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THE RIGHT HONOR A BLE
WILLIAM PIT T,
CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER AND FIRST
LORD OF THE TREASURY.
HILE Musick softens the paf
fions, and Poetry illumines the understanding at ease and in filence, Oratory ruling over both, calls them forth to action on the most arduous and critical junctures.
Oratory with the tongue of Demosthenes defended Athens against the invasions of Philip ; by that of Cicero, it delivered Rome from the conspiracy of Cataline, and in You, Sir, steps forward with superior vigour to stem the tide of Opposition,
and save the SOVEREIGN and his People from unprecedented attempts, dangerous to the peace of the community, and subversive of the Constitution in Church and State.
Joining therefore with the nation at large, in earnest Prayer for the speedy restoration of HEALTH to the KING happily resuming his authority, and in ardent wishes that you may continue to discharge the high trust and duty of a Statesman, with thåt uncommon, unheard of and unrecorded wisdom and integrity you have hitherto done, in diffusing universal prosperity through the whole British Empire,
I have the honor to subscribe myself,
and most obedient servant,
Wbiteball, December 22, 1788.
THE THEORY OF SOUNDS.
In pursuing this design, the first and leading points of inquiry will be into the nature of sounds single, successive and conjunctive.
Of fingle Sounds. To inquire how found is propagated by the air, whether in straight lines or circular, by vibration or in undulation, might be matter of amusement rather than of utility ; 'but a consideration of sounds themselves, and their difference, is very necessary and of great importance, though perhaps little entertaining to those who have not attended to them: Sounds, tones, and voices, are of two kinds, articulate and inarticulate.
Inarticulate sounds, in contradistinction to noises and clangors, such as those of wind, water, thunder, screaming, howlings, may be produced agreeably by certain percussions on a glass, drum, bell, or by air through tubes and every kind of wind instruments.