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object of general attachment and admi- attendants bread, the sacred bread, and ration; but this only excited the more the sword of Goliath, which had been strongly the fears of the king. To secure committed to the custody of the priests. his destruction, Saul proposed that he The fugitive, with more of human policy should have his daughter, who loved him, than divine, fled to the king of Gath, who, to wife, provided he would execute a most either from regard to his fame, or expectadangerous enterprize against the Philis- tion of future service from him, gave him a tines. David was triumphant, and re- temporary shelter. But the jealousy of ceived the reward; but his success only the Philistines awakened the most dreadincreased Saul's desire to take away his ful fears in David's mind; and feigning life, so that he even gave orders to his himself mad, he escaped from Gath, and soldiers and to Jonathan his son to came to the cave of Adullam, some ten destroy him. A remonstrance from miles north-west of Jerusalem. There his Jonathan led Saul to revoke his order, brethren and his aged parents, all now and David was recalled to his high and become the objects of Saul's antipathy, honourable post, and shortly afterwards came to him; and about four hundred led the army against the Philistines. men attached themselves to his train, The great success of David in this war, and he became their captain. Having served but to add fuel to the fire that taken his aged parents for safety to the burned in Saul's breast, and again and king of Moab, and being admonished again he attempted his life. Who can by a prophet of his danger, he and his stand before jealousy?' Assisted by party entered the forest of Hareth, also Michal, David tied to Rama to Samuel, in the tribe of Judah. Saul having heard and doubtless received there such coun- of the relief given to him by the priests, sel and encouragement as his circum- ordered them and their families to stances demanded.
be put to death; but none of his solSaul sent messengers to apprehend diers would obey him; and Doeg the him, but they were so awed and charm- Edomite, Saul's herdsman, who ined by the religious services of the pro- formed against them, executed the phets, and the power of God, that they wicked command, and destroyed the united with them and did not execute whole city. One of the priests, Abiathar, their purpose. A second, and a third escaped and told David what had ocband were affected in the like manner; curred, and David retained him in his and at length Saul went himself, but the attendance, and he enquired of God same power subdued him. So does God for him. sometimes disarm the foes of his people. Hearing that the Philistines were
Jonathan, who loved David, after- committing depredations on Keilah, a wards informed him of the evident de- town on the west border of Judah, termination of his father to kill him: David, with the sanction of God, went and after affectionately renewing their and smote them, and delivered the covenant and weeping over each other, Keilites out of their hand, and restored they parted, as companions, for ever. unto them their spoil. But ascertaining
David, the anointed of the Lord, and that Saul was approaching this place, and destined to be king in Israel, was now being assured of God, that the ungrateful in the humblest position : denounced by people would deliver him into the king's Saul, and regarded by his court as an power, he again escaped, and wandered outlaw, his wife given to another, and near to the eastern extremity of Judah, himself compelled to wander as a fugi- to a mountain of Ziph. There he was tive in the land he was to govern. These refreshed by a private and friendly visit were great reverses, and it would have from Jonathan. Sweet and sacred are been wonderful indeed if in no degree the secret interviews of chosen friends. his confidence had forsaken him. Alas, Saul came against him there with an at best, what is man? He went to Nob, army: and when David was almost in a city of priests, in the tribe of Benja- his power, and it appeared, humanly min, and where what remained of the speaking, impossible he could escape, a sacred tabernacle was set up. The high messenger came with breathless haste priest, knowing his high repute, and unto Saul, and said, Haste thee, and ignorant of his peculiar position, was come, for the Philistines have spread deceived by him, and gave him and his themselves on the land.' Saul therefore was obliged to retire, and David was “the Lord shall smite him, or his day delivered. Beautiful and appropriate is shall come to die, or he shall descend his language, 'Our soul is escaped from into battle and perish.' Again Saul was the hand of the fowlers, the snare is made to see his error, and then he even broken and we are escaped.'. 'Our help invited David to return to his house. But is in the name of the Lord, who made David knew the fitfulness of Saul, and heaven and earth.”
the extreme power of his jealousy, and David and his party, amounting to he was, after the king returned, in greater 600 men, next went to the mountain fear than ever. His confidence forsook fastnesses and caves of Engedi, a wild him, and he almost abandoned his region on the north-east of Judea : and hope; so that he went once more to the there, had he been disposed, he could king of Gath. Achish received him have slain Saul. He and his men were courteously, and gave him the city of secreted in a large cavern, into which Ziklag for him and his company, hoping Saul entered and unsuspectingly lay thereby to obtain his allegiance and down to rest. Respect for his office and assistance against Saul. Secure from the anointing of God, and an absence of the attacks of the king, he resided in vindictive feeling, led David to preserve Ziklag sixteen months, and from this point, his life, while he cut off a part of his which was somethirty miles south of Cath, garment, which he afterwards exhibited and near the south-west border of Judah, to Saul, when removed to a distance. he made frequent and successful incurThis proof of his forbearance so subdued sions on the Amalekites, the Geshurites, Saul for the time, that he acknowledged and other predatory and wandering tribes, his fault, and besought David to promise who had been a terror unto Israel. future friendship to his house.
Thus for ten years was David in About this time, when David's trou- continual difficulties and straits; chased bles had continued four years, Samuel by Saul, and led to flee from place to died, and the Israelites lamented and place as a fugitive on the earth. His exermourned over him. David removed with cises of mind were very severe, and his men into Paran, south of the land of though, at times, his confidence in God Israel, into the wilderness, where he was shaken, in the main, his heart was might indulge his grief without inter- fixed trusting in the Lord.' The narruption from his vigilant and implacable rative we have glanced at, as recorded foe. But there, necessity led him to in the first book of Samuel, is the key appeal to the liberality of a rich man, to many of those Psalms which have whose flocks he had protected, for a little been the comfort of the tempted and temporary relief; his messengers were distressed and persecuted people of God treated roughly and insultingly refused. in every age. They were written for This provoked both David and his men. our learning, that we, through patience But one of Nabal's servants reported the and consolation of the scriptures, might case to his mistress, and she, sensible of have hope.' the equity of the request, the obligation The king of the Philistines once of her husband to David, and the danger more invaded Israel, and David was that might come on them if he deter- reduced to the painful alternative of exmined to make reprisals, prudently took posing himself to his fury, or taking the a great quantity of provisions, and coming field against his own people. He to David, appeased his anger with this seemingly chose the latter course; but seasonable present. Nabal heard of his the lords of the Philistines suspected danger afterwards and died; and Abigail him, and he was consequently dismissed became David's wife.
by Achish, to return to Ziklag. The battle Again, when in the neighbourhood of field chosen by the Philistines was the Ziph, Saul was excited by the Ziphites plain of Jezreel, which is far north of to go against David; and then while he Gath, so that David was three days was asleep in his camp, and his guards returning to Ziklag on the south. On were asleep, David and Abishai went his arrival, he found the place in ruins, and took away the spear and cruse of sacked, burnt, and destroyed. A party of water from near his pillow: but he Amalekites taking advantage of his abrefused to smite him, though strongly sence had thus avenged themselves on tempted by his valiant attendant; saying him, taking his wives and those of his people, their cattle and substance, all An Amalekite, hoping for a reward with them as a prey. He pursued them, from David, brought him the first inteland guided by an Egyptian who belonged ligence of the sad issue of the battle, and to the party, but had fallen in the rear claimed the honour of dispatching Saul. sick, he came on them and recaptured Alas, how little he understood of the all they had taken, uninjured, besides character of David, to imagine this so great a spoil, as enabled him to send would commend him to his favour! He presents to the elders of the chief towns was put to death, as guilty, on his own of Judah, who had assisted him in his confession, of murder and treason : and extremities.
David gave vent to his grief for Saul, We return now to behold the end of whom he respected, and his sorrow for Saul. It was inglorious, but indicated Jonathan whom he ardently loved, in the presence of much personal bravery. one of the most beautiful and touching Alarmed at the hosts the Philistines elegies ever written. brought against Israel, and not answer- With this.elegy, slightly varied from ed by the Lord who had rejected him, our common translation, we will conwhen he enquired, he had recourse to clude the present paper. another and darker power. He went by night in disguise to a woman with a O beauteous antelope of Israel, familiar spirit: a priestess of Ob, or a Slain on thine own mountains ! serpent, another form for devil worship; How have the mighty fallen! An appearance of Samuel was permitted
Tell it not in Gath; to come to him, a circumstance which seems to have startled the woman her- Proclaim it not in the streets of Askelon; self, though some suppose an evil spirit Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice; personated the prophet; and it told him, Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult! that on the morrow he and his sons and Ye mountains of Gilboa, his host would fall before the Philistines. Let neither dew nor rain be upon you, This gloomy intelligence filled Saul with such sorrow and alarm that he sunk For on you hath been vilely cast away
Nor pastures sustaining offerings : speechless and overwhelmed on the earth, and, after the priestess had given The shield of the mighty, the shield of Saul, him a refreshment, though not a peni- As of one not anointed of God! tent, with dejected steps he retraced his From the blood of warriors, path to the camp.
From the flesh of the mighty, The fatal day of battle arrived. Saul
The bow of Jonathan was not withheld, and his sons, like bold and valiant men,
Nor the sword of Saul returned empty. were in the high places of the field,'
Saul and Jonathan ! but they were overpowered by their foes. The army was routed; Jonathan slain ; Mutual love united them in life, and Saul, to avoid being killed by a And they were not divided in death ; Philistine, fell on his own sword.
They were swifter than eagles ! The Philistines made a triumph with
They were stronger than lions ! Saul's armour, and placed it with his head in the temple of Dagon. They dis- Weep over Saul, ye daughters of Israel ! honoured his body and those of his sons,
He clothed you in gayest scarlet, by fastening them on the walls of Beth- He ornamented your apparel with gold ! shan. The men of Jabesh-Gilead, mind. How are the mighty fallen, ful of their early obligations to Saul, In the midst of the battle! boldly crossed the Jordan, and came in
Oh Jonathan ! the night unto the city of the Philistines, Pierced on thine own mountains, and took away the bodies that they I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan ! might receive a decent burial; and then fasted and mourned for him seven days.
Very delightful hast thou been to me; Such was the end of the first king of Thy love to me was wonderful, the Hebrews! He was brave, but im- Surpassing the love of women! petuous; at times devout, but not of a How are the mighty fallen! right spirit for the important and pecu- And the weapons of war perished! liar position in which Providence placed him as king in Israel.
AMERICAN BAPTIST CHURCHES. (No. II.)
AMONG American Baptists the pastoral This course is far too common. But office is merely nominal ; the relation of I fancy you are ruminating upon “the a pastor to a church is not expected to purpose for which he was called,” and continue long; the love of change and wondering what it means. It may mean novelty prevails in churches as well as many things. He may have been called in the community generally. Many because he was " a thorough going total causes have been assigned for this state abstinence man,” and the leading memof things; it is usually admitted to be bers in the church wished to have a an evil. Much has been said and written “total abstinence church," and make the to remove it, but to no purpose. From teetotal pledge a test of membership. two to three years is the average duration He may be a "red hot abolitionist, of the pastoral charge, and in very many whose preaching is strongly spiced with instances pastors remove yearly. I invectives against slavery and the south. doubt whether, in the state of New York, Or he may be great in the "moral reform ten Baptist ministers can be found who cause," and often exhibit the abominable have occupied their present places ten details of seduction and brothels; or years. The phrase "hire a minister,” is any individual sin, against which the cry as common as hire a man, or a horse, or of the times is directed. a house, or any thing else that is to be When such objects are effected through had for money. I have discovered very his influence, or if he fail in accomplishlittle of that consciousness of divine ing them, he must remove; the Church guidance in directing a church to can meet and vote to dismiss him, and suitable pastor, or a minister to a field he must go. On the other hand, too of labour, which would tend to make many, ministers seem to regard the the union of pastor and church perma- churches with which they are connected nent and sacred. Churches seem to merely as a stopping place, or point of regard ministers merely as servants of observation, which they intend to occupy the churches, having no interest in them until something better presents itself; beyond what they are paid for. So long something better means a more popular, as a minister answers the purpose for a more wealthy, or a more numerous which he was called, and no one is church ; in which case they are ready offended with him, so long is he a good to remove, send in their resignations, minister; but should one or two take a and away they go to occupy another dislike to him, either because he is too point of observation, and in a short time plain in speech, or too practical in his to move again. Such scenes as the preaching, or too-anything else, from above are of much too frequent occurwhich offence may be taken, the move- rence, and they are the things which first ment begins which is to issue in his arrest the attention, and by some are removal : a party is formed, and the regarded as the exponent of the whole. work commences; if nothing can be I do not wish you to think so, though I found against his character, that will not present these irregularities, and call them make the antipathy less, they can starve iniquitous proceedings, upon which the him out, and should the persons be Head of the church must frown. inquired of, why they refuse to assist in I suppose that the customs of the his support, the answer “He is not the country have contributed not a little to man for us," or “I do not like him," or this state of things. You know that the some such answer amounting to
habits of a country influenceeven religious
societies, and the aspect of the Chris"I do not like thee, Doctor Fell;
tian Church. If, early in the history of The reason why I cannot tell;
Christianity, the church adopted the But this I know, and know full well,
hierarchical notions of heathenism, and I do not like thee, Doctor Fell,"
in the end became like it incorporated is all that can be obtained. The minister with the state, and obtained its Pontifex must go, rather than the church lose two Maximus, need we wonder if in demoor three who are able to subscribe ten cratic states, where all officers are chosen
either directly or indirectly by the people,
dollars a year.
and for very short periods, these habits almost insult him in the presence of his should insinuate themselves into Chris- church and congregation, and when they tian churches, and especially into Baptist have collected and brought into the churches, which are confessedly demo- church many both good and bad, leave cratic. I cannot but regard this as the the poor pastor to regain the affections primary cause, connected with such of the church if he can, and to perform secondary ones as may be deduced from all the drudgery of cleansing the Augean what I have before stated, of producing stable they have left behind; in doing the practice of “living by the year," -a which the pastor too often is met and practice, not universal indeed, but very frowned upon by those who have received common, and very prolific of evils alike from his lips the sincere milk of the to ministers and churches. Judging word, and who are determined upon his from appearances, I think we Baptists removal. These Evangelists are supare fast hastening to the opposite extreme posed to do a great deal of good, but of popery: papists regard the clergy as whether more of good than evil is a the church, we seem to be approaching problem upon which many ininds are the position that the clergy are no part. at work. I was credibly informed not of the church; and as popery fleeced or long since of a pastor of high standing flattered the people, who were merely the and influence, who had been twice pretail of the beast, according to its plea- vailed upon to admit Evangelists; both sure, so our democratic churches seem times he did it reluctantly : at the close disposed to countenance or kick their of the labours of the second revival ministers, as may best comport with the preacher, the pastor said to him, “Ig
gave united wisdom of the incertum vulgus. you my affection, you have trampled
One of the secondary causes, (some upon it. I gave you my confidence, you think it the primary one,) of the uncer- have betrayed it. I gave you my pulpit, tain tenure of the pastoral office, is the and you have disgraced it.” If it were labours of men who have obtained the so, it was not a solitary instance :- but name of Evangelists; these are sometimes enough for the present. You may
think called revival preachers, not a few of this a gloomy picture: it is; I wish whom when they go to hold a series of it were not a faithful one: the bright meetings, a meeting of days, or a pro
side has to come.
I do not wish to extracted meeting, (all these names are used,) tenuate, nor set down aught in malice; steal away the affections of the people but to present what I have seen and from their pastor, while they usurp. his heard from good men and true. place for the time they labour, sometimes
TAE SACRAMENTS. - An inquiry into the certainly invest the general doctrine of these
symbolic institutions of the christian re- lectures with a kind of denominational ligion, usually called, The Sacraments. sanction. Ridiculous,' as Dr. Morison may By ROBERT HALLEY, D. D. Part I. affect to regard this idea, there is something
Baptism, 8vo. pp. 620. Price 14s. in it which cannot be entirely explained The Congregational Lecture was established away. If the lectures be controversial, the for the purpose of advancing the interests of lecturer is put forth as a champion; and if religious truth in connection with the Inde- he succeed according to the wishes of his pendents; and though the committee of the adherents, great and glorious is the flourish Congregational Library, with whom rests the of trumpets heard on the occasion. And, in selection of lecturers, &c., in their prospec
the present instance, we should not have tus, declare, that whatever responsibility
been so repeatedly told that the Cogrega. may attach to the reasoning or opinions ad
Lional Lectures do not occupy a kind of au. vanced in any course of lectures, belongs
thoritative standing' amongst the brethren, exclusively to the lecturer,' yet the fact,
if there was not something in Dr. Halley's that the lecturers are selected for their liter- lectures which greatly disturbed them. Our ary attainments and ministerial reputation,'
readers will misunderstand us, it this refer. and that the arrangements of the committee
ence leads them to think that Dr. Halley is secure the publication of each separate course,
either a feeble or a contemptible polemic. VOL. 7.-N. S.