Sivut kuvina

idolaters, that the name of God and and an inheritance among them that his doctrine be not blasphemed.

are sanctified. VIII. Often look forward to heaven. Let the native preachers 'suffer the It is the end of all our Sabbaths and word of exhortation.' Make the study sermons, of all our labours and prayers. of the scriptures your daily work, and Let us set our affections on things above. when you are in any difficulty about We may be nearer to heaven than we the meaning, come to us, and according expect. Let us live the life of heaven to the ability which God has given us, upon earth, then we shall be happy we shall be happy to instruct you. and growing christians.

Never preach any thing except what A few remarks addressed to different you find in the holy Bible. Let all classes of hearers shall conclude this your sermons be full of Christ. Nothing discourse.

but his love will break the stony hearts Children. I have a message to you. of those who hear you. Let your preachContrast your condition with that of ing be affectionate. Strive by love to heathen children: more has been given gather souls to Christ. It is written in to you than to them, and more will be the blessed book that He that winneth required of you; if you die in sin your souls is wise.' And let the wives of the punishment will be more severe. Some native preachers help their husbands in of you have been rescued from a hor- the work of the Lord. rible death and placed under christian And now, my beloved brethren and instruction; but o, how awful, if after sisters, .be steadfast, unmoveable, al. all, you should suffer the agonies of ways abounding in the work of the eternal death. Our heart's desire and Lord; forasmuch as ye know that your prayer for you all is, that you may be labour is not in vain in the Lord.' 'Our saved. I entreat every child to remem- prayer for you is, that you may be a ber this simple but important sentence. holy people; that you may live in love If you

do not love the Lord Jesus and peace; that you may continue in Christ you cannot be happy upon earth, prayer; that you may grow in every and can never enter heaven.+

grace of the Spirit, and then our hearts Some of ou are nominal christians, will rejoice, and then God will prosper and not christians, in deed and in truth. you. With the great apostle we can say, You have given up idolatry: you have We live if ye stand fast in the Lord.' been persecuted by heathens for doing We cannot enjoy life if you are not stead so; you attend the preaching of the fast. Our hope of you is, that you will word from Sabbath to Sabbath; and fulfil our joy' upon earth, and that we in these things we rejoice, but you lack shall meet you all in heaven. For one thing, and it is that on which your what is our hope, or joy, or crown of eternal salvation depends. You have rejoicing ? are not even ye in the not given your hearts wholly to Christ. presence of our Lord Jesus Christ. For You have not experienced that change ye are our glory, and our joy.'. Now of heart which you must experience, or may the God of peace, who brought be for ever excluded from heaven. again from the dead our Lord Jesus • Marvel not that I say unto you, ye Christ, that great shepherd of the sheep, must be born again.' We exhort you through the blood of the everlasting to forsake your sins, and to believe on covenant, make you perfect in every the Lord Jesus Christ, so shall you

good work to do his will, working in you obtain the forgiveness of your sins, that which is well pleasing in his sight,

through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory The Khund children were struck with this. for ever and ever. Amen.'

All the children remembered this.

REVIEW. TAE COTTAGER’S SABBATH, and other poems, near a hundred in number, with poems. By John HURREY.

pleasure. They are full of tender sentiment, 200. Bartlett, London.

and appear to justify and to illustrate the

quotation taken as a motto for the title page, We have perused the greater part of these I have written my heart in my poems; and

12то., pp.

pp. 416.

rude, unfinished, and hasty as they are, it mistress was 'not at home, when she was can be read there. We are not acquainted not willing to see company. with the writer, but if he be young, we MISSIONARY ENTERPRISES IN MANY LANDS. would recommend him to elaborate his pro.

With a brief history of Missionary Socieductions more carefully, in order that he

ties. By JABEZ BURNS. London. 32mo. may secure more of rhythm and of melody, as well as of correctness in them. These poems give indications of the poetic vein, This beautiful gilt edged volume, embellished and lead us to anticipate something greater

with more than twenty engravings, claims from the same pen.

attention, because of the interest of its subA GUIDE TO Acquaintance with God. ject, and the variety of its materials. Here By the Rev. J. SHERMAN, minister of lected with considerable labour from various

we have a mass of facts and incidents, col. Surrey chapel, London. Twenty third edition. Tract Society. 18mo. pp. 138.

authentic sources, and arranged in an order

lucid and attractive. First we have a brief This plain, pious, and practical treatise on history of the leading missionary societies; a highly important subject, requires no com- then an account of missions amongst the mendation from us. The name of its author, American Indians, then in the South Sea and the number of editions through which Islands; we are next led into Asia, and Afit has passed, sufficiently introduce it to our rica, and Europe. readers. The nature, means, and advan. tages of acquaintance with God, are very

TRADES DescriBED. A book for the Young. lucidly explained, and very affectionately

Tract Society. 18mo. pp. 150. urged upon the attention of the reader.

The description of the various trades, com. Tas Religious TRADESMAN: a memoir of bined with the admonitions, &c., given in this Normand Smith, of America.

book, will make it a useful favourite with Rev. Joel Hawes, D.D., 48mo. pp. 96. young people, for whom it is prepared. JESSE BARTON, or, Not at Home. Tract TAE Dew.DROP. 16mo., square. Society. 48mo. pp. 120.

This series promises to be equally interestThese two small books, contain exceedingly ing with the Seed, the Honey Bee, &c. interesting and useful narrations of plain, unobtrusive piety. The first, in the person of a tradesman, who lived for God, and laboured much and contributed much in his

LITERARY NOTICE. service. The latter is the early life of Jesse MR. JABEZ BURNS has in the press, a Barton, who was turned away from her

work to be entitled, Christian Philosophy, first place, ir a religious family, because she begged to be excused from saying her

or, Materials for Thought ;' it will be out about the end of April.

By the


ON PUBLIC COLLECTIONS. self, and especially on those who advocate DEAR BROTHER,—You will oblige I. B.

and practise them. As to the notoriety of

collections for the support of the ministry, by inserting, in the coming Repository, the

or the fact that God's people are required to following observations on brother Hardy's last communication, on the subject which

sustain the ministry of the gospel, no obserhe has undertaken to defend as scriptural.

vations appear necessary.

In Luke x. we have an account of Christ's His christian candour, and appeal to the oracles of God, with a determination to

sending out the seventy disciples. On this abide by their contents, are very pleasing. special; although very instructive, and wor

mission it may be observed, first, that it was O that the same spirit of entire deference to the divine word universally prevailed!

thy of close examination, A deduction The position of I. B. has been that of one

from this, inconsistent with other directions who doubted whether our public collections*

of Christ, or with those of his apostles, is are scriptural; and unless he be required to

inadmissible. 2. Christ had previously prove a negative, he considers that the bur

sent forth the twelve, in a manner similar to den of proof rests on others than him

that in which the serenty are now sent forth,

of which an account is furnished by the * By this expression, here and afterwards, is evangelists Matthew, Mark, and Luke; but meant collections which include the solicitation it is evident, from the testimony of Matthew, of money for spiritual purposes, from all charac. that they were not by our Saviour cast upon ters indiscriminately. Vol. 7.-N. S.


• If ye

the public indiscriminately. The direction may not receive it in any other way. The given them was, “And into whatsoever city point of dispute, the ground of objection to and town ye shall enter, inquire who in it is public collections, as stated by I. B., seems worthy; and there abide,' &c. In this direc. here to have been overlooked,

whether the tion, there is positive evidence against ungodly may lawfully contribute to the supsoliciting money for purely spiritual pur- port of the christian ministry; whether their poses of persons, without any regard to their offered kindness may scripturally be ac. moral and spiritual character, were we to cepted, is not admitted to be the same as allow that the salutation was their test, whether we may scripturally solicit money • The box, if you please. In our applica- for purely spiritual purposes from all char. tion to supposed worthies, we may make acters. This has been, and this remains, the mistakes, may meet with refusals, and can ground of objection to some of our public never scripturally deviate from the voluntary collections. principle. The case of the seventy being so The following passages of scripture are analagous to that of the twelve, and their adduced by my esteemed brother in support mission being subsequent in point of time, of his position :-Luke vii. 36, viii. 1-3, militate strongly against the supposition xix. 1–7; and I Cor. ix. 11. that a different course was pursued, whilst The first of these is simply an account of nothing positive in favour of such alteration Christ's acceding to the request of one of the is recorded, or can be adduced.

pharisees, that he would eat with him. have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, . And one of the pharisees desired,' &c. The come into my house, and abide there.' 3. second is an interesting fact recorded re. The salutation appears not in any instance to specting certain women, whom the present have been primirily, nor ever exactly, “The writer has always been accustomed to conbox, if you please.' It was a test of dispo. sider as pious women. This, however, is the sition, to receive or reject the message of the inspired rccord. And the twelve were with gospel, and but consequentially a test of him, and certain women wbich had been support. 4. Future precepts and examples, healed of evil spirits and infirmities; Mary, some of which will hereafter bo adduced, called Magdalene, out of whom went seven oppose brother H.'s deductions from this devils; and Joanna, the wise of Chuza, scripture.

Herod's steward; and Susanna, and many Instead of admitting that the demands of others, which ministered unto him of their brother H., immediately following, Now, substance.' The third appears to I. B. to unless it can be prored,' &c., are

prove too much for brother H., and conse. able and necessary; and that, until these quently to be of no more service to him than demands are granted, he has a right to ad. the rest. It is an interesting and instructive mit that our public collections are scriptural, account of Zaceheus, who sought to see Je. and, in effect, enjoined, I. B. would maintain sus, who he was; and who was too intent on that nothing less than a clear recognition of this to be baffled by the inconvenience atthe principle, an evident example or plain tendant on his being little of stature-who precept, will constitute them scriptural, or ran before, in the way in which Christ was to give them the force and power of law.' pass, and climbed up into a sycamore tree;

Further, the fact that refusals to the gra. to whom Christ, looking up, said, 'Zaccheus, cious reception and entertainment of the muke haste, and come down ; for to-day I must disciples of Christ were anticipated, is quite abide at thy house.' Such conduct, on the consistent with the supposition that the sup- part of Christ, who knew the heart of port and extension of Christ's kingdom are Zaccheus, was andoubtedly proper; but it committed to his disciples, as the parable can only be imitated by us, if at all, in wherein the kingdom of heaven is likened cases where previous worthiness has been unto ten virgins, and other descriptions of ascertained. In reply to the people's war. the professing church, abundantly testify: muring, recorded in the seventh verse, we and were it proved that the ungodly might have Zaccheus' declaration in the eighth, have received the disciples into their houses, and Christ's corroboration of it in the ninth. and have supplied them with those things The precise time of Zaccbeus' conversion I that were necessary,' it will not be adınitted presume not to determine; but if Christ's as a sanction of our public collections. Nor conduct in this instance be literally fol. will the assertions be admitted, that, 'as lowed, it will be far beyond, 'The box, if you there is no appointed mode' of supporting please.' The fourth scripture adduced, is the ministry, this support may be given ihe apostle Paul's language to the professing in any ;' that how, or by what means, our church of Christ at Corinth, If we have Lord found his way to the homes and tables sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great of the publican and pharisee, is not of the thing if we shall reap your caroal things !" least importance;' that, if the church may The fact, that the apostle is here addressing not receive the money of the unconverted as those who had professedly received the truth voluntarily given in public collections, it in the love of it, renders this quotation


neither a precept nor an example in favour the discussion of this subject, referred to in of our public collections. It is a portion brother H.'s concluding remarks, I may of scripture that may appropriately be ad- just observe, though acceptable to I. B., did duced in appealing to the professed follow- not proceed in any way from his pen. ers of Christ for the maintenance of the Should some now inquire, On whom scripchristian ministry; but it does not appear turally does the support of the Redeemer's to your present correspondent that it can kingdom devolve! I would reply, that Christ be legitimately proved to encourage an has committed the maintenance and spread appeal to the ungodly, or a solicitation of of his cause to his disciples, as appears assistance from them, for this purpose; a from Matt. xxviii. 19, 20; Mark xvi. 15, usage of which apostolic silence seems to 16; Gal. ii. 9; 1 Tim. iii. 15; &c. This say in reference to apostolic times, We will probably receive the unanimous consent have no such custom, neither the churches of the church. But how far these, and of God.' That all the inhabitants of Britain other precepts, and the examples recorded in are receiving benefits from religion, and are, scripture, teach us to regard the solicitation in that sense, and in others, under obliga- of money from the ungodly, in accomplishtions to religion, is freely admitted ; that ing this purpose, as unwarrantable proxy, millions of idolaters and Mohamedans, in or to approve the practice, is matter of disthat part of India which is under the pute. It may therefore more anxiously be British sway, are receiving benefits which inquired, What are the scriptural methods may be indubitably traced to religion, is of raising money for this purpose, and for also firmly believed: but the appeal quoted the relief of needy saints, which constitutes constitutes not a precept or a precedent, a part of the maintenance of Christ's king. and, in I. B.'s judgment, involves no prin. dom ?* To this I reply, We have examples ciple on the ground of which we may of the selling of possessions and goods.scripturally solicit money from these for Acts ii. 45, iv. 34. We have the duty purely scriptural purposes. All to whom of liberality enjoined on the rich.-1 Tim. the gospel is faithfully communicated, are vi. 17. We have also injunctions for those under obligation to repent of sin, to believe who, by diligence and God's blessing, can on Christ, to be baptized, to partake of the earn more than is sufficient for their own Lord's-supper, &c., to use all their money wants, including, of course, those who are and all their talents to glorify their blessed dependent on them.-Eph. iv. 28; Acts and exalted Saviour; but, following apos. xx. 35. This, with much more, is included tolic example, some regard will be paid to in Rom. xv. 1, and similar passages. Of a priority of claim, in urging these duties liberality in such, we have an interesting and privileges.

example recorded in 2 Cor. viii. 2. The Brother H.'s final deduction, namely, proportion of our benevolence is likewise that, were the support of christianity scrip- clearly defined by example and by precept, turally confined to christians, we must - As every man hath need.'-Acts ii. 45, charge Christ with having given a rule of iv. 35. As God hath prospered him.'action, on which it is impossible to act, 1 Cor. xvi. 2. 'According to that a man because hearts are searched and known by hath, and not according to that he hath not: God alone, does not appear to I. B. more For I mean not that other men be eased, firmly to support his hypothesis than pre- and ye burdened; but by an equality,' &c.vious considerations. We all agree that 2 Cor. viii. 12–14. As of the ability those alone are fit subjects for fellowship which God giveth.' - 1 Pet. iv. 11. All with a christian church, who have experi. these, and others, are but varied exhibitions enced repentance toward God, and faith of what Christ had taught. Matt. vii, 12, toward our Lord Jesus Christ.' To prove xxii. 37-40. We also learn from the that these are prerequisites for baptism, scriptures, that the work of distributing the according to God's unerring word, how fre- church's bounty devolved in the beginning quently and how appropriately do we allude on the apostles-(Acts ir. 37, vii. 2, 3); but to Matt. xxviii. 19; Mark xvi. 16; Acts ii. that, very early, by apostolic direction, a 38–41; viii. 12, &c, &c. We wait not in competent number of suitable persons was this business for Christ to come down from selected by the brethren, whom the apostles heaven, or for power to search the heart, did 'appoint over this business.'-Acts vii. but proceed, (sanctioned by scriptural prece. 2, 3. And, in the records of future churches, dents, Acts viii. 12-38, &c ,) according to we read of bishops and deacons.-Phil. i. 1; profession, and the outward appearance, or

I Tim. iii. 2-8. We have also repeated fruits, by which alone man can judge and commands and encouragements to give wil. act; and we doubt not that God allows, lingly and liberally; and certainly without expects, and requires us, thus to act, knowing that the searching of men's hearts is his own peculiar prerogative.

* The ministers of christianity appear originally

to have derived their sustenance from that fund The imputation, or editorial invitation to which supplied the wants of Deedy saints.

any allusion to the obtaining of a good seat the orphan and the widow, and such as are on an anniversary, or show-day, in God's reduced to want by sickness, or any other house.-Rom. xii. 8; 2 Cor. viii. 7-12; ix. cause.' From these extracts, it appears, 6,7; Gal. vi. 6-9, &c. And, in one in. that, in order to membership, no stipulated stance, we have a weekly contribution, or proportion of their property was required for laying by in store, commanded; and this the common treasury; but that love prompted reason assigned, That there be no gather. them, as a whole, to that extensive benero. ings when I come.'- 1 Cor. xvi. 2.

lence appropriately represented by having It is presumed, we may conclude from all things common. It is asserted by a the above, that the principle of love and living writer, that Justin testifies to a weekly liberality is the thing of greatest moment; contribution, which afterwards became less and that if this had continued to exist frequent. Tertullian, who wrote about the throughout the church to a scriptural extent, beginning of the third century, says, 'Our we should never have fallen into various brotherly love extends even to the division unscriptural modes of sustaining the cause of our estates. We christians look upon of our God and Saviour.

ourselves as one body, informed as it were It is further inquired, What is the manner by one soul ; and being thus incorporated by in which christians, in the first three centu. love, we can nerer dispute what we are to ries, provided for the claims of the ministry, bestow upon our members.' Elsewhere, and the calls of the destitute and afflicted ?' “That kind of treasury which we have, is To this, your present correspondent, from not filled with any dishonourable sums, as his very slender acquaintance with the the price of a purchased religion : every one christian writers of this period, and from his puts a little into the public stock, commonly present want of time and disposition to once a month, or when he pleases, and only ransack their records, would reply with on condition that he is both able and wil. caution. But in this matter, and others, ling; for there is no compulsion on any." correction of errors, if they exist, will be Is not the public stock' a fund similar deemed a kindness. He presumes, also, to that which was first distributed by the that testimony to the fact of the liberality of apostles, and afterwards by those whom the these christians, is more abundant than tes- brethren approved, and the apostles aptimony directly in reply to the inquiry ; and pointed over this business, out of which that testimony of the kind which we have, appear to bave been supplied in the beginis amply sufficient for our present purpose. ning, and perhaps generally, at least till the Some parts oi the following may not be third or fourth century, the wants of minisdeemed irrelevant. The Church History of ters and of needy saints ? the Religious Tract Society states, in re- About A. D. 250, Cyprian, alluding perference to A. D. 117, “Filled with divine haps especially to Africa, where religion charity, they distributed their substance to might have experienced a greater declension the poor, and travelled into regions which as than in some other places, though serious yet had not heard the sound of the gospel.' declension in pure and undefiled religion They were all one body, and cordially was not at this time confined to Africa, loved one another as brethren.' Testimony observes, ' Each had been benton improving to the existence of this liberality among his patrimony, and had forgotten what belier. christians, towards the close of the second ers had done under the apostles, and what century, is borne by their heathen adversary they ought always to do. They were broodLucian. Also, about this time, Dionysius, ing over the arts of amassing wealth,' &c. He of Corinth, in a letter to the Roman chris. is speaking of the condition of the church tians, affirms that it had been the practice of previous to the persecution under Decias. the church at Rome, from the first, to send The learned Prideaux, in his work on relief to divers churches throughout the Tithes, frankly acknowledges, that, till world. Irenæus, who wrote about a. D. 140, towards the fourth age, all the necessities says, “Whereas the Jews consecrated a of the church were fully answered by the tenth, they who live under the liberty of the voluntary offerings of the faithful.' The gospel give all to the Lord's use.' Justin preceding testimonies to the church's liber. Martyr, in his apology for christians, about ality are adduced in confirmation of this A. D. 850, says, 'We, who loved nothing like position, wbich testimonies are perhaps as possessions, now produce all we have in direct as could be expected in favour of a common, and spread our whole stock before negative. our indigent brethren.' Elsewhere he ob- In conclusion, I would observe, though serves, “ The wealthy and the willing, for we have in our land a class of persons not every one is at liberty, contribute as they fully represented by any in the apostolic think fitting; and this collection is deposited age; though some churches are peculiarly with the bishop.* and out of this he relieves circumstanced, and may be deriving con

siderable pecuniary aid from persons not * Does not this intimate a departure from Acts vi.? professing' godliness; though something

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