Sivut kuvina
[blocks in formation]

Chor. Thus with imagin'dwing our swift scene flies, In motion of no less celerity Than that of thought. Suppose, that you have seen The well-appointed' king at Hampton pier Embark his royalty ;' and his brave fleet With silken streamers the young Phæbus fanning." Play with your fancies; and in them behold, Upon the hempen tackle, shipboys climbing : Hear the thrill whistle, which doth order give To sounds confus'd : 8 behold the threaden sails,

[ocr errors]


well-appointed-] i. e. well furnished with all the necessaries of war. So, in King Henry VI. Part III:

And very well appointed, as I thought,
“ March'd towards faint Alban's. STEVENS.

at Hampton pier Embark his royalty;] All the editions downwards, implicitly, after the first folio, read - Dover pier. But could the poet poffibly be so discordant from himself (and the Chronicles, which he copied,) to make the king here embark at Dover; when he has before told us so precisely, and that so often over, that he embarked at Southampton? I dare acquit the poet from so Aagrant a variation. The indolence of a transcriber, or a compositor at press, must give rise to such an error. They, seeing pier at the end of the verse, unluckily thought of Dover pier, as the best known to them; and so unawares corrupted the text. THEOBALD.

Among the records of the town of Southampton, they have a minute and authentick account (drawn up at that time, of the encampment of Henry the Fifth near the town, before this embarkment for France. It is remarkable, that the place where the army was encamped, then a low level plain or a down, is now entirely covered with sea, and called Weitport. T. WARTON.

Phæbus fanning.] Old copy-fayning. Corrected by Mr. Rowe. MALONE. 8 Hear the shrill whistle, which doth order give To sounds confus'd :] So, in Pericles, Prince of Tyre, 1609:

the boatswain whistles, and “ The master calls, and trebles the confusion.MALONE.


Borne with the invisible and creeping wind,
Draw the huge bottoms through the furrow'd sea,
Breasting the lofty surge: 0, do but think,
You stand upon the rivage, and behold
A city on the inconstant billows dancing;
For so appears this fleet majestical,
Holding due course to Harfleur. Follow, follow!
Grapple your minds to sternage of this navy;8
And leave your England, as dead midnight, still,
Guarded with grandfires, babies, and old women,
Either past, or not arriv'd to, pith and puissance:
For who is he, whose chin is but enrich'd
With one appearing hair, that will not follow
These cull'd and choice-drawn cavaliers to France?
Work, work, your thoughts, and therein see a

Behold the ordnance on their carriages,
With fatal mouths gaping on girded Harfleur.
Suppose, the ambassador from the French comes

back; Tells Harry—that the king doth offer him Katharine his daughter; and with her, to dowry, Some petty and unprofitable dukedoms. The offer likes not: and the nimble gunner

7 rivage,] The bank or shore. JOHNSON. Rivage : French. So, in Spenser's Fairy Queen, B. IV. c. i:

" Pactolus with his waters shere

Throws forth upon the rivage round about him nere." Again, in Gower De Confessione Amantis, Lib. VIII. fol. 186:

“ Upon the stronde at rivage." STEEVENS.

to fternage of this navy;] The stern being the hinder part of the ship, the meaning is, let your minds follow close after the navy

I suspect the author wrote, ferrage. So, in his Pericles:

Think his pilot, thought;
“ So with his steerage shall your thoughts grow oil,
“ To fetch his daughter home.” MALONE.


With linstock' now the devilish cannon touches,

[ Alarum; and chambers a go off. And down goes all before them. Still be kind, And eke out our performance with your mind.



The fame. Before Harfleur. Alatums. Enter King Henry, Exeter, BEDFORD,

GLOSTER, and Soldiers, with scaling ladders. K. Hen. Once more unto the breach, dear friends,

once more; Or close the wall* up with our English dead!


linftack,] The staff to which the match is fixed when ordnance is fired. JOHNSON. So, in Middleton's comedy of Blurt Master Conjiable, 1602:

O Cupid, grant that my blushing prove not a lintocke, and give fire too suddenly,” &c. Again, in The Jew of Malta, by Marlowe, 1633 : " Till


shall hear a culverin discharg'd By him that bears the linstock kindled thus." I learn from Smith's Sea Grammar, 1627, that the “ Lint-stock is a handsome carved stick, more than halfe yard long, with a cocke at the one end, to hold fast his match,” &c. STEEVENS. * — chambers-] Small pieces of ordnance, See p. 79, n. 5.

STEEVENS. 3 And eke-] This word is in the first folio written-eech; as it was, sometimes at least, pronounced. So, in Pericles, 1609:

“ And time that is so briefly spent,
“ With your fine fancies quaintly each;

“ What's dumb in show I'll plain with speech." MALONE. 4 Or close the wall &c.] Here is apparently a chasm. One line at least is loft, which contained the other part of a disjunctive propofition. The king's speech is, dear friends, either win the town, or close up the wall with dead. The old quarto gives no help.

JOHNSON. I do not perceive the chasın which Dr. Johnson complains of. What the king means to say, is,-Re-enter the breach you have made, or

In peace, there's nothing so becomes a man,
As modest stillness, and humility :
But when the blast of war blows in our ears,
Then imitate the action of the tiger ;*
Stiffen the finews, summon up the blood,
Disguise fair nature with hard-favour'd rage:
Then lend the eye a terrible aspéct ;
Let it pry through the portage of the head,
Like the brass cannon; let the brow o’erwhelm it,
As fearfully, as doth a galled rock
O’erhang and jutty' his confounded base,

fill it up with your own dead bodies ; i. e. Pursue your advantage, or give it up with your lives.-Mount the breach in the wall, or repair it by leaving your own carcases in lieu of the stones


have displaced : in short-Do one thing or the other. So, in Churchyard's Siege of Edenbrough Caftle:

we will poffefTe the place, “ Or leaue our bones and bowels in the breatch." This speech of king Henry was added after the quartos 1600 and 1608. STEEVENS.

when the blaft of war blows in our ears, Then imitate the action of the tiger;] Sir Thomas Hanmer has observed on the following passage in Troilus and Cressida, that in ftorms and high winds the tyger roars and rages most furioully:


even fo

“ Doth valour's show and valour's worth divide
• In storms of fortune: for, in her ray and brightness,
“ The herd hath more annoyance by the brize
Than by the tiger : but when splitting winds
« Make flexible the knees of knotted oaks,
• And flies flee under shade; why then the thing of cou-

" As rouz'd with

rage doth sympathize," &c.

STEEVENS. summon up the blood,] Old copy-commune, &c.

Corrected by Mr. Rowe. Malone.

- portage of the head,] Portage, open space, from port, a gate. Let the eye appear in the head as cannon through the battlements, or embrasures, of a fortification. JOHNSON. So we now say—the port-holes of a ship. M. Mason.

jutty-] The force of the verb to jutty, when applied

[ocr errors]



Swill'd with the wild and wasteful ocean.'
Now set the teeth, and stretch the nostril wide;
Hold hard the breath, and bend up every spirit
To his full height!-On, on, you noblest English,

to a rock projecting into the sea, is not felt by those who are unaware that this word antiently signified a mole raised to withstand the encroachment of the tide. În an act, i Edw. VI. c. 14, provision is made for “the maintenaunce of piers, jutties, walles, and bankes against the rages of the sea.” Holt White.

Jutty-heads, in sea-language, are platforms standing on piles, near the docks, and projecting without the wharfs, for the more convenient docking and undocking ships. See Chambers's Dict.

STEEVENS, 8 his confounded base,] His worn or wasted base.

JOHNSON. So, in The Tempeft:

the sore, that o'er his wave-worn basis bow'd, “ As stooping to relieve him.” Steevens. One of the senses of to confound, in our author's time, was, to destroy. See Minheu's Dict, in v. Malone.

- let the brow o'erwhelm it,
As fearfully, as doth a galled rock
O'erbang and jutty his confounded bas,

Swilld with the wild and wasteful occan.] So, in Daniel's Civil Warres, 1595:

“ A place there is, where proudly rais'd there stands
A huge aspiring rock, neighbouring the skies,

Whose furly brow imperiously commands
“ The sea his bounds, that at his proud foot lies ;
And spurns the waves, that in rebellious bands
“ Affault his empire, and against him rife." MALONE.
bend up every spirit-] A metaphor from the bow.

JOHNSON. So again, in Hamlet : they fool me to the top of my bent." Again, in Macbeth:

“ I am setiled, and bend up

Each corporal agent to this terrible feat.” MALONE. 3 - you noblest English,] Thus the second folio. The first has----2oblib. Mr. Malone reads-noble; and observes that this {peech is not in the quartos. STEEVENS.


« EdellinenJatka »