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Wrecks of and Casualties to Vessels belonging to the United Kingdom.
The total number of sea casualties which occurred in 1892–93 (total losses and serious and minor casualties) was 5,569, or 1,459 less than the number in the preceding year.
The total losses and serious casualties together were 2,146 in number, which was 653 less than the number for 1891–92.
The number of total losses was 355 (tonnage 165,325), which was lower as regards both number and tonnage than any of the preceding 16 years.
The description of the vessels (i.e., sailing or steam) and the nature of the casualties (i.e., founderings, strandings, collisions, other
other causes, missing vessels) which contributed to the total losses during the last 17 years are shown in the following tables
STATEMENT showing the Number and Tonnage of Vessels belonging to the United
Kingdom totally Lost at Sea during each of the 17 years ended the 30th June 1893, and showing also the nature of the Casualties by which they were lost.
The broad results of these Tables are that 10,736 vessels of all descriptions (tonnage 3,743,285) belonging to the United Kingdom were totally lost in the 17 years ended June 1893. The average annual loss was 631 vessels (tonnage 220,193), and the actual loss in 1892–93 was 555 vessels (tonnage 165,325), or 276 vessels and 54,868 tons below the average.
The losses of sailing vessels fell from an average of 524 vessels (tonnage 134,910) for the 16 years preceding 1892–93 to an actual loss of 255 vessels (tonnage 81,444) in that year. · The losses of steam vessels were 100 (tonnage 83,881), while the average for the 16 years preceding was 125 vessels (tonnage 88,712). The number and tonnage of sailing vessels lost were lower than in any of the preceding 16 years. The number of steam vessels lost was lower than in any of those years except 1876–77, 1877–78, and 1878–79, and the steam tonnage lost was lower than in any year since 1880–81, except 1888–89.
The following Tables show the numbers of seamen and passengers lost in vessels belonging to the United Kingdom during the 17 years. These Tables include not only the lives lost by the wrecks described in the foregoing tables, but also the lives lost by casualties not resulting in the total loss of the vessels. STATEMENT showing the Number of Lives Lost at Sea by Wrecks of, and Casualties to Vessels
belonging to the United Kingdom during each of the 17 years ended the 30th June 1893, showing also the Nature of the Wrecks and Casualties, and distinguishing Crew from Passengers.
(a.) Sailing Vessels.
Lives Lost. Years. No.
Lives Lost. Years. No.
PasCases, Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total gers. gers. gers. gers. gers.
(c.) Total Sailing and Steam.
PasCases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew.sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen. Total. Cases. Crew. sen- Total. gers. gers. gers. gers. gers.
The foregoing Tables show that during the last 17 years 4,871 wrecks and casualties to ships belonging to the United Kingdom have been attended with fatal results to 32,108 persons, of whom 28,455 were employed in the navigation of the vessels and 3,653 were passengers.
The average annual loss during the 17 years was 1,888 persons, consisting of 1,673 crew and 215 passengers, and the loss in 1892–93 was 1,555 persons, of whom 1,445 were crew and 110 were passengers. These figures show a decrease of 228 in the number of seamen lost and a decrease of 105 in the number of passengers lost as compared with the average for the 17 years. The number of casualties (193) attended with loss of life was less than in any of the previous 16 years.
The average number of seamen lost in sailing vessels was 1,119 and of passengers 60, against 646 seamen and 20 passengers lost in 1892–93.
The average number of seamen lost in steamships was 554 and of passengers 155, , against 799 seamen and 90 passengers lost in 1892–93.
The number of lives lost in steamships in 1892–93 was swollen by the loss of 358 lives in the disaster to H.M.S.“ Victoria,” by the loss of 134 lives (30 crew, 84 lascars, and 20 passengers) through the wreck of the s.s. “ Bokhara,” of 107 lives (18 crew, 45 lascars, and 44 passengers) through the wreck of the s.s. “Roumania," and of 77 lives (74 crew and 3 passengers) in the missing steamer - Naronic."
A table relating to loss of life from registered trading vessels only is given later in this statement.
Wrecks of and Casualties to Vessels belonging to British Possessions Abroad.
The total number of Sea Casualties which occurred in 1892-93 (total losses, and serious and minor casualties) was 748.
The number of Total Losses was 275 (tonnage 49,836). This was lower as regards number than any of the previous 16 years except 1888–89, 1889–90, and 1891-92, and lower as regards tonnage than any year except the last four.
The following statement shows the number and tonnage of steam and sailing vessels respectively lost in each of the 17 years :
The serious casualties, not amounting to total loss, were 263, of which 41 occurred to steam vessels.
The loss of life was 346 in 1892-93, against 1,020 in 1891–92, 289 in 1890–91, 340 in 1889-90, 227 in 1888–89, 991 in 1887-88, 1,529 in 1886-87,818 in 1885–86, and an average of 551 for the 10 years preceding 1886–87.
The number of lives lost in 1891-92 was swollen by the wreck of the Indian Government steamship “ Enterprise” with the loss of 77 lives; the foundering of the steamship “ Namchow," of Penang, with the loss of 361 lives; and the disappearance of the steamship“ Deccan,” of Bombay, with the loss of 258 lives.
The number of lives lost in 1887–88 was swollen by the loss of 495 Chinese passengers in the “Wah Yeung," of Hong Kong, and 131 passengers in a ferry boat on the River Hooghly below the boundary fixed for river casualties. The number of lives lost in 1886–87 was swollen by the loss of 735 Indian passengers in the missing steamer “Sir John Lawrence.”
The number of missing vessels was 19, against 12 in 1891–92, 21 in 1890–91, 15 in 1889–90, 14 in 1888–89, 21 in 1887–88, 14 in 1886–87, and an average of 28 in the 10 years preceding 1886–7. The missing vessels in 1892–93 were as follows :
The total number of Sea Casualties (total losses, and serious and minor casualties) which occurred to British vessels was 6,317.
The number of Total Losses at Sea was 630 (tonnage 215,161). This, as regards both vessels and tonnage, is lower than any previous year in the Return.