in the work, give proof of their de. seek the extension of the blessings of the sire to aid, as far as in them lies, the holy gospel to the heatben beyond them. cause to which they owe so much.-From
Rio, one of the first dative teachers to Rev. W. Gill, Rarotonga, August, 27, 1842.
THE ORDERLY SUCCESSION OF THE SEASONS.. It is one of the attributes of an enlightened and devout mind, to contemplate with attentive admiration, the whole of the works and ways of God, so far as they may be known. The revelations of his mercy, and the methods of his grace, awaken the profoundest interest and delight. He views with humble adoration the mysterious and glorious plan of human redemption; its adaptation to the exigencies of an apostate and ruined race, fills him with gratitude, and the all-powerful influence it exerts on those who submit to its instructions, leads him to glorify God. His thoughts, guided by the oracles of God, pierce the veil which divides the present from the future, the visible from the invisible, and cause him, in anticipation of the consummation of the work, and the accomplishment of the purposes of the Divine Redeemer, to rejoice with "joy unspeakable and full of glory.” He realizes a vision of the transcendent glory of the Son of God, surrounded by countless myriads of the redeemed, who owe their salvation, their perfection, their happiness to his humiliation and intercession, celebrating his lofty praises, and filling all heaven with joy. Jesus will then “ see of the travail of his soul and be satisfied.” He will be “ glorified in his saints and admired in all them that believe :" and the believer anticipates the sublime pleasure that he shall enjoy in uniting with the throng of those around the throne, and mingling his songs with the hallelujahs of heaven.
His interest in redeeming grace, and his ardent admiration of its surpassing glories, do not induce the enlightened christian to pass by the hourly mercies, which he and others receive from the all-bountiful providence of the great Supreme. On the contrary, taught by the light of revelation to refer all things to God, and to recognize every exertion of his power, and every arrangement of his providence, as an indication of his character, and a means of becoming more acquainted with his name, he meditates on them with pleasure, and deduces from them lessons of confidence, thankfulness, and love. The orderly succession of the seasons, as appointed by the great governor of the universe, will not fail to attract his attention; and after a season like the present, when the earth has “ yielded her increase,” and the abundance of the harvest has been gathered in, under a most auspicious sky, his devout recognition of the unfailing beneficence of Providence will assuredly be secured ; especially as many have been the forebodings of a late and miserable season, and an injured and
Vol. 5.- N.S.
Notwithstanding the groundless fears of many, and the wild and superstitious notions of others, the seasons continue in their orderly revolution, and “the earth yields her increase.” The law by which these are appointed, is recorded in the pages of holy writ. “ While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, shall not cease.” This is a law the influence of which extends to the end of time. There will be no serious interruption of it while the earth remaineth. It is a law which affects all climates, whether in the temperate or torrid zone. The regular and orderly succession of the seasons shall be continued. There may be, as there is in different climates, a diversity of the seasons, or a difference in their arrangement. As in Palestine and Arabia, the order and division mentioned in the sacred text obtains, while in Europe we have our four seasons, and in parts of the torrid and frigid zone, other variations obtain ; but the law teaches us, that in every climate there shall be an orderly and regular succession of seasons from year to year.
A law like this could be made and carried out only by him who made the world. He who created all things, who fixed and balanced the system of universal nature, who, “hung the earth upon nothing," who created the heavens, “who bringeth out their host by number, and calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, who is strong in power;" he only could give effect to this expression of his will. All the material universe, the hosts of heaven, passively obey the volitions of his infinite and unerring mind, and receive the impulse of such laws as he communicates unto them. He ordained the orderly revolutions of his glorious works, established the course of the seasons, and causes them, with their respective signs, in all their beauteous variety and order, to maintain a regular and perpetual succession.
He also appointed the lights in heaven to be “ for signs and for seasons, and for days, and for years. If with unlearned gaze we contemplate these his glorious works, we receive, through the magnificence of the creation, sublime conceptions of the power and majesty of the Supreme; but when we survey them through the medium of the discoveries of science, and behold whole systems of ponderous worlds, and our minds sink into the remote depths of boundless space, amid innumerable suns and systems, we are lost in the immensity and grandeur of the visible universe, and instinctively shrink into insignificance before him who made them by his word, who “spake, and it was done—who commanded, and it stood fast.”
When considering the appointed succession of the seasons, there can be no impropriety in availing ourselves of the instructions of science, as well as revelation, as they tend to assist us, in beholding with intelligent admiration the wisdom and power of the architect and ruler of universal nature. Elementary instructions in the noble science of astronomy* teach that the earth has been discovered to be a globe or sphere, about eight thousand miles in
* What is called astrology, is denominated by its votaries a "divine” science. The writer believes it is no science at all. The Scriptures of truth speak with contempt of "astrologers and star-gazers," and those who profess to predict future events by the position of the heavenly bodies, and class them with soothsayers, necromancers, and jng. glers. Nothing surely can be more pitiable than their pretentions, except it be the miser. able discrepancy which exists between their predictions and the events. That such follies should revive in an age like this, when many old and exploded snperstitions find new abettors, perhaps is not wooderful, but that any person professing a devout and saving acquaintance with divine truth, should patronize them, is a marvel.
diameter, and twenty-four thousand miles in circumference—that it revolves on its own axis once in twenty-four hours, and thus by turning every side successively to the sun, produces the constant interchange of day and night --that it also has an annual motion, moving at an immense distance round the sun as its centre, accomplishing this circuit in 365 days and about six hours, which is a proper solar year—that the axis of the earth, or the imaginary line round which the earth revolves from day to day, is not vertical or upright, considered as to the plane or level of its annual orbit, but that it inclines from the perpendicular about twenty-three and a half degrees, and that it is to this simple and interesting arrangement of the all-powerful architect, we are indebted for the variation
of the seasons. At one period of its annual revolution therefore the northern hemisphere is turned towards the sun to the extent of this inclination of its axis, so that the days are longer in the northern climates, and the nights shorter—it is then our summer : and, at the opposite part of its orbit, the southern hemisphere is equally turned towards the great luminary, when the longest days are enjoyed in the southern latitudes, and we have our winter. Thus, while the revolution of the earth on its own axis produces our day and night, its annual revolution round the sun, occasions, by the inclination of its axis, the constant and orderly succession of the seasons. Who can contemplate these facts, and results, without admiring the skill and power of the eternal Creator, and saying, in the appropriate language of holy writ, “This cometh of the Lord of hosts, who is wonderful in counsel and excellent in working.”
By this arrangement, the almighty architect, has established, as it were, by a fixed law, the course of changes through which the earth passes from year to year. The exact length of each successive day from January to December
may be calculated for every clime with precision, and therefore the orderly progress of the seasons may be regarded as certain, so long as the earth remaineth. We shall however wander both from right reason and from the scriptures of truth, if we do not recognize the constant superintending care of divine providence in the peculiarities of each season. The idea that God created the world, and set it on its course, and then left it to itself, and has now no care for it, nor exercises any directing influence and control over its affairs, is unscriptural and heathenish. He is every were present. All things are in his hand, and the innumerable changes that occur, and the variations in the seasons themselves, with every thing which affects them, are under his control. “He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain ; he bringeth the wind out of his treasuries.” Fire and hail; snow and vapours; stormy wind fulfil his word.” He “covereth the heaven with clouds, and prepareth rain for the earth ; he maketh grass to grow upon the mountains.” “He giveth snow like wool; and scattereth the hoar frost like ashes. He casteth forth his ice like morsels : who can stand before his cold ? He sendeth out his word, and melteth them ; he causeth his wind to blow, and waters flow.” “The Lord our God giveth rain, both the former and the latter in his season ; he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of harvest.” His
wn providence gives the season, and its abundance; and when the hopes of man are destroyed, and the seasons are unpropitious, it is to correct the sins of men, and to lead them to feel and acknowledge their dependence on their Creator and their God, and to humble themselves
before him. “When thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.”
God has “ made every thing beautiful in his season,” and this constant and orderly succession furnishes happy illustrations of Solomon's observation. In the interchange of day and night, what a delightful alternation is there of beauty and glory. By day the light of heaven shines on our path. The glorious sun, rising in his beauty, gives a loveliness to the aspect of this fair creation which he discloses to our view; at noon he pours on our head the full tide of his light and heat, the source of a thousand benefits; and in the evening, setting in the midst of his own radiant effulgence, presents, at times, a spectacle so beautiful and magnificent, as resistlessly to attract the attention, and secure the admiration of every person. When he retires, the brilliancy of a thousand stars bursts on our astonished vision. Our conceptions of the magnitude, beauty, and glory of the works of God are immensely expanded. We see, as it were, innumerable worlds, created probably to be peopled by intelligent and happy beings, and are bewildered in the profusion of gandeur manifest in the works of God. “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handy work. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.”
Who has not been sensible too of a beauty and interest attaching to the successive seasons. All men, poets, philosophers, the learned, the rude; persons of all ages, and of every rank, delight to contemplate the beauties of Spring. Its warmer suns ; its balmy gales ; its fertilizing showers; the delightful aspect of nature awaking into new life, putting forth her mighty energies, and clothing the earth, and the vegetable kingdom, with loveliness and with bloom: these awaken the sensibilities of all, and lead the devout to exclaim with joy, “ Thou,” O God, “renewest the face of the earth.”
Summer has innumerable charms. Its clear blue sky; the voice of the songsters of the grove, sporting in rich and abundant foliage ; the cattle on the hills and meads, luxuriating in the bounties of Providence; the varied and beautiful flowers which diffuse their odours around, and the various fruits which are now in our gardens, regale all our senses and fill us with delight. The intense heat, and copious rains of summer, are interesting in their season.
In a fine Autumn every charm seems to be combined. The trees whose bloom was so lovely in spring, now bend under the weight of beautiful and delicious fruit. The fields, which we saw with delight covered in spring with the green and tender blade, are now waving with a golden crop, inviting the sickle ; or filled with joyous swains collecting their fruits, under a sky having a serenity and beauty in this season peculiarly
Nor is Winter, with all its cold, and storms and terror, without its beauty. In the repose of vegetation ; in the thick and gently-falling flakes of woolly snow; in the hills and wide spread landscape, clad in snow as its appropriate garment; in the trees covered with spangles of hoar frost, we have occasionally scenes as beautiful and enchanting as can possibly be conceived. Every season has its own beauty and sources of interest and delight.
The order of the seasons has its utility as well as its charms. The