Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub
[blocks in formation]

Another Part of the Field of Battle.
Alarums. Enter Dauphin, ORLEANS, BOURBON,

Constable, RAMBURES, and Others.
Con. O diable !
Orl. O seigneur !-le jour est perdu, tout est perdu!

Dau. Mort de ma vie ! all is confounded, all!
Reproach and everlasting Thame
Sits mocking in our plumes.-0 meschante for-

tune!
Do not run away.

[A mort alarum. Con.

Why, all our ranks are broke.
Dau. O perdurable shame! 8-let's stab ourselves.
Be these the wretches that we play'd at dice for?

Orl. Is this the king we sent to for his ransom?
Bour. Shame, and eternal thame, nothing but

shame!
Let us die instant: Once more back again ;'
And he that will not follow Bourbon now,

8 O perdurable shame!] Perdurable is lasting, long to continue. So, in Daniel's Civil Wars, &c.

Triumphant arcs of perdurable might.” Steevens. 9 Let us die instant : Once more back again;] This verse, which is quite left out in Mr. Pope's editions, itands imperfect in the first folio. By the addition of a syllable, I think, I have retrieved the poet's sense. It is thus in the old copy :

Let us die in once more back again. THEOBALD. Let us die in fight;] For the insertion of the word fight, which (as I observed in

Second Appendix, 8vo. 1783,), appears to have been omitted by the negligence of the transcriber or compositor, I am answerable. So Bourbon says afterwards:

“ I'll to the throng; Let life be short." Macbeth utters the same fentiment:

• At least we'll die with harness on our backs."

my

[ocr errors]

Let him go hence, and, with his cap in hand,
Like a base pander, hold the chamber-door,
Whilst by a Nave, no gentler’ than my dog,
His fairest daughter is contaminate.
Con. Disorder, that hath spoil'd us, friend us

now!
Let us, in heaps, go

offer

lives Unto these English, or else die with fame.

up our

Mr. Theobald corrected the text by reading instant instead of in; but (as I have already remarked,) it is highly improbable that a printer should omit half a word; nor indeed does the word instant suit the context. Bourbon probably did not wish to die more than other men; but if we are conquered, (says he) if we are to die, let us bravely die in combat with our foes, and make their victory as dear to them as we can.

The editor of the second folio, who always cuts a knot instead of untying it, substituted fly for die, and absurdly reads—Let us fly in; leaving the metre, which was destroyed by the omission of a word, ftill imperfect, and at the fame time rendering the passage nonsense. The lines stand thus in the quarto, 1600:

Con. We are enough yet living in the field
" To smother up the English,
“ If any order might be thought upon,"

Bour. A plague of order! once more to the field;

“ And he that will not follow," &c. MALONE. I have not adopted Mr. Malone's emendation, because when I read it, I cannot suppose myself to be reading the beginning of a verse.

Inftant may be an adjective used adverbially. In the course of this publication my compositors will not deny their occasional omission of several half words. Steevens. 2 Like a base pander,] The quartos read :

Like a base leno. STEEVENS.

ro gentler -] Who has no more gentility. MALONE.

-is contaminate.] The quarto has-contamuracke, which corrupted word, however, is sufficient to lead us to the true reading now inserted in the text: It is also supported by the metre and the usage of our author and his contemporaries. We have had in this play

“ hearts create" for hearts created: so, elsewhere, combinate, for combin’d; confummate, for confummated, &c. The folio reads--contaminated. MALONE.

s Unto these English, or else die with fame.] This line I have restored from the quartos, 1600 and 1608. The Constable of

3

Orl. We are enough, yet living in the field, To smother up the English in our throngs, If any order might be thought upon.

Bour. The devil take order now! I'll to the

throng;

Let life be short; else, shame will be too long.

[Exeunt.

[blocks in formation]

Alarums. Enter King Henry and Forces; Exeter,

and Others.

K. Hen. Well have we done, thrice-valiant

countrymen : But all's not done, yet keep the French the field. Exe. The duke of York commends him to your

majesty, K. Hen. Lives he, good uncle? thrice, within

this hour, I saw him down; thrice up again, and fighting; From helmet to the spur, all blood he was. Exe. In which array, (brave soldier,) doth he

lie, Larding the plain: 6 and by his bloody fide, (Yoke-fellow to his honour-owing wounds,)

France is throughout the play represented as a brave and generous enemy, and therefore we should not deprive him of a resolution which agrees so well with his character. * Steevens. Larding the plain:] So, in King Henry IV. Part I: “ And lards the lean earth as he walks along."

STEEVENS. Vol. IX.

6

Gg

The noble earl of Suffolk also lies.
Suffolk first died: and York, all haggled over,
Comes to him, where in gore he lay insteep'd,
And takes him by the beard; kisses the gashes
That bloodily did yawn upon his face ;
And cries aloud,- Tarry, dear cousin Suffolk !
My soul mall thine keep company to heaven:
Tarry, sweet soul, for mine, then fly a-breast ;
As, in this glorious and well-foughten field,
We kept together in our chivalry!
Upon these words I came, and cheer'd him up:
He smil'd me in the face, raught' me his hand,
And, with a feeble gripe, says,-Dear my lord,
Commend my service to my sovereign.
So did he turn, and over Suffolk's neck
He threw his wounded arm, and kiss'd his lips;
And so, espous'd to death, with blood he seal'd
A testament of noble-ending love.
The pretty and sweet manner of it forc'd
Those waters from me, which I would have stopp'd;
But I had not so much of man in me,
But all my mother came into mine eyes,
And gave me up to tears.?

Sraught-] i. e. reached. See Vol. X. p. 241, n. 8.

STEEVENS. 6 A testament of noble-ending love.) So the folio. The quarto reads:

An argument of never-ending love. MALONE. 7 But all my mother came into mine eyes,

And gave me up to tears.] Thus the quarto. The folio reads-And all &c. But has here the force of But that.

MALONE. This thought is apparently copied by Milton, Paradise Loft, Book IX:

compassion quell'a
“ His best of man, and gave him up to tears."

STEEVENS. K. Hen.

I blame you not;
For, hearing this, I must perforce compound
With mistful eyes, or they will issue too.-

[Alarum.
But, hark! what new alarum is this fame? 4–
The French have reinforc'd their scatter'd men :-
Then every soldier kill his prisoners;
Give the word through.”

[Exeunt.

but now

Dryden also, in All for Love, Act I. has the same expression:

Look, Emperor, this is no common dew.
I have not wept

this forty years ;
My mother comes afresh into my eyes :

“ I cannot help her softness.” Reed.
8 With mistful eyes,] The folio-mixtful. The passage is not
in the quarto. Malone,

The poet must have wrotemiftful: i. e. just ready to over-run with tears. The word he took from his observation of nature: for, just before the bursting out of tears, the eyes grow dim, as if in a mist. WARBURTON.

9 what new alarum is this fame?] The alarum on which Henry ordered the prisoners to be Nain, was founded by the affrighted runaways from his own camp, who brought intelligence that the French had got behind him, and had pillaged it. See a subsequent note. Not knowing the extent of his danger, he gave the order here mentioned, that every soldier should kill his prisoners.

After Henry speaks these words, “ what new alarum is this same?" Shakspeare probably intended that a messenger should enter, and secretly communicate this intelligence to him; though by some negligence no such marginal direction appears.

MALONE. ? Give the word through.] Here the quartos 1600 and 1608 ridiculously add:

Pift. Couper gorge. Steevens.

[ocr errors]
« EdellinenJatka »