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with whom he often seemed to be visiting, &c.; we say, when all these holding the most familiar converse. littles remain, he was certainly an

Such were the closing scenes of the exemplary christian and a very supelife of this devoted servant of Christ, rior minister of Christ. who had stood for more than fifty Mr. Orton was in person somewhat years as a pillar in the house of God. above the middle stature, neither cor

Truly, the memory of the just is pulent nor slender ; his voice was blessed. The estimation in which somewhat harsh, and his manner, to Mr. 0. was held in the neighbour- strangers, not at all prepossessing : hood in which he had so long, so still his manner was his own; to him honourably, and usefully lived, was it was perfectly natural; and he usustrikingly apparent in the vast num- ally rose in energy with the imporbers who assembled together from all tance of his subject, and, when the surrounding villages where he warmed with the truths he delivered, had gone preaching the word, to pay which was often the case, he then their last tribute of respect to the became highly animated, and both man whom strangers to experimental his matter and his manner were exreligion believed to be a man of God, ceedingly impressive.

His sermons and one they could not help but re- were generally full of unction of vere. Long before the corpse was evangelical truth and practical utility. removed to the vault prepared for its He often succeeded well on public reception, the streets were lined with occasions, upon which, in the course anxious spectators; the graveyard of his ministry, be was many times was nearly filled. The chapel, when called upon to officiate. One of his opened, was immediately crowded to conference sermons was published, on excess, and hundreds went away, un- the incarnation of the Word. This, it able to get sufficiently near to hear a has been affirmed by many competent single word. On the solemn occa- judges, was such a sermon as none sion, the Rev. Mr. Lindley, Mr. Or- but a person of sound biblical knowton's assistant, gave out the hymns; ledge and considerable literary attainthe Rev Mr. Abel, Independent min- ments could have produced. But in ister at Bardon and Donington, with no part of the services of the sanctuwhom Mr. O. had long been upon ary did Mr. O. appear to more advanterms of brotherly love, opened the tage than in expounding the holy services with a remarkably feeling scriptures. Here he always appeared and appropriate prayer; the Rev. J. at home; and great was the pleasure Goadby, of Dover-street, Leicester, and profit which many felt from delivered the funeral address, and af- his customary courses of exposition. terwards preached a very solemn and This was especially the case with instructive funeral sermon, from 2 young men, several of whom, in the Kings ii. 12, “My father,' &c.; from course of his ministry, he had under which sermon it would have been his tuition. Upon these he spent highly gratifying to have made some much labour, principally to make them extracts for this memoir, if opportu. understand the word of God themnity bad been offered.

selves, and so to communicate its And now, in bringing our remarks meaning to others that they might respecting the depared to a conclu- understand it also. He had an easy sion, it only remains to observe, that and happy method of imparting inwhatever little defects might be ap- struction to those who sought it from parent in some parts of his deport- him, and never seemed weary while ment, such as his being a little too his pupils were anxious to learn. reserved, a little too pointed in his When he had conversed for some preaching, and not doing quite enough time with those under his care, upon a difficult passage, which he thought much animated : 'To have been successfal in had not been made sufficiently plain, saving souls, what a blessing! To appear in he would often go and study closely a faithful minister of the gospel of our blessed

the great day not only a saint, but a minister, for an hour and a half, and then Redeemer, and a successful minister too. bring an interesting outline of a ser. Here words are wanting; and the labouring mon from the text in question, show. thought cannot count the blessings o'er. And ing to what purposes it might be

to numbers then present, made heirs of glory,

and conducted there by your instrumentality; be profitably improved. All his stores

O, brother, it will require an eternity to pour of knowledge, and they were con- on your soul the joys which grace divide will siderable, were sacredly consecrated bestow after services such as these. O box to the acquiring and diffusing the happy now in the thought; how triumphant

in the anticipation; but the enjoyment, the knowledge of divine truth. He is

enjoyment, my brother, what must that now gone, we feel no doubt, to enjoy, be! You will not repent then, that you have in full fruition, that blessedness to studied, prayed, preached, and laboured, even which the book he so ardently loved, to weariness of the flesh' in this great, this and so long and so hard laboured to good work. No; could lamentation enter

those star paved mansions of glory, it would understand, constantly pointed : there be that you had done no more for such a he has already, doubtless, met many God and in such a cause. But sorrow never who will be his joy and crown of re

enters there. How loved then by saints; joicing in the day of the Lord Jesus. those saints, whom we may suppose looking That his successor may be equally minister, my leader, my pastor, wbo, by the

with affections all divine ;—"There sits my useful in winning souls to Christ; grace of God, has brought us hither.” While that the church he has left to join increasing affections answer: “ These, these the church above, may be kept in

are the fruits of my ministry-lhe souls that

God gave unto me by the gospel of bis Son." peace and purity; and that his es

How loved by angels, who rejoice at the conteemed but bereaved widow, and all version of every singer. How must their his relatives and friends, may follow harps sound anew wben a minister who has him as he followed Christ, -is the converted numbers ascends his distinguisbed sincere of the writer.

throne of glory. How loved then by our prayer

glorified Redeemer, who shows such attachBarton.


ment to his ministers now. How loved by

Jehovah bimself, wbo sball make your eter[The following letter, just received, nal glories shine ; wbile the Lamb 'sball lead is inserted at the request of the you and your dear people to living fountains widow of our departed friend.

of water, "and God shall wipe away all tears It

from your eyes."' forms a suitable conclusion to his All this, and more than all this, wbieb Mr. memoir.-Ev.]

Pollard glowingly described, our dear friend

is now realizing Nor, while rejoicing at the Berhampore, July 18th, 1845. thought that many have greeted him in MY DEAR FRIEND,-Wben I heard of the


as their spiritual instructor and death of my revered friend and faiber, your father, should we forget that there are many beloved husband, I could not satisfy myself now upon earth to whom his ministry was without writing a line to assure you and the

rendered a blessing; and he will live in their church that I sympathize with you in the affectionate recollections. How truly it loss which you sustain by this solemn Provi. might be said of your late dear husband, dence. But this is a case in which with our

Christ and his cross was all his theme.' tears we should mingle thankfulness-that he was spared so long-laboured so hard and Fastidious hearers, or such as sought for so faithfully- and that his life and labours novelty, might find little to gratify tbem; terminated together. He has 'fought the but those who went to hear the doctrines of good fight; he has finished his course; he the gospel plainly stated and practically en. has kept the faith ;' and now he has received forced, would rarely reluru disappointed. He from the Lord whom he loved a crown of right- fed his people with knowledge and under. eousness wbich fadeth not away. I have just standing. In investigating the meaning of been reading the charge delivered at the ordi- the Divine Word be exercised, beyond many, nation of my departed friend by the late Mr. an independent judgment. His critical ob. Pollard, and published in the Magazine for servations were always worthy of attention, 1799: in reading the following remarks I was and always modestly expressed. He kept

the great end of preaching constantly in view. him who so long had the rule over you, who He was serious in a serious cause. Kings. spoke unto you the word of the Lord; follow ford, however, truly said of him, “Modesty his faith; consider the end of his conversa. kept him concealed, like a diamond in the rion. And while you mourn the loss of mine.' But I bave no doubt that it will be the only pastor the church has ever had, refound at that day which will try every man's joice that the chief Shepherd still lives. work, that many ministers of greater note Jesus Cbrist is the same yesterday, to day, have done much less good.

and for ever.' May you look to him to sancI have felt a melancholy pleasure in trying tify and repair the breach. to recall some of the lessons of wisdom I 1 must not close without reminding you, have learned from the longue which is now my dear friend, of the very precious promises silent in death. And it is an interesting made in the Word of God to widows. You recollection that the first missionary sermon will often read them, and meditate upon I heard was preached by the dear deceased them, and, I hope, find them to be sweeter from that appropriate text, • Many shall run tban honey, or the honey comb. May you to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.' find the grace of Christ to be sufficient for I have remembered, too, the feelings of deep yon, and his strength made perfect in your self abasement with which I heard his ser. weakness. • Cast all your care upon him, mon at the Melbourn revival meeting, more for he careth for you.' Often look forward to than eleven years ago, on, all the house of heaven. Remember the parting, at farthest, Israel lamenting after the Lord, and resolving will not be for long; and o bov delightful to put away the strange gods. And have the thought of meeting in heaven, where sin dwelt with pleasure on the animated dig. and death cannot enter, and where we sball course he delivered at the last Barton con. be for ever with the Lord. Dwell on this ference. I much enjoyed the few addresses thought; it will comfort and cheer you, I heard from him at the Lord's-table.

My dear wife desires me to give very sympa. How many of our aged ministers have thizing regards. I have not left myself been removed the last three years. Jarrom, room to say anything about the great and Goadby, Stevecson, Ingbam, Rogers, Bissil, blessed work to which the Lord has called

no more, and now another honoured The good seed of the kingdom, how. name must be added to the list

ever, is daily scattered, and we rely with well say, 'Our fathers, where are they?' But confidence on the promise of a faithful God the God of our fathers ever lives and ever that 'in due season we shall reap if we faint cares for the church.


Believe me, If it was proper for me to add a word to Your very affectionate christian friend, the bereaved church I would say, Remember




We may


Continued from page 339.) The rising spirit of liberty in the but the constitution of the righteous nation, and in parliament, favoured Creator and Governor of the universe freedom of thought and action in cannot be so far violated as for opreligious worship; but the queen and pression and falsehood finally to her bishops were resolved to sup- prevail. press this spirit, and regulate re- The contest between light and ligion according to their will. The darkness, truth and error, tyranny imperious bearing of Elizabeth, en- and liberty, continued, with much couraged by domineering ecclesi- suffering to the nonconformists, astics, raised a strong barrier in de- throughout the long reign of Elizafence of old, superstitious forms, and beth. She understood not the rights cruelly harassed and oppressed the of conscience in matters of religion, puritans : but error and injustice, and is justly chargeable with persehowever strong may be their advo- cuting principles. Being of opinion cates for a time, must ultimately re- that methods of severity were lawful, cede before truth and righteousness. to bring her subjects to outward The struggle may be violent and uniformity in religion, she countepainful, as it was in this instance; nanced persecuting measures, and


stretched her prerogative to support During the protectorate of Cromwell, them beyond the laws, and against liberty of conscience was respected, the sense of the nation.

and religion greatly increased in the During her reign, vital piety was nation. Whatever was the personal at a low ebb. The conforming cler- character of the protector, or whatgy were generally indolent formalists, ever were bis political views, his ad. and the people under them either ministration was marked by evenpapists or little better than heathens. handed justice to the rights of conIf any, whether ministers or people, science. None were persecuted and were sober and pious, they were oppressed by him on account of difeither puritans in reality, or branded ferences merely in religious sentiwith that odious name.

ments and practices. Such was the state of things on Far otherwise, however, was the the accession of James to the English case on the restoration of the second throne, in 1603. This pedantic Charles. Impiety and licentiousking, finding himself more caressed were let loose on his return, and flattered by the obsequious and all seriousness was the object of bishops than he had been by the derision and opposition. Laws and Scotch presbyterians, soon adopted ordinances, that had been supended, the maxim, No bishop, no king ;' or turned aside for a time, now reand yielded himself very much to the sumed their former course; and disguidance of his tyrannical prelates. senters became again the objects of No great and noble action could persecution. Various attempts were reasonably be expected from a prince indeed made, by conferences among so weak and contemptible. Under ministers of different views, professhis administration, popery gained edly to form a comprehension of all much on the advocates of high church in one established form. This scheme, principles, and, in opposition to them, however, was found to be impracticamany joined the puritans. The op- ble, and ended in the introduction of posing parties became more distinctly a bill into parliament to enforce unimarked, and those principles came formity in doctrine and form, in all into active operation, which, in the places of public worship. This bill next reign, involved the nation in was read the first time in the House civil war, and overturned, in one of Commons, Jan. 14th, 1662, and common ruin, both the church and passed, after considerable debate, by the state.

a small majority; but it met with This calamitous event was induced still greater opposition from the mainly by that overbearing and ty- lords, who offered several amendrannical spirit which would not allow ments, which occasioned conferences the conscience of the subject its due between the two houses. Finally, liberty of religious worship, and the bill passed, and to take which encroached on the civil rights effect from the 24th of August folof the nation. Oppression was prac- lowing. This was the famous Act of tised beyond the power of endurance, Uniformity, which is still in force, and an insulted and down-trodden and which states the terms of minisnation arose to assert its natural terial service in the church of Eng. rights, against the assumptions of land. regal and priestly domination. After So unreasonably limited was the this terrible convulsion, the close of a time between the passing of this act long-continued period of persecution and the time of its coming into full and arbitrary sway, came a time of operation, that scarcely one divine in relaxation and peace to the puritans. ten, that lived at any co siderable


distance from London, could see it tributed to the special care of divine before the time at which it was re- Providence, and, as a secondary cause, quired for him to profess to it his to their temperance and industry. unfeigned assent and consent; and While, by these severities, the many did thus implicitly subscribe, church was greatly weakening itself, as the bishops confessed.

it was immensely strengthening the At length the fatal Bartholomew cause of dissent; and many dissenting came. And what a day was this! churches, now in a flourishing con-a day that was to witness either dition, may doubtless date their founthe sacrifice of peace and a good con- dation to the labours of the ejected science, for the sake of a living, on ministers. One instance, as it tends the part of those that did not heartily to illustrate several particulars in the accord with the requirements of the state of those times, I beg to record. act; or, on the other hand, to witness ‘Not long after the year 1662, Mr. their manly and christian determina- Grove, a gentleman of great opulence, tion to cast themselves and their whose seat was near Birdbush, upon families on the bounty and care of his wife's lying dangerously ill, sent to divine Providence, having neither his parish minister to pray with her. house, nor home, nor any visible When the messenger came, he was mode of subsistence. What was the just going out with the hounds, and result? Let those that stigmatize sent word he would come when the professors of religion as mere artful hunt was over. At Mr. Grove's expretenders to sanctity, consider it; pressing much resentment against the and let those that accuse the puritans, minister for choosing to follow his in particular, as factious, and fanati- diversions rather than to attend his cal, and precise, consider it,-about wife under the circumstances in which TWO THOUSAND, and many of them she then lay, one of the servants distinguished for learning, piety, and said, “Sir, our shepherd, if you will usefulness, relinquished their prefer- send for him, can pray very well: we ment in the church, or refused to have often heard him at prayer in the take any upon the terms of the act of field.” Upon this, he was immediuniformity.

ately sent for ; and, Mr. Grove asking This noble stand for conscience him whether he ever did or could could not but attract the notice of all pray, the shepherd fixed his eyes classes at home, and of the reformed upon him, and, with peculiar seriouschurches abroad, confirming many in ness, replied, “ God forbid, sir, that I the faith of the gospel, and confound should live one day without prayer.” ing its enemies. Their confidence in Hereupon he was desired to pray with Him that feeds the ravens and the the sick lady, which he did so pertiyoung lions, when they cry, was not nently to her case, with such fluency misplaced. Many of them had in- and fervency of devotion, as greatly deed to descend to manual labour, to astonish the husband, and all the and, like the apostle Paul, with their family who were present. When own hands minister to their necessi. they arose from their knees, the genties, and the necessities of their fami. tleman addressed him to this effect: lies, and through many straits and “Your language and manner discover privations to make their way; but you to be a very different person from they did make it; so that it would what your present appearance indiprobably be impossible, from any cates.' I conjure you to inform me other class of persons, to take an who and what you are, and what equal number whose average age

were your views and situation in life would equal that of the ejected minis- before you came into my service.” ters, This circumstance is to be at- Whereupon, he told him he was one

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