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In forms imaginary, the unguided days,
quite: The prince but studies his companions, Like a strange tongue: wherein, to gain the lan
guage, 'Tis needful, that the most immodest word Be look'd upon, and learn'd; which once attain'd, Your highness knows, comes to no further use, But to be known, and hated. So, like gross terms, The prince will, in the perfectness of time, Caft off his followers : and their memory Shall as a pattern or a measure live, By which his grace must mete the lives of others; Turning past evils to advantages. K. Hen. 'Tis seldom, when the bee doth leave
her comb In the dead carrion.4-Who's here? Westmoreland?
2 bis affections -] His passions; his inordinate desires.
JOHNSON. 3 But to be known, and hated.] A parallel passage occurs in Terence:
quo modo adolescentulus
ANONYMOUS. 4 'Tis feldom, when the bee &c.] As the bee having once placed her comb in a carcase, stays by her honey, so he that has once taken pleasure in bad company, will continue to associate with those that have the art of pleasing him. JOHNSON,
West. Health to my sovereign! and new happi.
ness Added to that that I am to deliver ! Prince John, your son, doth kiss your grace's hand: Mowbray, the bishop Scroop, Hastings, and all, Are brought to the correction of your law; There is not now a rebel's sword unsheath'd, But peace puts forth her olive every where. The manner how this action hath been borne, Here, at more leisure, may your highness read; With every course, in his particular. K. Hen. O Westmoreland, thou art a summer
bird, Which ever in the haunch of winter sings The lifting up of day. Look! here's more news.
Enter HarcouRT. HAR. From enemies heaven keep your majesty; And, when they stand against you, may they fall As those that I am come to tell you of! The earl Northumberland, and the lord Bardolph
s in his particular.] We should read, I think-in this particular; that is, in this detail, in this account, which is minute and distinct. Johnson.
His is used for its, very frequently in the old plays. The modern editors have too often made the change; but it should be remembered, (as Dr. Johnson has elsewhere observed,) that by repeated changes the history of a language will be lost. Strevens.
It may certainly have been used so here, as in almost every other page of our author. Mr. Henley however observes, that his par. ticular may mean the detail contained in the letter of Prince John. A Particular is yet used as a substantive, by legal conveyancers, for a minute detail of things fingly enumerated. MALONE.
With a great power of English, and of Scots,
make me sick?
[Swoons. P. Humph. Comfort, your majesty! Cla.
O my royal father! West. My sovereign lord, cheer up yourself, : look up! War. Be patient, princes; you do know, these
fits Are with his highness very ordinary. Stand from him, give him air; he'll straight be
Cla. No, no; he cannot long hold out these
pangs : The incessant care and labour of his mind Hath wrought the mure, that should confine it in,
6 Hath wrought the mure, &c.] i. e. the wall. Pope.
Wrought it thin, is made it thin by gradual detriment. Wrought is the preterite of work. Mure is a word used by Heywood in his Brazın Age, 1613:
" 'Till I have scal'd these mures, invaded Troy,
So thin, that life looks through, and will break out.
Again, in his Golden Age, 1611:
Girt with a triple mure of shining brass." Again, in his Iron Age, 2nd Part, 1632 :
« Through mares and counter-mures of men and steel.” Again, in Dionyse Settle's Lajt Voyage of Capteine Frobisher, 12mo, bl. l. 1577; “ the streightes seemed to be shutt up with a long mure of yce-- "
The fame thought occurs in Daniel's Civil Wars, &c. Book IV. Daniel is likewise speaking of the sickness of King Henry IV:
“ As that the walls worn thin, permit the mind
" Ta look out thorow, and his frailtie find.” The first edition of Daniel's poem is dated earlier than this play of Shakspeare. Waller has the same thought:
“ The foul's dark cottage, batter'd and decay'd,
STEEVENS. · On this passage the elegant and learned Bishop of Worcester has the following criticism: “ At times we find him (the imitator) practising a different art; not merely spreading as it were and laying open the same sentiment, but adding to it, and by a new and ftudied device improving upon it. In this case we naturally conclude that the refinement had not been made, if the plain and simple thought had not preceded and given rise to it. You will apprehend my meaning by what follows. Shakspeare had said of Henry the Fourth,
" The incessant care and labour of his mind
" So thin, that life looks through, and will break out. “ You have here the thought in its first fimplicity. It was not unnatural, after speaking of the body as a cafe or tenement of the foul, the mure that confines it, to say, that as that case wears away and grows thin, life looks through, and is ready to break out.”
After quoting the lines of Daniel, who, (it is observed,) " by refining on this sentiment, if by nothing else, Mews himself to be the copyift," the very learned writer adds," here we fee, not simply, that life is going to break through the infirm and muchworn habitation, but that the mind looks through, and finds his frailty, that it discovers that life will soon make his escape.. Daniel's improvement then looks like the artfice of a man that would outdo his master. Though he fails in the attempt; for his ingenuity betrays him into a false thought. The mind, looking through, does not find its own frailty, but the frailty of the building it inhabits.” Hurd's Dissertation on the Marks of Imitation.
· P. Humph. The people fear me;? for they do ob
serve Unfather'd heirs, and loathly births of nature : The seasons change their manners, as the year Had found some months asleep, and leap'd them
This ingenious criticism, the general principles of which can, not be controverted, shews, however, how dangerous it is to suffer the mind to be led too far by an hypothesis:--for after all, there is very good reason to believe that Shakspeare, and not Daniel, was the imitator. “ The dissention between the houses of Yorke and Lancaster in verse, penned by Samuel Daniel," was entered on the Stationers' books by Simon Waterson, in October, 1594, and four books of his work, were printed in 1595. The lines quoted by Mr. Steevens are from the edition of the Civil Wars, in 1609. Daniel made many changes in his poems in every new edition. In the original edition in 1595, the verses rua thus; Book III. st. 116:
“ Wearing the wall so thin, that now the mind
“ Might well look thorough, and his frailty find.” His is used for its, and refers not to mind, (as is supposed above,) but to wall. There is no reason to believe that this play was written before 1594, and it is highly probable that Shakspeare had read Daniel's poem before he sat down to compose these historical dramas. MALONE.
? The people fear me;] i. e. make me afraid. WARBURTON. So, in The Merchant of Venice:
" this aspect of mine
“ Hath fear'd the valiant.” Stevens, & Unfather'd heirs,] That is, equivocal births; animals that had no animal progenitors; productions not brought forth according to the stated laws of generation. Johnson.
9 The seasons change their manners,] This is finely expressed ; alluding to the terms of rough and harp, mild and soft, applied to weather. WARBURTON.
2 - as the year-] i. e. as if the year, &c. So, in Cyma beline :
« He fpake of her, as Dian had hot dreams,
" And The alone were cold." In the subsequent line our author seems to have been thinking of leap-year. MALONE,