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PREFACE.

The completion of the first of our half-yearly volumes for 1853 calls upon

us to address a few words to our readers; and this necessity, and the season in which it occurs, remind us of a brief mythic story which may serve for the nonce by way of apologue.

In the glittering realms of fairy-land there lately dwelt a rather imperious race of gnomes, who were administered to by a troop of elves under an accomplished superintendent. The gnomes lived upon the breath of flowers; and to collect the latter the elves spread themselves abroad and gathered the precious essence, as gay of spirit the while as Prince Charles and Endymion Porter when they went “a May-dewing” with the coy infantas of Spain. The sole reward asked for by the elvish gatherers of flowery essences was that they might be repaid by the smiles and protection of the wayward masters whom they faithfully served. It was when flowers were at their brightest, and when the willing labourers had borne a tribute of rich aroma to their lords, that, at a signal from his chief, an elf who blushed at being so honoured, stepped diffidently forward, and ventured to express a hope that the past fatigues of himself and worthier compeers were acceptable to the high mightinesses for whom they toiled. “Sirrah,” replied the gnomes in chorus, “ the sole characteristic that we have in common with mortals is oblivion of past services; our gratitude, like that of the sons of earth, consists in the same 'lively sense of favours to come.' If it be true, as one of the most tuneful of those earthly children has said, that even “God is blest when man receives,' why should you expect further acknowledgment than that we consume your tribute, and sit expecting for more."

It was all that the band of workers desired, and we are, even as they, satisfied if what was produced may purchase satisfaction, and doubly rewarded if we find—our great object, we confess—increased demand attend upon our labour.

It is true that there is a labour which physics pain, and such a labour of love should be found in literature. It is said of Jacob that he served seven years for Rachel, and that they seemed to him but as a few days, for the love that he bare her. Time, depend upon it, did not fly with him because he experienced delight in watering his uncle Laban's sheep, but because there was a fair partner in his toil, sweet meetings at well-sides, communings in the fields at even-tide, and the sure and certain recompense for all at the end. Like Jacob, too, we are willing to labour, meet with much attendant on our toil that sweetens life, and hope, as he hoped, with Leah in possession, for Rachel in prospect. Like him, if we have achieved much, we shall endeavour to deserve more, and if the Rachel of our hopes be the consequent award of our endeavours—a consummation which we aim to achieve by renewed exertions—gratitude will lend increased vitality to the yet juvenile and vigorous heart of

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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

PAGE

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.-Baptism of the first Earl of Carnarvon-Speeches of the Duke

of Wellington-Apsley House---Parentage and Education of the late Dr. Mantell

2

King Charles the First in the Isle of Wight

3

Original Letters of Benjamin Franklin

8

Farinelli and Pompadour .......

9

Henry Newcome, the Puritan of Manchester

16

A Journey from London to Paris in the year 1736 : by Sir Alexander Dick, Bart.

of Prestonfield, near Edinburgh ....

22

The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles the Fifth

26

Wanderings of an Antiquary; by Thomas Wright, Esq. F.S.A.—No. IX. A

Visit to the Hill Intrenchments on the Borders of Wales (with Engravings) 37

Report of the Commissioners on the University of Cambridge.......

44

CORRESPONDENCE OF SYLV NUS URBAN.---The doctrine of the Immaculate Conception

of the Virgin, and its relation to Art-St. Mary Axe-St. Ursula and the Eleven Thousand

Virgins-The old and new Churches at Harley, Shropshire-Etymology of the word Many.

NOTES OF THE MONTH.--Proposed National Palace of the Arts and Sciences-Royal and

Astronomical Societies-Admission of Engravers to be Royal Academicians—Anniversary of

the Botanical Society-University of Cambridge-Personal Literary Distinctions--Bequest

of Miss Hardwick to the Schools and Hospitals of London-Shakšpere's House at Strat-

ford-upon-Avon--Autograph Letters of Burns-Continental Forgeries of Autographs

Antiquarian Works in preparation

HISTORICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS REVIEWS.—The Lady of the Lake, illustrated by

Foster and Gilbert, 58 ; Proceedings of the Somersetshire Archæological and Nat. History

Society, ib. ; Cox's Historical Facts, and Account of Lympsham, 59; Godwin's History in

Ruins, 60; Memoir of John Fred. Oberlin, ib.; Pashley's Pauperism and Poor Laws, 61;

Papers for the Schoolmaster, 63 ; Bagster's Greek Apocrypha, 64 ; New Biblical Atlas and

Scripture Gazetteer, 65 ; Adams's Parliamentary Handbook, ib.; Poems, by B. R. Parkes,

ib. ; Ryland's Life and Correspondence of John Foster, ib.; Moultrie's Poetical Remains of

Wm. Sidney Walker, 66; Good Health, 68; Dowden's Walks after Wild Flowers, 69;

Crusius' Homeric Lexion, and Minor Reviews

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES-Society of Antiquaries, 70; Archäological Institute, 72;

British Archeological Association, 73; Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, ib. ;

Yorkshire Architectural Society

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.-Foreign News, Funeral of the Duke of Wellington, and Do.

mestic Occurrences

Promotions and Preferments, 83; Births and Marriages

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of The Earl of Shrewsbury; The Countess of Lovelace; Dowager

Lady Hoghton ; Sir John L. Loraine, Bart. ; Sir Wm. Earle Welby, Bart. ; Sir Josiah

John Guest, Bart. ; Lieut.-Gen. Sir H. F. Bouverie; Lieut.-General Wemyss ; Sir Edward

Stanley ; Colonel Bruen, M.P.; Capt. T. L. Lewis, R. Eng. ; Capt. T. W. Buller, R.N.;

Mr. Serjeant Halcomb ; Miss Berry ; Rev. Edward Mangin; Rev. Henry Hasted ; Profes-

sor Empson ; John Hamilton Reynolds, Esq.; William Ballantine, Esq. ; Rev. Father

Palmer ; Mr. H. J. S. Bradfield; Mr. Thomas Fairland; John Vanderlyn

88-104

DEATHS, arranged in Chronological Order

104

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis---Markets, 11; Meteorological

Diary-Daily Price of Stocks...

2

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

T. E. T. wishes to obtain information had the pleasure of examining them, as to the father of the family described in lingering with eyes historically pleased at an entry in the Parish Register of Isling. the diamond George originally given by ton, Middlesex, whereof the following is Queen Anne to the great Duke of Marlan exact copy :

borough on the victory at Blenheim-ob“Memorandum, whereas in this Re- tained, no one knows how, by George the gister the 12 June, 1740, page 63, Cathe- Fourth when Prince Regent—and given by rine Broune; and 24 August, 1741, page the Prince to the Duke of Wellington on 64, Henry Broune ; and also 28 May, the victory at Waterloo !--Atheneum. 1743, Charles Broune, are registered to In the memoir of Dr. Mantell (Dec. p. have been christened as the children of 644) two errors escaped correction. For William Broune and Catherine Broune of “ St. John's sub Easter," read “sub this parish. Now it appeareth unto me Castro;' and in the note, p. 645, for by the fullest proof, as well as my own “ Horsfield's" read Baxter's Agricultural knowledge, that the three children above- Library. It may also be here noticed that mentioned are the children of the honour. a letter has appeared in the Sussex Agriable Colonel William Herbert, brother to cultural Express from Mr. Thomas A. Henry Earl of Pembroke, and Catherine Mantell of Lewes, brother to the deceased, his wife, who thought fit to go by the name contradicting a statement made in the of Broune at those times, in this parish. Lewes Journal that their father was a Given under my hand, this third day of humble and small tradesman. “He was August, in the year of our Lord one neither the one or the other, for a more thousand seven hundred and forty-six. independent man never existed ; a man of

“G. Williams, Vic of Islington." strong natural abilities, and a popular Our correspondent will be satisfied by speaker on public occasions. I don't know referring to Sir Egerton Brydges's edi- what the editor's idea of a small trades. tion of Collins's Peerage, vol. v. p. 390 ; man is, but I recollect my father having where he will find that the family above- twenty-three men in his employ at one mentioned were admitted as legitimate, time, and he left to his family considerable and that Henry, the eldest son, became a property in land and houses. The statepeer by the title of Lord Porchester, in ment as regards the old lady, Dr. Man1780, and was advanced to that of Earl tell's schoolmistress, is a palpable falseof Carnarvon, in 1793. He was grand. hood. My father articled my brother to father of the present Earl.

Mr. Moore in 1795, with a premium of The Speeches in Parliament of the late 200 guineas. The old lady, whose name Duke of Wellington are, we are informed, was Cornwell, was of a highly respectable about to be collected and published uni- family, and one of the nearest relatives of formly with the far-famed Wellington the late Richard Andrew Turner, esq., an Despatches. The collection was eminent attorney of this town. She was menced by the late Colonel Gurwood, possessed of sufficient property of her own continued by the Colonel's widow, and to live on, and she carried on her little actually corrected in many places by the school more for amusement than profit. Duke himself. They will appear with the At her death, which occurred on the 24th imprint of Albemarle Street, and the im- December, 1807 (nearly three years after primatur of the present Duke.

my brother was articled to Mr. Moore), The present Duke will, it is said, throw she gave the whole of her property to an Apsley House open to the public on only brother, a farmer at Mayfield, who certain days, and under certain regulations cultivated and lived on his own land, with necessary for the security of the property the exception of a few trifling legacies to and the comfort of visitors. Apsley House my family. My brother, after leaving Mr. contains some fine works of art-a first- Button's academy, was three years at a rate Correggio, good examples of Velasquez, school in Wiltshire, conducted by a clergy. and throughout seems to represent the peculiar likings of the hero. Napoleon is Dec. p. 638.—The present Mr. Rugglesvery prominent, and always honourably Brise married in 1847, Marianne-Wayland, so. Here we shall see the Duke's orders fourth daughter of the late Sir Bowyer so charmingly arranged by Mr. Garrard at Edward Smijth, Bart, and sister to Sir his house in Panton Street :-where we William Smijth the present Baronet.

com

man."

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE

AND

HISTORICAL REVIEW.

KING CHARLES IN THE ISLE OF WIGHT. A Narrative of the attempted Escapes of Charles the First from Carisbrook Castle,

and of his Detention in the Isle of Wight from November 1647, to the seizure of his person by the army at Newport, in November 1648: including the Letters of the King to Colonel Titus, now first deciphered and printed from the originals.

By George Hillier. Lond. 8vo. 1852. THIS is not a book the editor's por- the privy purse. The result brought tion of which we think it desirable to upon Ashburnham an accusation of review. We suppose it is a first at- unfaithfulness to the King, which was tempt, and are therefore inclined to probably entirely unmerited. He was treat it leniently; we suppose, also, a weak man ; vain, self-conceited, and that it has been published in haste, altogether incompetent to deal with and are willing to attribute to that business of such importance as was circumstance its incompleteness, its then in agitation, or with such persons omission of proper acknowledgments as Cromwell and Ireton. In spite of to authors whose works have been used, the experience of the last few years, and the many mistakes which we have and the still more emphatic warnings regretted to find in it. The compiler of the last few months, Ashburnham is evidently doubtful of his own com- retained all the old high notions of the petency. We regret that he did not power and sacredness of the royal perconsider that circumstance à reason son and authority, and he seems, morefor leaving such work alone. But we over, to have been of a trusting nature, will pass by his part of the volume, disposed to believe men honest, if they, and consider only the original papers or anybody else for them, but said they which he has published.

were so. Charles was likely to think Charles 1. being at Hampton Court highly of such an adviser; one ready Palace in November 1647, in the cus- to execute without scruple whatever tody of the army, became apprehensive his majesty thought proper to comthat some attempt was about to be mand. Everything Ashburnham said, made upon his life. The circumstances and everything he did, tended to conjustified the suspicion, and the King firm the King in all his own delusions, determined to seek safety in flight. As and therefore, in his majesty's opinion, in all previous periods of his history, there was nobody so trustworthy, or when trustworthy advice was most so much to be relied upon, as

“ Jack needed, it was either not at hand, or Ashburnham.” the King disregarded it. He now took November 1647 was a dark and counsel of the same person who had stormy month, and Thursday the 11th accompanied him from Oxford to the peculiarly rough and wet. After dinner Scotish armyą" Jack Ashburnham," the King retired to his chamber, acas his majesty seemed to delight in cording to his usual custom, and conterming him, who had the charge of tinued there, occupied, as was sup

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