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Up in the air, crown'd with the golden sun,'-
Enter a Messenger. Mess. Ambassadors from Henry King of England Do crave admittance to your majesty. Fr. King. We'll give them present audience. Go, and bring them.
[Exeunt Meff. and certain Lords. You see, this chale is hotly follow'd, friends.
Again, in Spenser's Faerie Queen, B. I. c. xi :
“ Where stretch'd he lay upon the sunny side
Of a great hill, himself like a great hill.”
-ag men agens, magnique ipfe agminis inftar. Mr. Toliet thinks this pallage may be explained by another in Act I. sc. i:
- his most mighty father on a hill.” Steevens. If the text is not corrupt, Mr. Steevens's explication is the true one. See the extract from Holinshed, p. 284, n. 5. The repetition of the word mountain is much in our author's manner, and therefore I believe the old copy is right. MALONE.
3 Up in the air, crown'd with the golden fun,] Dr. Warburton calls this “ the nonsensical line of some player.' The idea, however, might have been taken from Chaucer's Legende of good Women :
“ Her gilt heere was ycrownid with a fom.” Shakspeare's meaning, (divested of its poetical finery,) I suppose, is, that the king stood upon an eminence, with the sun shining over his head. STEEVENS.
4 - fate of him.] His fate is what is allotted him by destiny, or what he is fated to perform. JOHNSON. So.Virgil, speaking of the future deeds of the descendants of Æncas:
Attollens humeris famamque et fata nepotum: STEEVENS.
Dau. Turn head, and stop pursuit: forcoward dogs Most spend their mouths, when what they seem to
Re-enter Lords, with Exeter and Train.
From our brother England? Exe. From him; and thus he greets your ma
jesty. He wills you, in the name of God Almighty, That you divest yourself, and lay apart The borrow'd glories, that, by gift of heaven, By law of nature, and of nations, 'long To him, and to his heirs; namely, the crown, And all wide-stretched honours that pertain, By custom and the ordinance of times, Unto the crown of France. That you may know, 'Tis no sinister, nor no aukward claim, Pick'd from the worm-holes of long-vanish'd days, Nor from the dust of old oblivion rak’d, He sends you this most memorable line,
[Gives a paper. In every branch truly demonstrative; Willing you, overlook this pedigree: And, when you find him evenly deriv'd From his most fam'd of famous ancestors,
s spend their mouths,] That is, bark; the sportsman's term.
Johnson. 6 — memorable line,] This genealogy; this deduction of his lineage. JOHNSON,
Edward the third, he bids you then resign
Fr. King. Or else what follows?
Exe. Bloody constraint; for if you hide the crown Even in your hearts, there will he rake for it: And therefore in fierce tempeft is he coming, In thunder, and in earthquake, like a Jove; (That, if requiring fail, he will compel;) And bids you, in the bowels of the Lord, Deliver up the crown; and to take mercy On the poor souls, for whom this hungry war Opens his vasty jaws: and on your head Turns he' the widows' tears, the orphans' cries, The dead men's blood, the pining maidens’groans, For husbands, fathers, and betrothed lovers, That shall be swallow'd in this controversy.
And therefore &c.] The word-And, is wanting in the old copies. It was supplied by Mr. Rowe, for the sake of measure.
STEEVENS. 7 Turns he-] Thus the quarto, 1600. The folio reads turning the widows' tears.
MALONE. 8 The dead men's blood,] The difpofition of the images were more regular, if we were to read thus :
upon your head
The orphans' cries, the pining maidens' groans. JOHNSON. The quartos 1600 and 1608 exhibit the passage thus :
And on your heads turns he the widows' tears,
Which &c. These quartos agree in all but the merest trifles; and therefore for the future I shall content myself in general to quote the former of them, which is the more correct of the two. STEEVENS.
Pining is the reading of the quarto, 1600. The folio hasprivy. Blood is the reading of the folio.—The quarto instead of it has-bones. MALONE.
This is his claim, his threat'ning, and my message;
Fr. King. For us, we will consider of this further:
For the Dauphin, I stand here for him; What to him from England? Exe. Scorn, and defiance; Night regard, con
Dau. Say, if my father render fair reply,
9 Shall chide your trespass,] To chide is to refound, to echo. So, in A Midsummer Night's Dream:
never did I hear “ Such gallant chiding." Again, in King Henry VIII:
“ As doth a rock against the chiding flood." Steevens. This interpretation is confirmed by a passage in The Tempest:
MALONE. -of his ordnance.] Ordnance is here used as a trisyllable ; being in our author's time improperly written ordinance.
As matching to his youth and vanity,
Exe. He'll make your Paris Louvre shake for it,
at full. Exe. Despatch us with all speed, lest that our
king Come here himself to question our delay; For he is footed in this land already. Fr. King. You shall be soon despatch'd, with
fair conditions: A night is but small breath, and little pause, To answer matters of this consequence. [Exeunt.
he masters now;] Thus the folio. So, in King Henry VI. Part I:
“ As if he master'd there a double spirit
“ Of teaching and of learning" &c. The quarto, 1600, reads musters. STEEVENS.
jou frall read-] So the folio. The quarto, 1600, has--you shall find. MALONE.