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reinforce the garrison at Pittsburgh with as many men from Fort Franklin, as can be drawn from it without hazarding that post too much; provided the hazard (on account of the insurgents) may not be too great for the proposed advantage of the measure.
I sent you through the Secretary of State, two letters (of the 14th and 16th ult.) with inclosures from Gov. Blount, which you will consider and report on.
HAMILTON TO CRAIG.
PHILADELPHIA, August 13, 1794. SIR:
In consequence of an arrangement of the Secretary of War, who is absent, your letter of the 3d instant has been communicated to me. It is satisfactory to receive exact intelligence of the movements of the insurgents. Your care of the interest confided to you is in every event depended upon according to cir. cumstances. The keeping the arms and stores out of the hands of the insurgents, is a matter of great importance. It is hoped that you will personally, in the worst issue of things, find safety in the fort. The friends of government may depend that it will not be wanting to its duty and interest upon this occasion. And can there be any doubt of the sufficiency of its means ?
With much esteem, I am, &c.,
For the Secretary at War.
JAY TO HAMILTON.
LONDON, 16th August, 1794. DEAR SIR:
I am happy to find, by a New York paper, that the result of the late inquiry into your official conduct, is perfectly consistent with the expectations of your friends. It is there represented as being voluminous, and in a variety of respects interesting. Be so good as to send me a copy. I wrote to you lately a confidential letter, under cover to the President; my dispatches to Mr. Randolph, were under the same cover. I presumed that, if the vessel should be examined by some rude privateer, more respect would be paid to a letter directed to the President, than to others.
Nothing very important has since occurred; things are in a train that looks promising; but the issue is of course uncertain. The resolutions from Kentucky and North Carolina are here, and make disagreeable impressions. Incivilities as often produce resentment as injuries do.
Affairs in Europe wear a serious aspect. The French continue successful, and the English decided. It is thought the Dutch will resign to their fate without very strenuous opposition. Geneva is undergoing another revolution. News of Robespierre's violent death has arrived, and gains credit. If true, the importance of it to France or the allies cannot yet be calculated. Events bave hitherto been more common than influential.
HAMILTON TO WASHINGTON.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Aug. 16, 1794. SIR:
It appears probable that advantages will result from giving to the citizens at large information on the subject of the disturbances which exist in the western part of Pennsylvania.
With this view, if no objection to the measure should occur to you, I would cause a publication to be made of the report which I had the honor to address to you, dated the 5th instant.
With the most perfect respect, &c.
HAMILTON TO WASHINGTON.
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 18, 1794. The Secretary of the Treasury submits to the President the draft of a letter on the subject of the proscribed privateers. Would it not be advisable to communicate the matter to the French Minister, and to request his co-operation in causing our ports to be no longer affronted by those vessels ?
HAMILTON TO WASHINGTON.
August 21, 1794. The Secretary of the Treasury presents his respects to the President. The letter written to the President on the 16th, respecting the publication of the report of the 5th, was written at the Secretary of State's office, where Mr. H. expected a copy of it had been taken previous to its delivery. But when Mr. H. sent to inquire for a copy, in order to the publication of it, he found none had been taken; which, it being then too late to obtain a copy in time from the President, left him the dilemma, either of suffering the report to go out without the letters, or to draft one as a substitute for that which had been sent. The latter appeared to him to be most likely to be agreeable to the President, and he drew one accordingly, a copy of which appears in Dunlapis paper of to-day, corresponding with the inclosed original, which the President will find perfectly the same in substance with the former.
Another circumstance may require explanation. The letters follow, instead of preceding the report. This happened from the report having been immediately sent, to promote dispatch, and the President's answer not having been received till the day following, so that it went to the printer too late for insertion in the first instance without too great a derangement of his types.
WASHINGTON TO HAMILTON.
GERMANTOWN, August 21, 1794. SIR:
To your note of this date, in behalf of the Department of War, asking my opinion or direction respecting the advisableness of sending, in the existing circumstances of the western counties of Pennsylvania, two months' pay to the army under the immediate orders of General Wayne, I answer, that under my present impressions the measure had better be delayed, at least until the commissioners, who were sent into those counties, make their report. It certainly would, from all the information that has been received from that quarter, be too hazardous to send a sum of money by the way of Pittsburgh, through counties that are in open rebellion; and besides, the circuitousness of the route through what is called the Wilderness, and the length of time required to send it by a messenger that way, there would be, in my opinion, no small risk in the attempt. But as I shall be in the city to-morrow, I will converse with you on the subject.
I am, &c.
HAMILTON TO CRAIG.
War DEPARTMENT, Aug. 25, 1794. SIR:
Your letter of the 17th instant to the Secretary of War has been received and duly attended to.
The suggestions respecting additional measures of defence have been considered; but the danger of the means falling into the hands of the insurgents appears at present an objection.
It is hoped that every thing at Pittsburgh, or which shall come there, not necessary to the post itself, has been forwarded down the river, and will continue to be so, as long and as fast as it can be done with safety. The friends of government at Pittsburgh ought to rally their confidence, and if necessary, manifest it by acts. They cannot surely doubt the power of the United States to uphold the authority of the laws; and they may be assured, that the necessity of doing it, towards preserving the very existence of government, so directly attacked, will dictate and produce a most vigorous and persevering effort, in which the known good sense and love of order of the quiet body of the people, and all the information hitherto received of their sentiments and feelings with regard to the present emergency, authorize a full expectation of their hearty co-operation.
SECRETARY OF STATE TO MIFFLIN.
Draft by Hamilton.
PHILADELPHIA, August 30th, 1794. SIR:
I am directed by the President to acknowledge the receipt on the 17th of your excellency's letter, dated the 12th instant.
The President feels with you the force of the motives which render undesirable an extension of correspondence on the subject in question. But the case being truly one of great importance and delicacy, these motives must yield in a degree to the propriety and utility of giving precision to every part of the transaction, and guarding effectually against ultimate misapprehension.
To this end it is deemed advisable, in the first place, to state some facts, which either do not appear, or are conceived not to have assumed an accurate shape in your excellency's letter. They are these:
1. You were informed at the conference that all the information which had been received had been laid before an associate justice, in order that he might consider and determine whether such a case as is contemplated by the second section of the act,