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CAIN'S APOSTACY. It does not appear that Cain was in effect, said, 'Who is the Almighty, any part of his life a good man. He that I should fear him ? and what was born in sin, and 'went astray profit should I have, if I were to from his mother's womb speaking pray to him ?'. This seems surprising lies.' As he increased in years, he in one like Cain, who knew God's exincreased in wickedness; his progressistence, power, and goodness. Cain's was that of the wicked, waxing apostacy was occasioned by his own worse and worse ;' and not that of wickedness, though he, like all aposthe just, 'shining more and more tates, was evidently disposed to blame unto the perfect day.'

He was

others for it. It was brought to pass trained up as a worshipper of the true by a gradual and connected process God; but, in after life, he wandered of sin. The first step towards Cain's as a fugitive and a vagabond in the apostacy was most probably his formal earth, and, in all probability, ended worship. He worshipped God, but his days in a state of reprobation. It not in spirit and in truth ; not as a is worthy of remark, that, in the first penitent, like Abel, but in selffamily of man, there were two oppo- righteousness, like the pharisees aftersite characters—an apostate and a wards. • Without shedding of blood, martyr; and, that the first apostate is no remission of sins.' This is, and made the first martyr.

was then, the truth of God. Abel, The apostacy of Cain is instructive. therefore, brought the firstlings of the • He went out from the presence of flock, and the fat thereof, for his the Lord.' The presence of the Lord offering ; hereby acknowledging his seems to imply the place where the guilt, and his faith in the Lamb of Lord was worshipped, where he mani- God, prefigured by his sacrifice : but fested his glory, and where he con- Cain brought for his offering only the ferred blessings upon his true wor- fruit of the ground; by this declaring shippers. It appears to have been a that he did not consider himself as a place of similar character, in some sinner needing pardon, and that he degree, to the tabernacle, or temple, had no regard to the atonement built afterwards, concerning which afterwards to be made by Christ. the Lord said, “This is my rest for The consequence was, that the Lord ever : here will I dwell; for I have had respect to Abel, and to his offerdesired it.' We may call it the ing; but to Cain, and to his offering, house of God. The pious Jews were the Lord had not respect.' Because strongly attached to the house of of this Cain was wroth, and his counthe Lord. Their language is, 'I have tenance fell : his heart filled, when loved the habitation of thy house, before God, with rage, and not with and the place where thine honour love. But who was to blame? Cain, dwelleth ;' One thing have I de- for his hypocritical worship. Why sired of the Lord, and that will I art thou wroth ?' said the Lord to seek after, that I may dwell in the Cain ; and why is thy countenance house of the Lord all the days of my fallen? If thou doest well, shalt life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, thou not be accepted ? and if thou and to inquire in his temple. But, doest not well, sin lieth at thy door. when Cain went out from the pre- And unto thee shall be his desire, sence of the Lord,' he despised it, and and thou shalt rule over him.' He deliberately renounced its worship and hated his brother because he was all its privileges. He rejected alto- more righteous and more acceptable gether the authority, the fear, and than himself. He cherished his unthe service of his Creator; and, in just hatred till it impelled him into cruel violence; and this was another tacy was evidently his obstinate im. and fearful advance toward his final penitence. When his guilt was apostacy. • And Cain talked with clearly and certainly known, did he Abel his brother : and it came to pass, repent of his crime, of his heinous when they were in the field, that guilt ? No: we have not any certain Cain rose up against Abel his brother, evidence of this. He did not say, 'I and slew him. He slew Abel, righ- have sinned; what shall I do unto teous Abel, his own righteous brother thee, O thou preserver of men?' He Abel, with his own hands. This did not say, 'Have mercy upon me, crime he attempted to conceal, if not o God, according to thy lovingto deny. Where is Abel thy bro- kindness ; according to the multitude ther?' I know not. Am I my of thy tender mercies, blot out my brother's keeper?' But who can

transgressions.' No: but he said hide any thing from God? The unto the Lord, "My punishment is Lord arraigns him-convicts him— greater than I can bear :' and he apcondemns him. •What hast thou pears to have said so in great disdone? The voice of thy brother's pleasure ; for, in near connection with blood crieth unto me from the ground. this, we read that Cain went out And now art thou cursed from the from the presence of the Lord, and earth ; a fugitive and a vagabond dwelt in the land of Nod, on the shalt thou be in the earth.' Cain's east of Eden.' bloody guilt found him out. The third step towards Cain's apos

(To be continued,)

HEBREW HISTORY.-Solomon. (No. XI.)

WHEN the extraordinary and impres- ever; and mine eyes and my heart sive solemnities connected with the shall be there perpetually. This prodedication of the temple were concluded, mise, however, like all others was and the multitudes of delighted Israel. made conditionally. If thou wilt walk ites were dismissed to return to their before me, in integrity of heart, and in respective homes—God, who had gra- uprightness and keep my statutes and ciously signified his acceptance of their my judgments, then I will establish the services, and his assumption of his throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for throne in his temple, by the presence ever.' But, it is added, ' If ye shall at of his glorious Shekinah, and the fire all turn from following me, ye or your that consumed the sacrifices, in a more children, and will not keep my comespecial manner appeared unto his ser- mandments and my statutes which I vant Solomon. By a vision ho mani. have set before you, but go and serve fested himself unto the king, and de- other gods, and worship them: then I clared, 'I have heard thy prayer-I will cut off Israel out of the land which have hallowed this house, which thou I have given them; and this house hast built, to put my name there for which I have hallowed for my name,

* There is an error in last month as to the must be added their gifts of precious stones, cost and value of Solomon's temple, p. 272, brass, iron, cedar, &c., &c. 1 Chron. xxii. and col. 2, lines 43, 44. The MS. is lost, and xxix. Solomon's wealth and munificence, therefore the correction must be conjectural. the labour of all his people, &c., in the erec. It is probable it should be from one to three tion of the temple, and the preparation of its thousand millions of our money.' The materials, must also be taken into account precious metals provided and given by David A perfect estimate of the whole structure, its and his princes, amounted to about nine materials, labour, vessels, and treasures, hundred millions of our money. To this would fill the mind with astonishment.-ED.

will I cast out of my sight; and Israel bringeth forth trees: I gathered me shall be a proverb and a byword among also silver and gold, and the peculiar all people: and at this house which is treasure of kings: I got me also men high, every one that passeth by it shall singers and women singers, and the be astonished and shall hiss.' So delights of the sons of men, as musical solemn were the admonitions which instruments of all sorts. So I was were given to the king. How literally great and increased more than all that they have been fulfilled, the present were before me in Jerusalem : also my state, as well as the past history of the wisdom remained with me.' Such is nation demonstrates. Happy will it be his own representation of the delights, for all people if they profit by these magnificence and luxuries he enjoyed. things!

In works that promoted the strength The path of Solomon was still bril- of the kingdom, Solomon was assiduliant and prosperous. After the dedi- ously engaged. Hence we are told of cation of the temple, the king, who was the cities which he founded and built. now about thirty years of age, em- There were twenty in the land of Galilee; ployed his wisdom and wealth in build Gezer and Beth-horon, in Ephraim; ings which were adapted to promote Megiddo, in Manasseh ; Hazor, in both the magnificence and strength of Naphtali; Baalah, or as it is now his kingdom.

He erected a splendid called, Baalbec, in Syria ; and Tadmor palace in Jerusalem for his own use, in the wilderness. Of the last place, in wbich to hold his court. This was Tadmor, in the desert, or as it was afterthirteen years in progress; and from wards called, Palmyra, from the palm the references made to it by the in- trees on the oasis around it, situated on spired writers it must have been both the verge of the desert of Syria, we may massive, costly, and superb. The com. observe, that it attained to great wealth munication between his palace, which and power, and also to independence. was on mount Zion, and the temple, It submitted to Nebuchadnezzar, the on mount Moriah, was over a ravine Persians, Alexander the great, and the that divided those hills, and was con- Selucida. Pliny and Appian, Roman sidered an architectural wonder. He historians, speak of it as a free and also built a palace for his wife, who flourishing state. It was plundered by was Pharoah's daughter, that she as Mark Antony about forty years before a stranger, and probably an idolater, the christian era. Under the Roman might not reside in the holy city. His emperors it attained to its highest glory, house of the forest of Lebanon is sup- and when its queen Zenobia proclaimed posed to have been a separate palace, herself empress of Palmyra and the and some think in Lebanon itself, to east, she was besieged by the emperor which at certain seasons he retired. Aurelian, and captured as she fled. While the royal palaces were The city was pillaged and ruined, in structed with exquisite skill, wainscoted the year of our Lord 273. Though it with cedar, overlaid with gold, and was repaired and fortified in the sixth garnished with precious stones, and in century by the emperor Justinian, it every way ited to the state of a superb never regained its mer glory. Its monarch, his throne of massive ivory magnificent ruins remain, and extend. and gold, his footstool of gold, and his ing

over several miles, sufficiently attest shields and targets, and innumerable its former dignity and splendour. vessels of gold, would add to the splen- In the erection and fortification of dour of his superlative magnificence. these cities, as well as the completion

To the works engaged in for his own and enlargement of the defences of convenience, Solomon refers in Ecclesi- Jerusalem, it is obvious that immense astes ii. 4–6, 8, 9, 'I made me great resources must be required. We have works; I builded me houses; I planted seen that Solomon had the assistance me vineyards; I made me gardens and of the king of Tyre, and also that he orchards, and I planted trees in them of had a great multitude of artificers and all kinds of fruits; I made me pools of labourers from Tyre, besides the Cawater,' (the remains of which, it may be naanites in the land, whose services he observed, are all that are to be seen of could command. But these must be Solomon's works,) 'I made me pools of sustained and remunerated ; and all his water, to water therewith the wood that own servants, his horsemen and attenVol. 7.--N. S.

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dants, and army, must be provisioned the truth of the reports that had gone and clothed. How then did he obtain forth concerning him. The journey the immense revenue requisite to up- was long and difficult. But she came hold his state, dignity, and expenses? attended by a large retinue, and with The answer is obvious. The nations splendid equipage. She brought with around him that were tributary, sup- her, costly presents of gold, and spices, plied him with a large standing in- and precious stones, as evidences of her

The kings and princes that own greatness, and as a present fit to visited him because of his wisdom and offer a great king. She was doubtless magnificence brought him gifts. A herself learned and intelligent, and she fertile country like Palestine, in a state wished to prove the king with hard of profound peace, with the blessing of questions, that she might ascertain the God, would yield a considerable revenue profundity of his research, and the exwithout being burdened: and the king tent of his knowledge and attainments, himself in conjunction with the king of the fame of which she bad heard. Tyre, engrossed the chief of the com. Solomon received her courteously and merce of the then civilized world. They communed with her of all that was in had a navy of ships at Ezion-geber, on her heart.' He answered her questions, the coast of the Red sea. These visited he gave her of his wisdom, and inthe shores of eastern Africa, India, Cey- structed her in his divine religion. He lon, and Malacca, and returned with im. shewed her his palaces, the temple, and mense treasures. The fleet of Tarshish its solemn and imposing service; she inabsorbed the whole commerce of the spected his buildings, the order of his Mediterranean, and is supposed to have house, and his government, and magniextended its enterprize to the coasts of ficence; and when she had seen his works Africa, Greece, Italy, Spain, France, and heard bis wisdom, she was overand even England. Theirs was

whelmed with the wonders and the mavoyage of three years. The inland jesty she beheld; “there remained,' to use traffic with Egypt was Solomon's, for the expressive language of the holy hislinen and horses, “besides the toll, or torian, 'there remained no more spirit in tax, or presents, that he had of the her; and she said to the king, It was & merchantmen, and of the traffic of the true report that I heard in mine own spico merchants, and of all the kings land, of thy acts and of thy wisdom. of Arabia, and of the governors of the Howbeit, I believed not the words until country.' From all these sources of I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and wealth, we need not wonder that king behold the half was not told me; thy Solomon should exceed all the kings of wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the the earth in riches,' as well as 'wisdom.' fame which I heard. Happy are thy It has been computed that his revenue men, happy, are these thy servants, was upwards of one hundred and forty- which stand continually before thee, three millions sterling! Such was the and hear thy wisdom. Blessed be the wealth and magnificence of Solomon. Lord thy God, which delighteth in thee, • He made silver to be in Jerusalem as to set thee on the throne of Israel. stones, and cedars, as sycamore trees Because the Lord loved Israel for ever, are in the vale, for abundance.'

therefore made he thee king to do As an evidence and an illustration of judgment and justice.'—1 Kings x. 5—9. Solomon's wisdom, and splendour, and She afterwards presented her gifts, fame, one single incident is marked out and received from king Solomon tokens and related at length by the sacred of his 'royal bounty,' and then returned writers. Among the numerous and delighted, instructed, and thankful, to illustrious visiters to his court and city, her own distant land. What a great one is especially mentioned. The blessing may one man be made to a queen of Sheba, which was situated in whole people! And had he retained the southern extremity of Arabia, or of his integrity how useful might he have Abyssinia, (for she is claimed for both been to the whole earth! places,) having heard of the wisdom of We have, however, to reverse the Solomon, his magnificence, and his scene, and to see the gold become dim, religion, came from the uttermost and the fine gold changed,' and to reparts of the earth to hear the wisdom late that he whose wisdom was so of Solomon,' and that she might know celebrated, and the might of whose

majesty was so distinguished, become characterized his old age; yet it is renot only "weak as another man,' but to markable that the error to which we mark him as weaker than the feeblest, now refer was one which attached to and more foolish than the most be- his whole course. The daughter of sotted. Alas, what is man!

Pharoah was the wife of his youth, and There were various indications of so was the princess of the Ammonites, the unhappy influence wealth and for Rehoboham, her son, was born on power on the mind of Solomon. He the first year of Solomon's reign. It did not rigidly and constantly observe should seem also there were other idolathe laws of God, nor walk in the steps trous princesses introduced into this reof David his father. Except at the lationship in his early youth, for in dedication of the temple, we hear but the enumeration given of his wives, the little, comparatively, of Solomon's piety Moabites are mentioned before the Am. and devotion. His mind seems to have monites. The mere multiplication of been gradually absorbed in the various wives was a great evil, but the selection engagements, and pomps, and pleasures of idolatrous princesses from the nations of his high station.

around was certain to be in every way It was forbidden in the law that a injurious. Solomon might have what king should 'multiply wives unto him- are called 'reasons of state for this violaself,' after the manner of the voluptuous tion of the law of God; he might imamonarchs of the east; in this respect gine that by taking for wives princesses David had erred, but Solomon greatly from the nations that were tributary to exceeded bis father in this folly. It was him, he should conciliate their esteem, also strictly enjoined on the Israelites and that by the same means, he should that they should not intermarry with strengthen his interest with the friendly idolaters, but Solomon entirely lost powers around bim. But no reasons sight of this commandment. He loved can ever justify crime. That which is many strange women, together with the morally wrong, can never be politically daughter of Pharoah; women of the right. His conduct in this respect dis. Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zi- played a public disregard to the authodonians, and Hittites. He had 700 rity of God; it presented to the nobles wives, princesses; and 300 concubines; and people of Israel a corrupting exand his wives turned away his heart. ample, and entailed on Solomon and Though it is generally supposed that his family and the nation innumerable the crimes of Solomon more especially evils.

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AMERICAN BAPTISTS. (No. VI.) I am now to present before you the con- that pastors are regarded generally as dition of Baptist churches in these the hired servants of the churches, and United States. Understand, that my that, like other hirelings, they have remarks do not, that I know of, apply little or no interest, except to obtain as to southern churches; that is, churches high a salary as they can. These views in the slave States. With these I am are very far from being uncommon, and not acquainted sufficiently to describe are accompanied by their counterpart, them: but, having had some, and not a the endeavour to pay as low a salary little, intercourse with churches in seve- as possible. ral of the other States, I can tell you These things, and those contained in the result of that intercourse, in the ob my letters of Nov. 26th, and Jan. 16tb, servation I have made, and the opinions unite, and you will think yourself able to which it has led me, concerning their to form an opinion, tolerably correct, as state and prospects. The estimation in to the estimation in which pastors are which pastors are generally held shall held, how much influence they are likely be my first subject, respecting which to have, and of the respect paid to them. something has been already written. Man is a strange being, in whom That, however, had reference only to strange anomalies exist. I will not methods and causes of removal. It inflict on your patience any disquisition will be easy for you to imagine now, on the subject, but simply say, that .

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