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I hear for certain, and do speak the truth
The gentle archbishop of York is up,
With well-appointed powers; he is a man,
Who with a double surety binds his followers.
My lord your son had only but the corps,
But shadows, and the shows of men, to fight :
For that same word, rebellion, did divide
The action of their bodies from their souls;
And they did fight with queasiness, constrain’d,
As men drink potions; that their weapons only
Seem'd on our side, but, for their spirits and souls,
This word, rebellion, it had froze them up,
As fish are in a pond : But now the bishop
Turns insurrection to religion:
Suppos'd sincere and holy in his thoughts,
He's follow'd both with body and with mind;
And doth enlarge his rising with the blood
Of fair king Richard, scrap'd from Pomfret stones:
Derives from heaven his quarrel, and his cause;
Tells them, he doth bestride a bleeding land,
Gasping for life under great Bolingbroke;
And more, and less, do flock to follow him.

8 The gentle &c.] These one-and-twenty lines were added since the first edition. JOHNSON.

This and the following twenty lines are not found in the quarto, 1600, either from some inadvertence of the transcriber or compositor, or from the printer not having been able to procure a perfect copy. They first appeared in the folio, 1623; but it is manifeft that they were written at the same time with the rest of the play, Northumberland's answer referring to them. MALONE.

9 Tells them, he doth bestride a bleeding land,] That is, stands over his country to defend her as she lies bleeding on the ground. So Falstaff before says to the Prince, If thou see me down, Hal, and befiride me, so; it is an office of friendship. JOHNSON.

? And more, and less,] More and lefs means greater and lefs. So, in Macbeth: “ Both more and less have given him the revolt."

STEEVENS,

North. I knew of this before ; but, to speak

truth, This prefent grief had wip'd it from my mind. Go in with me; and counsel every man The aptest way for safety, and revenge: Get posts, and letters, and make friends with

speed; Never so few, and never yet more need. [Exeunt.

[blocks in formation]

Enter Sir John Falstaff, with his Page bearing

his sword and buckler.

Fal. Sirrah, you giant, what says the doctor to my water?:

3 - what says the doctor to my water?] The method of investigating diseases by the inspection of urine only, was once so much the fashion, that Linacre, the founder of the College of Physicians, formed a statute to restrain apothecaries from carrying the water of their patients to a doctor, and afterwards giving medicines in consequence of the opinions they received concerning it. This statute was, soon after, followed by another, which forbade the doctors themselves to pronounce on any disorder from such an uncertain diagnostic.

John Day, the author of a comedy called Law Tricks, or Who rvould have thought it? 1608, describes an apothecary thus: “ — his house is set round with patients twice or thrice a day, and because they'll be sure not to want drink, every one brings his own water in an urinal with him.” Again, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Scornful Laily:

“ I'll make her cry so much, that the physician,
“ If the fall fick upon it, shall want urine

" To find the cause by.” It will scarcely be believed hereafter, that in the years 1775 and 1776, a German, who had been a servant in a public riding-school,

Page. He said, sir, the water itself was a good healthy water: but, for the party that owed it, he might have more diseases than he knew for.

Fal. Men of all sorts take a pride to gird at me: 4 The brain of this foolish-compounded clay, man, is not able to invent any thing that tends to laughter, more than I invent, or is invented on me: I am not only witty in myself, but the cause that wit is in other men. I do here walk before thee, like a sow, that hath overwhelmed all her litter but one. If the prince put thee into my service for any other reason than to set me off, why then I have no judgement. Thou whoreson mandrake, thou art fitter to be worn in my cap, than to wait at my heels. I was never mann'd with an agate till now:6

(from which he was discharged for insufficiency,) revived this exploded practice of water-casting. After he had amply increased the bills of mortality, and been publickly hung up to the ridicule of those who had too much fenfe to consult him, as a monument of the folly of his patients, he retired with a princely fortune, and perhaps is now indulging a hearty laugh at the expence of English credulity. Steevens.

4 --- to gird at me :] i. e. to gibe. So, in Lyly's Mother Bombie, 1594: “ We maids are mad wenches; we gird them, and flout them,” &c. See Vol. VI. p. 547, n. 7. Steevens.

sa mandrake,] Mandrake is a root supposed to have the shape of a man; it is now counterfeited with the root of briony.

JOHNSON. 6 I was never mann'd with an agate till now:] That is, I never before had an agate for my man. Johnson.

Alluding to the little figures cut in agaies, and other hard stones, for feals; and therefore he says, I will set you neither in gold nor silver. The Oxford editor alters it to aglet, a tag to the points then in use (a word indeed which our author uses to express the fame thought): but aglets, though they were sometimes of gold or silver, were never jet in those metals. WARBURTON.

It appears from a passage in Beaumont and Fletcher's Coxcomb, that it was usual for justices of peace either to wear an agate in a ring, or as an appendage to their gold chain : “ Thou wilt

but I will set you neither in gold nor silver, but in vile apparel, and send you back again to your master, for a jewel; the juvenal,the prince your master, whose chin is not yet fledg'd. I will sooner have a beard grow in the palm of my hand, than he shall get one on his cheek; and yet he will not stick to say, his face is a face-royal: God may finish it when he will, it is not a hair amiss yet: he may keep it still as a face-royal, for a barber shall never earn fixpence out of it; and yet he will be crowing, as if he had writ man ever since his father was a bachelor. He may keep his own grace, but he is almost out of mine, I can assure him.

spit as formally, and show thy agate and hatch'd chain, as well as the best of them."

The same allusion is employed on the same occasion in The Isle of Gulls, 1606:

• Grace, you Agate! hast not forgot that yet?" The virtues of the agate were anciently supposed to protect the wearer from any misfortune. So, in Greene's Mamillia, 1593: " the man that hath the stone agathes about him, is surely defenced against adversity.” Steevens.

I believe an agate is used merely to express any thing remarkably little, without any allusion to the figure cut upon it. So, in Much Ado about Nothing, Vol. IV. p. 464, n.9:

“ If low, an agate very vilely cut.” MALONE.

the juvenal,] This term, which has already occurred in The Midsummer Night's Dream, and Love's Labour's Loft, is used in many places by Chaucer, and always signifies a young man.

STEEVENS. 8 - he may keep it ftill as a face-royal,] That is, a face exempt from the touch of vulgar hands. So, a fag-royal is not to be hunted, a mine-royal is not to be dug. Johnson.

Old copies—at a face-royal. Corrected by the editor of the second folio. Malone.

Perhaps this quibbling allusion is to the English real, rial, or royal. The poet seems to mean that a barber can no more earn sixpence by his face-royal, than by the face ftamped on the coin called a royal; the one requiring as little shaving as the other.

STEEVENS.

What said master Dumbleton about the fattin for my short cloak, and sops?

Page. He said, sir, you should procure him better assurance than Bardolph: he would not take his bond and yours; he liked not the security.

Fal. Let him be damn'd like the glutton! may his tongue be hotter !2-A whoreson Achitophel ! a rascally yea-forsooth knave! to bear a gentleman in hand, and then stand upon security !- The whoreson smooth-pates do now wear nothing but high shoes, and bunches of keys at their girdles; and if a man is thorough with them in honest taking up,4 then they must stand upon-security. I had

Dumbleton —] The folio has-Dombledon ; the quartoDommelton. This name seems to have been a made one, and defigned to afford some apparent meaning. The author might have written-Double-done, (or as Mr. M. Mason observes, Double-down,) from his making the same charge twice in his books, or charging twice as much for a commodity as it is worth.

I have lately, however, observed that Dumbleton is the name of a town in Glocestershire. The reading of the folio may therefore be the true one. STEEVENS.

The reading of the quarto (the original copy) appears to be only a mis-spelling of Dumbleton. MALONE.

2 Let him be damn'd like the glutton! may his tongue be hotter!] An allusion to the fate of the rich man, who had fared sumptuously every day, when he requefted a drop of water to cool his tongue, being tormented with the flames. Henley. 3 to bear- in hand,] is, to keep in expectation.

JOHNSÔN. So, in Macbeth: “ How you were borne in hand, how cross’d.”

STEEVENS. if a man is thorough with them in honest taking up,] That is, if a man by taking up goods is in their debt. To be thorough seems to be the same with the present phrase,—to be in with a tradesman JOHNSON. So, in Ben Jonson's Every Man out of his Humour :

“ I will take up, and bring myself into credit."

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