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18. Puseyism ; or the Errors of the Times. By the Rev. Robert
Ferguson, Minister of Brickfield Chapel, Stratford, London. London: J. Snow. 1842. pp. 72.
This is a small volume, written in a popular style, intended to guard the mass of the community against the evils which threaten the church, from the spread of Puseyism. It is emi. nently adapted to do good; and the time has certainly come, in England, if not in our own land, when Protestants must be prepared for the inroads of superstitious error. This Pusey
• ism is but a modified form of Romanism, and erelong they will probably discover that they are twin sisters, too long estranged, and will rush to each other's embrace with enthusiastic delight: and it may be, with fanatic hate of all who are without the pale of the mother church-the church, by emphasis.
We did hope the day had gone by, when vain rites and pompous ceremonies should come to be considered as the very essence almost of Christianity-as that without which there is no church, no ministry, no sacraments, no safety. But it seems not. Well! Jehovah is on the throne, and before him darkness will become light-clouds of most portentous gloom, those of most refulgent glory.
ADDITIONAL Notices. Just at the last moment we have received :Sketches of Modern Philosophy, especially among the Germans.
By James Murdock, D. D. Hartford : John C. Wells. 1842.
We of course cannot now speak of the book from personal inspection, but doubt not it will contain much interesting matter to scholars. The Perpetuity of the Earth; A Discourse preached before the
Premillenial Advent Association, in the City of New York, Jan 1st, 1842. With Notes on the Millenarian Controversy, and Strictures on Professor McClelland's “Manual of Sacred Interpretation." By John Lillie. New-York: John Moffet.
1842. pp. 240. Emma, or the Lost Found; or Reliance on God Rewarded.
New-York: Dayton & Newman. 1843. pp. 193. The Scripture Alphabet of Animals. By Mrs. Harriet N. Cook. The Children of the Bible; As Examples and Warnings. Robert Carter, New-York, has issued new editions of Romaine
on Faith, and Brown's Concordance.
Essays on the Philosophy of Vitality, and on the modus operandi
of Remedial Agents. By Martyn Paine, A.M., M. D.. etc.,
etc. New-York: Hopkins & Jennings. 1842. pp. 68. The End of the World not yet. A discourse delivered at Newbury
port, Mass. By Rev. L. F. Dimmick. Newburyport: Charles
Whipple. 1842. pp. 48. The Ambassador of God; or The True Spirit of the Christian
Ministry. A Sermon, by Rev. John W. Nevin, D. D. 1842.
Prussia. PROFESSOR MOSER of Königsberg, says Alexandre Von Hum. boldt, has obtained daguerreotype impressions in a dark room -one of the most marvellous discoveries of this day of discovery and invention.-Five works of Schelling are about to be published, comprising the History of Philosophy since Descartes-Positive Philosophy-Philosophy of Mythology-Phi. losophy of Revelation-and Natural Philosophy.
Germany. A new Literaturzeitung has been commenced at Jena, by Prof. Hand.-An exegetical manual of the first three gospels is promised by H. E. G. Paulus.--Neander is engaged on a new edition of his 'General History of the Christian Religion and Church.'—Hengstenberg is publishing a Commentary on the Psalms.-Dr. Tuch, commentator on Genesis, etc., has left Halle to enter on his professorship of Oriental languages at Leipzig.–The number of students at Berlin, by the last ac. count, was 1757-Bonn, 558—Breslau, 639~Göttingen, 728— Halle, 705—Heidelberg, 572.—Ludwig Tieck has left Dresden and taken up his residence at Berlin. -A statue of Jean-Paul Richter has been erected at the Gymnasium of Baireuth.
Prof. Krug of Leipzig, author of a “History of the Philosophy of the Ancients,' and Kuinol, well known by his Commentary on the New Testament, have both departed this life. The University of Halle has suffered an irreparable loss in the death of Professor Gesenius, well known to biblical students. He died in the 57th year of his age.
france. In 1841, 8036 works were printed at Paris.-The Volnian prize in philology has been awarded by the Academy of Sciences, to Dr. Theodore Benfey, of Göttingen, for his Ety. mological Lexicon of the Greek language.
Etalp. The design of publishing, at Rome, a uniform edition of the works of the Fathers, from the apostolic times to the 13th century, and in connexion the best writers in patristic theol. ogy, has been abandoned.
England. Dr. Solomon Herschel, Chief Rabbi of the Jews in England, died at his residence recently, in the 83d year of his age. Fot forty-one years he had been Chief Ralbi of the Great Synagogue.--Allan Cunningham died October 29th, 1842.-A complete edition of the works of the venerable Bede is to be pub. fished under the superintendence of Dr. Giles. It will contain the original Latin, with a new translation of the principal works.—K. O. Müller's “Attica and Athens, with a map and plan,” translated by J. I. Lockhart, is a valuable work, which has recently appeared.-Also, a Historical outline of the book of Psalms, by the late J. Mason Good, M. D.
United States. We have to record the early decease of Professor Isaac Nordheimer. He was a ripe Oriental scholar, surpassed by few, if any, of his years. He, of course, left his Concordance incomplete; but it may be taken up by some other hand.
Jonathan Leavitt and John F. Trow, 194 Broadway, will publish this month THE COMPLETE WORKS OF PRESIDENT EDWARDS, being a faithful reprint of the “ WORCESTER Edition,” with valuable additions, and a copious GENERAL INDEX, prepared expressly for the work--bound in handsome sheep, at a reduced price.
SECOND SERIES. NO, XVIJI. WHOLE NO. L.
CHARACTER AND THEOLOGY OF THE EARLY ROMANS.
By Rev. Albert Smith, Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature, Middlebury Col., Vt.
It is a remark of Aristotle, that excellence in man depends on his acquaintance with something higher and better than himself. The truth and importance of this idea are illustrated by the whole history of our race. Nations nerer rise in their moral character above the qualities ascribed by them to the divinities they worship. If these are represented as virtuous and noble, a corresponding excellence and greatness of soul will be produced among the people, and this in proportion to their reverence for the objects of their adoration. But wherever the gods are imperfect or base, imperfection or baseness will belong to the worshippers. Nor is it by the force of example only that the influence of the higher nature is exerted. Truth, or that which is received as truth, rendered sacred by a connection real or supposed between man and some superior being, acts with moulding power on the character of nations. The religion of a nation is decisive of its character, because the combined impressions of divine example and theological belief on the human mind are more efficacious and controlling than any, and all other causes. The superiority of Christianity over every other form of religion consists in the adaptation of the double nature and the perfect character of our Saviour to the wants of man; SECOND SERIES, Vol. IX. NO. II.
in the necessity, purity, and authority of the peculiar doctrines of his religion; and in the truth of the system of philosophy and natural theology which in the Holy Scriptures is everywhere implied. So far as the character of Christ and the peculiar doctrines taught by him and the Apostles are concerned, there is in respect to an approach to the true religion very little ground for a comparison of heathen systems among themselves, but ample room for a contrast of them all with Christianity. But in regard to a true natural theology there is a wide difference between the systems of error which have constituted the creeds of nations. No religion is wholly false, for a system composed entirely of error could never secure belief. In
proportion as religions have been free from the worst abominations of idolatry and the crudest absurdities of superstition, and have embraced more or less of the fundamental doctrines of a right theology, the destructive influence of heathenism has been neutralized, and the salutary impressions of truth secured. That this was to a certain extent the case among the early Romans it is the object of this article to prove. That the Romans had at any period orthodox notions of the Deity, that they admitted into their creed in its purest state no debasing errors, and that they conceived in their minds and practised in their lives the distinguishing virtues of Christianity, we neither assert nor believe. At the best as well as the worst periods of their history the Romans were a heathen people, and their religious system was a heathen system. But while this is admitted, it may at the same time be maintained that there was an important difference between the religious views of the early and those of the later Romans, that there was as great a difference in their characters, and that the latter difference was to a great extent the result of the former. This is what we affirm and shall endeavor to establish. It is by no means our purpose to draw a full length portrait of the ancient Roman, to state at length the articles of his theological belief, or to give a description of the rites, ceremonies, and symbols of his religion. Our object is much more humble and restricted. We propose in the present article, to point out some of the excellencies in the noble character of the early Romans, to establish the fact of their belief in certain theological truths, and to show that there was a connection between this belief and the moral character which was, think, its fruit. The contrast between the character and theology of the early Romans and those of their