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them upon our Infinitely Great and Glorious God, in that relation, both of mercy and goodness, wherein he is here recommended to us, as our Father; and that awful apprehension of justice, wherein he is set forth to us as an unpartial Judge of us and all our actions. . V. Consider then, that from the Duty we may descend to the Motive, that this fear is of a FATHER; and, therefore, a loving fear: but this Father is a JUDGE; and, therefore, it must be an awful love.
How will these two go together, a Father and a Judge; the one a style of love and mercy, the other of justice? Whatever God is, he is all that: he is all love and mercy; he is all justice. That, which God is in the pure simplicity of his essence, we must imitate in our compositions ; namely, to unite both these in one heart. He is not so a Judge, that he will wave the title and affection of a Father: he is not so a Father, that he will remit ought of his Infinite Justice, in any of his proceedings. Upon both these must we fasten our eyes, at once: we must see the love of a Father, to uphold and chear us; we must look upon the justice of a Judge, that we may tremble. And, therefore, putting both together, we must rejoice in him wilh trembling.
Droop not, despair not, O Man: thou hast a Father in Heaven. All the bowels of mortal and earthly parents are strait to his. If fathers, if mothers, may prove unnatural; there is no fear, that God should cast off his mercy ; for it is Himself.
Presume not, () Man : for this Father is a most just Judge. It is for sinful flesh and blood to be partial. Fond parents are apt so to doat upon the persons of their children, that they are willing to connive at their sins : either they will not see them, or not hate them, or not censure them, or not punish them : thus many a son may, according to the Apologue, bite his muther's ear when he is climbing up to the gallows : But the infinite justice of the great and holy God cannot be either accessary or indulgent to the least sin of his dearest darling upon earth. It is a mad conceit of our Antinomian Heretics, That God sees no sin in his elect; whereas, he notes and takes more tenderly their offences than any other. Hear what he saith to his Israel: Thee only have I chosen of all the families upon earth; therefore will I punish thee for all thine iniquities; Amos iii. 2.
But let this be enough to be spoken of the conjuncture of these two titles of God; A Father and a Judge.'
We cannot hope, in the remainder of our hour, to prosecute both of them severally : let us only touch at the former.
It is a dear name, this of a Father : and no less familiar. It is the first word of our Lord's Prayer: and, in the first clause of our Creed, that, which is there the title of his personality in divine relition, is the same here in his gracious relation to us. Our Father: so he is in the right of creation ; He made us, not we ourselves : in the right of adoption ; We have received the adoption of sons; Gal. iv. 5: in the right of regeneration ; In that we are made partakers of the divine nature ; 2 Peter i. 4.
I could here lose myself; and yet be happily bestowed, in the setting forth of those infinite privileges, that we receive from the hands of our God, by virtue of this happy sonship : but I shall balk this theme, for the present, as that we not long since largely prosecuted in your ears; and sha!), as my Text invites me, rather put you in mind, how.vainly we shall pretend a right to this Father, unless we own him : for the words are ei Érincheio de If ye call him Father, as Beza, and our former Translation, turns it, or, as it is, being a compound word, more properly rendered in our present Version, If ye call upon the Father.
Where you have a short, but true character of a faithful Christian laid forth to you: he is one, that calls upon the Father: be saith not upon God absolutely, in the relation to that infinite power which made and governs the world; so Jews and Turks pretend to do: but in the relation to his blessed paternity, as the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ; and, in him, ours.
Thus he, that calls upon the Father, professes himself a true Christian. So St. Paul makes this one of the mottos of God's great seal; Let every one, that calls upon the name of the Lord, depart from iniquity: and David makes this the pitch-brand, as it were, of wicked wretches, They call not upon God. Surely, there is no act we can do argues more grace, than holy invocation ; or, that equally procures it.
There are three Motives of our calling upon the Father: our duty; our need; and our benefit.
Our duty : for that God enjoins it, and accounts it an especial part of his worship; They shall call upon me, in the day of their trouble, and I will hear them ; saith God.
Our need: for, as we are of ourselves destitute of all good things, so they are only to be derived to us from heaven by our prayers.
Our benefit: for we are assured of all blessings for suing for; Ask and have.
In these regards I may truly say, that man hath no grace no goodness in him, that prays not; both by himself and with his family.. Let him never plead his disability to express himself in his deyotion. I never knew beggar yet, that wanted words to express his wants : were we equally sensible of our spiritual defects, we should find language enough to bemoan them. This indevotion plainly bewrays a godless heart; careless of his duty; insensible of his need; regardless of his benefit; and wholly yielded up to an atheous stupidity.
On the contrary, to pray well and frequently, is an argument of a pious and graciously-disposed soul. Others may talk to God, and compliment with him; perhaps in scripture terns, which they have packed together; and this may be the phrase of their memory and elocution: but, to pour out our souls in our fervent prayers, with a due apprehension of the Majesty to whom we speak; and a lively sense of our necessities, with a faithful expectation of their supplies from heaven ; is for none but godly and well-affected suppliants. These cannot call upon the Father, without a blessing
It is a notable and pathetical expostulation, which the holy Psalúist uses to the Almighty, How long wilt thou be angry with thy people, that prayeth? Intimating clearly, that it were strange and uncouth, that a praying people should lie long under any judgment; and should not find speedy mercy at the hands of God. Oh then, that we could be stirred up to a serious and effectual performance of this duty, for ourselves, for our brethren, for the whole Church of God! Certainly, we could not have been thus misera. ble, if we could have heartily called upon the Father of Mercies: and, if we could yet ply heaven fervently and importunately with our faithful devotions, we should not fail of a happy evasion out of all our miseries; and find cause to praise him for his gracious de. liverance, and his fatherly compassion renewed upon us, and continued to our posterity after us : which our good God, for the sake of the Son of his Love, Jesus Christ the Righteous, vouchsafe to grant unto us. Amen.
A COMFORTABLE DISCOURSE OF THE CHRISTIAN'S ASSURANCE
GROUNDED UPON 2 PETER i. 10. Give diligence to make your Calling and Election sure. It shall be my only drift and endeavour in this Discourse, to settle the hearts of those, who profess the Name of Christ, in a main case of Christian resolution, concerning their present and final estate. The mean whereof is no less comfortable and useful, than the extremes miserably dangerous. While one is causelessly confident, and dies presuming; another is wilfully careless, and perisheth through neglect: both fearfully miscarry, and help to fill up hell. I shall desire to guide the wise Christian in a mid-way between both these; and teach him how to be resolute without presumption, and to be awful without distrust; how to labour for a holy security, and modest confidence.
Ere we descend to the matter, three terms require a little clearing, What this CALLING is: what ELECTION: what the SURE-MAKING of both.
As to the first; this cannot be taken of an outward CALLING: for we are sure enough of that. Wheresoever the Gospel is preached, we are called outwardly. Neither are we much the nearer, to be sure of that; for many are called, few chosen : yea, certainly, this not answered shall aggravate our damnation. It is, therefore, an inward and effectual calling, that we must endeavour to make sure: a call, not by the sound of the word only; but by the efficacy of the Spirit. The soul hath an ear, as well as the body: when the ear of the soul hears the operative motions of God's Spirit, as well as the ear of the body hears the external sound of the Gospel; then are we called by God: when true faith is wrought in the soul, as well as outward conformity in our life; when we are made true Christians, as well as outward professors; then, and not till then, have we this calling from God.
Such then is our Calling:
The ELECTION is answerable to it. Not a temporal and external, to some special office or dignity; whereof our Saviour, Huve not Í chosen you twelve ? John vi. 70. and, Moses his chosen; Psalın cvi. 23: not a singling out from the most, to an outward profession of Christ; whereof perhaps the Apostle, 1 Thess. i. 4. Knowing, beloved, that ye are the elect of God; and the Psalmist, Blessed is he, z'hom thou choosest and causest to dwell in thy courts, Psalm Ixv. 5; for, notwithstanding this noble and happy privilege, litrie would it avail us to be sure of this, and no more: no profession, no dignity can secure us from being perfectly miserable, but an eternal election to glory; whereof St. Paul, Eph. i. 4. God hath chosen us in Christ, before the foundations of the world, that we might be holy and blameless before him in love ; and, to his Colossians, As the elect of God, holy and beloved ; such as, to whom saving faith is appropriated, the style whereof is Fidus electorum, the faith of the elect; Titus i. 1.
Such then is our Calling, and Election.
Now this calling, this election, must be MADE SURE or FIRM, as the word Belaic signifies: sure and firm; not on God's part, who, we know, is unchangeable in his nature, in his counsels; so as, in that regard, our election, if it be at all, is most sure, and surer cannot be: but on ours; not only in respect of the object, which is the truth and immutability of the thing itself; but in respect of the subject too, the soul that apprehends it: so sure, that it cannot be falsified; cannot be disappointed.
It is not for us to expect such a certainty of knowledge in this point, as there is of principles of arts ; or of those things, whereof common sense assures us. Our schoolmen make distinction of a certainty, evident and inevident.
Evident, which ariseth out of the clearness of the object itself, and the necessary connection of the terms; as, that the whole is greater than a part.
Inevident, which arises not so much out of the intrinsical truth of the proposition itself, as out of the veracity and infallibleness of the party that affirms it. So both divine and human faith receive their assurance from the divine or human authority, whereon it is grounded: and this inevident assurance may be so certain, as to expel all prevailing doubt, though not all troubling doubt. Neither need there any other for the Articles of our Creed, which we take upon the infallible trust of Him, who is the truth itself; and can no more deceive us than not be.
This latter is the certainty, which we must labour to attain unto. In the grant whereof, our Romish Divines are generally too straitlaced; yielding yet a theological certainty, which goes far, but not home: although some of them are more liberal; as Catharinus, Vega, Ruardus, I'apperus, and Pererius following them, which grant that some holy men, out of the feeling and experience of the power of God's Spirit in them, may, without any special revelation, grow to a great height of assurance; if not so as that they may swear they are assured of this happy estate of grace, yet so as that they may be as confident of it as that there is a Rome or a Constantinople, which one would think were enough: but the rest are commonly too sparing, in the inching out of the possibility of our assurance by nice distinctions.