Selected Writings on Ethics and Politics

Etukansi
Rodopi, 2007 - 368 sivua
Celebrated today for his groundbreaking work in logic and the foundations of mathematics, Bernard Bolzano (1781-1848) was best known in his own time as a leader of the reform movement in his homeland (Bohemia, then part of the Austrian Empire). As professor of religious science at the Charles University in Prague from 1805 to 1819, Bolzano was a highly visible public intellectual, a courageous and determined critic of abuses in Church and State. Based in large part on a carefully argued utilitarian practical philosophy, he developed a non-violent program for the reform of the authoritarian institutions of the Empire, which he himself set in motion through his teaching and other activities. Rarely has a philosopher had such a great impact on the political culture of his homeland. This volume contains a substantial collection of Bolzano's writings on ethics and politics, translated into English for the first time. It includes a complete translation of the treatise On the Best State, his principal writings on ethics, an essay on the contemporary situation in Ireland, and a selection of his Exhortations, dealing with such topics as enlightenment, civil disobedience, the status of women, anti-Semitism and Czech-German relations in Bohemia. It will be of particular interest to students of central European philosophy and history, and more generally to philosophers and historians of ideas.
 

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Sisältö

Introduction
1
Want of Enlightenment Ignorance and Error Must be Seen
45
Several Very Important Consequences and Duties that Fol
53
On Ways and Means of Already Bringing about a Better
62
On Correct Conduct towards Enemies of Enlightenment
71
On Correct ConducttowardsEnemiesof Enlightenment con
78
On Duties towards Unjust Authorities
85
On the Relations between the two Peoples of Bohemia
96
On equality
269
On freedom of thought and religion
275
On caring for health and life
286
Onmoney
303
On the productive trades
310
Onscholars
316
On books and censorship
318
Onthefinearts
322

On the Relations between the two Peoples of Bohemia con
105
On Conduct towards the Jewish Nation
123
On Rights Civil Disobedience and Resistance to
141
Selections from the Treatise of the Science of Religion
171
17Wesometimeswishthatwehadcertainbeliefs
186
Natural Morality
199
86Contentsofthispart
209
91 Uncertainty of all human virtue
222
all the means at ones disposal for the cultivation of virtue224 95 Several rules that may be applied in determining the rel
228
Foreword
237
On the citizens the extent and the divisions of the state
247
On government
256
Onmeansofcoercion
263
On nourishment
324
Ondress
326
On housing
327
On some measures concerning the differences between thesexes
328
On satisfying the desire for honour
331
Ontravel
334
Onamusements
335
Ondisputesbetweencitizens
337
On the taxation of citizens and on public expenditures
339
On rewards and punishments
348
Ondeath
356
Index
359
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