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The christian miracles were further sands, or that you beheld the temattested by the suffering friends of pestuous winds and

waves hushed the gospel, many of whom laid down into an instantaneous calm, by the their lives in attestation of a belief, command Peace, be still,' could you confirmed by these displays of divine resist the impression, "What manner power. Quadratus testifies, The of man is this that even the winds works of our Saviour were always and the sea obey him! Truly this conspicuous, for they were real, both man is the Son of God.' they that were healed, and they that Another class of proofs, which atwere raised from the dead, who were test, beyond the power of refutation, seen, not only when they were healed the divine origin of christianity and of or raised, but for a long time after the Bible revelation, is derived from wards; not only whilst he dwelt on prophecy. Futurity is so hidden this earth, but also after his depar. from human inspection, that no ture, and for a good while after it, human being can possibly foretell, insomuch that some of them have with certainty, the events even of reached to our times.' Justin Martyr, to-morrow; much less can human who laid down his life for Christ, foresight discover, and foretell the attested the Lord's works in the fol- events of distant ages, and reveal lowing passage :—He healed those what shall happen twenty or thirty who had been blind, and deaf, and centuries hence. Yet this was done lame, from their birth, causing, by by the prophets of the Old Testament, his word, one to leap, another to hear, and by the Saviour and his disciples. and a third to see; and by raising the God refers to such predictions of dead, and making them to live, he in future events as intended to demonduced, by his works, the men of that strate the truth of his religion. Isaiah age to know him."

xli. 26, xlv. 21, xlvü. 5–7. When Nicodemus went by night Nearly 3800 years ago it was preto converse with Jesus, he said, dicted respecting Ishmael, the father • Rabbi, we know that thou art a of

many of the Arabians, 'He shall teacher come from God; for no man be a wild man; his hand will be can do these miracles that thou doest against every man, and every man's except God be with him.'

This is hand against him; and he shall dwell the confession of common

in the presence of all his brethren,' Such miracles as those of the Lord Gen. xvi. 12. This prophecy reand his apostles most indubitably ferred not so much to him individprove the divine commission of the ually, as to his descendents. Gen. persons who performed them. Imagine xvii. 20, and it has been remarkably that you behold the diseased suddenly fulfilled to the present time. Still healed, the blind seeing, the deaf are the Arabians the wild people thus hearing, the dumb speaking, the lame described. Nations that have sought walking, the leprous cleansed, the to subjugate them have long ceased dead rising from a bier, or coming to exist; but they remain a distinct, out of a sepulchre, and all this ef- unsubdued, and independent people, fected at the bidding of a professed whose hand is so against every man messenger from God, could you avoid that the subjects of the most power. the conviction. The author of these ful nations dread their assaults and wonders has indeed a divine commis- purchase their forbearance. sion? Suppose you saw five loaves Three thousand three hundred years so multiplied as to furnish ample food ago, Moses warned the Israelites, for more than as many hungry thou- that if they were unfaithful to their

God, innumerable miseries would * Quoted in · Divine Origin,' p. 46, &c. overtake them. He predicted that a



swift and powerful enemy, from a might have seemed more likely that distant region, would destroy their some other people, some doomed and high-walled cities, and desolate their accursed nation, would acquire that country; that they should be scattered unenviable distinction. At that peamong all nations, and yet amalga- riod many nations inhabited those mate with none; that they should regions. There were Ammonites, suffer wherever they were dispersed, Moabites, Midianites, Edomites, Amal and yet should not be lost among ekites, Philistines, and the any other people. All this, and much wicked and doomed nations of the more, has been exactly accomplished, Canaanites. Yet respecting the deand much of it is accomplishing now. scendants of Jacob only, was this When the predictions were uttered, prediction uttered, and only in their Israel had not entered the promised case has it been realized. The name land; but they obtained it, inherited of none of those other nations, wicked it for ages, and then forfeited it by and condemned, as some of them their crimes and rebellion. Their were, has become a by-word and a cities were destroyed, as foretold, by reproach, but how often when a conquerors from Assyria and Babylon, sharper is intended, is it said, 'He is and afterwards by the swift and a Jew!' How often does the insavage Roman power. Their temple jured say of the injurer, *He has was burned, their country desolated, jewed me.' How strange the acand nearly two millions of them complishment of this minute preslaughtered by their conquerors, in diction, thirty three centuries after it the reigns of Vespasian and Adrian. was uttered : its accomplishment in The Lord further said, “I will make different countries, and in this distant a full end of all the nations whither island of the sea, then probably an I have driven thee, but I will not unknown and uninhabited spot. New make a full end of thee.' Jer. xlvi. 28. Testament predictions respecting IsMore than two thousand years have rael harmonize with those of the Old. passed since this prediction was ut.

Jesus foretold the miseries that tered, and the history of the world awaited Jerusalem, and the Roman attests its accomplishment. The armies, according to the testimony of Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Ro- the Jewish historian Josephus, acmans, and other nations, conquered complished every part of his pre. and scattered the Jews; and where dictions.* He predicted the utter are they now? Only their name re- destruction of the city and temple, mains ; a 'full end has been made of and all was fulfilled. He foretold, them ; but the Israelites, oppressed, also, that Jerusalem should be troddespised, exiled, trodden in the dust, den down of the Gentiles, until the continue a distinct people, a standing times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.' miracle, an incontrovertible proof of Luke xxi. 24. This prediction is to the divinity of that book, which re- this day accomplished, and accomcords their crimes and foretells their plishing before our eyes.

Never dispersion and yet their preservation. Since the Romans finally expelled the One particular in the prophetic de- Jews from their beloved land, have scription of their sufferings is as mi- they, even for a single day, had posnute as its accomplishment is exact session of their favourite city. After and wonderful. It was foretold that its desolation it rose again from its the

Israelites should become ruins, but not to be their city. From proverb and a by-word, Deut. xxviii. 37. Had inere probability

Newcome's Observations on our Lord's influenced the prophet's mind, it conduct. Newton on the Prophecies, &c. Vol. 7.-N.S.



age to

age it has been trodden down situation ; that he should work great by the Gentiles. It has often miracles ; that he should be despised changed its masters; but whoever and rejected; should be exposed to have conquered it, the Jews have not. savage cruelty ; should be buffeted, For almost eighteen hundred years it mocked, spit upon; should have his has been trodden down by the Gen- visage marred by cruelty ; should be tiles, and it is so still. It is confidently gentle and heavenly; should be led to stated that no Jew possesses the slaughter like a lamb;, should not de. smallest portion of land as his own, fend himself from his accusers; should in the country of his fathers. In the be numbered with transgressors; face of an unbelieving world, the should make intercession for them ; Saviour's prediction has been contin- should be scourged, and suffer thirst ; ually fulfilling, and is fulfilling now. should be surrounded by men, savage Let infidels point to one fact in the as ravenous beasts; should be in. history of all nations besides, resem. sulted in his sufferings; should have bling this. They cannot find one. his raiment divided, and lots cast

Time would fail to refer to ac- upon his vesture ; should be put to complished predictions, respecting grief by his heavenly Father ; should those cities, that were the rulers or have his hands and feet pierced ; the glory of the ancient world. should die ; should have his grave Such were Babylon, Nineveh, Tyre, appointed with the wicked, and yet and others, but their desolation was should be buried with the rich ; should predicted, and every prediction has rise from the dead, and live again been fulfilled. None now knows after death, when he would declare where Nineveh stood; none can tell, the name of the Lord, and his pleawith absolute certainty, where was sure should prosper in his hand; and the site of Babylon ; and Tyre long then he should see of the travail of since became a desolate and almost his soul, and be satisfied.-Gen, iji. deserted rock.

15; Isa. vii. 14; Gen xxü. 18, xvii. Equally impracticable is it, on this 21, xxviii. 14, xlix. 10; Isa. xi. 1, 2; occasion, to survey the predictions Jer. xxi. 5 ; Micah v. 2; Isa. xxxv. contained in the New Testament re- 5, li. 6, lii. 14, all lüü.; Psa. xxii. specting Antichrist. The predictions On the subject of his sufferings, Jesus are abundantly plain, and nothing himself foretold that he should be can be more exact or striking than delivered to the chief priests and their accomplishment, in the assump- scribes; that they would condemn tions, superstitions, cruelty, general him to death, and deliver him to the wickedness, and whole character, of Gentiles, who would mock, and popery

scourge, and spit upon, and crucify, Other predictions, referring to the and kill him, and that, the third day, Messiah, and his peaceful and blessed he should rise again. — Matt. xx. reign, have received an equally exact 19; Mark x. 34. fulfilment. Simpson, in his .Key to Of these wonderful predictions, the Prophecies,' has collected one hun- perhaps no one is more striking dred and eight predictions respecting than that which foretold his crucithe Messiah, that have been fulfilled fixion. Crucifixion, it is well known, in Jesus Christ. It was foretold that was a Roman punishment for slaves, the Messiah should be the seed of the and the most despised malefactors, woman ; should be a descendant of and by Romans it was inflicted on Abraham, in the line of Isaac, Jacob, the Saviour; yet, hundreds of years Judah, Jesse, David ; that he should before Rome was built, or the Roman be born at Bethlehem, in a lowly nation existed, David foretold that


the Messiah should suffer crucifixion, the immolation of slaves. It has sup

- They pierced my hands and my pressed the combats of gladiators, feet.-Psa. xxii. 16.

and the impurities of religious rites. It was also foretold, that he should It has banished, if not unnatural gather into the family of God the vices, at least the toleration of them. Gentiles; should be their light, and It has greatly meliorated the conthat many of them would become his dition of the laborious part, that is to disciples; that his Gospel should be say, of the mass of every community, diffused through the world; and that by procuring for them a day of weekly his kingdom, once established, should rest. In all countries in which it is never be destroyed.—Micah iv. 1, 2; professed, it has produced numerous Isa. xlix. 15, 22, liv., lx. ; Matt. i. establishments for the relief of sick

Isa. xlii. 1, 6, xlix. 6, xi. 10, ii. ness and poverty; and, in some, a 3, 4; Dan. vii. 14; Psa. lxxii. 17; regular and general provision by law. Isa. liv. 8, 10, 17.

It has triumphed over the slavery These events

were foretold, not established in the Roman empire ; it in ambiguous language, but with the is contending, and, I trust, will one utmost plainness; and a number of day prevail against, the worse slavery them not by one or two predictions of the West Indies.' His anticipaonly, but by many, Whence, but tions on the last topic are now refrom heaven, could come prophecies, alized. Christianity has triumphed referring to so many subjects, de- over the slavery of the West Indies, scending into so many minute par- and that of every other part of the ticulars, to be accomplished through British empire, and has commenced different ages, and in lands far apart ; a vigorous attack on the slavery upand most of them already fulfilled, or

held in the United States, more atroat this very time fulfilling?

cious and detestable than that over Several of the predictions, which which it triumphed in the islands of referred to the religion of Jesus, fore- the West. told that it would be an eminent Important, however, as are these blessing to the world.—Gen. xxii. effects, others more important have 18; Psa. lxxii, 17; Isa. xxxv. 1, 2, resulted from the christian system, xi. 6—9, li. 3, ii. 4. The experience in numberless instances. Its peace of multitudes, that no man can num- within the breast has cheered myber, has borne testimony to the ac. riads, when all without has been dark complishment of this prediction. If and afflictive; heavenly consolations temporal advantage only were con- have brightened into smiles of transidered, christianity has been a bless- quility countenances that else would ing to the nations. Many years ago, have been saddened by poverty and Paley remarked,— The effects of

These consolations have comchristianity have been most impor- forted the chamber of pain and sicktant. It has mitigated the conduct ness, and, on the bed of death, they of war, and the treatment of captives. have often been felt as the earnest of It has softened the administration of that future joy which is unspeakable despotic, or of nominally despotic, and full of glory. governments.

It has abolished po- Thus, whether we regard the dislygamy. It has restrained the licen- coveries of our heavenly religion, or tiousness of divorces. It has put an

the clearness and certainty of those end to the exposure of children, and discoveries, christianity is light.


(To be continued.)

HEBREW HISTORY. (No. VIII. concluded.)

The final departure of Samuel from Saul, do these things, would assist him to conand the recollection of the divine decree, quer the Philistine who had defied his that the kingdom should be removed people. Having refused Saul's armour, from him, greatly disturbed the unsancti- he went forth with his staff and sling, fied and self-centred mind of the king. against this mighty champion. Goliath He became subject to melancholy and despised him, cursed him by his gods, dejection, and a prey to evil tempers, if and told him that his body should be not to a demon. To remove this, David 'food for the fowls of the air and the was recommended to him, that he might beasts of the field.' David, strong in the use his skill on the harp before him, and Lord, replied that he came against the thus chase away his disturbed and agita- Philistine in the name of the Lord of ted thoughts. "Jesse was glad of this Hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, promotion for his son; and Saul, charmed whom he had defied. “This day," he with the skill and prowess of David, took said, “the Lord will deliver thee up into him to his house, and delighted in him my hand; and I will smite thee, and and made him his armour-bearer. He take thine head from thee; that all the had not long remained in the house of earth may know that there is a God in the king, before the jealousy of his Israel.” So confident was he in God, brethren caused him to be recalled by 80 assured of victory! his father; and he was again committed David hasted, and slung a stone at to his humble employment; while his the Philistine with such precision and three eldest brothers engaged in Saul's force, that it sunk into the forehead of service.

the giant, and he fell down dead in the David was discharging his humble field. He immediately ran and took the service, some two or three years after he sword of the Philistine and cut off his had been anointed, when the Philistines head, while the Hebrew army pursued encamped against Israel. The valley of and routed their dispirited foes. Elah, a short distance from Bethlehem, When he returned with the head and lay between the encampment of the two sword and armour of the Philistine, Saul armies. Amongst the Philistines was would not permit him to go again to his Goliath of Gath, a giant above ten feet father's house, but gave him an honour. in stature, and strong in proportion, who able appointment in his service; and the challenged the Israelites, and defied them soul of Jonathan was warmly attached to find a man that by single combat unto David, in whom he beheld the should decide the fate of the battle. future king of Israel, and they entered Forty days this boasting idolater ap- into a friendly covenant with each other. peared, but the camp of Israel trembled, The path of honour and distinction was and none dare accept his challenge. now open before him, but a new and David, sent by his father with provision formidable difficulty appeared. As Saul for his brethren, and a present for their returned home from the battle, he was captain, saw and heard the defiance of met by the women from every city the Philistine. His zeal for the honour singing and dancing for joy of their deof God was inflamed; and being told liverance, saying, "Saul has slain his what rewards Saul would give to him thousands, and David his ten thousands.' who should vanquish this foe of God The superior prowess ascribed to David and his people, he intimated his willing- awakened Saul's jealousy, lest he should ness to engage him. His eldest brother at last have the kingdom, and the next rebuked his temerity; but when Saul day in an extacy of rage and madness, heard of it, he sent for him, and ex-" which he concealed under the guise of pressed his astonishment that so young religious excitement, while David played a person should be willing to enter the to him, he twice threw a javelin at him lists with a giant accustomed to war. to kill him. David replied, that he had killed a lion The watchful eye of providence preand a bear which came on the flock; and served David, and the blessing of God the same God who had enabled him to gave him wisdom, and rendered him an

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