Sivut kuvina

Pist. Let us condole the knight; for, lambkins, we will live.




A Council-Chamber.


Bed. 'Fore God, his grace is bold, to trust these

traitors. Exe. They shall be apprehended by and by. West. How smooth and even they do bear them

selves ! As if allegiance in their bosoms sat, Crowned with faith, and constant loyalty.

Bed. The king hath note of all that they intend, By interception which they dream not of.

Exe. Nay, but the man that was his bed fellow,

2 — for, lambkins, we will live.] That is, we will live as quietly and peaceably together as lambkins. The meaning has, I think, been obscured by a different punctuation : “ for, lambkins, we will live.” MALONE.

Lambkins seems to me a fantastick title by which Pistol addresses his newly-reconciled friends, Nym and Bardolph. The wordswe will live, may refer to what seems uppermoit in his head, his expected profits from the camp, of which he has just given them reason to expect a share. I have not therefore departed from the old punctuation. Steevens.

3- that was his bed fellow,1 So, Holinshed: “ The faid Lord Scroop was in such favour with the king, that he admitted him sometime to be his bedfellow.The familiar appellation of bedfellow, which appears itrange to us, was common among the ancient nobility. There is a letter from the fixth Earl of Northumberland (still preserved in the collection of the present duke) addressed'" To his beloved ccusyn Thomas Arundel," &c. which

Whom he hath cloy'd and grac'd + with princely

favours, That he should, for a foreign purse, so sell His sovereign's life to death and treachery!



Trumpet founds. Enter King HENRY, SCROOP,

CAMBRIDGE, Grey, Lords, and Attendants.

K. Hen. Now fits the wind fair, and we will

aboard. My lord of Cambridge,-and my kind lord of

Masham,And you, my gentle knight, give me your

thoughts: Think you not, that the powers we bear with us, Will cut their passage through the force of France;

begins, " Bedfellow, after my moft harté recommendacion:". So, in a comedy called, “ A Knack to know a Knave, 1994:

" Yet, for thou wast once bedfellow to a king,

" And that I lov'd thee as my second self,” &c. Again, in Look about You, 1600:

" if I not err i “ Thou art the prince's ward.

“ I am his ward, chamberlain, and bedfellow." Again, in Cynthia's Revenge, 1613:

“ Her I'll bestow, and without prejudice,

“On thee alone, my noble bedfellow." STEEVENS. This unfeemly custom continued common till the middle of the last century, if not later. Cromwell obtained much of his intelligence during the civil wars from mean men with whom he slept. -Henry Lord Scroop was the third husband of Joan Duchess of York, stepmother of Richard Earl of Cambridge. MALONE.

4- cloy'd and grac'd-1 Thus the quarto; the folio reads dull’d and cloy'd. Perhaps dull'd is a mistake for dol'd.

STEEVENS. s to death and treachery!] Here the quartos insert a line omitted in all the following editions:

Exe. O! the lord of Mafham! JOHNSON.

Doing the execution, and the act,
For which we have in head assembled them? 6.
SCROOP. No doubt, my liege, if each man do his

K. Hen. I doubt not that: since we are well

persuaded, We carry not a heart with us from hence, That grows not in a fair consent with ours; ? Nor leave not one behind, that doth not wish Success and conquest to attend on us. Cau. Never was monarch better fear'd, and

lov'd, Than is your majesty; there's not, I think, a sub

ject, That fits in heart-grief and uneasiness Under the sweet shade of your government. Grer. Even those, that were your father's ene

mies, Have steep'd their galls in honey; and do serve you With hearts create 8 of duty and of zeal.

6 For which we have in head assembled them?] This is not an. Englilh phraseology. I ain persuaded Shakspeare wrote:

For which we have in aid assembled them? alluding to the tenures of those times. WARBURTON.

It is strange that the commentator should forget a word fo eminently observable in this writer, as head for an army formed.

JOHNSON. In head seems synonymous to the modern military term in force.

MALONE. 7 That grows not in a fair consent with ours ;] So, in Macbeth:

“ If you shall cleave to my confent," &c. Consent is union, party, &c. STEEVENS.

- in a fair concent-] In friendly concord; in unison with ours. See Vol. VII. p. 403, n. 3. MALONE.

8 — hearts create-] Hearts compounded or made up of duty and zeal. Johnson.

K. Hen. We therefore have great cause of thank

And shall forget the office of our hand,
Sooner than quittance of desert and merit,
According to the weight and worthiness.

Scroop. So service shall with steeled sinews toil;
And labour shall refresh itself with hope,
To do your grace incessant services.

K. Hen. We judge no less.-Uncle of Exeter, Enlarge the man committed yesterday, That rail'd against our person: we consider, It was excess of wine that set him on; And, on his more advice, we pardon him.

SCROOP. That's mercy, but too much security: Let him be punish’d, sovereign; lest example Breed, by his sufferance, more of such a kind.

K. Hen. O, let us yet be merciful.
Cam. So may your highness, and yet punish too.
Grer. Sir, you show great mercy, if you give

him life, After the taste of much correction. K. Hen. Alas, your too much love and care of

me Are heavy orisons 'gainst this poor wretch. If little faults, proceeding on distemper,

9 And shall forget the office of our hand,] Perhaps, our author, when he wrote this line, had the fifth verse of the 137th Psalm in his thoughts: “ If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning.Steevens. 2 - more advice,] On his return to more coolness of mind.

Johnson. See Vol. III. p. 215, and Vol. IV. p. 382, n. 3.,

MALONE. 3 - proceeding on distemper,] i. e. sudden passions.


Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our eye, When capital crimes, chew'd, swallow'd, and dia

gested, Appear before us?-We'll yet enlarge that man, Though Cambridge, Scroop, and Grey,–in their

dear care, And tender preservation of our person, Would have him punish’d. And now to our French

Who are the late commissioners ?

CAM. I one, my lord;
Your highness bade me ask for it to-day.

Scroop. So did you me, my liege.
Grer. And me, my royal sovereign.
K. Hen. Then, Richard, earl of Cambridge, there

is yours; There yours, lord Scroop of Malham ;-and, fir


Perturbation of mind. Temper is equality or calmness of mind, from an equipoise or due mixture of passions. Diftemper of mind is the predominance of a passion, as difemper of body is the predominance of a humour. Johnson.

It has been just said by the king, that it was excess of wine that let him on, and distemper may therefore mean intoxication. Diftemper'd in liquor, is still a common expression. Chapman, in his epicedium on the Death of Prince Henry, 1612, has personified this species of distemper:

“ Frantick distemper, and hare-ey'd unrest." And Brabantio says, that Roderigo is :

“ Full of supper and distempring draughts." Again, Holinshed, Vol. III. p. 626: “ gave him wine and strong drink in such excessive fort, that he was therewith distempered, and reel'd as he went." STEEVENS.

4 - how mall we stretch our eye,] If we may not wink at small faults, how wide must we open our eyes at great ? JOHNSON.

s Who are the late commissioners?] That is, as appears from the sequel, who are the persons lately appointed commissioners ?

M. Mason. Vol. IX.


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