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timable benefit ; and also daily endeavour our- SERM. selves to follow the blessed steps of his most holy. life, through the same Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
OF SUBMISSION TO THE DIVINE WILL.
LUKE xxii. 42.
E great controversy, managed with such earnXXXVI.
estness and obstinacy between God and man, is this, whose will shall take place, his or ours. Almighty God, by whose constant protection and great mercy we subsist, doth claim to himself the authority of regulating our practice and disposing our fortunes : but we affect to be our own masters and carvers; not willingly admitting any law, not patiently brooking any condition, which doth not sort with our fancy and pleasure. To make good his right, God bendeth all his forces, and applieth all proper means both of sweetness and severity, (persuading us by arguments, soliciting us by entreaties, alluring us by fair promises, scaring us by fierce menaces, indulging ample benefits to us, inflicting sore corrections on us, working in us and upon us by secret influences of grace, by visible dispensations of providence;) yet so it is, that commonly nothing doth avail, our will opposing itself with invincible resolution and stiffness.
Here indeed the business pincheth; herein as the SERM. chief worth, so the main difficulty of religious prac- XXXVI. tice consisteth, in bending that iron sinew; in bringing our proud hearts to stoop, and our sturdy humours to buckle, so as to surrender and resign our wills to the just, the wise, the gracious will of our God, prescribing our duty, and assigning our lot unto us. We may accuse our nature, but it is our Chrys. tom.
: vi. Or. 12. pleasure ; we may pretend weakness, but it is wil- in fulness, which is the guilty cause of our misdemeanor. 17 ours; for by God's help (which doth always prevent 28, 43. our needs, and is never wanting to those who seriously desire it) we may be as good as we please, if we can please to be good ; there is nothing within us that can resist, if our wills do yield themselves up to duty: to conquer our reason is not hard; for what reason of man can withstand the infinite cogency of those motives, which induce to obedience? What can be more easy, than by a thousand arguments, clear as day, to convince any man, that to cross God's will is the greatest absurdity in the world, and that there is no madness comparable thereto? Nor is it difficult, if we resolve upon it, to govern any other part or power of our naturea ; for what cannot we do, if we are willing? What inclination cannot we check, what appetite cannot we restrain, what passion cannot we quell or moderate ? What faculty of our soul, or member of our body, is not obsequious to our will ? Even half the resolution, with which we pursue vanity and sin, would serve to engage us in the ways of wisdom and virtue.
a Quodcunque sibi imperavit animus obtinuit. Sen. de Ira, ii. 12. BARROW, VOL. II.
SERM. Wherefore in overcoming our will the stress lieth; XXXVI.
this is that impregnable fortress, which everlastingly doth hold out against all the batteries of reason and of grace; which no force of persuasion, no allurement of favour, no discouragement of terror can reduce: this puny, this impotent thing it is, which grappleth with Omnipotency, and often in a manner baffleth it: and no wonder, for that God doth not intend to
overpower our will, or to make any violent impresHos. xi. 4. sion on it, but only to draw it (as it is in the pro
phet) with the cords of a man, or by rational inducements to win its consent and compliance: our service is not so considerable to him, that he should extort it from us; nor doth he value our happiness at so low a rate, as to obtrude it on us. His victory indeed were no true victory over us, if he should gain it by main force, or without the concurrence of our will; our works not being our works, if they do not issue from our will; and our will not being our will, if it be not free: to compel it were to destroy it, together with all the worth of our virtue and obedience : wherefore the Almighty doth suffer himself to be withstood, and beareth repulses from us; nor commonly doth he master our will otherwise, than by its own spontaneous conversion and submission to him 6: if ever we be conquered, as we shall share in the benefit, and wear a crown; so we must join in the combat, and partake of the victory, by subduing ourselves : we must take the yoke upon us; for God is only served by volunteers ; he summoneth us by
• Επεί τούτο και αυτά διαβάλλει τα αγαθά ει μη τοιαύτη αυτών εστιν 7 buc , as ca: “Kova, Rogbọau Tv, Kai xáạt (x64) TOÀịy. Chrys. in 1 Cor. Orat. 2,
to the Divine
his word, he attracteth us by his grace, but we must SERM. freely come unto him.
XXXVI. Our will indeed, of all things, is most our own; the only gift, the most proper sacrifice we have to offer; which therefore God doth chiefly desire, doth most highly prize, doth most kindly accept from us. Seeing then our duty chiefly moveth on this hinge, the free submission and resignation of our will to the will of God; it is this practice, which our Lord (who came to guide us in the way to happiness, not only as a teacher by his word and excellent doctrine, but as a leader, by his actions and perfect example) did especially set before us, as in the constant tenor of his life, so particularly in that great exigency which occasioned these words, wherein, renouncing and deprecating his own will, he did express an entire submission to God's will, a hearty complacence therein, and a serious desire that it might take place.
For the fuller understanding of which case, we may consider that our Lord, as partaker of our nature, and in all things (bating sin) like unto us, had a natural human will, attended with senses, appetites, and affections, apt from objects incident to receive congruous impressions of pleasure and pain; so that whatever is innocently grateful and pleasant to us, that he relished with delight, and thence did incline to embrace ; whatever is distasteful and afflictive to us, that he resented with grief, and thence was moved to eschew: to this probably he was liable in a degree beyond our ordinary rate; for that in him nature was most perfect, his complexion very delicate, his temper exquisitely sound and fine; for so we find, that by how much any man's constitution