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(Act of May 4th, 1798.) necessary. And the said superintendents shall each receive, as a compensation, seventy dollars per month, and the said master armorers each, fifty dollars


month. 3. Sec. 111. There shall be employed an officer, whose duty it shall be (under the direction of the department of war) to superintend the receiving, safe keeping and distribution of the military stores of the United States, and to call to account all persons, to whom the same may be intrusted; he shall receive for his compensation, at the rate of one hundred and twenty-five dollars per month, and shall be appointed by the president of the United States.

4. Sec. v. An annual account of the expenses of the national armories shall be laid before the legislature of the United States, together with an account of the arms made and repaired therein.

ACT of May 4th, 1798. 3 Bioren, 46. An act to enable the president of the United States, to procure capnon, arms

and ammunition, and for other purposes. 5. Sec. 1. A sum not exceeding eight hundred thousand dollars is appropriated to purchase, as soon as may be, a sufficient number of cannon, also a supply of small arms, and of ammunition and military stores, to be deposited, and used, as will be most conducive to the public safety and defence, at the discretion of the president of the United States.

6. Sec. II. The president of the United States is authorised, in case he shall find it impracticable to procure by purchase, with certainty and despatch proportionate to the necessities of the public service, the cannon and arms hereby required, and any considerable part thereof shall be likely to be deficient, to take, by lease, for a term of years, or by sale in fee, to the United States, one or more suitable place or places where cannon or small arms may be advantageously cast and manufactured, and shall and may there establish founderies and armories for the manufacture of the same, respectively, and shall cause suitable artisans and labourers to be there employed for account of the United States; and shall and may appoint one or more persons to superintend the said works, under the direction of the department of war. And an account of the expenditures which shall be incurred in forming and employing these establishments, and of the cannon and arms which shall be cast and manufactured therein. respectively, shall be laid before the congress of the United States at their next session, and annually thereafter, so long as the same shall be continued. 7. SEC. III. The sum of one hundred thousand dollars is

appropriated, and shall be paid out of any moneys not before appropriated, for the hire, purchase and employ of the said founderies and armories, respectively in case such establishments shall be found necessary, as herein before provided.

ACT of July 6th, 1798. 3 Bioren, 74. An act providing arms for the militia throughout the United States. 8. Sec. 1. There shall be provided, at the charge and expense of the government of the United States, thirty thousand stand of arms, which shall be deposited, by order of the president of the United States, at suitable places, for the purpose of being sold to the governments of the respective states, or the militia thereof, under such regulations, and at such prices, as the president of the United States shall prescribe.

9. Sec. 11. The president of the United States is hereby authorized to cause all or any part of the arms herein directed to be provided and deposited for sale, which shall, at any time, remain unsold, to be delivered to the militia, when called into the service of the United States, proper receipts and security being given for the return of the same.

10. Sec. 111. That the moneys arising from such sales shall be paid into the treasury of the United States, and the amount received shall be annually reported to congress.

ACT of May 7th, 1800. 3 Bioren, 371.

An act for the regulation of public arsenals and magazines. 11. Sec. I. The several officers who now are, or hereafter may be, employed in the armories of the United States, shall be entitled to, and shall receive, the following compensations, in addition to their pay as established by law, to wit: A superintendent of such armory, three rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and a master armorer two rations per day or an equivalent in money.

12. Sec. 11. If any person shall procure, or entice, any artificer, or workman, retained or employed in any arsenal, or armory, of the United States, to depart from the same during the continuance of his engagement, or avoid or break his contract with the United States, or who, after due notice of the engagement of any such workman or armorer, in any arsenal or armory, shall, during the continuance of such engagement, retain, hire, or in any wise employ, harbour, or conceal, such artificer or workman, the person so offending shall, upon conviction, be fined, at the discretion of the court, not exceeding fifty dollars, or be imprisoned, for any term not exceeding three months.

13. Sec. 111. If any artificer, or workman, hired, retained, or employed, in any public arsenal or armory, shall, wantonly and carelessly, break, impair, or destroy, any implements, tools, or utensils, or any stock, or materials for making guns, the property of the United States; or shall, wilfully and obstinately, refuse to perform the services lawfully assigned to him, pursuant to his contract, every such person shall forfeit a sum, not exceeding twenty dollars, for every such act of disobedience or breach of contract, to be recovered in any court, having competent jurisdiction thereof.

(Act of February 8th, 1815.) 14. Sec. IV. All artificers and workmen who shall be employed in the said armories, shall be exempted during their term of service, from all military service, and service as jurors in any court.

ACT of March 3d, 1803. 3 Bioren, 557, An act directing a detachment from the militia of the United States, and for

erecting certain arsenals. 15. Sec. v. Twenty-five thousand dollars are appropriated for erecting at such places on the western waters as the president may judge most proper, one or more arsenals; and the president is to cause the same to be furnished with such arms, ammunition and military stores as he may deem necessary.

ACT of April 23d, 1808. 4 Bioren, 169. Ao act making provision for arming and equipping the whole body of the militia

of the United States. 16. SEC. I. The annual sum of two hundred thousand dollars is appropriated for the purpose of providing arms and military equipments for the whole body of the militia of the United States, either by purchase or manufacture, by and on account of the United States.

17. Sec. 11. The president of the United States is authorized to purchase sites for, and erect such additional arsenals and manufactories of arms as he may deem expedient, under the limitations and restrictions now provided by law.

18. SEC. III. All the arms procured in virtue of this act shall be transmitted to the several states composing this union, and territories thereof, to each state and territory, respectively, in proportion to the number of the effective militia in each state and territory, and by each state and territory to be distributed to the militia in such state and territory, under such rules and regulations as shall be by law prescribed by the legislature of each state and terriorty.

ACT of February 8th, 1815. 4 Bioren, 794. 19. SEC. IX. To insure system and uniformity in the different public armories, they are hereby placed under the direction of the ordnance department. And the colonel of the ordnance department, under the direction of the secretary of war, is authorized to establish depots of arms, ammunition and ordnance stores in such parts of the United States, and in such numbers as may be deemed necessary.



Assignment of pay not valid,
1 Adjutant general,

47 54 Additional rations, 2 106 Waiters,

48 65 Rations, 4 5 25 33 100 Drafted militia mep may enlist,

49 Compensation to recruiting officers, 7 32 Persons entrusted with stores or money, Bounty, 8 to render accounts,

50 51 Invalids, 11 32 Purchase of supplies,

52 99 Half pay to widows,

12 32 Quarter Master General, &c. 54 59 96 Deserters, 13 32 Regulations to be prepared, &c.

55 Penalty on enticing to desert, 14 32 Ordnance,

56 75 77 92 Oath of recruit,

15 Medical department, 57 66 71 86 95 107 Judge advocate,

16 95
Forage masters, wagon masters, &c.

58 Travelling expenses, 17 32 Franks,

47 61 Exemption from arrests,


63 80 103 Engineer corps, 20 21 22 37 39 94 Clothing,

64 90 Former acts repealed, 23 60 67 78 Promotions,

67 Teacher of French and drawing, 24 Consolidation of regiments,

68 Rules and articles, 6 26 32 85 Artificers, &c.

70 Spies to suffer death,

Aids de camp,

72 Insurrection, army to be employed, 28 Co-operation with the navy,

74 Light Artillery, 29 30 36 44 80 Damages to arms,

76 Chaplains,

34 95
Peace establishment,

79 81 83 85 Cadets, 38 Infantry and Riflemen,

80 Paymasters, 40 73 87 General staff,

86 91 Sub-inspectors,

41 Commissaries, 52 53 88 89 98 101 General's secretary, 43 Brevet rank,

102 Corporal punishments abolished,


104 Forage,

46 62 93

Constitution of the United States.

Art. 1. Sec. 8. CL. II. Congress shall have power to raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years.

ART. II. Sec. 9. CL. 1. The president shall be commander in chief of the army, &c.

ACT of May 8th, 1792. 2 Bioren, 303. 1. Sec. iv. No assignment of pay, made after the first day of June next by a noncommissioned officer or private, shall be valid.

ACT of June 7th, 1794. 2 Bioren, 434. 2. Sec. 111. To such of the troops as are, or may be employed on the frontiers, and under such special circumstances as in the opinion of the president of the United States may require an aug. mentation of some parts of their rations, the president is authorized to direct such augmentation as he may judge necessary, not exceeding four ounces of beef, two ounces of flour, and half a gill of rum or whiskey in addition to each ration, and half a pint of salt to one hundred rations.

(ACT of March 16th, 1802.) ACT of March 3d, 1799. 4 Bioren, 292. [Sec. 4. All noncommissioned officers, artificers, privates, and musicians, who are, and who shall be, enlisted, and the noncommissioned officers, artificers, privates, and musicians, of the militia, or other corps, who at any time may be in the actual service of the United States, shall be exempted, during their term of service, from all personal arrests, for any debt or contract. And whenever any noncommissioned officer, artificer, private, or musician, shall be arrested, whether by mesne process, or in execution, contrary to the intent hereof, it shall be the duty of the judge of the district court of the United States, and of any court or judge of a state, who, by the laws of such state, are authorized to issue writs of habeas corpus, respectively, on application by an officer, to grant a writ of habeas corpus, returnable before himself: and upon due hearing and examination, in a summary manner, to discharge the noncommissioned officer, artificer, private, or musician, from such arrest, taking common bail, if required, in any case upon mesne process, and commit him to the applicant, or some other officer of the same corps. [Superseded, infra 18.]

ACT of March 16th, 1802. 3 Bioren, 450. “ An act fixing the military peace establishment of the United States." 3. Sec. iv. The monthly pay of the officers, noncommissioned officers, musicians, and privates, shall be as follows, to wit: each colonel, seventy-five dollars; each lieutenant colonel, sixty dollars; each major, fifty dollars; each surgeon, forty-five dollars; each surgeon's mate, thirty dollars, each adjutant, ten dollars, in addition to his pay in the line; each captain, forty dollars; each first lieutenant, thirty dollars; each second lieutenant, twenty-five dollars; each ensign, twenty dollars; each cadet, ten dollars; each sergeant major, nine dollars; each sergeant, eight dollars; each corporal, seven dollars; each teacher of music, eight dollars; each musician six dollars; each artificer, ten dollars; and each private, five dollars.

4. Sec. v. The commissioned officers aforesaid shall be entitled to receive, for their daily subsistence, the following number of rations of provisions: a colonel, six rations; a lieutenant colonel, five rations; a major, four rations; a captain, three rations; a lieutenant, two rations; an ensign, two rations; a surgeon, three rations; a surgeon's mate, two rations; a cadet, two rations; or money in lieu thereof, at the option of the said officers and cadets, at the posts, respectively, where the rations shall become due. And each noncommissioned officer, musician, and private, one ration; to the commanding officers of each separate post, such additional number of rations as the president of the United States shall, from time to time, direct, having respect to the special circum

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